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Our Sunday-schools could not do a
nobler piece of work, nor a work which would bring a greater spiritual blessing to our children and youth, than to make offerings for the French and Belgian mission Sunday-schools. Rev. Charles S. Macfarland, General Secretary of the Fed eral Council of the Churches of Christ in America. 105 E. 22d St., New York. ARMENIA AM) SYRIA. Getting Under tlio Armenian and Sy rian Problem. The task of providing for millions of homeless, starving people in Ar menia and other lands of Western Asia is threatened with failure, largely it is believed, through misunder standing. "Is relief actually reach ing th" -joople?" ."Can effective aid be continued even if our government should be compelled to break rela tions with Turkey?" To these ques tions the American Committee on Ar menian and Syrian Relief answer" strongly and definitely in the affirma tive. In the first place, there are now and will still remain neutral agencies through which help will be rendered. In the second place, attention is called to the fact that some of the most needy parts of the field are under the control of the Russian and British authorities who are co-operating to the full extent of their ability. In the third place, at no time has the ac tual shipment of food and supplies been a large factor in this work. Re lief has been given chiefly through transmission of money and credits with which food and other necessities have been purchased by American con suls, missionaries and others. No matter what happens this work will continue through neutral agents. The Co-operation of Russia. The following sentences in a letter from Dr. Macallum, of the Caucasus, are significant as showing the atti tudc of the Russian people toward the Armenians: "Our work is going on well in hap py co-operation with the Russian au thorities who are as kind as possible to us. The presence of an American Relief Committee here to supplement the work done by the Russian gov ernment and the Armenian Committee, has, we believe, justified itself as a tangible proof of American sympathy with Russian and with the Armenian people and as a practical application and illustration of American methods of dealing with relief problems. We have undertaken to aid a large num ber of fatherless children while leav ing them in their mothers' care. We are at the same time providing cloth ing and bedding for about twenty-live thousand new and very needy refu gees. We have supplied to refugees nearly three thousand oxen and other animals, large quantities of various kinds of seed, and have set individuals to work at trades. We have given employment in the city to several hundred men, assisted in rebuilding, and in general have taken part in supplying the needs of the refugees as they have been able to return to their homes." In Remote Persia. From another section of the field, Persia, comes this word from E. T. Allen, of the Relief Committee, lo cated at Urumia: "The responsibilities and burdens of the relief work are increasing. The Russian government, as you know, has helped the people generously. This help has taken the form of a monthly grant of six roubles ($3.00) per adult and three roubles per child to the refugees, that is, all from other districts who are in Uramia. The large majority of these are from Tur key, but a few thousands are from Sulduz and other outlying districts. This help, as a matter of fact, has not been paid regularly and has not amounted to the sum intended; but it has been very large in the aggregate and has been the mainstay of these VIRGINIA CAROLINA V-C Fertilizers CHEMICAL CO. WHY NOT MAKE YOUR SOIL &CROPS PAY MORE by sending for our Free Crop Books, which point the way to Great er Prosperity on all Farms? These valuable and interesting Books are as Free as the air you breathe to all Farmers, Agricultural Educators and Students. Not even the Govern ment of the United States has ever issued such elaborate, valuable and instructive Books for Free distri bution. Just drop a Postal indicating what crops you areinterested in, anc will be promptly sent you by mail. DO IT NOW CROP BOOK DEPT.C ' V-C FERTILIZERS BOX C. 1616. RICHMOND. VA. mimiiiiiiiiimwMWM msmm Fewer Eggs are required with nnVAl baking nUTAL powder In many recipes the number of eggs may be reduced with excellent results by using an additional quantity of Royal Baking Powder, about a teaspoon, for each egg omitted. The following recipe is a practical example: Chocolate Sponge Roll 1*4 cups flour 2 tablespoons miltad shortening S tcsspoon salt M cup hot water 1 cup sugar 1 teaspoon vanilla 2 eggs 2 teaspoons Royal Baking 2 squares melted chocolate Powder The old method called for 4 eggs and no baking powder DIRECTIONS ? Sift flour, baking powder and salt together three times. Beat whole eggs. Add slowly sugar, then boiling water slowly; add next vanilla, melted chocolate and melted shortening, without beating. Sift in dry Ingredients, and fold in as lightly as possible. Pour into large baking pan lined with oiled paper, and bake in slow oven twenty minutes. When done, turn out on a damp, hot cloth, spread with white icing and rolL Booklet of recipes which economlte In eggs and other expensive Ingredients mailed free Address ROY AC BAKINO POWDER CO 13 5 William St.. New York refugees. We have, supplemented it in some directions, but have given our help mainly to the resident Christians, who have been regarded as our spe cial responsibility. The estimates that we have sent in have had them in view. "This year, probably on account of increasing need among the millions of refugees in Russia, increased now by the flight from Roumania, the grants have been reduced about 60 per cent, and the old rate per capita continued. We were asked last week to assume responsibility for a part of these ref ugees and assumed those from Tiari. approximately one third of the whole number. For these the Russian? have been giving, or have planned to uive, about 49,000 roubles per month We shall follow a different plan of dis tribution and shall try to reduce the cost but it cannot well be much less than $10,000 per month and with the diminishing rate of exchange may be greater." , George F. Gracey writes a graphic story of conditions in another section : "In the district of Novo Bayazid there are twenty-two villages. I have not been able to get full statistics but the town with its immediate vil lages has 1,543 old refugees, 2,015 new. Here the refugees are mostly from the villages of Bitlis and were originally very poor and what they had they lost when they had to escape from that district. In a village in this district called Alio Challo we saw the result of what these people must have suffered at the hands of the Turks. There are over 100 people and only four able-bodied men have been able to escape. All the rest wede killed rles tell of some savagery and tortures by Turkish savagery. Individual sto that one almost thinks would be Im possible if it were not verified by facts. "I am now appealing to friends af home to help us to do something for the thousands of orphans in this dis trict. The cry of these fatherless children is continually ringing in my ears. These poor children who have suffered so much and are now suffering plead with us for assistance not with tongue but by their very destitution. Mothers come to us and say, "It is not for ourselves we plead but for our little ones, we gladjy give th?m all we have but still they are hungry. Oh! do help ua or our minda will give way to the continuous pleading tfir bread of our children." We do what wo can but thousands are in need of food, clothing and clean homes. These children are the hope of the future for the Armenian people. Most of the men have been killed by the Turks and they have left these boys and girls to us as their heritage. May we be able to say through the help that our American people will give us, "Suffer the little children to come." May their childish cry awake in the hearts of our dear home people a response that will fill their mouths with laugh ter and their lives with happiness and give us here new courage and stronger faith and so comfort us in the thought that, despite all the ravages and de struction of war and the death that is abroad all over the land, there are yet a people who hear the cry of the orphan and who willingly and gra ciously try to alleviate the suffering of stricken humanity." War K emulations Add to the Wretcli cKlneoH of the People. As Sayeli, New York, under recent (late, prints the following from Its special correspondent in Switzerland: "What can I say about Syria, other than it is a land over which the angel of death seems to hover permanently. It is impossible to describe the condi tions there, for If I were to tell you of things as they are, my pen would refUse to move and my heart faint. Death is using Syria as a plaything throughout the length and breadth of the land. "Among the regulations of the gov ernment is this: No one living on the plains shall kindle a Are in his house for warmth or cooking, nor light It at night, lest the French aeroplanes or warships use them as targets. Hang ing? Yes, that is the punishment for the Infringement of this order, and on ' the spot. The gallows, like starvation, claim hundreds of victims every day." "The land Is without medicines and doctors. If one Is ailing ever no lit tle, the only relief is that which death affords. And if these were no medl dicinal relief, there is no food to nourish the emaciated bodies. I do not exaggerate when I say that almost every one alive in Syria today Is at least partially demented because of the awfulness seen on every side." Touch not, uste not, handle not, the unclean thing.