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i i The Monitor i —■ i
\a A NATIONAL WEEKLY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AMERICANS. % THE REV. JOHN ALBERT WILLIAMS. Editor -_____- % - $2.00 a Year. 5c a Copy OMAHA, NEBRASKA. AUGUST 21, 1919 Vol. V. No. 7 < % No. 216) Black Hero Gives His Life Saving White Child Scrapped by Schrapnel, Survives and Sings Sergeant Frank Mason Has Scars of 350 Shrapnel Wounds and Wears Ten Silver Plates to Cover Holes in Head, Shoulder and Leg. WOUNDED IN THE ARGONNE Uses His Fine Baritone Voice in Rais ing Patriotic Funds—It Credited With Selling $8,500,000 Worth of Liberty Bonds. Special to The Monitor. I OS ANGELES, Aug. 20.—Scrapped ~J by shrapnel, survives and sings, accurately describes the case of Ser geant Frank Mason, Colored, who is attracting attention here, where he ex pests to remain for some time, pend ing oompleto recovery' from his — ’ "* wounds. It would be safe to say that Sergeant Mason hears the record for wounds. As one sees him slowly' navi gating on his crutches, it is hard to believe that a human being, or any other living animal, could have re • ceived the number and character of wounds that he has, and survive. He bears the scars of 350 minor shrapnel wounds. Ten silver plates cover holes in his body; three in his head, three in his left shoulder, one in his right shoulder ami three in his left leg. Despite this he is a man of sunny and cheerful disposition and does an incredible amount of work for patriot ic and charitable objects. His career as a soldier is most interesting. Serving primarily upon the Mexi can boiler, he was one of the first to he sent to France in the A. E. F. Then, following days of training, he was sent to the front and was one of the first of the American soldiers to help stem the tide of the hun, and received most of his wounds in the Argonne forest. With a good baritone voice, he has done much to help put over the cause of various war charities. He is cred ited with having sold over $8,500,000 worth of liberty bonds and wears in testimony of this the United States treasury department medal. He has addressed large audiences in most of the cities between New York and Og den, Utah, and now is here to help raise funds to entertain the fleet. NATIONAL HOME COMING FOR VIRGINIANS Native Sons anil Daughters of "Old Dominion” Are Planning to Meet at Norfolk in September: Thousands Expected from All Sections of the Country. - Norfolk, Va., Aug. 20.—Coincident with the meeting of the National Bap tist convention here, September 10-15, there is to be observed a national home-coming week. This project is being promoted by the business men of Norfolk, who are co-operating with the local ministers, who propose to make the w'cek of the National Bap tist convention greater in point of at tendance and in interest than the cele bration that was held here some years ago to commemorate the landing of the Pilgrims, knowrn as the Jamestown exposition. The sons anil daughters of Virginia have scattered to the foui cardinal points of the compass, and when it is known that there is to be a home-coming anil that Virginians from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the lakes to the gulf will return dur ing the five days to shake hands with friends and commemorate this week a great rush is expected. NO MOKE WANTED IN NAVY (By Associated Negro Press.) Birmingham, Ala., Aug. 20.—No more Negroes will be accepted for in the navy, according to in structions received at local navy re cruiting station. Experienced Negro cooks will continue to be enlisted to handle the cooking, but even Negro mess attendants will not be accepted after this date. from POST AMERICAN LEGION Mobile, Ala., Aug. 20.—Named after the first Negro in Mobile to have been commissioned in the army, Carter Brown, a post of the American legion has been organized of all Negro ex service men of this city who have been honorably discharged from the army. Sirty members have already been enrolled. LOUISIANA HAS CHANGE OF HEART ON EDUCATION Attempting to Make Amends for Her Disgarceful Neglect of Schools For Colored Children. (Special to The Monitor.) jVTEW ORLEANS, Aug. 20.—Louisi 1 1 ana, which has been notorious in her neglect of school facilities for Negro children, has at last seen the light and has begun to make amends for this great wrong. This state has the largest amount of illiteracy of any state in the union. Parish after parish has had no schools for Negro chil dren and many others only one. Of the total amount raised by taxation for education, a large proportion of which has come out of the pockets of Negroes, 95 per cent has been used for the education of white children and only 5 per cent for that of Colored children. If with this disparity in the expenditure of school funds ignorance prevails among whites, what could be expected of the Colored people. Louisi ana is realizing not only the injustice but the danger of this state of affairs and is making strenuous efforts to se cure and train teachers to meet the situation. Bearing upon this the offi cial report of B. C. Caldwell, field agent for the Jeanes and Slater funds for the training of Negroes, says: ‘‘Louisiana needs 1,000 more Colored teachers to carry out to the full the program of education for the Negroes, but the state is doing something which is highly commendable, even though she is handicapped by lack of suitable instructors in this work. The state superintendent of schools has issued a call, which is being widely answered, for young Negro men and women to apply this summer for training in the normal schools throughout the state. By giving these applicants, who have grammar school education and other necessary qualifications, three months’ intensive training they will be ready for ordinary teaching work in the fall. Next summer they can add three months' mor e training ,and so on each year and advance themselves step by step. “This is one of the greatest things that has been done recently to advance the education of the Colored people, not alone in Louisiana, but in the en tire south, for it is certain that these teachers, as their numbers increase, will spread to other states which are short of teachers for Negro boys and girls and are trying to get teachers from still other states. In some in stances southern states have allowed their Negro schools to close for lack of teachers. Louisiana is preparing to meet this condition and overcome it. "A new spirit of help for the black man seems to be rising in the mind of the southern white man. He is ready to help the young Negro get an educa tion, realizing that by this means, and this alone, he can improve the ability and worth of his labor on farms and in factories. The white man must help the black if we are to accomplish any real good for the Negroes in the south. Industrial conditions have never been better among southern Negroes than they are at present.” Di. Caldwell, who was formerly in charge of the Louisiana State Normal school at Natchitoches, now has juris diction over the Jeanes and Slater fonds in sixteenth northern states. HOME OWNERSHIP TO BE PROMOTED A *100,000 Corporation Organized to Supply Funds for Home Build ing and Ownership. (By Associated Negro Press.) Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 20.—With the ul timate view of supplying funds to the Negroes of the south for building and owning their own homes, the United Investment corporation was organized in Atlanta with a capital stock of $100,000. The most prominent Ne groes in Georgia are financing this project, and it is proposed to open branch offices in every southern city. At present, according to officials of the corporation, the majority of the Negroes in the state are renters, and with the rates steadily increasing the problem is fast becoming a serious one. Their plan is to loan money at a moderate rate of interest to Negroes for building perposes. J. B. Long of Atlanta, one of the most prominent members of the board, is acting presi dent. National Negro Business League; Twentieth Annual Session Summons Prominent and Successful Business and Professional People from Twen ty-six States; Astonishing Wealth Represented. RECONSTRUCTION IS THE DOMINANT NOTE President Napier Presides: Secretary Scott States Crucial Time Has Come; League Must Either Advance or Die; Outlines Comprehensive Plan for Future. (Special to The Monitor.) ST. LOUIS, Aug. 20.—Delegates from twenty-six states attended the twentieth annual session of the i National Negro Business league, which closed here Friday night. It was a notable and inspirational gathering of representative business and profes ! sional people from all sections, repre senting every activity of race enter prise and thrift. The amount of wealth represented by this body ran well up into the millions and seemed almost incredible. Reports from all sections show the race forging to the front in substantial business and industrial en terprising in a way which is most en t eouraging. Delegates and visitors j numbered nearly a thousand. The gen erous hospitality of all citizens was I everywhere in evidence. The sessions were held in the Coli j scum under the auspices of the local i business league, of which Mr A. E. Malone is president. He presided at the opening session, Wednesday morn ing. Tuesday night, preceding the 1 opening session, the officers of the i meal league tendered the officials of the national league a luncheon at the Poro. The formal opening, Wednesday morning, consisted of “America” by the audience, led by Gerald Tyler; in vocation by the Rev. J. T. Caston; a vocal solo by Mrs. Zelle Cole-Evans, Gerald Tyler, pianist; an address of welcome by Mr. Malone, and response by the Hon. J. C. Napier, national piesident. Mr. Malone said: “Through the National Negro Bus iness League, the men of the race who are struggling, who are trying to do things have been brought closer to gether, thereby become acquainted with each other rejoiced in success and sympathized in failure, but this con tact has prevented many failures “We have looked forward to your coming with sweet anticipation and all Missouri rejoices because you are here. “We pray for the success of this session. It is my belief that, enlight ened by our experience of the past, and encouraged by our successes of the present,, we shall, as great busi ness armies, in close vital touch, gal lantly charge the entrenchment of the forces of opposition, whether they are moral or racial, and capture them, scaling the height of difficulty and placing our triumphant banners on the very apex of the towering peaks of victory, sing loud hosannas to Him who hath promised victory and rest to those who dare to do the right and preserve unto the end. Concluding his remarks, Mr. Malone presented President Napier, who was given an ovation, and whose remarks thrilled the audience. One of the most successful business men in the race, T. J. Elliott of Mus ogee, Ola., was introduced, and made a short talk, telling of the object of the National Negro Business League its scope of work and what it had been to the whole race. He concluded by appealing to every man and woman to become a member and even take out life membership. To his invita tion for life membership by the pay I ment of $25, a number responded. Routine business was rapidly dis ] patched at each session and there was the customary recital of beginnings and achievements of successful busi ness men. This feature was advan tageously minimized. Among the many outstanding fea tures of the convention was the report of Secretary Emmett J. Scott, who has held this important position since the organization of the league. Among other things the- secretary stated that the league had passed from the kindergarten stage anil reached the age of maturity and it was now time for the league to go forward or die. He called attention to the condi tions and radical changes taking place in this age with a view of causing the league to see the necessity of drastic action in matters pertaining to the forward movement of the affairs of the race. He from excerpts called at tention to the necessity of adopting a real program which would give us push in making a forward step, with out which we must because of laxity, lose our grip. He called attention to the new methods which had been ad vised by the president at the last meeting at Atlantic City, N. J., in 1018. The league needs larger and i better financial support from its ad herents, and the practice of living on the philanthrophy of the white race is to be discouraged. He suggested a change of program at this meeting; a change which is to have a farreach ing effect and will be helpful for everyone in the production of visible results. He proposed as follow's: 1st. National headquarters to be located at Washington, D. C. Said headquarters to be conducted along lines of the U. S. Chamber of Com merce, which is the like organization ! of the white race, compatible with the Negro Business League. He stated the following objects to be considered in the maintenance anl work of the national headquai*ters. 1st. National clearing houses for the Negro Business League and asso ciated and kindred organizations and for the business interests of the race. 2nd. Duty and function to keep the white and Negro press informed and exploit and improve the interests of Negro enterprise. 3rd. Special effort to locate and produce Negro business enterprises ••nd manufactures. Keeping local leagues in touch with the regulation. 4th. Clearing house for Negro la bor and emnloyment of all kinds, skill ed and unskilled. 5th. Compile a catalogue of Ne ero business enterprises, institute a Negro mercantile agency. Offer en couragement and make inquiries and find out who is worthy so as to induce expenditure of capital. Warning at the same time against frauds, swind ling speculators and wild-cat schemes. Suggested the adoption of a form of inquiry on the order of a question aire, which would be very useful in getting results. 6th. Covered the most successful method of building business interests. 7th. Dealt with the method of de fraying the expenses of the league unler the new' systems and methods suggested. After the offer of the suggestions the secretary made mention of some statistics taken from census reports. His report was full of good informa tion and material for the use of the league in their development to the place where some visible achievement I will be accomplished in the progress of the leagu affairs. GOVERNOR OF COLOR\DO URGES CONGRESS TO SUPPRESS MOB VIOLENCE New York, Aug. 20.—The National Association for I he Advancement of Colored People has received a letter from Governor Oliver H. Shoup of Colorado commenting upon the ad dress to the nation signed by former President Taft, Charles Evans Hughes, Elihu Root and 150 other citizens, which calls upon congress to investi gate mob violence in the United States. The letter follows: “I am in receipt of your favor of July 25, enclosing a list of signers of an address to the nation in the matter of suppression of mob violence throughout the country. “I am in hearty sympathy with this movement and especially at this time, when there are so many outbreaks of racial antagonism throughout the country, I deem it essential that the national congress should take some definite action which will tend here after to completely eliminate these outbreaks. “You have my full authority to use my name as governor of Colorado as a signature to this address to the nation that you have so kindly forwarded to this office.” Monitor office, Douglas 3224. British West Indies Have Grave Problem Industrial Conditions Temporarily Disturbed by Close of Sugar Crop Season and Return of Large Num ber of Soldiers from Foreign Service GOVERNMENT DESIRES TO RETAIN POPULATION (Special to The Monitor.) KINGSTON, Jamaica, B. W. I.—In Jamaica at present the industrial condition is feeling the effect of two factors. One is the close of the sugar crop season in Cuba, which reduces the demand for labor there. Very large numbers of Jamaicans have been at work in Cuba in the sugar plantations and more men have been going week by week. The next sugar crop will not begin to be taken off till November or December, and the British consul has warned Jamaicans still in Jamaica against venturing across at the pres ent time. It is not improbable that many hundreds of the Jamaica labor ers now in Cuba will return here. The other disturbing factor is the return to the island month by month of the thousands of men who enlisted in the British West Indies regiment and who are r.ow being demobilized. These men served for the most part as labor battalions in Belgium, France and Italy. Sections of them, however, saw fighting as front line combatants. This was chiefly in Palestine. Return- j ing home now they have to be reab sorbed into civilian life by a com- j munity which possesses comparatively' few openings for employing labor. The discussion of what should be done for the soldiers, and by them, is animated and general. The government has ear-marked money for certain public works, and is j providing for a land settlement. A number of the men have returned to the posts they once occupied; prefer ence is being given to others in the police force; a considerable number have determined to emigrate in search of more remunerative employment than they find obtainable in Jamaica. The problem remains of opening up1 opportunities of investment of labor | and of money which will be attractive j enough to keep the men in the island. DECORATED FOR DEEDS OF VALOR IN FRANCE Sergeant Clifton Merriomon Given French Military Medal. Has Also Received the Croix de Guerre and the Distinguished Service Cross. (By the Associated Negro Press.) Boston, Mass., Aug. 20.—An honor was conferred upon Sergeant Clifton Merriomon for heroism on the battle field when General Edwards, com mander of the Northeast department, pinned the French Military medal on his breast. Twice before recognition for his heroic service had been ex pressed through the presentation of the Croix de Guerre and the Distin guished Service Cross. The French Military Medal is pos sessed by few French generals and by no American high officer. General Edwards in fastening the decoration on Sergeant Merriomon, said that his brave feats were the most unusual that had come under his observation. The deed of gallantry is encouched in the citation, as follows: “On Sep tember 19, 1918, Corporal Merriomon, near Bussey Farm, France, single handed attacked a German machine gun killed the gunner, put the gun out of action, reorganized the remnant of his company and conducted a success ful attack on the enemy.” Sergeant Merriomon is married, lives at 39 Tremont street, Cambridge, Mass., and is a letter-carrier at the Harvard Square postoffice of that city. PLAN FOR BEAUTY AND SANITATION Anniston, Ala., Aug. 20.—The plan for a general cleanup in every part of the city by the progressive Negro citizens of Anniston is creating the greatest amount of interest on the part of the Colored people. Prizes for the best kept yards and alleys for the greatest number of tin cans as sembled by the children and for many other feature efforts to improve local sanitary conditions are offered. Joseph Perry, Who Heroically Rescues Four-Year-Old White Child from Vicious Dog, Dies of Rabies. PAYS SUPREME SACRIFICE FOR A C T OF HEROISM Mas Given Pasteur Treatment, But Disease Developed Too Rapidly for Toxine to Combat the Virus. (Special to The Monitor.) Kansas city, m0., Aug. 20.— Were evidence wanting as to the willingness of our race not to consider themselves or their personal safety when others are in danger and it is within their power to rescue them it would be supplied by the case of Joseph Perry, who died last week at the General hospital from rabies re sulting from a dog bite received a few weeks ago when he rushed to the res cue of a little 4-year-old white child whom the vicious beast was attacking. Perry, who lived at 2410 Flora ave nue and was employed in a packing house, was passing Twentieth and Summit streets on the afternoon of July 25 when he heard the frightened cries of a little child, who was trying to get away from a dog which was barking and snapping at her. Several times the dog’s teeth pierced the child’s flesh. Perry rushed to the child’s rescue and seized the maddened animal by the throat, when it sank its teeth into Perry’s forearm. An am bulance was called and Perry and the injured child were taken to the Gen eral hospital. Hydrophobia developed. He had been taking Pasteur treatment at the hospital until Monday, when he left. Tuesday relatives returned with him to the hospital after his right arm and the muscles of his throat had be come paralyzed. He escaped from the hospital again Tuesday night, but was returned Wednesday morning, August 13. He died at noon. It was said by the hospital authorities that the bite was so deep that the disease developed too rapidly for the toxine to combat it. It is said that a score or more of persons stood by while Perry was bat tling with the dog. Perry was a member of the Amos Johnson Lodge of Masons, under whose auspices he was buried Sunday afternoon. A large number of friends paid respect to the memory of this un sung hero, this brave black man who gave his life to save that of a little white girl. The local press carried no big head lines calling attention to this Negro’s heroic deed, but had he been accused of some crime it would have been made a front page article under a sen sational scare-crow headline. “CONTEMPTIBLE AND TYRANNICAL,” SAYS WM. MONROE TROTTER (By Associated Negro Press.) Cambridge, Mass., Aug. 20.—Will iam Monroe Trotter appeared at Mas - sachusetts Avenue Baptist church last Thursday. A large and appreciative audience listened to his experiences of his endeavor to reach France to peti tion the peace conference for justice for the race. The pastor, Rev. George Washing ton, referred to Mr. Trotter’s sarifice as creditable as of those who shoulder ed the guns in going across to the bat tlefield. Mr, William Brigham, white, likened the speaker of the evening to the “plumed knight,” Henry of Navarre, whose persistence overcame obstacles. When alluding to its refusal to give passports to Colored delegates, Mr. Trotter characterized the administra tion as “contemptible and tyrannical.” “While allowing such privileges to the Irish, Jewish and women suffrage representatives, they denied us, the only element in this country really in need of democracy, the right to go and ask for it,” said the speaker. AMERICAN MUSIC COMPANY TO PUBLISH RACE COMPOSITIONS Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 20.—A new' company will open its doors for busi ness at 501 South 16th street, operat ing under the name of the American Music Company, under the direction of Robert W. Ricetts, a graduate of Oberlin university. The object of this organization is to publish musical compositions of Negro composers. Please patronize those who adver tise in The Monitor.