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In fact after the attending excitement of the strike passes away
and when sober and critical analysis of the Pullman case is made it
will be sate to say that employees of the great monopolj were justified
in 'asking arbitration and public opinion is very likely to, in the near
future, bring arbitration in Buch cases.
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Lincoln, Neb., Saturday, July 28, 1894.
THEvigorouB and pointed speech, in every way appropriate, deliver
ed in the senate by Senator Davis of Minnesota in response to the
wild assertions of Peffer of Kansas, has attracted widespread atten
tion over the nation. No speech delivered in congress this session
has been so favorably commented upon and it has advanced Cush
aan R. Davis to the front rank in the upper house of congress.
In a time when riot and turmoil was raging, when commerce was
stagnant and property in "flames it needed a vigorous word from
those high in authority. Peffer had closed a harrangue attacking
the government, belitteing law and order and hinting at a desire for
a general overturning of established things. When Senator Davis
took the floor and made his speech for law and order that bristled
with'epigramatical truths and told the nation at large that the sop
histry and anarchy of the Fetters had no lodging place with law
abiding citizens, senators on both sides of the chamber, republi
cans and democrats alike endorsed every word uttered by Senator
Davis in the most emphatic way and the press of the country was
not slow in adding its endorsement. By his timely clear cut emoha
tic utterances for law, order and decency at the most appropriate
time, Senator Davis of Minnesota has stepped at once to the very
front rank in the senate and among the people of the nation.
The genuiness of the protest of Geo. M. Pullman that there was
nothing to arbitrate in his recent difficulties with his workmen and
that the great plant was bring operated at a loss, is being shown up
in recent developments. On Saturday last the 20th inst the Pull
man company before operations were resumed and in the closing
hours of the strike declared from its net earnings a quarterly divi-
dead of 92 per share. This dividend amounts to the munificent sum
X xof $600,000 and is payable on the 15th day of the coming month. It
.tertainly does not look in the face of that action as though the plea
that the company was losing money was well founded.
It is also stated that in the works of the Pullman company that
one-half the labor is upon construction and repairs of sleepers and
.- the remainder is contract work on outside construction. If the
" statement of Pullman is true that the company is losing money on
the contracts taken, it is only a half loss for it is ou only half of the
work done. Every traveller who patronizes Mr. Pullman's upholster
ed sleeping accommmodations and contributes to the support of Mr.
Pullman's army of porters, knows that there has been no decrease in
the price of berths in the sleepers. In the published statement
taken by Chicago papers not in sympathy with the Pullman strikers
and taken from Mr. Pullmans books so lauded s being open to the
public, it was shown that all workingmen and women in the uphols
tery department has Buffered a reduction of wages exactly fifty per
cent A great many people who pay the same for a berth today as
they did five years ago and one year ago will be excused if they
, entertain the opinion that there was something between prices
, . . charged and -wages paid susceptible to arbitration.
A sweeping decision is that recently mado by Mgr. Satolli and
one of great importance both to the Catholic church and to the causa
of temperance. The liquor traffic has not in many years received
such a body blow as the apostolic delegate has given it in his decis
ion which plainly and irrevocably divorces the great church from
any recognition in membership, on the part of the church, of a
This decision has come in response to an appeal taken by a Catho
lic society in Columbus, Ohio, where Bishop Watterson, the greatest
temperance advocate in the Catholic church during the last
lenten season wrote to the clergy in his diocese a letter withdrawing
his approbation from any and every Catholic society that had a
saloon-keeper as an official and formally suspending each and every
society so officered. The Bishop reasserted a former pronunciamato
in which societies were forbidden to take saloon-keepers as members
and in general the Bishop declared that if there were saloon-keepers
in any parish in his diocese who called themselves Catholics and
carried on their business in a forbidden way selling on Sunday
openly or in disguise in violation of civil law or to the best of order
and religion they were to be refused absolution.
To the appeal from this sweeping denunciation of the saloon busi
ness Mgr. Satolli rendered a decision several weeks ago upholding
the Bishop but the saloon-keepers in the diocese of Columbus were
not satisfied and pushed for a further decision. In the last decision
therefore. Mgr. Satolli has answered them as keenly and vigorously
as the Bishop first laid down the law and in the church it' in a decla
ration sweeping And complete. In rendering t ho decision the apos
tolic delegate says:
"Bishops have the right and duty to guard faith and morals in
their diocese and are divinely appointed judges in such matters.
The liquor traffic and especially as it is conducted in the United
States is the source of much evil; hence the Bishop was acting with
in his rights in seeking to restrict it Therefore the delegate apos
tolic sustains Bishop Watterson's action and approves of his circular
letter concerning saloons and the expulsion of saloon-keepers from
all Catholic societies.'
This laying down of the law while applicable direct to the Colum
bus diocese where the order was made and from which the appeal
was taken, must be the law very speedily for the entire Catholic
church in America. The moral effect will be most pronounced both
in the church itself and with the people entire of the nation.
The new York man who attended the convention of school ma'ams
held recently at Asbury Park for the New York Sun is enthusiastic
oh the subject of the western girl. Among other flattering things
he says: Seeing hun'derds of them together, one could not help won
dering why so many pretty and clever remained unmarried. It
knocks Darwin's theory of selection into smithereens. They more
frequently marry the schoolma'ams in the west. That was plain to
be seen. The proportion of middle aged and elderly women was
much greater from the eastern States, while tho great majority of
the western delegates were still of marriageable age and likely to be
married before another convention, judging from the few older ones
from the west
When the school trustees from a far western town select a school
teacher it is evidently with a view to securing one able to do all ber
own whacking of boys, big and little, without calling in the aid of
the male principal. They, like the California delegate, were nearly
all big, strapping young women, with big eyes, wide apart, and
charmingly straightforward, honest, confident looks. It is no won
der the western men do not let them grow old iu the work.
Ohio had a very numerous delegation, among whom the blondes
outnumbered the brunettes three to one and the little women out
numbered the big ones four to one.- And they wore a brainy-looking
lot of women, too, although the amount of tea they consumed seem
ed likely to destroy the best exercised intellect in the world.
The prettiest teachers came from the northwe3t, and particularly
from Wisconsin and Nebraska.
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