Newspaper Page Text
By Mies C. L. Campbell.
"He shall call . . . and I will an
swer." Ps. 91:15.
A Catechism For Our Young People.
(To be used as a part of your Junior
1. (Leader.) Why is our denomi
nation called Presbyterian?
Answer. Because it is led and gov
erned by presbyters.
2. What are presbyters?
Answer. Presbyters are elders who
have the spiritual oversight of the
3. What two kinds of presbyters
are recognized in our form of govern
Answer. Teaching or preaching
elders, and ruling elders. The church
Session is composed of ruling elders,
and the minister is the moderator.
4. Which are the courts that rule
with ecclesiastical or churchly au
Answer. The Session, the Presby
tery, the Synod, and the General As
6. Who compose the Presbytery?
Answer. A minister and ruling
elder from each church in the dis
trict included in the bounds of Pres
bytery, sent to the semi-annual meet
ings of that body.
6. Who constitute the Synod?
Answer. Every minister in the ter
ritory covered by the Synod, and one
elder from each church.
7. What comprises the territory of
Answer. Usually the Presbyteries
in a single State. The Synod is gen
erally called by the name of the State,
as Synod of Virginia. There are eight
Presbyteries in this particular Synod.
8. Who compose the General As
sembly, the highest ecclesiastical
court of our Church?
Answer. One or more ministers
and elders, according to the member
ship of the churches, elected as com
missioners by each Presbytery.
9. In what order do missionary or
ganizations follow the ecclesiastical
Answer. Missionary societies of
women and girls in the churches com
pose Presbyterial societies. The Pres
byterial societies compose Synodical
10. What is the difference between
Presbyteries and Synods, and Presby
terial and Synodical societies?
Answer. Presbyteries and Synods
are composed of men; Presbyterial
and Synodical societies of women and
girls. The first have authority in
church government, the latter work
for the different benevolences of the
11. When were the Boards of Home
and Foreign Missions organized?
Answer. The Home Mission Board
in 1816, and the Foreign Mission
Board in 1837. These were changed
to committees when our Church was
organized in 1861.
13. How many reported now in our
Answer Three thousand four hun
dred and seventy-five churches and
14. How many Executive Commit
tees direct the benevolent work of our
16. What are these Jour great
Answer. Home Missions, Foreign
Missions, - Educating and Ckrlng for
Our Ministers and Sunday-school Ex
16. Give in this same order the
cities where these committees are lo
cated: Atlanta, Ga., Louisville, Ky.,
Nashville, Tenn., and Richmond, Va.
17. "Where is the head office of the
Answer. Tenth and Peachtree
Streets, Atlanta, Ga.
18. Where can we read about all
Answer. In the Missionary Survey,
and in our own religious papers.
19. Where can we get helps for
our missionary programs?
Answer. From this page in the
Presbyterian of the South.
(Partly adopted from Home Mis
Send a Greeting Far Away.
Have picture post cards, or Christ
mas, or New Year cards for sale at
your next meeting, and have the
stamps there, too, all ready to be sent
with a message of love and greeting
to our missionaries "over yonder."
And be sure to have two or three
competent helpers who are ready to
give the exact address of the mission
ary to whom each card is to go. Some
times the address is intricate, but can
be found fully given in the back of the
This plan has been tried with de
Working With Children.
What of the children, my sisters?
What of the coming band?
Who'll take up the work of the Master
As it falls from your trembling
Are they trained to the cause, O
Are they strong and brave and true?
Are they ready to lift the burden,
When the Master calls for you?
? Isabelle Mackay.
Missions in Sunday-school ? Facts
Call attention to your map of
Africa, mentioning the mission sta
tions, and review the number of our
heathen and our missionaries; then
call up nine bright spirits and clear
voices and have this "history lesson"
on Africa, each repeating or reading
Pagan Africa comprises the greatest
solid mass of paganism on earth.
Nearly one-fourth of the earth's
land surface is comprised within the
continent of Africa.
It Is as far around the coast of
Africa as it is around the world.
Every eighth person of the world's
population lives in the Dark Conti
nent. The blacks double their num
bers every forty years and the whites
every eighty years.
There are 843 languages and dia
lects in use among the blacks of
Africa. Only a few of the languages
have been reduced to writing.
The coal fields of Africa aggregate
800,000 square miles; its copper fields
equal those of North America and
Europe combined, and it has unde
veloped iron ore amounting to Ave
times that of North America.
Africa has forty thousand miles of
river and lake navigation, and water
powers aggregating ninety times those
of Niagara Falls.
One area in Africa unoccupied by
missionaries is three times ti>e size of
New England, a second won d make
four States like New York, a third
would cover eight Iowas, and a fourth
Is eighteen times the sice of Ohio.
Throughout Africa there is one mis
sionary for every 133,000 souls.
Almost the entire continent is now
under European flags. France has a
colony in Africa twenty times the sire
of France itself. The British flag flies
over a territory as large as the United
States. ? World's Outlook.
A Message to Women of the Church.
Have you seen "A Lesson on Cuba,"
by Mrs. J. M. Williams?
This will prove a most valuable help
for your December meeting, and you
can have a few copies of this by writ
ing either this column, or Dr. John I.
Armstrong, Nashville, Tenn'.
(In these times, postage will be ac
is coming, and now 1b the time to
start these far away gifts. Be sure
to pack safely, wrap strongly, tie up
securely, and then state on the wrap
ping the contents of the package;
e. g., if it contains slippers, write on
the wrapping "slippers"; if a doll,
write "one doll," and so on.
And most important of all, be sure
to ask your postmaster about the
amount of postage. Don't let's have
our missionaries paying postage (and
double postage over there) on their
own Christmas presents.
And why should not every one of
our missionaries, the three hundred
and seventy-seven, have one more gift
this Christmas, because you thought
to send it.
And our home missionaries, too,
they are in our hearts and at our very
doors; and another loving thought
would gladden their hearts. Let's
see that every one of them has some
thing to warm their hearts, and maybe
You don't know where to find any
of these missionaries, home or for
eign? Did you say that? Look over
your Prayer Calendar, or study the
last pages of the "Survey," or write
this page. We know where a lot of
THE PRAYER MEETING
LIVING FOR THE FAMILY.
Week Beginning Nov. 18, 1917.
God has put people in families.
This is the most intimate relationship
which exists on earth. This relation
ship imposes certain duties. Each
member of the family owes special
duties to each other member of the
The first of these duties is love. If
love is wanting, there will be no hap
piness, comfort or Joy. Then there
should be unselfishness, consideration
for each other, helpfulness, encourage
ment, giving pleasure.
Children owe these duties to their
parents, and beyond that they owe
obedience. Children should obey their
parents in all things, where they are
not required to violate the command
ments of God. To do this is sin, and
no parent has the right to make a
child commit a sin.
There are some parents who recog
nize the duties that the children owe
to them much more clearly than they
recognize their duty to the children.
God gives children to parents in
order that they may be trained for
Him. This ia a great honor, a great
responsibility, a glorious work.
Scarcely any animal that is born
into the world is as helpless at first
as is a baby, and there is none that
Is helpless as long. This necessitates
greater care on the part of human pa
rents than is needed by any others.
The care of the body comes first in
time. The body of the child well
cared for means a rich blessing
through all its life. The body neg
lected means much of suffering and
weakness, and it may be failure in
One of the remarkable things Is
how little study is given by parents
in preparation for this most important
work. What knowledge they may have
is only gained by haphazard. If a
man goes into stock raising he makes
a study of the business that he may
gain all the knowledge possible so
that he can succeed in raising the
animals. How much more important
for father and mother to learn what
is necessary to make the bodjr of their
child strong and healthy. Any good
physician will give information needed
or suggest helpful books on health.
Do not wait till the child is sick. Con
sult the doctor from the first, and fol
low his instructions.
Next in development is the mind.
Here is a greater work to be done and
one that requires greater intelligence.
And for that reason it ouglTt to be
carefully attended to. It is not merely
instruction in books that is needed.
Training the young mind to think, and
to correct habits is of the greatest
value. Even very young children can
have their tastes properly cultivated
or badly degraded. Probably noth
ing of the present day is doing more
to mar the artistic taste of the rising
generation than the grotesque and
often degrading comic sections of the
Sunday newspaper. If a child is
brought up on such stuff, what hope
car. there be for inculcating in him a
love for the beautiful in art.
The same thing is true in the mat
ter of the child's reading, especially
as it grows old enough to read current
literature and the novels of the day.
The father and mother are careful to
see that the food they serve their chil
dren is wholesome and free from
poison, but how much care do they
take to protect their minds from being
The body is of value only as the
dwelling place of the soul, and the
mind is the means for reaching the
soul. The greatest responsibility, the
greatest privilege of the parent is
training the soul of the child for God.
So often this is sadly neglected. The
father leaves it to the mother and the
mother leaves it to the preacher and
the Sunday-school teacher. These may
be very efficient helpers, but ought
they to be expected to take the place
of the parents? Indeed they cannot
What more glorious work can the
mother do than to take the little child
upon her knees and tell It the story of
the Babe of Bethlehem/ and lead the
little heart to put its trust in him, and
its little lips to utter the prayers that
spring from a heart trained to love its
One of the special opportunities
which the father has of training his
family in the service of God is about
the family altar. Morning and even
ing they should be gathered together,
just at the close of the meal is a good
time, and a portion of God's word
should be read, and then they should
be led to the throne of God In prayer.
Family prayers lend an odor of sanc
tity to the home and provide a sweet
perfume that follows the members of
the family through the day.
Children should be trained in at
tendance upon God's house. One of
the things that most people overlook
is that the normal child likes to go to
Sunday-school and church, until it it
trained away from them by older peo
( Continued on page 10)