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November 26, 1913] THI
Thankful for all these blessings, they held a thanksgiving service July 30. Among the Dutch of the New Netherlands we hud Governor Kieft ordering a "thank day" in 1644 ujx>n the safe return of the Dutch warriors from si haftlo wifti tlio vox v/uwiltVklkUl, A11U Kills , another in 1645, upon the signing of a treaty with the same; in 1654 they celebrated another thank day when peace was established with the English; and in 1655 Peter Stuyvesant appointed a day to give thanks because of the victory they had achieved over the Swedes around Delaware Bay. December 18, 1777, the Continental army celebrated a Thanksgiving Day at Valley Forge because of the surrender of Bourgovne, and the next day began to build their winter huts, little imagining perhaps that ere another Thanksgiving should he appointed over 3,000 of their 11,000 men should be reported sick at one time, or that many of them should be reduced to such novertv x w.' as not to have enough clothing to cover them respectably, let alone enough for warmth; that for a week at a time even the most favored would be without meat. All this to endure, and the British living in luxury twenty miles away in Philadelphia! But what a day of rejoicing the next one was! When on May 7, 1778, the bright sun shone on the new colors, and the soldiers, many in new uniforms, wheeled to the right of platoons and proceeded by the nearest way to the left of their new position, a discharge of thirteen cannon and running fire of infantry, the whole army gave a huzza, "Long live the King of France!" Thirteen rounds from the artillery and a second gen eral discharge of musketry! "Long live the friendly European powers!" Another discharge of thirteen from the artillery and running fire! "The American States!" cheered the army. Lafayette and the French officers, Mrs. Washington and Mrs. Green, Lady Stirling, were among those who witnessed this brilliant and picturesque spectacle, after which the officers marched arm-in-arm, thirteen abreast, to attend the banquet of the commander-in-chief. Why this great rejoicing? On May 2, Congress had received word of the willingness of France to aid the Colonies, and American liberty and independence were at last considered on a firm foundation. Other notable American Thanksgivings were held in 1784, after peace was declared; in 1789, after the Whiskey Rebellion was ended; in 1815, after the close of the second war with Great Britain.?Exchange. THE FIRST THANKSGIVING DINNER. The first Thanksgiving was appointed by Governor Bradford, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1621, the year following the landing of the Pilgrims, in order that the Colonists, in a more special way, could rejoice together at having all things in good and plenty, writes Clifford Howard, in the Ladies' Home Journal. In preparation for the feast "gunners were sent into the woods for wild turkeys, which abounded there in great numbers; kitchens were made ready for preparing the feast?especially the large one in Dame Brewster's house, which was under the immediate direction and charge of Priscilla Molines, she who afterwards became the wife of John Alden?while a messenger was dispatched to invite Vf it. ? .1 ? ? i'lussnsou, me cmei or tne irienaiy trine, to attend the celebration. Early on the morning of the appointed Thursday?about the first of November?Massasoit and ninety of his warriors arrived on the outskirts of the village, and with wild yells announced their readiness to enjoy the hospitality of their white brethren. The little settlement, which now consisted of seven dwellings and four public buildings, was soon astir with xnen, women and children, who gave the Indians a hearty welcome as they filed into the large square in 3 PRESBYTERIAN OF THE SOD front of the Governor's house. Soon the roll of a drum announced the hour of prayer, for no day was begun without this religious service. Then followed a holiday of feasting and recreation, which continued not only that day, but during the two succeeding days. The usual routine of duties was suspended; the children romped about in merry play; the young men indulged in athletic sports and games in friendly rivalry with the Indians; the little American army of twenty men, under the leadership of Miles Standish, went through its drill and manual of arms, to the great delight and astonishment of the natives, while the women busied themselves in the careful preparation of the excellent meals, which were eaten in the open air."?Exchange. BEGINNINGS AND DEVELOPMENT (Continued from Page 3.) Lindley liad imbibed from John Holt Nice was strong within him and would not be thwarted. He sailed for South Africa, taking with him Dr. Alexander E. Wilson, of ltocky Jtiver, and for forty years labored in the dark continent to the everlasting good both of the native Zulus and the Dutch Boers. When he returned to America in 1874, I was a freshman in college and heard him make a moving address in the old chapel (now Shearer Biblical Hall) at Davidson. There were doubtless other instances of genuine missionary zeal and activity in both the home and foreign work, but the fire did not spread, and the splendid advance of the Synod as a whole on both these lines has been the achievement of a later day. EDUCATIONAL. 5. The noble record of our Church in Christian education. This subject lias been very properly given a separate place on the programme of this celebration and will be fully treated by the able speakers to whom it has been assigned, so that nothing more than a passing glance at it is called for here. The view taken by our Presbyterian forefathers of the relations between the Church and education was this: "She dreads no skeptic's puny hands in *i- ? ' ? ' rr line near tier scnooi ttie church spire stands, Nor fears the blituled bigot's rule While near her church spire stands the school." Ilence that remarkable succession of classical schools to which for so long a time the State was indebted for nearly the whole of its education beyond -the mere rudiments of English?Queen's Museum (afterwards Liberty Hall) at Charlotte, Grove Academy in Duplin, the schools of Tate _ x titii a? t*? i ^ ? at wnmington, mngnam in Urange, Batillo in Granville, Caldwell in Guilford, Hall at Bethany, McCaule at Center, McCorkle at Thyatira, Wilson at Rocky River and Wallis at Providence?the forerunners of all our present institutions of higher learning. When the State University was projected, the people naturally looked to the Presbyterians to do the work. They did it, most of the presidents and most of the early professors, as well as many of later date, being of that denomination. The institution has been in existence one hundred and twenty-four years. During the whole of this long period, with the exception of only twenty years, its presidents have been Presbyterians. The first president and the real father of the institution, Rev. Joseph Caldwell, not only founded the University firmly, but stemmed the tide of infidelity there after the defection of Kerr and Ilolmes, and put the abiding stamp of re-' ligion upon its character. The only educational institution that has ever been under the direct care aftd control of the Synod as such is the Theological Seminary, formerly at Hampden-Sidney and now at Richmond. Morrison Caldwell: Historical Sketch of Rocky River Church. TH (1109) 5 In 1827, this Synod and the Synod of Virginia associated memseives in the joint ownership and control of the institution, and in commemoration of the alliance it was given the name of Union Seminary. For eighty-six years the relation has been one of unbroken harmony and of abounding advantage both to the Seminary and the Synod. The Synod has supported the Seminary with unwavering loyalty ami generosity, and the Seminary lias supplied the Synod with the great majority of its ministers. Of the 235 ministers now on ? ??1 1 lot i 1 . -w-r ~ iuii, xoo wurc trained at union Seminary; that is nearly two-thirds o( the whole number. Ten years after the action in regard to the Seminary, that is, in 1837, the Presbyterians of North Carolina took another great creative step in educational work bv founding Davidson College. As a result of these two movements, they have long had and have today the largest and most fruitful of all our Theological Seminaries and the largest and most fruitful of all our Christian colleges. One other educational factor of great importance which came into existence in the neriod as signed to this sketch is The North Carolina Presbyterian, now known as The Presbyterian Standard, which was established in 1857, and which for fifty-six years has informed and instructed and edified our people. These, then, fathers and brethren, are some of the salient features of the history of our Church in this State during the one hundred and twenfv years from the beginning by Robinson, the first missionary, down to the year 1863. It is a history that we do well to cherish, for it will move us to profound gratitude to God for the gift of this land to our fathers and for the gift of our fathers to this land; it will remind us that we arc the sons of noble sires, men who played the leading part in forming the character and institutions of this Commonwealth; it will thrill us with the thought that the heritage of truth and freedom and opportunities for service which they be queatiie to us is not only a legacy, but a summons, and that we can best honor their memory by emulating their services; and it will inspire us with the ambition to transmit this heritage to our posterity not only undiminished, but enlarged. As we enter upon the second century of our existence as a separate Synod, let us hear across the century the earnest voice of Hall, uttering in the old frame building on this spot in 1813 the words of the great commission, "Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature"; and let us resolve with all our hearts to ohey that commission, to replenish the ranks of our ministry with the choicest bf our youth, to seek earnestly the power of the Holy Ghost promised by our Lord, and to be faithful witnesses unto Him both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and in Samaria and unto the uttermost part of the earth. A VISIT TO THE ANCIENT CITY. T> 1 \ y v/uiivihulu JlUlll A 1. ^ of Bethshemesh that is in the land of Egypt and the houses of the gods of Egypt shall lie burn with fire."?Jer. 43:13. Bethshemesh, the ' House of the Sun," was On of the Egyptian. Roanoke, Va. Men are not to be saved by the preaching of tuberculosis-prevention, labor-improvement, immigration regulation, sex-hygiene, and the like, but by the preaching of the cross of Christ. The Church's business is to tell the world of sin, right1 eousness and judgment; to point to Christ the way; to lift up by getting in and not by tinkering around the edges of life. The Gospel alone is the power of God unto salvation. To the Jews it may be a stumbling-block, and to the Greeks foolishness, but in all the ages and with all classes of men it has proved to be both the power of God and the wisdom of God.