Newspaper Page Text
August 26, 1914] T H
Sailly, one of the leaders of the first "convoy" with De Muce, he compelled to disburse thirty pounds sterling to build a manse for Mr. De Joux, in the place chosen by him. On the other hand, Olivier De La Muce, in a letter to Mr. Nicholson, dated February 15, 1701, asks that the "scandalous petition of Mr. De Joux be handed over to him or burned to pacify all what is past/' We don't know whether these unpleasant relations between brethren continued and filled with bitterness the last days of our hero. lie was dead already in 1704, as there is a deliberation of Henrico county court, dated August 24, 1704, which is to be found in book 4, page 46, as follows: "It is ordered that John Stewart Jun. give bond with good security for the administra tion of Mr. Benjamin De Joux Estate." This ruling of the court helps us to establish Place Names in So. REV. W. T. Grayson county was formed from that portion of Montgomery which borders on North Carolina (1792). Senator William Grayson was born in Prince William county, on the Potomac. He was educated at Oxford but returned to America before the Revolution and became a member of General Washington's staff. At the battle of Monmouth, N. J., lie distinguished himself. He served for tnree years in the Continental Congress. He bitterly opposed the adoption of the Constitution by Virginia as that famous document was drawn, in which he followed the lead of Patrick Henry (an effort almost successful). With the keen intuition as almost of a Hebrew prophet, he foretold the calamities that would befall Virginia from too powerful a Federal union. The direful prophecies were fulfilled with terrible literalness in the awful years 18fil-65. He was a senator in the first Congress and died in that office. His son became a distinguished etatesman and poet in So. Carolina. Grayson county reflects the spirit of the Revolution by calling its courthouse town "Independence; just as Bedford county for a century called its seat "Liberty," from which it was changed to the more pretentious name of Bedford City, a change to be regretted. Lee and Grayson were formed the same year Tioo woo o on i> n ?j v ,. ..u. L>UUU1 V IOIUU Ui JAUSStill tlllU forms the toe of Virginia. Henry Lee was our Governor at the time and in bestowing his name upon the new county the legislature was following the long habit of the ancient House of Burgesses. Henry Lee was a native of Westmoreland. He was educated at the good Presbyterian college of Princeton. Well-known in the Kevolution as "'Light Horse Harry," he began his brilliant career under Col. Theodore Bland. Later he was one of Washington's scouts. Later still he was with Mad Anthony Wayne at the capture of West Point on the Hudson. And still later he took Paulus Hook (Jersey City) from the British and received the thanks of Congress. In the South he won fresh laurels as Gen. Green's rear guard. IT.. I - ~ - ? nc ueeaiiie a memDer oi the Continental Congress and sat in thac body when the Federal Constitution was adopted. While Lee was serving his term as Governor President Washington placed him at the head o/ 15,000 men to quell the whiskey rebellion. In delivering his funeral oration over Washington it was Ilenry Lee who coined the renowned phrase, "First in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen." In the War of 1812 Governor Lee was mqde major-general, but he was too feeble to serve. He went to the West Indies to recuperate and died in E PRESBYTERIAN OF THE SOU' three facts: De Joux must have died suddenly as he did not leave any will; his estate must have been considerable as a strong security was asked from the administrator; lie left children minor or in other lands in whose behalf the estate was to be administered. This is the meagre information that remains to us about the life of a man whom persecutions took away from his native valleys in the Alps and threw in the wilds of the New World. What influence his zeal and his activity of three years may have had on the lives of these pioneers of this Great Republic, it will ever be a mystery of history. We are pleased to know that he was the first Waldensian pastor and represented his people in this great country, and that he and his people had some part in the liberties and prosperity of the American people. nthwestern Virginia squires. Georgia, where he lay buried for many years. Only recently has the move been made to restore his remains to a resting place in Virginia. "Light Horse Harry" was a famous man, but posterity will remember him chiefly as the lather of a greater son? Robert E. Lee. Ambrose Powell, a long hunter and scout, traveled the Southwest in the earliest days with Dr. Tlios. Walker. On April 12, 1750, lie carved his name and that date on a tree by the bank of a fair river. Twenty years passed and the tree and name were discovered by it. party on their way to settle in Kentucky. And so it comes to pass that the beautiful mountain stream that drains almost the whole county of Lee and delivers its tribute wave to the Clinch, far below in Tennessee, is known as Powell's River. And by the same token the lofty mountain range, from whose wooded slopes the river takes its rise, is Powell's Moun itnii B igf- > *j4C>,'jv^ y'->.>; '"' I The Tazewell Mansion, Norfolk, Va., ore tain to this good day, and will be, no doubt, forever. Tazewell was carved' from the higher sections of Wythe and ltussell (1799). It received the name of Henry Tazewell, at the time of his death United States Senator from this State and the founder of a distinguished family of Norfolk. He was a young lawyer at the outbreak of the Revolution. As a member of the House of Burgesses he served on the committees that drafted the Bill of Rights and the Constitution of the State. Next, he was elevated to the Supreme bench of the Virginia (1785). Nine years later he was elected Senator and served until his death (1799), the year that Tazewell was organized. The delightful little town that gradually grew about the courthouse was for a century called "Jeffersonville." The name was given during the intense political excitement of the campaign of 1800, when John Adams and Thos. Jefferson contended r H (795) 3 for the presidency. Burke's Burden was settled by James Burke, one of tlie first six pioneers who ventured into the wilderness across .New Hiver. This remarkable . : 1 i i . ? i 11ati is an upiuuu ohsiii or some sixty square miles, located just under the summit of Clinch Mountain, hut as level as a river bottom and considered by expei ts the most fertile tract in the eutire State. At the outbreak of the French and Indian War (1753) llurke and his family were murdered. Abb s \ alley was also the scene of many harrowing Indian adventures. Its name is a contraction from Absalom Looney, a long hunter who discovered it. Giles next takes its place on the atlas. It was cut from sections of Tazewell, Montgomery and A1011 roe (180b). For the most part posterity is ready to approve the names placed for us on the map, nut uniy in mis splendid section of the Southwest, but throughout the Stale. It must he confessed that there are exceptions, and we have an exception before us. The character of Governor Giles is hard to appreciate, even when one tries to judge him charitably after all these years; hut the more we examine his career the less to admire. William Branch Giles \mis educated at Ilampden-Sidney and Princeton. Then he studied law under Chancellor Wythe, all of which argues a fair beginning, lie practiced law in Petersburg and was sent to Congress time and again from 1791 to 1803. On the lloor of ihe House he became a partizan leader and made a memorably bitter attack on Alexander Hamilton. He opposed the United States Bank, John Jay's treaty with Great Britain, the French War. He was an intense States' rights man. In 1804 he was made Senator, but in another and a very exciting campaign he was defeated for the Senate by John Randolph, of Roanoke. Randolph declined Giles the most effective debater he had ever met, and that is saying much, for Randolph met a host of giants in his npied by the family more than a century. turbulent day. Late in life (1826) Giles was elected Governor. He was opposed to general education; lie was the enemy of Madison, Monroe, Henry Clay; he had only the harshest words for John Marshall, and even George Washington did not escape his scathing tongue. He was also a pronounced atheist. Is it not an ironical coincidence that the beauti ful mountain rising in the midst of Giles County is called "Angel's Rest"? At the foot of Angel's Rest clusters the little metropolis of the county. Pearisburg keeps alive the name, if not the memory, of Capt. Richard Pearis, a pioneer, Indian trader and settler, who was the most influential man on the borders with the Indians, especially with the Southern Indians, the Cherokees and Chikasaws Capt. Richard proved himself invaluable time and again in his efforts to keep the savages quiet until the white settlers might multiply and become firmly established in the land.