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SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY. OCTOBER , IbG.
DOES BUSINESS AT THE
continue to increase? Compare our prices and goods with
those offered by other merchants, and you have the answer.
We arc doing an absolutely cash business. We buy and sell
for cash only. In every transaction there is a good per cent
age saved, and we give the customer the benefit of all dis
counts. Reliable goods and lowest prices is the reason our
Our stock of shoes is complete. The
which wc carry are the standard of good quality. Clothing in
great variety at Dcd-rock, hard times prices. Bring your cash
and receive full value.
Portland, Oregon, Sept, 19 to Oct, 17,
The great resources of the Pacific Northwest. Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries.
Mnie Manufactures, 1 ransporttuion, Machinery, Trade and Commerce will be represented
more completely than ever before. XJrand band concert every afternoon and evening
jecUI attractions every night. Lowest rates every made on all transportation lines,
AJmission 25c, Children loc. For exhibit space apply to Geo L. Baker, Superintend
enl, at the buildi.ig. E. C. MASTEN, Sec.
THE WILLAMETTE HOTEL
L WADING- HOTEL OF THE CITY.
Reduced rates. Management liberal. Electric cars leave lio.el lor all public buildings
and points of interest. Special rates will be given to permanent patrons.
a, i, Wagner,
Lawn Mowers, 1 fr-xr "R-z-no J Machine Oils,
Hay Rakes, vJTay BrOS, and Axie Grease,
Hardware, Stoves and Tinware.
Garden Hose, 1 - i r- J Bicycles,
5, oaiem, ur, (
The grandest, the most select, the choicest
assortment of men's dress suits, business
suits, every day suits your eyes ever be
held, fabrics that are meritorious, linings
that are reliable, styles that are new, fit that
shows study, and last but not least, prices
thatarevwell, prices that fit your purse, be
it small or large, New fall suits at from
l f f
G J. Jolmson
The Popular Clothiers',
State and Liberty Streets,
GOLD. HAS IT INCREASED IN
VALUE? ' -
There are men found today wbo
(have the temerity to 6ay gold has not
Increased in value since 1873. Among
tliera Is Tom B. Reed of Maine. But
Mr. Reed did himself tho Justice to
say that he "did not pretend to uti-
derstatid the money question." To
read ills speech at Old Orchard, where
he made this statement, this was cvl
How any man who pretends to be
truthful can say this, is a mystery; It
is like the wisdom of the Almighty
which "passcth all understanding."
1 ask you to publish this diagram.
It was presented to the Brussell's con
ference In 1892 by a British delegate,
and recently sent me by Prof. Foxwell
of Stk)hn"s College, Cambridge. It
This shows that farm products have
fallen In price pari passu with silver,
since silver lias been demonetized and
become a roero commodity. I ask the
farmers of Oregon and Washington If
their own experience does not confirm
Now, the Republican party nt
Minneapolis In 18P2, declared "the
American people, from tradition and
Untarcdt, fnvta bimetallism, and the
Republican party demands the use of
both gold nhd sliver as standard
money," etc. V And at St. Louis last
June it also declared for bimetallism
by international agreement, "which
wc pledge out selves to promote." In
the face of all this all (he Republican
papers favor (lie continuance of the
single gold standard, and so do all the
principal speakers from Tlios. B.
Reed, on the Aroostook, to John 11.
Thurston, on the Missouri. Even
Major McKlnley, at Canton, on
Annual Average Fluctuation of tho valuo of Qoldtmeasured by the
London price of Silver abovo op balow the ratio. of 1 to ui
S a e cs a n
5 g 3 a S
'i '; 'm -
IT f f-
s a . f
ofl f - - 70
. q gg
ZJk I V jT;
a' 'I J i
S ' .. 7 g
a 'W E
i .a , i
f If M -IJ
I call the readers' attention to the
fact, (1) that, as long as the 1'rench
mint coined gold and silver Into full
money at a ratio of 15J to 1, that
these two metals even In the London
market kept as close together, as ex
change between London and Paris
does under similar circumstances.
Remember (2), In France there was no
variation whatever. There could be
none. Because, if either the gold
smith or silversmith offered less than
the mint price, the holder of tho bul
lion would take it to the mint.
Behold further: As soon as silver
was boycotted by the mints of Ger
many, France and the United States
In 1873, how It fell to only half Its
value. This need surprise no man,
except the Ignorant or unthinking
man. Why should it not, pray? How
could It be otherwise? Prior to 1873,
but 30,000,000 of people (the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire
land) used gold alone as standard
value; 200,000,000 of people now use
it alone. Tho law of supply and de
mand answers tho question. Sup
pose all of China -and Japan were to
cease the use of rice as a food and
adopt a wheat diet. Does any one
doubt that the increase demand would
Increase the Drice of wheat?
Now, while an ounce of gold will
buy twice as much silver a&It did prior
to 1873, It will also buy twice as much
of the products of the farm and field.
Witness the following figures, com
piled from tho reports of the United
States Agricultural Bureau, showing
'the value of an acre's product."
Wheat.... 13 1?
Cotton.... 23 01
Total.... 78 21
Corn 110 23
Total.... M 40
Average . 11 28
'.'.'.'... n is
$ 11 30
$ 8 81
$ 0 02
September 13, said to u delegation of
Carnegio Steel company empleyes:
"If the gold standard deprived the
American toller of a single day's work
or his family of a single comfort, or
reduced his wagcs,or made life harder
'for him, I should be against It. As
THE GOLD STANDARD DOES
NOT, AND AS IT PROMOTES
THE GENERAL PROSPERITY
AND UPHOLDS THE NATIONAL
CREDIT AND HONOR, I AM FOR
IT, AND SHALL .STEADILY
FAVOR IT (the gold standard) so
long as I believe it Is truly bonellclal
and advantageous to our country."
Tills Is a frank avowal for the single
gold standard, and a repudiation of
the St. Louis money plank that
"favors bimetallism through Inter
national agreement, which wo pledge
ourselves to promote."
After that declaration, It Is Impos
sible for any man to think that Mc
Klnley would favor bimetallism
through an International agreement.
Any Republican or Democrat who
votes for Major McKlnley will do It
with a knowledge of tho fact, that he
will, if elected, stand by the gold
standard, Just as Cleveland and
Carlisle have done. As a Republican,
I am sorry he has taken that stand.
In my Judgement, four years more
or that standard will reduce the
farmers of the United States to a con
dition of pitiable poverty. Many of
them will lose their farms, and join
the great army of men who arc now
roaming around In bearch or work,
work they do not find.
J. B. MONTOOMEliy.
Trying to Knock Out Bryan
1000 VOTERS OFFER TO SIGN,
Last Efjqft ofthe Gold Standard
The following eleven true blue
Bryan men drove down to sign tho
rvtltlnn for electers: L. Cavanaugh,
J. P. Murphy, J. Bessy, R. Bessy, Dr. ,'
F. S. Mattlson, O. W. Loftus, M. O.
Knight, Jake Messner, Alex Potter, '
Dr. Ransom, II. K. ueuweuer.
A large bulletin board at TiiEJouit
nal olllce Monday at noon contained
Owing to protest tiled with the sec
retary of slate by the Gold Standard
Democrats protesting against Bryan
electors In Oregon appearing on the
olllcial ballot as the Democratic
electors, petition of 250 voters
must be tiled with the secretary of
state before Tuesday evening to over
come technical objection raised. Step
in and sign petition."
All day long and until late Monday
night a stream of signers poured In.
Tho utmost indignation was ex
pressed by the peoplo regardless of
party at this last resort of the gold
bug tcchnlchallty hunters. Tho
feeling manifested itself In -gatherings
on the Btrcets and ut the Brynn
headquarters. Nothing has over
stirred up tho people boforo an elec
tion as this effort to disfranchise tho
regular Democrats of Oregon.
who argued before Secretary of State
Klncald last night, were Zera Snow,
for gold standard Democrats; C. M.
Idleman, attorney-general for gold
standard In general, non. P. II."
D'Arcy, of Salem, for regular Demo
cratic Brydn electoral ticket, and
Hon. E. P. McCornanck, of tho First
National bank, for Republican elec
tors. Until 10 o'clock tho controversy
raged, Secretary Klncald patiently
and courteously hearing all sides of
the controversy, and showing but one
disposition that of tho utmost fair
ness to all sides.
were Hied by tho gold standard-Democrats
assailing the right of the Bryan
electors to appear on tho ticket as
Democratic electors. The aflldavlts
were more than answered by Mr.
D'Arcy, consul for tho Democratic
state central committee. Mr. D'Arcy
has carefully cuarded the interests of
the union electoral ticket at every
C. E. S. Wood, as reported by the
Statesman, took up the cudgels for
protestants by advancing the hitherto
unheard of suggestion that primarily
this had been a partisan move
ment on the part of the "sound
money" Democrats, but said In
stantly, as if in deprecation of the
idea put forward, that the matter had
reached an acute stage and had as
sumed the phase of being cither ab
solutely right or absolutely wrong.
He urged the strictest Interpretation
of the law, whatever the conse
quences might be. Dlsfranchlsment
resulting would not be chargablo to
the honorable secretary, but rather to
the neglectful managers who had
slept upon their rights, or, in fact,
ignored them. He too attacked the
authority of Starr and Stout and
placed the statues of tho state above
the authority of convention or state
committee and argued Against any
assumed complacency of the secretary
as lu direct contravention of that
THE WCYAN I'ETITION.
The four Bryan electors are not
only regularly nominated by the
Democratic and People'a Party ac
cording to Jaw, but also by peti
tion of silver Republicans, and
now a petition is filed of 405
voters naming these fonr men
as Democratlo electors. The Bryau
electors, Butler. Hofer, Kpaugh and
Watklns, now have four distinct no,n
(nations. The petition ot 405 sgn7
ers was rolled up In ten hours at
The Journal odlco and Bryan head
quarters, and was tiled at ten n. m.
this morning. A thousand voters In
all have called to the hourof going to
prese to sign the pctltoln If needed,
but It hnd already been tiled with the
secretary Of slate, concludes the per
fect compliance with technical points
of tho law resorted to by tho gold
standard Democrats In collusion with
the Republican Attorney General to
defc.lt the will of the people or Oregon.
But the goldbug conspirators will nut
stop even at this. They will seek to
sue out an Injunction against tiie
Bryan electors appearing on the
Australian ballot as they have a right
to appear, an "People, Doino.:rat.lc,
Silver Republican " But. the will of
the peoplo cannot be overt brown. Tin
law has been more than compiled
with and the Democrats of Oregon
who are 9!) out of 100 for Bryan and
Free Sliver, can not be disfranchised
by any technicality.
Railroad Colhsian. -RosKiiUiio,
Ore., Oct. 0. The col
lision occurred between two llghs
engines this morning, between Ound 7
o'clock, half a mllo south Greens
Station, resulting In tho death of
John McGonlglc, of Portland, lire
man and A. N. Toy, of Salem, brcakc
nian. Tho injured wero Jas. Porter,
engineer, on north bound engine,
severely bruised and one ankle broken.
Gcorgo Happersett, his fireman, had
both legs broken and feet crushed
rendering amputation necessary. Ben
Lohr, head and faco cut, Fred Wall
conductor bruised, and cut about
head and face. Engineer McCalley
was also bruised.
Louisville, Oct. C Bryan arrived
in Loulsvillo this morning shortly
nftcr 7 o'clock on a special train from
Nashville. Ho was met, by governor
Matthews and the Indiana reception
On the platform at Jcffcrsouvllle
were sixteen littlo girls dressed In
white; one clothed in yellow.
Kansas City, Oct. 0. An uncon
firmed report from Guthrie Oklahoma
states that a 'bloody battle between
full bloods and squaw men, occurred
In tho Choctaw country on horse creek
in which several squaws and their
white hhsbands wero killed.
DENVfiit, Oct. 0. Dcnvors second
annual carnival and festival of moun
tain and plain, opened this afternoon
with a pageant of progress, tho great
parade presenting u panoruma of tho
resources and industries of Colorudo
and embracing many novel and Inter
esting features. Miss Blanch Wright
of Denver, Is the queen of tho festival
Bakek Cm, Or., Oct. 0. Ed.
Mahan the foreman of the Balsllo
Elkhorn mine, while out hunting yes
terday afternoon accidentally killed
Terrible Flood in Mexico,
Guadaljuaka, Mexico, Oct. 0.
Overland advices from Mazatlan, state
that 'the damage wrought by tho re
cent floods In that state of Slnalca
are much greater than first estimated.
Over one 'hundred bodies have been
recovered, and many others are. miss
ing. Wanted All girls to know thaflloo
Cake" will not mako their hands red
like common soap. Save the wrappers.
Tlioy are worth a cent apiece. J 0 tf
Allows the Silver Electors to
Remain on the Ticket
BALLOTS ARE SENf OUT.
Electoral Tickets As They Will 8d
This morning Secretary of Stntd
KlucalA, after having carefully con
sidered all the nrguTuchts, protests
and objections submitted by the na
tlonal DemocrutS'(gola standard), and
the answers submitted by the repre
sentatives or tht?' Brynn Democrats,
decided to Issuc'-'the ballot with tho
name oT the Bryan Democrats placed
thereon, as they desired.
This gives tho silver Democrats an
oppoilunity to meet the gold standard
Democrats at tho polls. Tho fusion
or Bryau ticket Is designated as the
"Peoples, Democratlo Silver Republi
cans," and contains the names or tho
following persons Tor presidential
electers: N. L. Butler, E. Hofer, W.
II. Spaugh and Harry Watklns.
UALLOTS SENT OUT.
The following ballot was today sent
out by Secretary Klncald.
Salem, Or., Oct. 0, 1890.
I, U. It. Klncald, secretary of state
of tho stale of Oregon, do hereby
certify that tho following Is a correct
list of all tho candidates for offices to
be filled by tho electors of tho state at
largo whoso certificates and accept
ances of nomination have been duly
filed with the secretary of stato fo
tho next general election, and a true
statement of tho names, residences
and political designations of such
candidates as required by law to bo
placed on tho official ballots, for tho
general election to be held In the
stato of Oregon on tho Tuesday next
after tho first Monday In November,
A. D. 1890,to-wlt, on Tuesday, Novem
ber ;t, 1800.
For president o' tho United States,
William McKlnley, ot Ohio.
For 'Vice-president of the United
States, J. G. Ilobart, or New Jersey.
For electors of president and vice
president! John F. Caples, of Portland, Mult
nomah county, Republican.
T. T. Geer, of Maclcay, Marlon
E. L. Smith, or Hood River, Wasco
S. M. Yoran, or Eugene, Lane
For president or tho 'United States,
W. J. Bryau, of Nebraeka.
For vice-president of tho United
States,. T. E. Watson, of Georgia.
For electors of president and vice
president: N. L. Butler, of Monmouth, Polk
county, Peoples, Democratic, Silver
33. Hofer, of Salem, Marlon county,
I Peoples, Democratic, Silver Republi
W. II. Spaugh, of Horrlsburg, Linn
county, Peoples, Democratic, Sliver
Harry iWatklna, of McMlnnvllle,
Yamhill county, Peoples, Democratic
For electors of president and vlco
D. Bowerman, of Salem, Marlon
C. J. Bright, of Wusco, Sherman
Lesllo Butler, of The Dalles, Wasco
C. 'E. Hcsklns, ot Sprltigbrook,
Yamhill county, Prohibition.
For president of tho United States,
John McAuloy Palmer.
For vice president of tho United
States, Simon Bollvcr Buckner.
For electors of president and vice
president: Lewis B. Cox, of Portland, Multno
mah county, national Democratic.
Alexander M. Holmes, or McCoy,
Polk county, national Democratic!
Frank A. Sourort, or Seufcrt, Ore
gon, national Democratic.
Clatsop county, national Democratic.
In witness whereof, I .havo here
unto set inv hand and affixed tho seal
of the state of Oregon, this tho sixth
day of October, A. JD. 1890.
11, R. Kinoaid,
Secretary of State.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.