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ei the Monitor =*
NEBRASKA’S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AMERICANS THE REV. JOHN ALBERT WILLIAMS, Editor. $2.00 a Year—S Cent, a CopyOMAHA, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1927Vol. XIII—No. 8 Whole Number 630 Boy Murdered; Stepfather Is Accused World Census Puts Negro Race Fourth The Total African, or Negro, Popu lation of the World la Placed at 107,000,000—European American Group Leads New York—Negroes compose the fourth largest racial group of the world’s population, according to an exact census of all the world compiled by German professor of Berlin, Dr. Alois Mueller. The census completed after a painstaking and prolonged research, is regarded as approximate ly accurate—that is, within a few millions—and one which especially indicates the proportionate numbers of the various grand divisions of the race. European-American Leads Me arranges all the tribes and na tions of the earth in eighteen groups. Of these, the largest is composed of the European-American peoples, with an aggregate of no fewer than 658, 000,000 souls. Second is the East Asia group, comprising the Chinese and Japanese, with 576,000,000, and the third is the South Asia, or Indian, with 317,000,000. These might be called the “Big Three.” The fourth group is the African, or Negro, with 107,000,000, closely followed by the Oriental, or West Asia, with 100,000, 000, while the Malayan group stands sixth, with only 67,000,000. Other Groups Are Smaller The remaining twelve groups are comparatively small. The American Indians, comprising, of course, those in Central and South America, are credited with 14,000,000; the Tun guses of Northern Asia with 12,000, NATIONAL HEAD OF ELKS’ BROTHERHOOD IS CONFIDENT OF SUCCESS Wilson, Grand Exalted Ruler, Relies Upon His Unequalled Record of Achievement to Re-elect Him OPPOSITION IS NEGLIGIBLE Washington, D. C.—J. Finley Wil son, in a statement made today, has the following to say: "My election as the next Grand Exalted Ruler of the Elks is assured. Whatever opposition there i sto my re-election, it is negligible. The rank and file of our great fraternity is rallying to my standard in increasing numbers daily. So great is the rush to the band wagon that it would not surprise me if I got 98 per cent of the vote of the delegates to the Grand Lodge convention. "I have maintained my record in the organization of new lodges. The intensive growth of the lodges has been beyond my expectations. In the matter of new lodges organized, it may be illuminating to the public to know that in two instances alone lodges have been organized in Phila delphia and Baltimore, this past year, with nearly 2,000 members and 1,000 members, respectively. “I consider as the outstanding achievement of the present year the permanent vacuting of the injunction that obtained against the Elks in New York. By having this injunction va cated, we will be permitted to meet in New York without molestation. My insistence that this injunction be vacated is not only emancipation for the Elks but it is at the same time the emancipation of Negro fraternities. "The education department of the Order has justified its existence and the aid we have given worthy and as piring youth of the race is the cause of commendation everywhere. "The excellent work of thiB depart ment has caused the white Elks to pattern a like program after us. “The health program begun only this year has brought answers from 47 state, and the statistics gathered in the short time the commission has been in existence conclusively shows that the commission on infant mor tality has worked systematically and intelligently. “I know of no better platform on which to appeal to the delegates at the twenty-eighth annual convention of the Elks than that of my record of achievement this past year.” 000, the Mongols with 3,600,000, and the remnant of the Armenians with 2.900.000. The European-American group is subdivided into twelve sub-groups, the largest of which is the German, with 250,000,000. The Latin people are credited with 207,000,000 and the Slavs with 165,000,000. Smaller sub groups are the Irish, with 12,000,000, the Hungarians, with 10,000,000, the Georgians, with 6,900,000, and the Estho-Finns, with 4,700,000. The Germun, or Teutonis, sub-group, is again divided into 133,000,000 Anglo Saxons and 99,000,000 Germans, of which latter number 60,200,000 are in Austria, 3,100,000 in Poland. The Spanish sub-group is the third of the European-American, of whose 65, 000,000 only 22,000,000 are in the Ihernian peninsula, while 43,000,000 inhabit the American continents. The Italians are estimated at only 46, 000,000, and French with 44,000,000, of whom 35,200,000 are in France and 3,260,000 are in Belguim. Chinese Have Many The East Asia group contains 430, 000,000 Chinese und 80,000,000 Ja panese and Koreans. Of the Jews 3.000. 00 live in Poland, 2,800,000 in Soviet Russia, 2,000,000 in the Unit ed States, 820,000 in Rumania, and in Palestine itself only 120,000. The correctness of these figures will no doubt be challenged since the number of Jews in America is certainly much larger than that given, while the very large number in other Asiatic coun tries than Palestine are altogether I ignored. AIR MAIL MAKING VERY RAPID GROWTH IN UNITED STATES Washington, D. C.—The total length of airways in the United States is 7,526 miles, Wiliam P. Mc Cracker, secretary of commerce for aeronautics, revealed yesterday. A great increase in mileage is expected soon. By December 31, it is expected that there will be 10,554 miles of air ways in operation. This is an in ertas of approximately 40 per cent. The daily mileage now flown over these airways is 16,592. By Decem ber 31 there will be approximately! 22,648 miles flown per day, or an j increase of 36 per cent. — ALABAMA BIGOTRY BARS FOREIGNER FROM HOME New York—Alabama bigotry and intolerance, manifesting themselves in masked torrorism, which was given un airing in the recent trial of Ku Klux Klun floggers sentenced to jail terms, has been extended to cover not only the Negro but white foreign ers as well. The N. A. A. C. P. has received a copy of the Birmingham News, re porting a mob demonstration against a Greek, living in Birmingham. This Greek bought a residence from a la cal real estate company, paying $6, 000 for it. The papers were signed and the money paid. Says the Birm ingham News: ‘‘The buyer went to take possession of his property and was met by u mob members of which told him in lan guage filled with vehemence that he could not then, and never would, oc cupy the house he had bought. In great distress, the man returned to the realty firm and told how he had been mistreated. The firm felt mor ally bound to satisfy the patron and promptly returned him his money.” PANIC AVERTED BY BAND AS STORM HITS A CIRCUS Peru, 111.—Circus employes avert ed what threatened to becojine a panic when a near cloudburst struck the Hagenback-Wallace circus here Mon day. Several thousand were in the huge tent when the storm broke. The show proceeded while the colored band blared as the deluge tore great holes in the canvas. Be honest. Pay your subscription due The Monitor. EDITORIAL THE AMERICAN LEAGUE OF GOOD WILL Omaha is the headquarters and Nebraska the birffiplace lof an organization which the United States of America sorely [needs. It is called “The American League of Good Will.” Its [motto is: “Loyalty and Good Will for the Sake of the Repub lic.” The object of the organization is plainly stated in its I constitution in these words: “The object of this organization shall be to unite loyal Americans in an effort to develop intelligent and in I tense devotion to America, her ideals, principles and in j stitutions; to banish the spirit of lawlessness in all forms; [ to restore respect for law and order and regard for each other as fellow-citizens of the republic; but not to engage in or be involved in matters of party politics or sectarian religion. Nor shall there be any secret work or forms of secrecy in the conduct of the organization.” This is quite plain and unequivocal and all well-disposed and thoughtful people cannot help perceiving the wisdom of and the necessity for some organization which will unite all groups and classes of the American people in a sincere “effort to develop an intelligent and intense devotion to America, her ideas, ideals, principles and institutions.” Many of the evils from which America suffers and which debase and belie her true character is due to ignorance. Enlightenment as to her character and ideals are therefore imperative. Her lawless ness is a reproach and menace and forebodes her destruction unless there is sincere repentance, which means the restoral of “respect for law and order and regard for each other as fellow citizens of the republic.” The objective of this organization, therefore, is a most worthy and commendable one and should readily enlist the hearty support of all loyal and forward-look ing Americans. Its membership is open to all citizens of the United States of America, including both sexes, and all ages, irrespective of race, creed or color, who are willing to sign and keep the membership pledge, which reads: “I will deal with my fellow-citizen at all times and under all circumstances on the basis and in the spirit of Good Will. Especially I will seek fairness and justice in all transactions, and will uphold the laws and seek redress for my wrongs in lawful ways. I will do whatever is in my power to expel the spirit of lawlessness, and to teach true Americanism. These things 1 will do FOR THE SAKE OF THE REPUBLIC.” “And to this, like the fathers of old, with a firm re liance for protection on Divine Providence, I pledge my life, my fortune, and my sacred honor.” We believe that this is a pledge to which all who have the best interests of our country at heart can most heartily sub scribe. We believe, too, that what has been here written will give our readers an intelligent idea of this organization which we feel sure will commend itself to our people who keenly feel the need of such a manifestation of Good Will toward them as American citizens as the League seeks to promote. The League of Good Will owes its origin to the Rev. Thomas E. Barr of Omaha, who, like many distressed with the lawless, anti-American and anti-Christian activities and ani mosities following the World War sought some agency to coun teract these. The result of his thought and prayers was the American League of Good Will. He succeeded in making others catch his vision and inspiration. A nationwide move ment has thus begun. Its principles being what they are, there is no question but that it will become a powerful and far-reach ing organization resulting ultimately in its goal of “a united, self-respecting, law-abiding, mutually considerate, universally loyal people.” We are confident that many of our people will gladly en roll in this organization, which, if it remain true to the high principles for which it stands, and we believe it will, will lift America to a higher plane and help her to fulfill her high destiny. The Monitor is glad indeed that Nebraska is the birth place of The American League of Good Will, which we hope will grow until it embraces the entire nation. INDIANAPOLIS CRITIC UPGES SUPPORT FOR NEGRO ARTISTS New York—As an aftermath of the 18th Annual Conference of the N. A. A. C. P. in Indianapolis, the art critic of the Indianapolis Star has recently urged support of colored art ists. The Indianapolis Star’s critic writes, in the issue of July 31: “When the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peo ple held a ten days’ convention in Indianapolia a few weeks ago, many prominent white citizens took a keen interest in the movement by attend ing the sessions and taking part in the program. This interest in a big national organization should not be allowed to lessen at the close of a convention but should be given full play in a local way when opportunity affords. And a very worthwhile way in which to help in the advancement of the colored people, locally, is to encourage the talented young artists. Encourage them by visiting their art exhibitions and expressing an appre ciation of their work. Encourage them by giving an occasional com mission for a portrait or by purchas ing a landscape, a figure composi tion or a still life painting. Thus you will be putting to practical test your interest in the national movement to advance the cause of the Negro in America.” Miss Morehouse devotes the re mainder of her column to comment on and praise of the work of two young colored artists of Indianapolis, John W. Hardrieh and Hale Wood ruff. RETURNS FROM PLEASANT TRIP The Rev. W. F. Botts, pastor of Zion Baptist church, has returned from an enjoyable motor trip to vari ous points in Missouri, his native state. He is enthusiastic over the hospitality shown. He was joined at Excelsior Springs for the homeward trip by Mrs. Botts and Miss Proctor, who had been visiting Mrs. Botts’ sis ter, Mrs. Wilson, and Miss Proctor’s aunt, at Fulton, Mo., for three weeks. HONOR RECENT BRIDE AND CHICAGO GUEST - t The Misses Dorothy E. Williams and Frances D. Gordon were host esses at a 1 o’clock luncheon, follow ed by whist, at St. Philip’s rectory, last week, complimentary to Mrs. Saybert Hanger, a recent bride, and Mrs. Ralph Elliott, a former Omaha girl now a resident of Chicago. The first prize was won by Miss Gladys Brown, second by Mrs. Edith Gray, and the booby prize by Miss Grace Dorsey. Covers were laid for ten. The hostesses were assisted by Miss Catherine Williams. THIRTEEN-YEAR BOY FATALLY SHOT WHILE SLEEPING AT HOME Step-Father Divorced From Boy’s Mother Bound Over to District - Court After Coroner’s In quest for Crime An unidentified assassin fired four shots through two windows into the body of James Brinson, 13, as he slept on a cot in the dining room of the home of his mother, Mrs. Mag gie Clay, 2506 Jefferson street, at 2:30 a. m. Friday. Young Brinson, a pupil in Highland school, died at 4:15 a. m. at St. Catherine hospital., Mrs. Clay was awakened by shots j and screams of her son, and saw a dark form running away from the house, she told police. Her former husband, Preston Clay, 2703 Q street, was arrested for in vestigation at her request. Clay de nied knowledge of the attack, saying he was home all night. Mrs. Clay's daughter, Marguerite Brinson, and James and Mattie Davis, also in the house, did not awaken in time to see any one flee. Clay was ordered held to the dis trict court following an inquest into the fatal shooting of James Brinson, 13. Inquest was held at the Myers funeral home, 2416 North Twenty second street. Clay is the divorced husband of Mrs. Maggie Clay, mother of James. Alan Thomas, 2703 Q street, with whom Clay made his home, told of a drinking party Thursday night which ended when Thomas and his wife retired about 1 a. m. Joe Manas, white, 2717 Q street, testified that he saw Clay walking south from Q street early Friday morning about 2 a. m. The boy was shot at 2:30. Police officers testified to finding shoes which gave evidence to having been washed inside and outside, hid den under sacks on the back porch of where Clay lived. The sacks con tained coal and wood. Clay’s trousers, according to the officers, were wet when he was ar rested about 5 a. m. Friday morning. A black hat believed to have been worn by Clay that night has not been found. GOVERNMENT REQUESTED TO SUPPRESS INJUSTICES Constitutional Rights of Race Citi zens Violated By Klan’s Action In Driving Them From Town Birmingham, Ala.—Declaring the I constitutional rights of the Negro ! have been violated, Solicitor Jim Da- j vis, white, of Jefferson county, will j seek federal entry into his investiga tion of recent Ku Klux Klan activities j in this vicinity in which many color ed Americans have been brutally mis treated. OVER HALF MILLION IMMIGRANTS ENTER THE COUNTRY DURING YEAR Washington, D. C.—A total of 638,001 aliens entered the United States during the fiscal year ended June 30, Commissioner General Hull of the Immigration Service announces —but the country’s net gain by immi grants and visitors for the year was only 284,439 persons. This was due to departure of 253,508 foreigners either after visits or residence. For the previous fiscal year the net im migration gain in population was 268,351. More than 38 per cent of last year’s immigrants came from ten countries, Canada leading with 67, 721; Germany, 48,513; the Irish Free State, 23.054; Gloat Britain, 24,160; Italy, 17,297; Poland, 9,211; Sweden, 8,287; Norway, 6,068, and France, 4,405. New York—The London Sunday Express prints a statement attribut ed to a member of the League of Na tions Armenian Relief Commission, charging that 30,000 white persons, mostly women, are still in slavery in Syria. They are a remnant from the Turkish deportations of Armenians in 1915. PULLMAN COMPANY ' WILL NOT ARBITRATE IN PORTERS’ FMfflT Statement on Pullman Porter*’ Posi tion in Fight for Recognition, a Living Wage and Better Working Rules (STRENGTHENS PORTERS’ CASE Chicago, 111.—The following letter given out by Honorable Edwin P. Morrow is a clear indictment of the Pullman Company’s position in its re fusing to comply with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, as other railroad companies have consistently done thus far: Chicago, 111., Aug. 12, 1927. The Pullman Company, Chicago, 111.; The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, New York City. Gentlemen: On August 9th and 10th I advised you that my efforts to bring about an amicable adjustment through media tion of your controversy existing be tween you had been unsuccessful. In compliance with the law, I en deavored through letters of said dates to induce both of you to submit your controversy to arbitration. The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, on August 10th, signified in a letter to me its willingness and de 1 sire to submit the controversy to ar bitration. The Pullman Company, in response to my letter of August 10th, request ing that it join the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in arbitration | of the said controversy, advised me | on August 12th that its position in the matter was that no dispute exist | ed and, therefore, there was no cause for arbitration. You are, therefore, advised that my final required action, to-wit: to induce the parties hereto to submit their controversy to arbitration in ac cordance with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, have been unsuc cessful. Copies of the official correspond encse, i. e., my letters to the parties requesting arbitration and the re sponses of both parties thereto, are made a part hereof. Yours respectfully, EDWIN P. MORROW, Member U. S. Board of Mediation. L. S. Hungerford, vice president and general manager, replies, “there is no cause for arbitration,” although the Mediation Board says there is. Randolph, general organizer, says, “fight just begun.” The position of the Pullman Company is indefensible and untenable before bar of public opinion. Arbitrary attitude of the Pullman Company, in refusing to arbitrate, strengthens our case. Porters show hot resentment to the Company’s pol icy of arbitrating with its conductors and refusing to arbitrate disputes wit^ them. Porters reply by rallying in paying dues. The Brotherhood will exhaust every provision of the law to invoke the ap pointment of an Emergency Board by the President of the United States to investigate the matter and settle the dispute. The Company’s claim that it has a .contract with its employees, or the Company Union, is an obvious smoke screen which is calculated to evade the issue. Donald R. Richberg, attorney for the Porters’ Union, and organizers, are now planning future fight for recognition, living wage and no tips, decent hours, and better working rules. The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was organized August 26th, 1926, in New York City. It is fight ing for recognition, $160.00 minimum wage and no tips, 240 hours’ work a month, and better working rules. In two years it has won over 70 per cent of the porters as members. It is the first National Negro Labor Union in America. A. PHILIP RANDOLPH, General Organizer. Lindbergh Ball and Cabaret Dance by Roosevelt Post at Dreamland hall, August 30th.