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etritorial JiotcS atti>- Comment
RUMORS and groundless reports get started so easily and spread so rapidly that much needless trouble is often caused. This has been notably true in connection with the war. As an illustration of what we mean : The report has been in circulation for some time that a larger percentage of doctors had been killed in the English army than of any other class of men, and that the number killed was 60,000. An official report from the British war office states that there are only 12,000 medical men in the British army. There have been killed 195 during the war, 707 have been wounded and 62 died of disease. The state ment has also been made that the doctors are not allowed now to go into the front trenches, as they did at first. Unfortunately many re porters and writers for the newspapers make statements for which they have no authority. These writers ought to be very careful not to write anything that will give needless anxiety to their readers. On the othei- hand, the read ers of newspapers ought not to be too greatly influenced by what they read. The mere fact that some statement is made in the papers does not prove it to be true. So let us not worry about such things. BUYING nickles at 37 cents each is the way Hon. Charles H. Randall, of California, put it in addressing the House of Representa tives in Washington a few days ago. He was speaking on the liquor question. He said that the argument that the government could not afford to give up the revenue from liquor was all wrong. Accepting the highest claim made even by the liquor people themselves, he said the amount . received was only $500,000,000, while the actual loss to the country, for which he gave careful estimates, is $3,781,000,000. The government is proposing to make another bond sale of four billions of dollars. If this fearful loss could be conserved the whole of this bond issue could be provided for in a single year, now long is this country going to stand this? LAIMS are often made, and just as often denied, that the public secular press and the news agencies of this country are censored as far as matters connected with the Roman Catholic Church are concerned. Whether or not this is true we cannot say, but it is very remarkable how little notice is ever given in these papers to matters that are to the dis credit of that Church. The papers have had much to say about various political plots dur ing the present war, but who has seen any statement in regard to one of far reaching im portance which was hatched in the Vatican itself? It was a pro-German plot in which the Pope's chamberlain was involved, and it was of such a nature that, when discovered by the Italian government, the chamberlain, Monsig + + + + + + nor Gerlacli, was sentenced to prison for life, and an accomplice in tlie plot was shot. It is said that, but for pressure exerted by the Pope, the chamberlain also would have been shot. There have been hints thrown out now and then that the Vatican was using its influ ence, as far as it dared, in favor of Germany, as it favors autocratic rather than democratic govenmcnt. If any one close to the Bishop of London of the Church of England had been found guilty of such a plot, we are very" sure it would have been featured in all of the dailies. But the news of what occurred in the Vatican had to be received through the Lon don and Paris newspapers. + + + THINK of this. The Canadian Presby terian Church has furnished its full share of the 500,000 men who have gone from that country into the war. Taxes and the cost of living have increased at a tremendous rate. And yet during the last year that church paid off the whole of a debt of $150,000, which was crushing its missionary board. It is greatly to be hoped that our Church will arise at once, and pay off the debts on our committees and all the Church enterprises before we begin to feel the pinch of war as other countries are feeling it. + 4* 4* SOLDIERS need reading matter. The Red Cross agrees to receive and distribute among them any amount of good literature that may be sent them. Look through your house and get all the good standard books that have been lying unused on your shelves for years or any others that you can give up, and gather lip all the magazines you can, and send them to the nearest Red Cross headquarters. The government is also making arrangements to handle such things for the soldiers. Your post master can probably give you information on the subject. We hope to do so soon. + + + SELFISHNESS and sin sometimes masque rade as patriotism and piety. Efforts have been made in many cities for years to secure permission for Sunday baseball games, where an admission fee was to be charged. In many cases this permission has been denied. Now in some of these cities the effort is being made to introduce these Sunday games with the promise that the proceeds shall be given to Red Cross work. Any man with one eye can see the motive back of this movement. The promoters know that this is just the camel's nose they are trying to get into the tent, and they feel sure that the whole body will soon follow. When a community has once had a taste of Sunday ball it will be much harder to drive it out than it will be to keep it out Christian people should ever be on guard against such encroachments of the Sabbath violators. RACE RIOTS are continuing and spreading in the North between negroes and whites. In some cases they have been due to labor troubles, the whites not being willing for the negroes to secure work, which they wanted, or else because they were unwilling to work with the negroes. In other cases they seem to have grown out of some personal encounter between individuals of the two races. We of the South are not surprised at this outcome of the emi gration to the North of the negroes. We do not hold the people as a whole responsible for them. We recognize that it is the bad element among the people that is responsible for the trouble, just as has usually been the case in any trouble with the negroes in the South. Of one thing we are convinced. If the people of the North ever get large numbers of negroes in any community, they will have to learn to show great forbearance in dealing with them. They will find many points in which they dif fer materially from white people, besides in color, and these differences have to be taken into consideration in all intercourse with them. This would be true in dealing with the Chi nese or any other race where marked differ ences exist. As we have said before, the North has a hard lesson to learn. + + + PHYSICIANS are being called in large num bers into the army and navy and the num will increase very greatly, as the war pro gresses. It is said that in this country there are about 170,000 physicians, and that at least 50,000 of these will be needed for army duty. This means that there will be many communi ties in which there will not be enough doctors left to take care of the usual amount of sick ness. To avoid unnecessary suffering on this account, it will be necessary for people every where to do all they can to preserve their health and to co-operate with the doctors and health authorities in every way possible. Par ents and housekeepers can do a great deal in the way of preserving health by being care ful about the food and habits of children and other members of the household. It would be well for every mother to have a talk with the family doctor on the subject, make careful note of what he says and be careful to carry out his suggestions. The national and State health departments are issuing valuable bul letins, which may be had for the asking. It is always our duty to do all in our power to preserve our own health and the health of others. This duty is specially emphasized just now. Medical men tell us that a very large proportion of all sickness is preventable. We can do no better work for ourselves, for our families, for our friends, for our country and for the church, than so to preserve our health and that of others that we can best do the work that Qod gives us to do.