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x NEBRASKA’S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF COLORED AMERICANS | THE REV. JOHN ALBERT WILLIAMS, Editor. I $2.00 i | r—8 Cents a Copy OMAHA, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1927 Vol. XIII—No. 10 Whole Number 632 Pullman Porters Will Carry Fight to the Emergency Board New York.—A. Phillip Randolph, General Organizer of the Brother hood of Sleeping Car Porters, has returned to New York to plunge into the work of planning to push the Brotherhood's case to the Emergency Board. According to Randolph, there are three remedies under to Railway Labor Act for the settlement of the dispute: 1. Mediation Broad. 2. Arbitration Board. 3. Emerg ency Board. Since mediation failed, and the Pullman Company, fearing the victory of the Brotherhood in ar bitration, refused to arbitrate the case, which is a violation of the Rail way Labor Act, and is contrary to the policy adopted by any of the other railroad carriers, the next step is to so establish an emergency con dition so us to require action by the Emergency Board, which is appointed by the President. During mediation under the super vision of Hon. Edwin P. Morrow, the Pullman Company claimed that the Brotherhood did not represent the Pullman porters but that the Com pany Union did inasmuch as the Company Union, known as the Em ployee Representation Plan, was vot ed for by 85 per cent of the men. This contention was met by the Brotherhood when Randolph present ed 1,000 affidavits to the mediator showing that the men voted for the Company Union under coercion and intimidation, which was a violation of the Railway I-abor Act. "When the Emergency Board is in voked,” says Randolph, ‘‘Hon. Edwin P. Morrow will be required to, appear and testify before the Board to the effect that he used his offices, which was his duty under the Act, to in duce both parties to the dispute, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Por ters, and the Pullman Company, re spectively, to submit said dispute to arbitration; that the Brotherhood ad [vised him that they were ready and | willing and desired to submit the dis pute to arbitration, and the Pullman Company advised him that there was nothing to arbitrate, that they had a contract with their employees. This will materially strengthen the case of the Brotherhood against the Pullman Company since it will show that the Union, in harmony with the spirit and principle of the Act, was ready to arbitrate the dispute, where as the Pullman Company, which, be ing a member of the Association of Railway Executives, which together with the Standard Railroad Unions initiated and agreed upon the legisla tion, was morally bound to stand by it and submit to arbitration as other railroad carriers have done, flatly defied the law. “It is the intention of the Broth erhood,” according to Randolph, “to mobilize public opinion through the Committee of One Hundred so effec tively as to compel the Company to bow to the spirit und intent of the Railway Labor Act.” Messrs. Randolph and Totten are planning to proceed forthwith on a nation-wide campaign tour to present the present situation of the case of the Pullman porters in particular and the public in general. Their trip will take them from coast to coast and into every Pullman district. The Brotherhood was just informed by Dr. Freeman, president of the Na tional Medical Association, that his Association, which recently met in Detroit, indorsed the organization. Delegates from all over the country to the Elks’ convention are piling into the Brotherhood’s office expressing their interest and co-operation with the Brotherhood’s effort to secure moral and financial support from the convention. Brotherhood officials [ claim the case of the Brotherhood stronger now than ever. . . PENSION CLERKS PROTEST SEGREGATION IN SIGNED LETTER TO SECRETARY New York.-—The National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Col ored People, 00 Fifth avenue, has re-1 ceived a letter from Neval H. Thom as, President of the Washington, D. C., Branch, including text of a letter sent to Hubert Work, U. S. Secre tary of the Interior, protesting against the segregation of colored clerks in the Pension Bureau in Washington. Mr. Thomas writes: “I met the clerks of the department in confer ^ ence at one of their homes, and of fered to take full responsibility for the fight, since we all know the re prisals visited on the manly Negro, but almost to a man they wanted to share responsibility, so we framed the enclosed protest for the Secre tary of the Interior, a copy of which goes to the Commissioner of Pen sions.” The letter of protest, signed by up wards of thirty-six colored clerks, is as follows: "The Honorable Hubert Work, Secretary of the Interior, “Dear Mr. Secretary: The reor ganization recently instituted in the Pension Bureau has, it is believed, by the undersigned, meant segregga tion in its most insidious form. Be lieving as American citizens and em ployees under the Civil Service that such a condition should not exist, we take this occasion respectfully but | earnestly to enter our urgent protest, j "We have not in the past objected I to being transferred and detailed to other divisions, but when almosti every colored clerk is put in one di vision we feel that we have every right to complain. This division, which has been created for colored employees exclusively, all the white clerks having been removed, is known as the ‘Files Division’ and the alloca tion in it are among the lowest in •. the office. In citing a few incidents! for your information we would refer to the following cases and the dis position of those concerned. Every colored clerk in the Bureau of Pen I . - . I sions except four examiners, one medical reviewer, and a clerk in the Special Examination Division, one in the Law Division and one in the of fice of the Deputy Commissioner, has been put in the Files Division, was re moved from his former location and placed in a room to himself. The ; four examiners referred to above ; were placed in a room to themselves. ; Two of these, however, have since been sent to other parts of the Pen- ! sion Bureau. “From the foregoing it can be j plainly seen that colored employees are being segregated. Segregation on account of race is un-American and undermines the morale of the employees affected, some of whom in this instance are ex-service men. The undersigned respectfully request that you take action with a view to having this condition remedied.” ROSENWALD MAKES GENEROUS DONATION TO MANY NEGRO SCHOOLS Report Shows the Philanthropist Has Given $3,032,511 Toward School Buildings for the Race—North Carolina Leads in Total Chicago.—North Carolina received laid from the Julius Rosenwald fund | in construction of eighty race school I buildings for the year ending July 1, | and total contributions to that date, j $629,430, kept her at the head of j fourteen Southern states sharing in jthe fund. Figures issued Saturday by S. L. | Smith, general field agent, showed I that rural school buildings for Ne j groes, teachers’ homes and additions to schools totaling 8,912 units have | been built at a total cost of $17,641, 664. To these structures, with a I total pupil capacity of 446,896, the Julius Rosenwald fund has given $3, 032,611. Philadelphia.—Mrs. Sadie T. M. Alexander, 29 years old, wtfe of Ray Jmond Pace Alexander, Esq., passed J,he Pennslyvania state board of legal i examiners. Mrs. Alexander holds a Ph. D. and an LL. B. from the Uni versity of Pennslyvania. EDITORIAL Every little while some one tries to play upon the credulity and emotions of our people. This has been tried so often that it is becoming stale and has lost much of its effectiveness. There was a time when almost any “sock and bull” story would be taken at its face value and many of our people would be in fluenced by it. Fortunately, the time is fast passing, if not al ready passed, when those who have some axe to grind can prey j upon the credulity of our people and sway them at their will.! We are not quite so easily stampeded as we once were. We are inclined to do a little thinking fot ourselves and are becom ing quite suspicious of appeals to our race prejudice. As a rule, there is never any good motive back of such ap peals and particularly when those making such appeals are afraid to disclose their identity. Truth is never afraid of the light. Falsehood seeks darkness. Anonymous notes or publi cations, seeking the injury of another’s character, reputation, business or profession by an appeal to race or religious preju dice are almost invariably the weapons of cowards and of those who have some selfish purpose to serve, and therefore, are to be discounted both as to their truthfulness and sincerity. The more ignorant among our group, like the ignorant of all classes, may be more or less easily ftwayed by an anonymous appeal to their emotions and prejutfices, but among the more intelligent and thoughtful such appeals fall flat. The impres sion, however, largely prevails that Negroes are easily influ enced and stampeded. Some are, of course, but this is not a 1 racial trait of which we have an exclusive monopoly. LOS ANGELES N. A. A. C. P. WINS AGAINST BATHING BEACH SEGREGATION New York.—The Los Angeles | Branch of the N. A. A. C. P. has won its fight to prevent exclusion of col ored bathers from Manhattan Beach, California, according to a telegram sent to the N. A. A. C. P. National Office by Dr. H. C. Hudson, presi dent of the Los Angeles Branch. Man hattan Beach had leased its pier and bathing beach to a private individual for the sum of one dollar, in an at tempt to evade the Civil Rights law. To test the legality of this procedure Dr. Hudson and three companions submitted to arrest and fine and ap pealed their case. Dr. Hudson’s telegram reads as follows: "Manhattan Beach fight won. Only forty-five days from the first inti dation of colored citizens in Manhat tan to complete victory by Los An geles Branch. Attorney Hugh E. Macbeth of legal committee conduct ed case on broad Americanism with vigorous legal fight and thorough propagation. Manhattan arrested judgment and cancelled lease. (Signed) Dr. H. C. Hudson.” The victory is the more striking in that it shows the militant stand in be half of Civil Rights being made by the city in which the N. A. A. C. P. is to hold its 19th annual Spring Con ference next June. YOUNGEST PERSON EVER ELECTROCUTED IN THE STATE OF TEXAS Huntsville, Tex.—Firmly declaring himself innocent, Ed. Joslin, 18-year old boy, Monday became the youngest person to ever be electrocuted in the state of Texas, when he was execut ed for an attack upon a young white girl. Joslin walked to the chair with tears streaming down his face. “I have made my peace with God and am ready to go,” were the last words spoken by the condemned boy. “1 am innocent and they intend for me to take the death walk. What a breath of cruelty!” THE PRESBYTERIANS DROP 67,060 MEMBERS New York. — The Presbyterian church in the United States placed the names of 67,060 members on the suspended roll last year. This is the largest number in years, according to the annual statistical report of the denomination by the Rev. Dr. Lewis Seymour Mudge of Philadelphia, the stated clerk of the General Assembly, made public recently. Members are suspended when they disappear and no trace of them has been found for several years. HOSPITALS INADEQUATE Negro hospitals in this country are unbelievably old fashioned and inade quate, according to the American Hospital Association, which is joining i with leading Negro doctors in an ef [fort to improve conditions. PERIOD FOR PROPOSAL OF CANDIDATES FOR j HARMON AWARD ENDS | — New York.—The period for pro posal of candidates in the Harmon [Awards for Distinguished Ach*eve' ment Among Negroes closed at mid night August 15, according to a state- I ment issued by Dr. George E. Haynes, I Secretary Commission on the Church ■ and Race Relations of the Federal Council of Churches, 105 East 22nri street. He said that a larger num ber of candidat es have been nominat-1 ed this year than last. The exact I number could not be given because 1 of the heavy mails bringing in nomi-! nations and data about the candidates during the last four or five days. “The correspondence with the Com mission this year indicates that a number of people seem to be under the impression that the Harmon Awards are a contest, but they are different,” said Dr. Haynes. “They are not offered for some special ef fort which the candidate may make to win a prize, but are designed to bring recognition to persons who have done creative work of national sig nificance through their strivings for self-expression and creative achieve ment in the various fields or art, science, education, eac.” The names of the candidates chos en by the judges will be announced on or about January first. THUNDER SETTLES ARGUMENT - I Rocky Point, R. I.—A clap of thun- ' der and a flash of lightning settled an argument between two colored gentlemen, saved a hospital bill and a possible jail sentence here. Just as Edward Smith of a small Connecticut town had reached the climax of his argument and was about to settle the dispute with a half-filled quart bottle over the pat ent leather haired head of Emanuel Jones of New Bedford, Mass., a sharp clap of thunder and a flash of lightn ing shattered the bottle in Smith’s upraised hand. Both men were mometarily stunned by the shock and immediately vowed not to carry their discussion to the point of violence, but instead, need less to say, the combatants are run ning yet, if the speed from which they left the spot is judged. FRENCH FEAR SOVIET PLAN TO ARM RIFFIAN TRIBES Paris. — A categorial accusation that the Mosco wgovernment and the leaders of the Third (Moscow) Inter national are working together to wreck France’s colonial empire was printed by the Matin August 19. The newspaper says the Soviet military attache in Paris, M. Wolkoff, and the Soviet ambassador at Berlin, M. Krestinsky, are (-collaborating to bring about a fresh uprising of the Moorish tribesmen. Dance with Roosevelt Pott No. 30, American Legion, at the Emancipa tion Celebration at Krug Park, Sep tember 12th. FOURTH PAN-AFRICAN CONGRESS ENDS SESSIONS AND ISSUES MANIFESTO New York.—The Fourth Pan-Afri can Congress, ending its sessions here Wednesday night, published a mani festo in the name of its delegaets “from twenty American states, from nearly all the West Indies islands, from Germany, Japan, South Amer ica, Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, Ni geria, Liberia and South Africa.” The manifesto states the following main desires of Negroes throughout the world: 1. A voice in their own govern ment. 2. Native rights to the land and its natural resources. 3. Modern education for all chil dren. 4. The development of Africa for the Africans and not merely for the profit of Europeans. 5. The re-organization of com merce and industry so as to make the main object of capital and labor the welfare of the many rather than the enriching of the few. 6. The treatment of civilized men I as civilized despite differences of i birth, race or color. The manifesto further demands the ' withdrawal of American armed forces * from the black Republic of Haiti and the restoration of self-government there; condemns the attempt of the whtye South Africans to monopolize the land belonging to the black na tives; and after touching on African conditions, says of conditions in America: “We believe that the Negroes of j the United States should begin the | effective use of their political power and that instead of working for a few minor offices or for merely local favors and concessions, they should vote with their eyes fixed upon the international problems of the color line and the national problems which affect the Negro race in the United States.” The manifesto urges the entrance | of Negroes into trade unions in the ' country, and says: “We urge the white workers of the ! world to realize that no program of j labor uplift can be successfully car ried through in Europe or America so long as colored labor is exploited and enslaved and deprived of all po litical power.” On international affairs the Pan- I African Congress expresses itself as desiring freedom and national inde pendence in Egypt, China, and India, and the cessation of interference by the United States in Central and South American countries. Two members of the staff of the N. A. A. C. P., Robert Bagnall, Di rector of Branches, and William Pick ens, Field Secretary, served as regu lar delegates to the Congress. An international committee has been chosen to plan the next session of the , Congress two years hence. Commenting upon the sessions just ended, Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, found er of the movement, said: “The Fourth Congress with its upwards of 200 delegates, was the largest in the series and that it had received the largest amount of carefully se lected catalogued information con cerning the peoples of African de scent presented to any such session. The international committee chosen to plan the Fifth Pan-African Con gress was also going to work out a permanent international organization, said Dr. Du Bois. PARIS PROUD OF ITS “HARLEM” Paris, France — Parisians boast proudly that that city now has a “Harlem” of its own. They are proud -to tell white Americans that gradually the large Negro population that has poured in upon the French capital since the war has gravitated toward Monte Mortre. Many of the cultured and ambiti ous Negroes who call Paris home have come to France from many places in the United States. Quite a number have come here from Africa and the French West Indies. Many of the members of the Negro section are dancers, artists, musicians and others are servants, messengers, etc. NEGRO EXECUTED FOR MURDER WHICH WHITE COMMITTED Conscience Stricken, Mrs. Sadie Mendel, a Young White Woman, Swears She Committed Crime for Which Mays Died I - Ijealousy was her motive Tracked Her Husband, Whom She Suspected of Infiledity, to Home of Woman, and Disguising Her self as Negro, Shot Her Knoxville, Tenn.—This city was very much shocked Saturday, August 20, by information sent the police authorities that Mrs. Sadie Mendel, aged 28, white, claiming to be con science-smitten, had volutarily con fessed to the police of Norton, Va., that she had killed Mrs. Bertie Lind say, also white, in this city, August 30, 1919, and was being held for ad vice from the Knoxville authorities. This was the crime for which Maurice Mays was executed. The police of Norton were ordered to release the woman for asmuch as ‘Mays, a young Negro, had been electrocuted for the crim five years ago, and there was no charge against the woman. Mrs. Bertie Lindsay was killed by a midnight marauder at her home in a section of the city inhabited wholly by white people. She and a relative, Miss Oro Smyth, were the sole occupants of the house. The in truder, after described as a Negro, entered the house through a window and carried a flashlight. He is said to have told Mrs. Lindsay that if she screamed or moved, he would shoot. When she jum.ped from the bed the intruder shot her, killing her almost instantly, whereupon the in truder fled from the home without doing injury to Mrs. Lindsay’s bed mate, Miss Smyth. Maurice Mays, who was the son ot highly respected people, but consider ed a sport, and it was said had con sorted with Mrs. Lindsay, was arrest ed on suspicion of having killed her, as it was said “a Negro did it." On the night following the killing a mob formed, later storming the jail, and precipitating a race riot in which two men were killed and six teen injured. Mays was removed to a jail at Chattanooga for safekeep ing. He was indicted for murder in the first degree on September 3. The case was tried before Judge T. A. R. Nelson in the Knox county criminal court and resulted in a guilty verdict being returned and a sentence of electrocution. The case was appeal ed to the supreme court and that body returned the case to the lower court for another trial. The second trial resulted in a conviction and a sentence of electrocution of Mays, and several months afterward he was forced to pay the death penalty. The crime had been almost forgot ten until it was revived by the con fession of Mrs. Mendel who, in an affidavit sworn to before Mayor Charles I. Fuller of Norton, de clares positively that she is the slay er of Mrs. Lindsay and that her mo tive was jealousy. Q. What is your name? A. Sadie Mendel. Q. You say you wish to make a statement about the murder of Bertie Lindsay in Knoxville, Tenn., a few years ago. What are your state ments? A. My husband was a traveling man, and I had good reasons to be lieve that my husband had improper relations with the Lindsay woman. I followed him to her house once in the night, and saw him enter the house. Afterwards I saw them to gether on the streets. About two weeks after I saw him go to her house at night I put on men’s clothes and blackened my face, and about midnight I entered her house through a window and found her in bed with another woman. I shot her once with a .45 caliber revolver. I then left the house through the window which I had entered and ran from the house to the street, where my car was park ed, and drove back to Devonia, Tenn., where I was then living.