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RICHMOND, NEW ORLEANS, ATLANTA, JANUARY 16, 1918. No. 3 Cbttorial Jlotcs ant) Comment 080 PROHIBITION will and ought to occupy the thoughts and efforts of the people of this country for the next few years as it has never done before. Congress has adopted the pro hibition amendment to the national consti tution. But before it can become effective it must be approved by the legislatures of three fourths of the States of the Union. The liquor people will, of course, fight this with all the power they can develop. They are going to have as their allies some who will not be will ing to oppose prohibition openly, but who will insist upon States' rights and say that this is a matter that the States ought to settle. These will oppose the ratification of the amendment by the legislatures. They will be a more dan gerous element to deal with than the liquor people, for the ground of their opposition will be such that they may win others to their side who are really in favor of prohibition. An other ally of the liquor force is the man who wants action by the legislature put off. He says that the legislature of his State, which has already been elected, ought not to act on this matter, because the people did not know that this amendment would be before them. Some matters can be put off without damage. Some others can be postponed at certain time3 without any harm being done. But in this case every legislature ought to ratify this amend ment at the very earliest opportunity, even if a special session has to be called for the pur pose. The War Department has decreed pro hibition for our soldiers, and the Navy Depart ment has done the same for our sailors and marines. But this great war is not to be fought only on the battlefield or on the sea. By far the most important part of the fighting is to be done at home. All of our resources must be conserved and our efficiency must be increased, or else our men at the front will not be equipped as they should be. Failure to equip our men will mean that thousands of them will be killed who ought to return safely to their homes. See that the prohibition amendment is adopted, and save our boys. + + + FINLAND is now added to the list of coun tries that are appealing to America for food to prevent their people from starving. In normal times Finland only produced half of its food supply, importing the balance needed from Russia. Last July there was a severe frost in that country, which killed all the crops. The disorganized conditions in Russia makes it impossible to get food from that source. The Finnish government has paid Russia $12,000,000 for food which has not been delivered, because starving Russian people looted the trains before they reached the bor der. The American Red Cross is doing what it can to help Finland. Those who are willing to*id may tend contributions for this purpose to the Red Cross anywhere. MISSIONS arc not to be forgotten during these war times. This week there is gathered in New York a notable company of the leaders of the Church, representing all the Home and Foreign Mission Boards of all de nominations in the United States and Canada. Dr. Robert E. Speer, of the Northern Foreign Mission Board and many other men whom God has wonderfully used will be present to confer about the vital interests of this work. Our Church will be represented by Drs. S. H. Ches ter, E. \Y. Smith and John I. Armstrong, of the Foreign Mission Committee; S. L. Morris and Homer McMillan, of the Home Mission Committee; Mrs. II. P. Winsboro, superinten dent of Woman's Work, and Mrs. S. D. Wal ton, chairman of the Woman's Advisory Com mittee. + + + WHAT A PREACHER SAYS "Yes, indeed, INDEED, I want, and must have the Presbyterian of the South; 'can't do business without it.' The question with us preachers is al ways, not what we want, not even what we need, ? but what we must havel Our wants are many, our needs perhaps more; but the absolute necessities are few; among them, at least with this one, is The Presby terian of the South." + + <? FOOD conservation is one of the most im portant matters before the American peo ple today. When we realize that in everyone of the countries of our allies there is real suf fering aud in many places actual starvation, and that America is the only country that can supply their needs, it ought to make us think seriously whether or not we are doing our duty. God has wonderfully blessed this coun try with all the food we need and much to spare for others. But we have been the most wasteful people with our food supplies of any people in the world. We need to learn to save food. In one of our cities the hotels are try ing to do this. The result has shown that al ready they are reported to be saving 5,000 pounds of meat a day, and yet there has been no complaint from their patrons. There can be some saving in almost every home. What is needed is that we do not waste any food, that we do not eat more than is needed for our own health, and that we use as little as pos sible of the foods that can most easily be shipped to our allies. These foods are wheat, beef, mutton, bacon, sugar. We can, of our great variety of foods, substitute many good things for these and be none the worse for it. READ, by all means, what our Foreign Mis sion Committee has to say 011 page 15. Turn to it at once before you forget it. It cannot be possible that the Church is going to let this part of our Lord's work suffer. He has given us great wealth as a people. Let us be faithful stewards, using aright what he has given us. + * * PROFANITY is of all sins the most inex cusable. Most sins provide some return to him who commits them. The robber ex pects at least to enjoy that which he steals. The murderer has his vengeance satisfied. The liar may hope to escape the detection of his evil deeds. And so with many other sins. The profane swearer receives no returns from his profanity. With all respectable people, even including his fellow-swearers, he is looked upon as a weaker man than he would be if he were clean of speech. One of the distressing things about this sin is its contagious quality. It seems almost inevitable, that, if there are one or more swearers in a company of men who are thrown closely together, the other men will soon acquire the habit. The report comes from many of our army camps that profanity is distressingly prevalent among both officers and men. So far as we know the military authori ties do nothing to stop it. In order that our boys may be saved from acquiring such a habit they ought to have thrown around them every good influence possible. + + + ONE hundred thousand dollars is the in crease thus far in the cost of our Foreign Mission work for this year, and before the year is complete, the increase may be far more. This has been brought about by high prices, without any increase in the work. We believe the liberality of God's people is going to pro vide what is needed. + + ? HOSTESS HOUSES are being built by the Yoxing "Women's Christian Association in all of the camps where our soldiers are in train ing. And they are rendering a most valuable service. No matter how well the Government has provided the houses necessary for the men, there is not in all the camps a suitable place where a mother can visit her son, a wife her husband, or a lady a friend among the soldiers. The Hostess House, under proper chaperouage, provides just such place. There the visitor and friend finds a comfortable place to wait for the coming of her soldier friend, there she can receive him, there she can spend as much of the day as she chooses, and at its restaurant she can procure meals. It may easily be seen how such buildings will provide for the comfort and pleasure of the soldiers and their lady vis itors, and that they will have aafeguarda thrown around them, which they might not have otherwise.