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others. The mortality is very high,
especially among the children. Rekka is a fairly important town, situated on the left hank of the Eu phrates. Here 5,000 to G.000 Arme nians, mostly women and children, are distributed in the different quarters of the town, and live in groxips of from 50 to 60 in houses which the kindness of the governor has procured for the poorest. Merit must be re cognized wherever it is found, and that which would have been the strict mity in normal times oi an Ottoman official toward Ottoman subjects, can be counted as generosity and even he roism in the present circumstances. Although the Armenians of llekka are treated better than at other places, their misery is terrible. Flour is very irregularly distributed to them by tho authorities and in insufficient quantities. Every day you see women and children in front of bakeries beg ging for some flour and asking charity in the streets by the hundreds from the inhabitants. Always there is the horrible pang of hunger. When one realizes that among these famished common people there are persons who have occupied high social positions, it is easy to imagine the tortures, espe cially mental, which these unfortunate people undergo. Yesterday they were rich and envied, today they are beg ging like the most miserable for a vile piece of bread. On the right border of the Eu phrates, opposite Rekka, are found nearly 1,000 famished Armenians, liv ing under tents and guarded by sol diers. They wait to be transferred to other parts of the country, doubtless to fill the gaps made by deaths in oth er encampments. And how many of them will arrive at their destination! Zierrat is north of Rekka. Nearly 1,800 Armenians are encamped there. They suffer more than anywhere else of hunger, because Zierrat is alto gether desert. Groups of men and children are seen there wandering about on the border of the river, look ing for herbs to relieve their hunger. Others fall dead from exhaustion un der the unpitying eyes of their guards whose chief, a barbarous person in tho full sense of the word, forbids any body to pass the limits of the en campment, without special authoriza tion, under penalty of bastinade. Sebga is a small village where a group of 250 to 300 Armenians live as miserably and as famished as in other places. .Der-i-Zor is the headquarters of the independent governorship (mutesarl fate) of the game name. Some months ago 30,000 Armenians were installed in encampments on the outskirts of the city under the protection of the governor, AH Souad Bey. Although I do not want to make personal remarks I would not like to pass without com ment the name of this man with a heart for whom the exiles were thank ful and who tried to alleviate their misfortunes. A certain number of them had even begun a small com merce and were feeling happy to re main there. This proves very well that if reasons of State had demanded ? let us supopse ? the deportation in mass of Armenians to prevent prob lems arising from the Armenian ques tion (?) at least the authorities could have acted humanely and also In the interest of the Ottoman empire, in transporting the Armenians into cities ' where they could find commerce or use their professions; or they could have removed them to lands that could be cultivated, as the necessity of labor is felt so keenly at the present mo ment. But, if it was intended to sup press the race in order to eliminate at the same time the Armenian ques tion, the aim would doubtless not have been attained. Again the comparative favor (?) that the Armenians were enjoying at Der-i-Zor was denounced and reported to higher authorities. The guilty Ali Souad Bey was transferred to Bagdad and replaced by Zekki Bey, notorious for inhuman acts and barbarism. They have related to me appalling things about this new Mutesarif (governor) a Der-i-zor. The prison tortures, bas tinades and hangings were at one time the daily bread of the small town. The girls were violated and given to the neighboring Arabs for their pleasure or domestic use, the children drowned in the river; neither weakness nor in nocence was spared. This distinguished Ali Souad Bey had gathered about one thousand or phans in a large house and was look ing after their subsistence at the ex pense of the town. His successor threw them out of the house. The majority of them died in the streets like dogs, of hunger, of all sorts of privations and from assaults. Furthermore, the 30,000 Armeni ans who were at Der-i-Zor, were cru elly dispersed all along the Chabour, flowing into the Euphrates; that is, to the most desert like region of the country, where it is absolutely impos sible for them to find anything for their subsistence. According to infor mation obtained by me at Der-i-Zor, a great number of these are already dead and the rest will soon follow them. Conclusion: l believe there are some 15,000 Armenians scattered about all along the Euphrates between Meskene and Der-i-Zor, passing through Rekka. As I have already said, these unfortunate people, aban doned, ill-treated by the authorities, put in an impossible position to pro vide for their food ,are gradually dy ing of starvation. Winter is approach ing; cold and dampness will add their victims to that of famine. They can always find something to eat ? al though very dear, if they have the money to pay for it. Doubtless there are many obstacles to sending money, of which the principal is the ill will of the authorities; but one could nev ertheless, through indirect ways, suc ceed in transmitting to them pecu niary assistance which might be di vided among the various encampments for an equitable and sufficient distri bution of flour. If these funds are not sent, these unfortunate people are doomed; if, on the contrary, the funds are fairly sub stantial, it is believed that many among them can survive until peace is concluded, which will decide thier fate. THRKK FOI'RTHB OF "MOVIES" HARMFUL. "A large proportion ? perhaps 80 per cent. ? of the films shown in this country are of such character that they ought never to be displayed, par ticularly to boys and girls in the most impressionable period of life. They present crime and lasciviousness under the thinnest veneer or convention. They appeal to the passions of those who gaze upon them. They invito imitation. They put dangerous or un clean thoughts into wholesome and unspoiled minds. They work insid iously ? and sometimes even with startling frankness ? to achieve their improper ends. Conditions at Provi dence are not substantially different from conditions elsewhere. Any in formed and disinterested person will testify to the rank suggestiveness and open vulgarity of much of the stuff that is thrown on the screen in this city. Millions of American citizens visit movie houses every day. We cannot afTord to go on loosely and In definitely, indifferent to the menace. That it is a menace is becoming plainer all the time." ? Providence Journal editorial. IjAI)Y HOPE AND THE INFIDEL SHOEMAKER. In my large "Coffee Rooms" in an English country town a crowded as sembly, chiefly of workingmen, wore to be found every night of tho week. Between 9 and 10 o'clock I usually took up a* Bible or Testament and read a verse or two aloud, making some short and direct comment on it. One Saturday night I read Psalm 90:12: "So teach us to number our days, that, we may apply our hearts unto wisdom." "I suppose that we all have a reck oning day now and then," I said, "that we may know how we stand iu our ordinary affairs. Some One speaks to us tonight. He is our Creator, our Father, our Saviour; so He must know how to talk with us, and His counsel is just what we want. We really need it for our every-day life. So we ask, 'Lord, teach us, make us ready for what is coming.' Let us think a bit now about these words, and what Is best for us. Some of you stay far away from God, but He can let you have the very thing you want, which is wisdom. God's wisdom shows you how to be saved. That is what you want tonight. You want to be saved. It would be a dreadful thing if you forgot to offer this prayer until it was too late, and your days were already numbered. What would you do then? when you must come to stand before the judgment seat un ready? You would be speechless. So as you are my' friends, I advise you to begin and offer that prayer this very night ? now. I will p ray for you." In a very few words I prayed for them; and they resumed their news papers, games, and their supper, for many of them had tea or coffee and various eatables beside them on the tables. On the following Wednesday, when I was at the Men's Bible Class in a separate room ,the manager spoke to me a little while before the class was to begin. "A man called Cooper wants ?to join the class," he said. "He is a pro fessed infidel, and is well known, for he goes about preaching those opin ions wherever he can get a chance." "Then he cannot enter my class," I replied. "Only men who are seeking Qod and wanting instruction in the Bible can 'belong to it." "I told him that," Baid the Coffee Room manager. "But he is very per sistent. Will you see him? He is waiting in another room." I went in and found a man of strong build, middle-aged, and a very intense, anxious look on his face. He told me he wished to come to the class. He Baid he was a shoe maker and for years had been an lnfldel; that he had destroyed his wife's belief in the Bible, "and that she died screaming in terror. ? "But," he went on, "you upset me very much on Saturday by what you said when you opened that Bible. I went back to my lodging and told the landlady what a disgraceful thing it was that a young lady should be allow ed to disturb a lot of men who were playing games and reading their news papers by standing up and saying such things to them." His landlady had laughed, and told him "that young lady owns the Coffee Rooms and she can do wha ever she likes ? no one ever stops her." "But," he said, "she advised me to go to your meeting on Sunday even ing in th Town Hall, and then I would hear all about it. So I went," he con tinued; "and what you said seemed to come over me so powerful that I stayed to the Inquiry meeting; and there" ? he hesitated ? "there I re pented of my sins and asked God to save me. I asked Him, too, to teach me. That is why I want to join your Bible class." "That you may know I am in ear nest," he said, pointing to a large bundle on the floor, "here are all my infidel books and tracts. I am going to burn them now in the kitchen fire. And there is one pound" ? he handed me a gold sovereign ? "to pay for four tracts being printed. I want you to write them ? just as plain as you speak, and then I will give them all over the place." I told him I would carry out his wishes at once, and gave him permis sion to attend the Bible class. He was present and seemed interested in the study of a Bible subject, and hear ing the men give references, or make Does your church use this cleanly method? Our noiseless, dust-proof, self-collecting tra>s save X cost other services. Shallow glass? no tipping of head. Get our cataloc and Sftcial Introductory Offer. State number of communicants. Thomas Communion Servlcs Co., Box 305 Lima. Ohio (Mjmljfiiraftae WOBK OF THE HIGHEST QUALITY ? ? 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