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P space of thess swift little Teasels was needed tor
*?' the carrying of provisions and munitions of war. Some of these veasels were aunk and others cap tured, but at least three-fourths of the Bible* reached the Confederacy, and Dr. Hogs had his reward on his return in visiting the camp* and hoapltals, and In riding along the lines, where be saw so many of the men, waiting to be called _ into battle, reading these little red-edged volumes. While the service thus rendered our soldiers ? by tbe son of the first President of the Society of I Missionary Inquiry was the most notable religious ? enterprise undertaken and carried through by any ? single minister of the time, there was a vast deal ? of mission work carried on in the army by our ? other alumni in those days that tried men's souls, ? not merely by those who were chaplains, but by I the undergraduates who served in the ranks. Al ? though the number of students in the Seminary ?at that time was very small as compared with our ? present attendance, more than seventy of her grad Bnates and undergraduates answered their coun Btry's call and entered the Confederate service, ?twenty or more as chaplains, but the great ma Hjnrlty as officers and privates in the fighting lines. ?One of the most distinguished of them is with Bus this evening, carrying blithely bis eighty years, ? with a heart as fresh as when he handled his ? artillery more than half a century ago, a gallant ? soldier, a courtly gentleman, an accomplished Bwriter, a saintly minister, sole Burvivor of the Hitaff officers of Stonewall Jackson? our beloved H3r. Jamea P. Smith, the man whom we delight Bo honor. There never haa been a member of the Hiocie'.y who has more fully exemplified lta mis Hiionary spirit. Some yeara ago the colorad cook ?t his house, noting his constant ministrations to ^fthe convicts in our State prison and other spirit ^Lally destitute elements of our population, paid ^Llin an exceedingly fine tribute. She said that Hwhen Dr. Smith got to heaven he ftould have to ?have a basVret, because he couldn't carry all his ?stars in a crown. It is one of the undying glo Brics of the institution that it absolutely emptied ^?ts halls into that immortal army. In 1861 there Mvere thirty-nine students in all. In 18G2 there ^?vere only four, and these four were young sol ?l I01-3 who had been captured at the battle of Rich ^?fountain, had been released on parole, and had ^?ot yet been exchanged. The Most Fruitful Half Century. ? ? We have seffn that after the first period of ? brisk recruiting for the foreign field in the thir Btles there was a lull and almost a blank for the Bnexc twenty-six years. During twenty of these ?^ears the war was brewing. During the four Fyears of actual conflict the urgent needs of our soldiers engrossed the missionary activities of our students and alumni, and foreign work was out of the question. No students entered the Sem inary at all in the last year of the war. But in 1865 there was a class of thirteen, more than half of whom had been in the army. This class I graduated in 1&68, Just fifty years after the or ganization of '.ho society, and with them began the second ha'.f century of Its activities. In spite of the smallness of their numbers and the im poverishment of their country and the needs of the stricken South, the missionary enthusiasm which had characterized the earlier days of the society flamed up afresh and continued to burn with a steady glow, never again suffering such a check as that which preceded their matriculation. From this first class after the war caino four For eign Missionaries, all of them young soldiers of the Confederacy: Matthew Hale Houston, who in 1868 went out to China, and was afterwards for ten years the General Assembly's Secretary of t Foreign Missions; Edward Lane and Nash Mnr ?fcton, who In 1869 founded our Southern Brazil Mission; and George L. Leyburn, who in 1875 went out to Greece. Following Houston Xwenty flve other members of the society have labored In China: Ben Helm, G. W. Painter, Thomas E. Converse, John W. Davis, A. Sydenstricker, Henry M. Woods, J. E. Bear, R. V. Lancaster, George B. Hudson, James R. Graham. J. F. Johnson, B. C. Patterson, P. F. Price, H. W. White, J. W. Pax ton, Lacy I. Moffett, J. Lelghton Stuart, Jr., War ren H. Stuart, F. A. Brown, Lyle M. Moffett, Lowery Davis, T. L. Ilarnsberger, W. C. McLauch lin, L. H. Lancaster, M. A. Hopkins and H. Korr Taylor. Following Lane and Morton twenty other mem bers of the aociety have gone to Bratil: John BBpgle. J. W. Dabney, J. Rockwell Smifct , B. F. Bhompson, G. W. Thompson, D. Wardla*, D. v7. Rrnstrong, W. L. Bedinger, F. A. Rodrigues. G. H Handerlite, W. M. Thomson, 8. E. Qftinmoa, V C. R. Morton, O. A. Qrlllbortxer, Q. See, C. TL Woraeldorf, J. Porter Smltb, Gaston Boyle and A. S. Maxwell. Following Leyburn to Qreace were T. R. Samp son, A. P. Saunders and J. Phlpps. Tbls Is perhaps the best place to mention brief ly the order In which our men entered the other mission fields which our church has cultivated!. In 1874 A. T. Graybill founded our mission in Mexico, being followed later by W. J. Graybill, W. A. Robs and H. L. Ross. In 1886 R. D. Grin nan entered the field in Japan, whether eleven other of our men have since followed him: D. P. Junkln, C. G. Brown, C. K. Cumming, William C. Buchanan, H. Tucker Graham, Walter M. Buch anan, S. P. Fulton, H. H. Munroe, A. P. Hassell, J. W. Hassell and J. H. Brady. In 1890 Samuel N. Lapsley sailed for Africa to found the Congo Mission, which has been so wonderfully blessed and to which we have sent as reinforcements Motto Martin, J. M. Sleg, George McKee, Charles L. Crane, Plumer Smith, A. C. McKinnon and R. D. Bedinger, the personal missionary of the Gin ter Park church at the present time. In 1892 W. D. Reynolds and W. M. Junkln founded our mission in Korea, and were followed at short in tervals by Cameron Johnson, Eugene Bell, W. B. Harrison, C. C. Owen, William F. Bull, L. O. Mc Cutchen, A. M. Earle, F. M. Enersole, P. B. Hill, H. D. McCallle, J. K. Parker, C. H. Pratt, T. E. Wilson, S. Dwight Winn, and the Crane brothers, J. C. and Paul S., eighteen In all, another remark ably successful mission. In 1899 R. L. Wharton went to Cuba, to be followed after a considerable Interval by Dr. Orts and E. D. Torrea. That is our head roll. These are the one hun dred and thirteen men who have gone out from our society to the ends of the earth. We call their names to-night with thankful hearts to him who ascended up on high and gave gifts to men. We do good to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the Society of Missionary Inquiry In Union Seminary. About one-half of all the ordained missionaries that our branch of the Church has sent to heathen lands have come out of this ons organization: or, as the Chairman of the General Assembly's Executive Committee of Foreign Mis sions puts It, it has furnished 4 4 per cent, of our ordained missionaries in China, 3 0 per cent, of those in Korea, 4G per cent, of those in Japan, 50 per cent. In Brazil, 60 per cent, in Cuba, 67 per cent. In Mexico, and 77 per cent, in Africa. Please note before we leave this point that not only the members of this society were among the first on the field in China, Japan, Siam, India, Persia and Turkey, but that as pioneers, doing foundation work, they actually established our missions in Brazil, in Mexico, in Greece, in Korea and in Africa. Nor have Its gifts of men to the cause been confined to field workers. Besides the hundreds of ministers who have been made missionary pas tors by the influence of the society upon them when they were students in the Seminary, and besides the large number of men in other linos of ministerial work who have constantly stimu lated the missionary activities of the Church at large, for instance, the editors of our Church papers, this society has furnished most of the leaders and administrators of the work at home. The Chairman of the Executive Committee at Nashville, Dr. James I. Vance, and the three Sec retaries, Dr. S. H. Chester, Dr. Egbert W. Smith and Dr. John I. Armstrong, were all trained In this society, as well as two former Secretaries, Dr. Richard Mcllwalne and Dr. M. H. Houston. It's a splendid showing. It's an unequalled record. Your society always has been and still la the main source of our Church's supply of mis sionaries and missionary propagandists. Missionary Literature. Speaking of missionary propaganda, let us now note briefly Bome of the contributions made by members of our society to the missionary litera ture of the Church. In the ancient minute book of the society Isaac Cochran is several times men tioned as an active member and officer In 1820 21. Later he published a book entitled "The In fluence of Missions on Literature and Civilization." One of his contemporaries in the society was Wil liam Spotswood White, under whose ministry some years later a young man from Scotland named W. W. Spence was converted. You know him as the man who afterwards gave the Sem inary $30,000 for the erection of the Spence Li brary. Dr. White wrote a book entitled "The African Preacher," dealing with one of the most important missionary enterprises the Church has ever undertaken. During the Civil War Dr. White was pastor of the church at Lexington. One ot hie deacons, a professor In the Virginia Military Institute, was the superintendent of the colored Sunday-schooL His fame was afterwards to Oil the world as Stonewall Jackson. "The dsy after the first battle of Manassas, and before the his tory of that victory had reached Lexington In authentic form, rumor, preceding any accurate account of that event, had gathered a crowd around the post-offlce awaiting with intensest in terest the opening of the mail. In its distribu tion the first letter was handed to the Rev. Dr. White. It was from General Jackson. Recognis ing at a glance the well-known superscription, the doctor exclaimed to those around him, 'Now we shall know all the facts.' This was the bulletin: 'My Dear Pastor: In my tent last night, after a fatiguing day's service, I remembered that I had failed to send you my contribution for our colored Sunday-school. Enclosed you will find my check for that object, which please acknowl edge at your earliest convenience, and oblige. Yours faithfully, THOS. J. JACKSON." Not a word about a conflict which had electri fied a nation. Not an allusion to the splendid part which he had taken in it and which gave him his immortal title of Stonewall. Doubtless General Jackson, like all Christian men In the South, had1 always been interested in the religious welfare of the negroes, but it is not unlikely that the peculiarly eager interest he took in them after going to Lexington and ths very active personal work he carried on among them there was the result in part of the Influence of bis pastor, whose book, written from actual experience of mission ary contact with the slaves, evinced such sympa thetic understanding of tneir spiritual condition. The miuutes of the Society of Missionary Inquiry at the time he was a student here show that the work among the colored people engaged the fre quent and earnest attention of its members. If time permits I will refer later to the work done by O. B. Wilson, D. Clay LIHy, J. G. Praigg, N. W. Kuykendall and others in leading our work of colored evangelization since the war and in conducting our Semiuary for colored ministers at Tuscaloosa. Resuming our consideration of the contribu tions of members of the society to missionary lit erature, we may mention Austin Ilazen Wright, of the class of 1838, missionary to Persia, who be came an eminent Oriental scholar, master of the Turkish, Syriac and Persian languages, and whose revision of the New Testament and Psalms i: Syriac was electrotyped and printed by the Amer ican Bible Society in 1864 for missionary worl. among the Nestorians. He was also appointed to translate the Bible into Tartar-Turkish for the Mohammedan population of Azerbaijan, but died before it was completed. Let me give rapidly the names of some other members of the society who have done good work for the cause with their pens. First, books writ ten in Chinese. Dr. John W. Davis, ot the class of 1872, a member of the Committee of Trans lation of the New Testament into Chinese, was the author of a commentary, on the Gospels and the Acts in Soochow colloquial, a hymn book with annotations in the mandarin dialect, and a political geography. The Rev. Absalom Syden stricker, of the class of '81, "An Exposition of Idioms and Constructions in the Mandarin Lan guage," also "A Brief Statement of Gospel Truth." Dr. Henry M. Woods, of the class of '84, "A Christian Commentary on the Chinese Classics," also a member of the Mandarin Revision Commit tee to translate the New Testament. Dr. P. F. Price, of the class of '89, three volumes entitled "Short Steps to Great Truths," also an Evangelis tic Hymn Book and three useful Catechisms. Dr. Hugh W. White, of the class of '94, "An Easy Introduction to Christianity," "An Address to the Buddhist and Taoist Priests," "Two Brave Japan ese Soldiers," "The Logic of History," and in Eng lish, "Jesus the Missionary." Dr. J. Leighton Stuart, Jr., is now wilting a Greek-Chinese Lexi con and Is, I understand, about half through It. In Japanese: Dr. R. B. Grlnnan, of the class of '85, "An Exposition of Ephesians"; Dr. Wal ter M. Buchanan, of the class of '94, "The Uni versal Lord." In Korean: Dr. W. D. Reynolds has rendered a lasting service to the Hermit Nation by his work at a translator of the Scriptures. In Greek: Dr. Thornton R. Sampson, of the class of '76, "A Commentary on the Epistle to the GalatUns"; and ths "Form ot Government"