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THIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 264
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1916
ddtpi1 rmrn nwra on train g akd Nswa
CUTS OFF RE1 fEAT
OF ONE Dl IQN
Ten Batallions, One Squardon
' and Six Batteries
CLAIM TEN THOUSAND
Teuton Troops Being Sent to
Monastir. Where Next
Fighting Is Staged
Berlin, via Sayvillo wireless. Dee. R.
The (ieruuui advance un the line be
yond Bucharest and Ploesti tins proceed
ed so rapidly that Kuntmiiau ioiccs ou
the f flintier mountains in the Predenl
nd Altschanz pauses Imve hud their
retreat cut off, today's official war of-I'ie-e
These liumnniaii forces, it was said,
encountered the (lei mnn-Austro-Hungar-
ian troops as they sought to return1, and,
licady living pressed from the north,
ft majority of the Kumauiaus have al
ready fallen prisoners.
In the whole section of Rumania be
tween the mountains and the Danube
the (ierman pursuit uf the eiu'.my con
tinued.. The Gorman Ninth army yesterday
timk over JO.UU0 prisoners.
On the Alt, the statement said, the
trap nguinst the ltinnnninii forces eut
oil1 in the western part of the country
"had been fulfilled."
"Colonel Von Szivo wjth his Austro-Oi-rmnn
troops on , December 0 forced
these In surrender," the statement ex
plained. "Ten battalions, vone squadron and
i:; batteries, numbering . 8.000 men,
nith six eiinnnu, laid down their arms."
Retreat Well Conducted.
London, Dee. 8. Fred details of the
(iriniin occupancy of Bucharest receiv
ed today added to the belief here that
the Hiimauitin retirement had been mas
terfully executed and with a minimum
The Itiimnninn army still is intact,
mid with reorganization and re-equip-jn.'iit
may again become a formidable
Vresuiunbly the Rumanian forces
, -which evacuated the capital and tho
other cities iu -1 lie territory taken by
the Germans are planning their reor
ganization northward in that part of
Kiiinnuia just below Moldavia. Ruman
ia narrows in this part nnd the flank
of such an army would be well protect
ed by natural obstacles against an en
emy. Moreover the Rumanians established
here would be closer to their sources of
Kiipply in Hussia and better able to
draw reinforcements in men from the
czar 's legions.
A renewul of bitter fighting in Dob
niil.ja was looked for here today as the
immediate result of the flumnuiiin re
tirement. Disciplining Greece.
London, Dec. 8. Disciplining of
Greeks by the allies begins today. A
blockade of Greek ports was to be for
mally annouueed by the French gov
eiiiinciit, which, combined with previous
British and French oiders against move
ment of Greek vessels from their liar
li"rs was expec ted absolutely to cut the
kingdom off from supplies.'
Dispatches from Athens today said
the Italian colony was the only colony
(Continued on page eight.)
Tou can convince some folks o' most
anything 'cent that they can't aing. If
ther a anything a man would rather do
than push carpet sweeper it ' drive
PrDAHJlM A ni A
v ' ' ' - '
SEATTLE WOMEN TO FIGHT
Seattle, Wash., Dec. 8. Fdtir
thousand housewives of Seattle
are expected to attend the mass
meeting at the Hippodrome at
2 o'clock this afternoon to out
line a campaign to reduce the
cost ot living.
Members of the dairymen's
association pleaded with tho
women yesterday afternoon at
a conference, not to boycott
butter, saying it would be a
play into the hands of the can-
ned milk concerns, as long as
feed' prices remain high.
Kuibargo measures on all nee-
essities, it was argued would
be the fairest means of rcdue-
iug prices. Manipulation of prie-
es has hurt the farmer and con
sit sumer alike, they argued.
Mirrors Smashed and Fix
. tures Demolished in Seat-
tie's Swell Joint
Seattle, Wash., Dec. 8. Broken glass
and splintered mahogany was all that
i remains of the New I 'ceil hotel bar,
attef a police wrecking squad luid down
their axes at four o'clock this morn
ing. The $40,000 establishment, operated
by John K. Savage in connection with,
his styled "livest dry cafe in Auieri
ta was ordered demolished by May
or (till alter Sergeant of Police Put
nam of the dry squad had convinced
the executive that investigators ex
changed marked money for liquor.
The cafe, connecting with the bar,
was not wrecked.
It was closed down early lust night
when the police prepared to wreck the
bar fixtures, but will continue to run
with its corps of entertainers.
Savage denied booze had been sold
over his bar, but two marked bills were
tumid in the cash register.
The bar was one of the finest in Se
attle, and the restaurant facilities in
the same room wero destroyed with it.
Great plate glass mirrors said to be
among the lnrgest and met expensive
on the const were demolished at a
Will Not Be In Line cf Cab
inet Changes, But Chang
ing of Staff
Paris, Pec. 8. Like Kuglntid, France
is preparing a "reconstruction govern
ment". The change w ill not be one of cabinet,
however, but will lie in a new organiza
tion of tho general staff and u concen
tration of tho war's conduct under re
Tlte "organization," "concentra
tion" nnd "restricted direction"
phrases were those included iu the lan
gunge of a resolution of confidence
ndoptcd by the chamber of deputies last
night, HH to 100. It followed n stormy
secret session. The meeting was the
tenth closed session held recently in
which it is believed the Briniid minis
try came dangerously near dissolution
Last night, it is assumed, the-deputies
found satisfaction in certain promises
of reforms looking to more rigid con
duct of the war made by Briniid and
thereupon registered their support of his
A number of deputies nt last night '9
session bitterly assailed "stutiionnry
warfare,' 'and demanded a "speeding
up" on France 'g part.
SHOT CASHIER IN BACK
Point, Texas, Dec. 8. C. A. Glass,
cashier of the First State bank.died to
day from wounds received when a ban
dit 'stood him against the wall of the
bank after robbing the safe Inst night
and fired three shots into his "buck.
Iespitc his wounds Glass crawled on
his knees half a block to the home of
Will Thome, a deputy sheriff, and gave
the alarm. o trace of the bandit could
be found earlv today. He obtaiued
about $-50 in cash.
iWashington, Dec. 8. Jail sentences
npk t. l.advinkn, James Ontea,
V'-t'- c'ihen and Fannv Sullens. la-
I !" or-"nizers, who participated in the
fliest Virginia coal mine atrifco in I in
and who wero convicted, they claimed,
on tne testimony of one detective, wore
today commuted by President Wilson
to expire at once.
SLOPPY AT TACOMA
Tacomn, Wash., Pee. 8. Rain which
began tailing early today rapidly melt-
Pli the inch of anow that come down
during the night. It was the fint anow
storm of the winter and la nniunal at
TO HELP GAMBLERS
25,000 Freight Cars Held at
Chicago and Detroit for
DISPOSITION OF CARS
These Have Withheld Food
Supplies in Order to
Washington, Dec. 8 Tho government
has T' damaging ovidc-nce'' of a wide
spread, illegal speculation in tho food
marKets of the country, n high official
intimately connected with the. food
prico probe said to tho I'nited Press
This official expressed the belief that
the investigation, so far tends to show
"a gross abuse of the transportation
facilities of the eountry."
It was declared the inquiry so far
tends to show that "certnin interest"
ablo to control to some extent tho move
ments of largo numbers of freight cars
have been acting ' in vicious and ille
gal collusion" to withhold food sup
plies from largo markets, notably at
These charges arc considered deeply
significant in view or the conference
yesterday between George. W. Ander
son, special assistant to the attorney
goucral in charge of the federal food
probe, and Commissioners Meyers and
MeChord of the interstato commerce
commission. Additional significance is
nttacluid to the charge in view of a
statement by the Auiericnu railway as
sociation today that more than 33,000'
treight cars are lietu up at uniengo anu
Detroit awaiting unbinding.
It was stated at tho White House to
day that much evidence wanted by the
administration has be'en laid boforo the
president in the past twenty hours and
that all government branches active in
the campaign have done 'exceptional"
work. Until every investigation is com
pleted, however, the president will for
mulate no plans for remedies. When he
is ready, though, it as declared today,
"ho 111 strike quickly and strike hard,
if striking is necessary."
Tho -high cost of living problem was
to occupy considerable time during this
afternoon's cabinet session. Commerce
Seeetnry Redfield will confer with
tho president afterwards on tho woik
his department has done.
Government Gets Bu3y
Washington. Dee. 8. The govern
ment food price probe took definite
While official statements regarding
plans for investigation and action in
this sort of work nrc withheld, the Unit
ed Press learned authoritatively that
the department of justice has been giv
en carte blanche in the matter. This
plan is known to have tho complete ap
proval of President Wilson.
The investigations on under tho su
nervision of the agricultural and com-
imoreo departments and by the federal
trauP and interstate commerce coinmia
idfilis are nlso to be pushed with vigor.
TI..I ...t :..i-.l1..HlnH r.P tlmao )f n llMt
Jill L 1ft IK-r I- iiiirniiniumn lwu i ' -' ' ' - iw " i i J nm-11
jes of the government run into evidence A small additional number of guurds
i of food or coal prico conspiracies the were placed at the international bound
jdatu will be turned, over immediately arv ,lu(. to reports of an imminent re
'to the department of justice. ! volt of the Juarez garrison caused by
Wherever the trails of agents of . dissatisfaction over receiving their pay
these government ornnencs cross uc- , paper notes.
pnrtinont of justice trails, tho former
will defer to the latter. Dr. Fisher Killed.
Special Assistant Attorney General Washington, Dec. 8. Tho state de
Anderson approved this pjan of enm-1 ,,ai.tn)OIlt received official reports 'today
paign on the ground that the prooe 01
prices will thereby centered and con
sequently have more power behind it.
.. Came from the Daisy
Astoria, Or., Dec. 8. Shipping men
today, were inclined to believe that
wreckage which drifted ashore south
of here was from the lost deckload of
the steamer Daisv, rather than evidenco
! that the steam nehooiier Santa Barbara
had been damaged.
The Daisy lost her deckload only a
few miles from Cape Mears, where most
of the debris was sighted. A life pre
server marked "Santa Barbara" float
ed among the rubbish. This gave rise
to tho report that the Santa Karburn
was in trouble.
Tugs which went out to look for
signs of disa-itor returned here without
having sighted the Santa' P.urbara or
nny more wreckage.
Milwaukie, Ot., . Dec. 7.
Milwaukie schools closed today
on account of an outbreak of in
fantile paralyi i a. Rernice
Noakes, age 7, is believed to be
Buffering from the disease.
Reported American Rancher,
Named Foster, Burned
MURDERED WILL SNYMAN
SON OF BOER GENERAL
Fifteen Hundred Carranza
Troops Desert to Join
By Webb MiUer.
(United Psess staff correspondent.)
F.1 Taso, Texa9, Doc. 8. With the re
opening of telegraphic communication
between Chihuahua t'ity and the border,
information of massacres and outrages
upon citizens and foreigners in nil parts
of northern Mexico is reaching relatives
and the United States authorities here.
Indications seen in reports to United
States department agents last week
that Villa's attitude toward "griu
goes" and foreigners hnd changed
proved to be misleading and every scrap
of information now reaching the border
points to the fact that the bandit chief
id sparing lives only when it is in his
Ynez Salazar, Villa 's chief lieutenant,
saved the million dollar American-owned
Alvarudo mines and also saved the town
of Pnrral from destruction by arguing
that both the mine and the towu would
be useful to Villa when he obtains con
trol of the country.
Authentic information has been ob
tained Oit nt least 1.G00 government
troops deserted and joined Villa during
the attack upon Parra!. .'
On the northward march toward Chi
huahuu City Villistus murdered Will
Snymau, sou of the famous Boer gen
eral, W. D. Snyuiun, at San Pablo De
Moqui, 50 miles south of the northern
capital, according to a telegram to
friends hare, but no details of the mur
der wero reported.
From vnrious sources reports are
reaching government ngents here today
that nn American rancher named Foster
has been slain near Torcron by Villistns.
Department agents obtained a letter
from Torreou received by a Mexican
here stating that Villistui had killed
Foster by burning him at the stake.
After entering Parral, a month ago,
parties of bandits detailed by Villa
searched for Americans in the town
for several days. The bandits knew
the names of all "gringoes," refugees
say, and intended to execute them, .t.
Additional details of the Villista raid
upon Chihuuhua City have reached the
border. Tho homo of Donald tiillis, an
American, was wrecked nnd Howard
Snyder's store looted.
The first passenger train from Clii
liua hua City since the bandit attack
upon the city arrived at the border dur
ing the night. Jose Bnrio, Italian, and
his daughter, who was reported kid
naped, vere passengers.
Apprehension wns aroused here by the
movements of bodies of Aiicrican
troops during the night. General Bell,
commanding, said the movement had no
significance but was merely part of a
preparedness program and to accustom
. , 1. n l...... ..iirlit mnl'nmnnld
; tJn, nr j.;s,)ri an American, hnd been
killed by bandits at Suntn Rosalia.
The killing is said to hnveanccurred
some days ago but this is the first re
port from an official source to the de
partment iu this case.
Officials said today they classod
overnight reports from tho border which
told of 'the killing of the Americans,
(ray, Foster and Wnyman, with "wild
reports of killings in Chihunhuu City
Did Mot Harm Americans.
Jose Hovio, an Italian refugee from
Chihuahua City, today told United
States authorities here the first authen
tic story of the sacking of the north
ern Mexican capital by Villistns. Bovio
had four conversations with Villa who
told him he would harm no foreigners
. . i : ii i r :
1 llUt ni.'lUlt-LI ui'wiU UUl MUU UlUl-iriii
him to roun.i up all th merchants in the
citv and tell them to come to him (Vii-
la)'. From them the bandit chief do-
marded two hundred thousand pesos.
.i-:n- i:..-.i ...r:i
Villa singled Hovio out nnd ordered
Ing the five days be was in Chihuahua ' e timated the losses on both sides , r6eommendations in 0 report submit
Citv " aaid Bovio. "He did not eo out during the battle for possesion ot the ted to the mayor and city council to-
'A i. tr" ?.i
tured and in good health. He walk.
with a cane, but can mount bis horse
"From the first day of the bandit
entrance into the city, systematic loot-
ing went on. Every day a train or two
loaded with hoot pulled out on th.
Mexican Northwestern railway. Tho
LIBERAL M i
TO LLOYD GEORGE
Express Confidence in As
quith But Will Aid New
PROSECUTION OF WAR
DESIRE OF ALL PARTIES
New Force Injected Into
Conflict and Great Results
By Ed L. Keen.
(Tinted Press staff correspondent.)
London, Dec. 8 All doubt that David
I.loyd-Oeorge would have complete eup
port for his new government in parlia
ment was swept away today when the
Liberal party menfbers, iu conference,
formally resolved to support tho new
regime in tho prosecution of the war.
The action means tho new premier
will not only be backed up by the Un
ionists and the Lahorites totalling 324
votes out of the 070 in commons but
also tho Liberal block of votes 200
more. The Irish Nationalist group is
the only one of any strength now re
maining in commons whose position to
ward the new ministry is not yd clear.
The Liberal conference today adopt
ed resolutions of confidence in its lead
er, former Premier Asquith, but de
clared itn determination to support the
new government iu the prosecution of
About 200 Liberals from both houses
of parliament, including a number of
former ministers, attended the meeting
of the purty, held at noon in the Re
form club. Asquith, smiling and ap
parently happy, was accorded an en
thusiastic ovation by the crowd which
gathered nt the entrance to the club.
. Han Confidence of All.
Former Premier Asquith presided at
tho meeting of the Liberals. He ex
plained in full detail all the circum
stances leading up to the chunge in gov
ernment, particularly defining his own
position in the crisis which led to disso
lution of the coalition cabinet.
The new premier's whirlwind mastery
of the political situation yesterday was
universally taken as indicctivc of his
future general conduct of the adminis
tration in tackling difficult problems,
either foreign or domestic.
Tin' general admiration for Lloyd
George's energy, organizing ability and
gift of conciliation wns expressed by
the Pall Mull Cazette today.
"The success and rapidity with
which Lloyd-Oeorge is fulfilling his
commission," the Gazette asserted, "in
dicntes lie will shortly have on adminis
tration not only witli a strong personal
ity and practical talent, but nrmede
with the nation's confidence. Yester
day's achievement gives a more vivid
impression than anything else of the
striking gifts of leadership which the
new premier possesses."
Loudon does not expect formal an
nouncement of the personnel of the new
ministry until next Tuesday, to which
date the house of "ominous adjourned
vesterday. In the interim Lloyd-George
has plenty of time in which to make
his selections and utilize his gifts as a
conciliator infuser of enthusiasm nnd
Weakens Wheat Prices
Chicnoo. Dec. 8. Widespread food
iiiobcs and railway embargoes served to
depress the market early today, but
IiriCCS UIUI U lliwuilll.r ,:... ..v.j J inus .cr out III once. 1 no SCICCWUli ui
)ecember wheat was down 1 cent below unlt waii v(i to General Funston. lie
today's opening ut 4L(I; May up 1-41UB j,.HiKnntcd the following organiza
at tl."7 1-4, and July up 1 1-8 at '.-tions for this purpose:
4S 7-8- Ambulance company number 2, New
Corn was weak nfter a lower opening.
December wns down :i-4 nt 91; May
down half at 92 H-4, and July unchanged , brigade headquarters, New York-, sce
nt 93. Iiind bultalion engineers, New York;
Oats declined slightly. December was
down 1-8 ut f)2 7-8; May down 5-8 ut
.'id 7-8; July down 3-8 nt '53 C-8.
Provisions were steady.
OEEGON HENS TO COMPETE
Portland, Or., Dc. M. Oregon hens
in large numbers will Invade Washing
ton state next week uud seek prir.es nt
the Seattle Poultry Show. 11. V. Marx,
sniierintendent of a local exhibit, said
200 Oregon birds were entered nt Se
attle. . ";"" . " .,
J of "mmniii U on We were al-
'H 4abouf the ? rcet8- ivcry
th' w q order ly. -
declared that V ,11a ha about
5.000 men with him in Chihuahua City.
city at about 500 dead and wounded.
Although .l a dec lared h would hill
AJD"":;" U'e Cy,-h m ah
to hurt them, Bovio: saic L A11
l? ".r,0 "ft.Vu?
ev"ua'ed1 ,he hfto"
td arranged another conference
I merchants Saturday, but marched
out tor the advance of General Mur-
BLAME THE GRAPE JICE
Portland, Ore., Dec. 8 Super
stitious seamen saw something
significant today in the fact
that the new auxiliary schooner
Alpha halted abruptly on tho
ways after having been chris
tened with a bottle of grape
A big crowd attended tho
event. Amid cheers the vessel
started sliding. "Crash!" and
Miss Myrtle Knudson awing the
bottle against the prow. Grape
juice trickled over the ship, and
she stopped dead, having only
moved six feet.
Labor Is Scarce, Wages High
and Unionism Is
San Francisco, Dec. 8. Tho pros
perity which the war has brought
Japan hn9 just been strikingly exem
plified in the announcement that the
Nippon Yuscn Kaisha, that country's
largest steamship company, cleared a
not profit of 17,243,809 yen ($8,017,
404.90) during tho first half of the
present fiscal year.
Word to this effect reached here
from Japan today. A dividend Of 2S
percent was declared November 28.
Members of the imperial Japanese
household own a large percentage of
Labor Is Scarce.
Tokio, Nov. 21. (By mail.) War
timo prosperity has brought to Japan
an actual shortuge of labor and has
given a strong impetus to tho trade
union movement in the empire, accord
ing to observers who have watched the
In the fountry where only a short
timo ago the strongest coolie could be
hired for a few sen a day almost all
industries are s'nding agents through
out the provinces seeking more men.
Not long ago there wns talk of over
population and tho birth statistics
wero used to explain the urgent need
of expansion abroad, but conditions ure
different now. Wages have risen as
tonishingly and with the advancement
in position of tho workmen trade un
ionism is beginning to flourish.
The government prohibits organiza
tion of labor unions, but collective
bargaining has come into existence
through the formality -of application
to tho home office.
Selection Left to General
Funston- Oregon Boys
Must Stay Awhile
Washington, Dec. 8. Six thousand
national guardsmen will be sent home
from the border ut once for muster out,
it wus announced today.
The war department statement carry
ing this inf'oriniitioii said:
"In continuation of the general poli
cy of the department to relieve nation
al -utird units as conditions permit
j(i ooo guardsmen wi he sent hpme for
York; field hospital number 2. New
York; signal battalion, New York; one
lOiirhtconth infantry. Pennsylvania; bat
tery A, Utah; First battalion field ar
tillery, California; First battalion, field
artillery, Missouri; No. 1 Massachu
setts ambulance company; Second in
.aiitry, Idaho; 'First infantry, lowu;
First battalion field artillery, Iowa;
signal company, District of Columbia;
battery A, Karfaas.
Tacoma May Have
Tacoma, Wash., Dec. 8. The estab
lishment of municipal markets where
vegotables and other food stuffs rais
ed by the farmers mnv be sold at cost
direct to tne consumer, is ono oi mu
ilav hv the committee appointed to in
vestigate' high food price here. Legis
lation is proposed to permit farmers to
have access to the facilities of the pres
ent rmhlin mnrlcpf. Illncfl and to disOOSe
of their products without the aid of
middle men; also an orainaneo airecien
at commission merchants who are chnrg
ed w-th destroying 'holesome foods. in
order to keep un nnccs,
II All IA
Germany Admits Act ,But
Bases Defense On -"Presumptions"
MAY BE SEVERED BY IT
Germany Openly Flouts the
of Submarine Rules
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Dec. 8. After considera
tion of the Herman "explanations" in
the Arabia case, President' Wilson to
day instructed Secretary Lansins; to
lor ward an outline of the renly to KntT-
land, with tho request that any facts.
the British government might huvo as
to the status of the ship when she wis
sunk would be welcome to this govern
ment. On the results of inquiries by agents-
of this government and on what facts
hngland may be able to Bhow therefore.
will depend this government's format
opinion on the Arabia attack.
I he ctinn taken today, it was ex
plained, will necessarily delay for sev
eral days at least any chanco of final
decision in the mutter.
The Arabia case was to bo thoroughly
discussed at this afternoon's cabinet
America's policy toward the Uermnn
submarine situation remains exactly
what it was when this government told
Uermnny she must stop her ruthless
methods o'f torpedoing. This was stated
officially today, but tbiire was reason,
to believe that the United States had
not unalterably put np the gates at least
to brief discussion of serious subma
rine problems now before tho adminis
tration. Taken at its face, the statement that
tho American government stands pat en
her uttitude expressed in the Sussex
notes, menus that she would break dip
lomatic, relations if Germany trans
gressed. There is growing belief that
in the Arabia case, at least, and per
il up. in the Marina, she had overstep
ped America's mandates.
lint in line with a policy or averring
anything that might ultimately lil to
war, the administration is regarded as
likely to steer clear of n break up to the.
lust possible point.
Kxpcrts ln'licve that the Aralim case
presents a situation in which Germany
openly flouts American interpretation
of subninrino rules nnd American rights
in tho matter.
Briefly, Germany admits that her
commander built up a structnre of
presumption thnt the (rabia was a
transport and hence win like,-nnd then
proceeded to sink her. The other ide
of the picture lies in (he American
memnrndnin of March 25. Whilo Hint
applied to armed merchantmen anil
armament does not enter into the Ara
bia consideration it laid down tho
"Tho determination o'f wnrliko char
acter must rest in nn case upon presump
tion but ution conclusive evidence, De-
canso the responsibility for tho destruc
tion of life and property depends en
the nctnu facts of the case anu cannor.
bo avoided or lessened by n standard of
evidence which a belligerent, may nn-
nounco ns creuting a presumption or
Over Everett mis
Kverett, Win ii., Dec. 7. Mrs. E.Utu.
Frenette, I. W. W. agitntir, nrrosled
in connection with the dock tight ar
several weeks ngo in which a number
of persons were hilled, is today bound
over to superior court to stund trinl for
nlle"c.l first decree assault on Sheriff
Don Me line, while ne was being car
ried, wounded, to the hospital after tku
''Former Police Officer John Molin
testified he saw Mrs. Frenette draw a
revolver nnd point it toward McHae.
lie ordered her not to shoot and she
then lint up 'I'1 weapon.
night and PaUr- ,
day rain west, )
ruin or saw J
gale along tho
coast. . j