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tho men who are at present in power.
"The mass of the laboring classes of the Russians in the cities are not ready to support a war to a finish. SPAIN UNDER MARTIAL. LAW. Spain, like most other countries, is suffering from food shortage and high prices. The result was that a gen eral labor strike was threatened. The government took the matter in hand and a few days ago declared martial law for the whole kingdom. The food shortage is said to be due to German submarine warfare. It is said that for the same reasons conditions are already very bad In the Canary Islands. Spain is reported to be quiet and (lie bulk of public opinion is said to approve of the government's ac tion. There are some who are wondering whether the Spanish peoples are in cited by the example of China and Russia to make an effort to overthrow monarchical government and estab lish a republic. RUMORS. The atmosphere is full of rumors of every kind, and they are to be ex pected. It is to be hoped that the peo ple of this country will not be influ enced by them until they find that they are fully confirmed. In many cases it will be found that the position taken by the little news boy will be applicable. . Trying to sell an afternoon paper, he insisted that his prospective customer should buy the paper and get the news, because it would probably be contradicted the next morning. Here are some of the rumors that have been going around during the last few days. It was reported that the German Emperor was broken down in health and that he had re tired from active work for a quiet rest, and that the probability was that he would soon follow the exam ple of the Czar of Russia and abdi cate his throne. This has not been confirmed. There are few events that could occur that would mean more for Germany and for the world than the removing of the Emperor from the throne and providing that none of his houBe or of the Prussian party should ever rule over that country. It was rumored a few days ago that two German submarines had been seen off the coast of Long Island. It turned out that they were two motor submarine chasers belonging to our government which had been out on a trial trip. At this writing another rumor is occupying the front pages of the dal lies. It inay be confirmed or it may be denied before our readers receive this paper. It is to the effect that a naval base has been discovered off the coast of Haiti. It is said that there are eighteen German subma rines there, which are convoyed by a battleship, and are being towed by naval tugs to some American harbor. This report came by way of Panama, and our Navy Department say they have no official information on the subject. This country has been full of ru mors about supposed plots and spies, but it seems that in almost every case investigation has shown that there was no foundation for the rumor. MILITIA CALLED OUT. The National Guard, of which a number of regiments were on the Mexican border, were being mustered out of the government service, as it was supposed they were needed no longer. But now the order has been given to discontinue the mustering out These troops are being used to guard important points through out the country, such as railroad bridges and tunnels, munition plants, large manufacturing establishments, electric plants, city water works, ship building plants, navy yards and gov ernment buildings. In many of the States the State militia, which had not been called into the national service, has been called out for the same kind of service. It seems strange indeed in 'this country, where there has been so little of militarism, to see sol diers with their rifles over their shoulders marching back and forth JOIN THE GREAT ARMY of Prosperity Makers who have found that by the proper and abundant use of V-C Fertilizers they are MAKING THEIR SOIL AND CROPS PAY MORE. i Prosperous Farmers have found that V-C Fertilizers improve their Soil and Crops, hence Bigger Profits. V-C is also a permanent Soil Builder, it helps to improve the land and its productiveness. V-C gives power to the Soil to feed Crops abundantly. HOW THIS IS DONE is told interestingly in our Free Crop Books. Just drop us a postal NOW, and we will mail these valuable Books Fre? to you. CROP BOOK DEPT. V-C FERTILIZERS, Box C 1616 Richmond, V?. before some important building. Stranger still does It seem when one cannot enter a public building with out being challenged and required to identify himself. For example, the Virginia State Capitol, the old Capitol of the Confederacy, has all of its doors locked and barred, save one, and before that one stands an armed sentry. Strange as it may seem and inconvenient as it may be at times, the government officials are entirely right in taking every precaution. INCREASED FREIGHT RATES. Officials of virtually all railroads of the South decided to join repre sentatives of the railroads in every other section of the country in seek ing a general advance in freight rates. How much will be asked for was not definitely decided, but it was said that the advance would be from 10 to 15 per cent. A committee, headed by Lincoln Green, vice-president of the Southern Railway, will name the per centage sought and will draft a for mal petition for presentation to the Interstate Commerce Commission within the next few days. Certain commodities, notably ore, coal and coke, probably will be ex cepted from the general advance. On these, it is understood, the roads will ask for specific advances, a course followed by the Eastern lines. It was intimated also that advances would be sought on intrastate rates as well as interstate, and that petitions to the various State commissions involv ed will be prepared shortly. General revision of freight rates on fruits and vegetables from South ern States to Northern and Middle Western markets, in order to bring rates to a parity with those from other producing sections, were approved by the Interstate Commerce Commission. Carload and less than carload rates on about forty-eight kinds of fruits, melons and vegetables from every sec tion of the South to Kansas City, St. Paul. St. Louis, Chicago, Cincinnati, Louisville, Pittsburgh, New York, Philadelphia and numerous other towns and cities are involved. In the case of the cities mentioned, 447 rates are increased, 332 rates are reduced, and 37 rates left unchanged. The Commission found that most of the railroads' proposals for a read justment of rates were justified, but that in certain specific instances the proposals were disapproved. Disap provals Included proposals to increase rates on potatoes from points in Ar kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Kan sas; to increase rates on fruit from Arkansas, Oklahoma and Missouri, and to increase rates on cantaloupes and muskmelons from Arkansas, Ok lahoma and Missouri, where such rates are already as high as the Com mission believes are justified. THE BILLION DOLLAR TOY. B. C. Forbes, in Leslie's. Theodore Newton Vail is the man who has put all Americans ? North, South, East and West ? on speaking terms. It has cost much brain-sweat, fore sight, imagination, enthusiasm, cour age ? and a billion dollars. Nearly forty years ago, when Alex ander Graham Bell's crude invention was but a toy, Vail conceived a picture of America cobwebbed with tele phones, every citizen In telephonic communication with every other citi zen, no matter how remote. A few months ago, a great engineer ing association, Instead of calling a national convention in one city, con ducted its proceedings by telephone in a score of cities at once, a motion be ing proposed by one city, seconded by another, and adopted by all simul taneously! Was ever youthful dream more glo riously fulfilled? "How did you succeed In doing bo much more than the average man attains?" I asked Mr. Vail. "By never being unwilling, when young, to do another man's work, and then, when older, by never doing any thing somebody else could do better for me. I was always fond enough of detail to thoroughly maBter what I was undertaking, and then hated de tail enough to not bother with it when I got to the treatment of the general subject." The United States today has twice as many telephones as all the rest of the world. Our farmers alone have more than the entire population of England, France or Germany. Today there are 9,250,000 Bell tele phones in the United States, or, roughly, one for every two families throughout the length and breadth of the land. Between 26,000,000 and 27,000,000 telephone talks are held every day, or at the rate of 9,000,000,000 a year. The "American Tel. & Tel." has some 19,000,000 miles of wire, enough to stretch from the earth to the moon 80 times, enough to circle the earth 760 times, enough to string 6,500 wires between New York and San Francisco. It has assets of over $1,000,000,000, making it one of America's two "bil lion dollar" industrial porporatlons. Its receipts pour in at the rate of $6,000,000 every week. It pays dividends of well over half a million dollars weekly to over 100, 000 stockholders, of whom one-third are Bell employees and one-half are women. It has more than 150,000 employees, and with growing business is swelling the number by 1,000 a month. HERE IS UNITED STATES WAR HISTORY. Here is a brief war history of the United States, showing how many men were engaged in each conflict: U. S. Troops Date. Engaged. War of the Revolution . 1775-83 309,781 Northwestern Indian wars 1790-95 8.98S War with France 1798 4,593 War with Tripoli 1801-06 3,330 Creek Indian war 1813-14 13,781 War of 1812 1812-15 578,622 Seminole Indian war.. 1817-18 7,911 Blackhawk Indian war. 1831-32 6,465 Cherokee disturbance. . 1836-37 9,494 Creek Indian war 1836-37 13,418 Florida Indian war. ... 1835,-43 41,122 Aroostook disturbance. 1836-39 1,500 ?War with Mexico 1846-48 112,230 Apache-Navajo and Utah war 1849-55 2,501 Seminole Indian war.. 1856-58 3,687 Civil war 1861-65 2.772.408 Spanish-American war. April-December ....1898 274,717 Filipino insurrection. .1899 60,000 ?Of this number 30,954 were regulars and 73,776 militia and volunteers. War began April 14, 1846; ended July 4. 1848. At the Capitol one day a California representative was discoursing on the sport of Ashing for tuna off the Pa cific coast. "We go out in small motorboats," said the representative, "and Ash with a long line baited with flying fish. Any thing less than a hundred-pound tuna isn't considered good sport." Just then a colored messenger, who had been' listening, stepped up. " 'Scuse me, suh," said he, wide eyed, "but did I understand yo' to say dat yo' went fishin* fo' hundred-pound fish in a little motah-boat?" "Yes," said the Congressman, with a smile, "we go out frequently." "But," urged the darky, "an't yo' 'feared yo' might ketch one?" "Are you Hungary?" "Yes. Siam." "Well, come along; I'll Fill."