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the presiding officer read the follow
ing, which he had hurriedly composed, and which, printed on cardboard, was given each guest as a souvenir: C. E. This evening take on new meaning for Certainly Everything, Charmingly Emphasizes the Conspicuous Excellence of Christian Endeavor. In our Field Secretary we find the Capable Executive, who is the Complete Embodiment of Concentrated Energy and Contagious Enthusiasm. In our State President we recognize Consecrated Effort Combined with Efficiency, which makes us propose as the head of our State Union Corcoran Evermore! In our State Treasurer we have a Conscientious Exchequer, into whose keeping Coins Entrusted will be Carefully Expended. In our other guests we see Clearly Exemplified the spirit of Cordiality and Earnestness. Concluding, we Express, Collectively and to Each one separately, our pleas ure at the honor of your presence with us this Charming Evening, and Cordially Extend the invitation Come Everybody to our Christian Endeavor meeting on Thursday evenings at 8 o'clock, where your Co-operation, Enrolment and Consequent Encouragement will Con tribute Extensively to the success of our work "For Christ and the Church." ? Progress. WHAT IF SHE HAI) NOT SPOKEN? Sixty years ago a young woman, an academy student in iamestown, N. Y., felt that she ought to invite 0110 of her companions, a young man, to accept Christ. To do this duty was not easy, but she did it. Straight from h*;r closet she went to him, and said: "Be a Christian." "He tried to laugh at me," she wrote years later, "but I 'screwed up my courage* and resisted his ridicule." The young man soon after this gave his heart to Christ, and he always delighted to tell of his debt to his young companion who had faced ridicule to do her duty. A few year<4 * later he determined to study for the ministry. In 1913 he died, after more than fifty years of such splendid service as few men are able to render ? as pastor, professor in two theological seminaries, author, Mod erator of the Presbyterian General Assembly, and founder and first presi dent of the Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies. For the young man's came was Herrick Johnson. But what if the young woman had not "screwed up her courage"? ? Dr. John T. Faris. "EMIGRATION ? WE CALli IT IN JAPAN." Ruth Emerson. It Is well usually to tell only of the things that are accomplished facts ? with statistics attached; but you surely want to hear of a great inter national piece of work which the As-' sociation is undertaking. It is not yet fully launched here in Japan, but it is already christened. It will soon be steaming on its way to join the work now being done in San Fran cisco, and soon to be done in Hono lulu and Seattle, it is hoped. This is the work for the Japanese girls going to America ? emigration work, we call it here; immigration work, you call it there ? -but It is the very same thing as far as the girls see and know It. Every year the number of girls who go to San Francisco, Seattle and Honolulu is increasing. In 1915 about 2,000 entered at each" of these cities. The vast majority of th?se girls go to be married and are known as "picture brides." Through a mis understanding, this name and the girls to whom it was given, are held in opprobrium in America. It is in deed hard for an American to under stand sympathetically the Japanese idea of marriage. Practically never is ft arranged by the participants, but by "go-betweens" a married cou ple, friends of both families. These go-betweens manage the whole affair, consulting first one family and then the other, till everything is satisfac tory. Even if living in Japan the two to be married may not see each other before the ceremony, or per haps they may be allowed to see each other once, with the go-betweens and members of the family present. The real marriage consists in changing the birth registration of the girl from her own family over to that of the man's. This is all that is done in many cases, though there is an age-old wine-drink ing ceremony, and today there is a fad for going to the shrines for this ceremony, in imitation of the Chris tians, who always have a church wed ding. With this idea of marriage, then, it is as easy for arrangements to be made for a girl to marry a man in Honolulu, San Francisco or Chi cago as in Tokyo or Osaka. In the eyes of all concerned, the two are lawfully married before the girl leaves Japan, upon the official chang ing of her registration from her father's name to that of her husband's family. Thus, what seems to us in America a most questionable proceed ing, Is to the Japanese nothing at all unusual. - However, there is a distressing side to it all, and it is in an effort to re lieve the situation that the Young Women's Christian Associations of America and Japan are co-operating in this work for Japanese girls. The majority of these so-called "picture brides" come from the small villages and towns in the interior of Japan, where not even Tokyo ways of living are known, and most certainly not American ways. In their utter igno rance of any manners and customs other than those observed in their na .tive towns, after a few days in Yoko hama, spent in unwinding the neces sary red tape to permit their de parture, they are ^shipped to some American city, where they are ex pected immediately to adopt and gracefully use American conventions and etiquette. Of course they cannot do it, and they fall completely In the eyes of the community, and, doubt less, their husband's as well. Except where they go on fruit ranches, or something similar, the husband is away at work all day, and the poor wife is left at home alone, unable to speak English or to understand much that is going on about her. She does not know how to dress herself prop erly In foreign clothes, she knows nothing about the care of a foreign house, not even the correct way to make a bed, and she cannot cook the foreign food. It Is small wonder she grows unhappy, becomes dissatisfied or discouraged, or that her neighbor accuses her of being a careless, slov enly housekeeper. Now, through the co-operation of the Association in America and Ja pan, a system is being introduced whereby these girls are to be offered a course of training in Yokohama be fore they sail, and then are to be met, befriended and aided in any way pos sible upon reaching Honolulu or San Francisco. In order to do |ts share In this work, the Association In Yokohama Is fitting up a building where, in addi tlon to general city Association work, there will be rooms where a few girls can live, and many others come for study ? learning how to cook, to make and select suitable foreign clothes, to arrange and care for a foreign house. There will also be lessons in English, and in foreign manners, customs and ideals. The girls will be taught about everything connected with the coming journey to America, which should do much to relieve their anxiety as they start to the foreign land. It is hoped also that the entire course of training will go far toward obviating the mis understandings between these Japa nese and the Americans with wliom they should be friends. Wherevev pos siblo, introductions will be given to the people in the places to which they are going. To start them out, however, with eyes open to the topsy-turvy condi* t ion s to be expected is to meet their necessity only half way. The Asso ciations on the American side are also making ready. LaBt summer the Pa cific Coast Field Committee took the lead by calling Miss Chickering to the position of field secretary for im migrant and foreign and community work. As her title suggests, her work will cover many nationalities of for eign people, and she will be planning how we can help foreign girls and women In the dlfllcult process of get ting into this county both from the east and from the west, and also how American and foreign people can be come better acquainted In the com munities where foreign people make tlieir homes. A few weeks later Miss Sarah Ellis (Iowa State College), who has lived and taught for many years in Japan, was called to be the secre tary to work on Angel Island, where she can greet the girls as they come cff the ships and can be the first evi dence of Christian America which Japanese girls see. The service which Miss Ellis in her quiet way is day by day rendering at this difficult place Is Indeed proof of the love for people which dwells in the hearts of those who are trying to pattern their lives after that of Jesus Christ. ^ The first line was thrown from the far shores of Japan and caught by the workers on the coast of America when the first girl gave to Miss Ellis at Angel Island the letter put Into her hands by the secretary of Yokohama before she left. It is expected that very soon the same kind of work which Miss Ellis is doing w}ll be started at Honolulu. While Miss Ellis is working away at Angel Island, Miss Chickering is busy finding the right people who will go a-calling in a friendly way on the new brides In the places where their homes are started. We call this follow-up work. When you realize that it means not only following up today, but tomor row and next week and next month and through the years to come, you will believe it is well named. And at the same time some splendid Japanese women working together with Ameri can friends under the leadership of Miss Topping, who represents both America and Japan, and Miss Hashi date, who also knows both countries, are busy with Association work for Japanese women in both San Fran cisco and Los Angeles. All this is but a beginning, but promises much by and by. And so by such close co-operation with Honolulu, San Francisco and Seattle, we hope and believe that through the processes of friendliness a great change can gradually, be brought about In the understanding, and therefore relations, of American and Japanese women on the whole coast. Let no one think It doesn't matter what kind of a home this young 'bride is going to make In America! It matters tremendously, for it Is in the homes of these girls that the deepest foundations for in ternational friendship will he laid or lost. ? Association Monthly. \ CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR AND HOME MISSIONS. The worthy purpose of the Chris tian Endeavor Societies to co-operate in the fundamental work of Home Missions and thus unify their effort by becoming responsible for the sup port of some definite part has been presented to the Secretaries of Home Missions through the kindness of Mr. Karl Lehmann, Southern States Sec retary for the Extension Movement. Several of the most promising fields were carefully considered, and the Home Mission office has been notified that Beechwood Seminary, Heidel berg, Ky., for mountain people, has been selected by the Southern Chris tian Endeavorers. This splendid Home Mission school is in the care of Rev. A. L. McDuffle and his consecrated wife, assisted by an efficient corps of five teachers. It has its own wide-awake Christian En deavor Society among its pupilB, which number from seventy to one hundred, according to the season. There are about forty boarders in the new Carrie Reeves Dorimotry, erected in honor of the South Carolina girl who gave up her life in service at this place, a victim of typhoid fever. It was one of the last buildings erected through the -agency of the lamented Dr. E. O. Guerrant, father of Moun tain Missions. . The entire annual cost of maintain ing this Christian institution, includ ing the evangelistic work of Rev. A. D. McDufiie, is only $2,400. Of this amount $600 has been pledged. This leaves $1,800 to be secured through the co operation of the various Chris tian Endeavor Societies. January 28, with topic, "Fruits of the Christian Endeavor Tree," has been assigned by the leaders as the time when all Christian Endeavor So cieties will have the matter present ed and their offerings for this pur pose received. As the time is draw ing very near, plans must be formed at once and a vigorous effort made to meet this great Home Mission oppor tunity. If every society takes hold of the proposition with the enthusiasm characteristic of these choice young people, we are confident that they will be able to secure the support of their Home Mission school, which will be a conspicuous monument of Christian service to their credit. Programs and helps will be cheer fully sent to all these societies, and we are confidently counting on these young people to meet this challenge of Home Mission opportunity. S. L. Morris, Homer McMillan, Secretaries. Nothing is lost; the good you do In ways by you not understood, Though only simple acts and few, Adds something to the world's great good. THE DAY OP THE COUNTRY CHURCH. A Helpful New llook. Rev. J. D. Ashenhurst believes that the day is here ? and that a still greater day is at hand ? for effective work in this field. Out of a long experience In a rural pastorate, he discusses actual conditions in rural communities, and the means by which they should now be met He ad vances valuable methods for widening the Church's Influence and making it a center of wholesome attraction for old and young. Cloth, $1 net; postpaid, f 1.09. Send check or money order to THE PRESBYTERIAN OP THE SOUTH, Richmond, Va.