P space of thess swift little Teasels was needed tor
*?' the carrying of provisions and munitions of war.
Some of these veasels were aunk and others cap
tured, but at least three-fourths of the Bible*
reached the Confederacy, and Dr. Hogs had his
reward on his return in visiting the camp* and
hoapltals, and In riding along the lines, where
be saw so many of the men, waiting to be called
_ into battle, reading these little red-edged volumes.
While the service thus rendered our soldiers
? by tbe son of the first President of the Society of
I Missionary Inquiry was the most notable religious
? enterprise undertaken and carried through by any
? single minister of the time, there was a vast deal
? of mission work carried on in the army by our
? other alumni in those days that tried men's souls,
? not merely by those who were chaplains, but by
I the undergraduates who served in the ranks. Al
? though the number of students in the Seminary
?at that time was very small as compared with our
? present attendance, more than seventy of her grad
Bnates and undergraduates answered their coun
Btry's call and entered the Confederate service,
?twenty or more as chaplains, but the great ma
Hjnrlty as officers and privates in the fighting lines.
?One of the most distinguished of them is with
Bus this evening, carrying blithely bis eighty years,
? with a heart as fresh as when he handled his
? artillery more than half a century ago, a gallant
? soldier, a courtly gentleman, an accomplished
Bwriter, a saintly minister, sole Burvivor of the
Hitaff officers of Stonewall Jackson? our beloved
H3r. Jamea P. Smith, the man whom we delight
Bo honor. There never haa been a member of the
Hiocie'.y who has more fully exemplified lta mis
Hiionary spirit. Some yeara ago the colorad cook
?t his house, noting his constant ministrations to
^fthe convicts in our State prison and other spirit
^Lally destitute elements of our population, paid
^Llin an exceedingly fine tribute. She said that
Hwhen Dr. Smith got to heaven he ftould have to
?have a basVret, because he couldn't carry all his
?stars in a crown. It is one of the undying glo
Brics of the institution that it absolutely emptied
^?ts halls into that immortal army. In 1861 there
Mvere thirty-nine students in all. In 18G2 there
^?vere only four, and these four were young sol
?l I01-3 who had been captured at the battle of Rich
^?fountain, had been released on parole, and had
^?ot yet been exchanged.
The Most Fruitful Half Century.
? We have seffn that after the first period of
? brisk recruiting for the foreign field in the thir
Btles there was a lull and almost a blank for the
Bnexc twenty-six years. During twenty of these
?^ears the war was brewing. During the four
Fyears of actual conflict the urgent needs of our
soldiers engrossed the missionary activities of our
students and alumni, and foreign work was out
of the question. No students entered the Sem
inary at all in the last year of the war. But in
1865 there was a class of thirteen, more than
half of whom had been in the army. This class
I graduated in 1&68, Just fifty years after the or
ganization of '.ho society, and with them began
the second ha'.f century of Its activities. In spite
of the smallness of their numbers and the im
poverishment of their country and the needs of
the stricken South, the missionary enthusiasm
which had characterized the earlier days of the
society flamed up afresh and continued to burn
with a steady glow, never again suffering such a
check as that which preceded their matriculation.
From this first class after the war caino four For
eign Missionaries, all of them young soldiers of
the Confederacy: Matthew Hale Houston, who
in 1868 went out to China, and was afterwards
for ten years the General Assembly's Secretary of
t Foreign Missions; Edward Lane and Nash Mnr
?fcton, who In 1869 founded our Southern Brazil
Mission; and George L. Leyburn, who in 1875
went out to Greece. Following Houston Xwenty
flve other members of the society have labored
In China: Ben Helm, G. W. Painter, Thomas E.
Converse, John W. Davis, A. Sydenstricker, Henry
M. Woods, J. E. Bear, R. V. Lancaster, George B.
Hudson, James R. Graham. J. F. Johnson, B. C.
Patterson, P. F. Price, H. W. White, J. W. Pax
ton, Lacy I. Moffett, J. Lelghton Stuart, Jr., War
ren H. Stuart, F. A. Brown, Lyle M. Moffett,
Lowery Davis, T. L. Ilarnsberger, W. C. McLauch
lin, L. H. Lancaster, M. A. Hopkins and H. Korr
Following Lane and Morton twenty other mem
bers of the aociety have gone to Bratil: John
BBpgle. J. W. Dabney, J. Rockwell Smifct , B. F.
Bhompson, G. W. Thompson, D. Wardla*, D. v7.
Rrnstrong, W. L. Bedinger, F. A. Rodrigues. G.
H Handerlite, W. M. Thomson, 8. E. Qftinmoa,
C. R. Morton, O. A. Qrlllbortxer, Q. See, C. TL
Woraeldorf, J. Porter Smltb, Gaston Boyle and
A. S. Maxwell.
Following Leyburn to Qreace were T. R. Samp
son, A. P. Saunders and J. Phlpps.
Tbls Is perhaps the best place to mention brief
ly the order In which our men entered the other
mission fields which our church has cultivated!.
In 1874 A. T. Graybill founded our mission in
Mexico, being followed later by W. J. Graybill,
W. A. Robs and H. L. Ross. In 1886 R. D. Grin
nan entered the field in Japan, whether eleven
other of our men have since followed him: D.
P. Junkln, C. G. Brown, C. K. Cumming, William
C. Buchanan, H. Tucker Graham, Walter M. Buch
anan, S. P. Fulton, H. H. Munroe, A. P. Hassell,
J. W. Hassell and J. H. Brady. In 1890 Samuel
N. Lapsley sailed for Africa to found the Congo
Mission, which has been so wonderfully blessed
and to which we have sent as reinforcements
Motto Martin, J. M. Sleg, George McKee, Charles
L. Crane, Plumer Smith, A. C. McKinnon and R.
D. Bedinger, the personal missionary of the Gin
ter Park church at the present time. In 1892
W. D. Reynolds and W. M. Junkln founded our
mission in Korea, and were followed at short in
tervals by Cameron Johnson, Eugene Bell, W. B.
Harrison, C. C. Owen, William F. Bull, L. O. Mc
Cutchen, A. M. Earle, F. M. Enersole, P. B. Hill,
H. D. McCallle, J. K. Parker, C. H. Pratt, T. E.
Wilson, S. Dwight Winn, and the Crane brothers,
J. C. and Paul S., eighteen In all, another remark
ably successful mission. In 1899 R. L. Wharton
went to Cuba, to be followed after a considerable
Interval by Dr. Orts and E. D. Torrea.
That is our head roll. These are the one hun
dred and thirteen men who have gone out from
our society to the ends of the earth. We call
their names to-night with thankful hearts to him
who ascended up on high and gave gifts to men.
We do good to wit of the grace of God bestowed
on the Society of Missionary Inquiry In Union
Seminary. About one-half of all the ordained
missionaries that our branch of the Church has
sent to heathen lands have come out of this ons
organization: or, as the Chairman of the General
Assembly's Executive Committee of Foreign Mis
sions puts It, it has furnished 4 4 per cent, of our
ordained missionaries in China, 3 0 per cent, of
those in Korea, 4G per cent, of those in Japan,
50 per cent. In Brazil, 60 per cent, in Cuba, 67
per cent. In Mexico, and 77 per cent, in Africa.
Please note before we leave this point that not
only the members of this society were among the
first on the field in China, Japan, Siam, India,
Persia and Turkey, but that as pioneers, doing
foundation work, they actually established our
missions in Brazil, in Mexico, in Greece, in Korea
and in Africa.
Nor have Its gifts of men to the cause been
confined to field workers. Besides the hundreds
of ministers who have been made missionary pas
tors by the influence of the society upon them
when they were students in the Seminary, and
besides the large number of men in other linos
of ministerial work who have constantly stimu
lated the missionary activities of the Church at
large, for instance, the editors of our Church
papers, this society has furnished most of the
leaders and administrators of the work at home.
The Chairman of the Executive Committee at
Nashville, Dr. James I. Vance, and the three Sec
retaries, Dr. S. H. Chester, Dr. Egbert W. Smith
and Dr. John I. Armstrong, were all trained In
this society, as well as two former Secretaries,
Dr. Richard Mcllwalne and Dr. M. H. Houston.
It's a splendid showing. It's an unequalled
record. Your society always has been and still
la the main source of our Church's supply of mis
sionaries and missionary propagandists.
Speaking of missionary propaganda, let us now
note briefly Bome of the contributions made by
members of our society to the missionary litera
ture of the Church. In the ancient minute book
of the society Isaac Cochran is several times men
tioned as an active member and officer In 1820
21. Later he published a book entitled "The In
fluence of Missions on Literature and Civilization."
One of his contemporaries in the society was Wil
liam Spotswood White, under whose ministry
some years later a young man from Scotland
named W. W. Spence was converted. You know
him as the man who afterwards gave the Sem
inary $30,000 for the erection of the Spence Li
brary. Dr. White wrote a book entitled "The
African Preacher," dealing with one of the most
important missionary enterprises the Church has
ever undertaken. During the Civil War Dr. White
was pastor of the church at Lexington. One ot
hie deacons, a professor In the Virginia Military
Institute, was the superintendent of the colored
Sunday-schooL His fame was afterwards to Oil
the world as Stonewall Jackson. "The dsy after
the first battle of Manassas, and before the his
tory of that victory had reached Lexington In
authentic form, rumor, preceding any accurate
account of that event, had gathered a crowd
around the post-offlce awaiting with intensest in
terest the opening of the mail. In its distribu
tion the first letter was handed to the Rev. Dr.
White. It was from General Jackson. Recognis
ing at a glance the well-known superscription, the
doctor exclaimed to those around him, 'Now we
shall know all the facts.'
This was the bulletin:
'My Dear Pastor: In my tent last night, after
a fatiguing day's service, I remembered that I
had failed to send you my contribution for our
colored Sunday-school. Enclosed you will find
my check for that object, which please acknowl
edge at your earliest convenience, and oblige.
THOS. J. JACKSON."
Not a word about a conflict which had electri
fied a nation. Not an allusion to the splendid
part which he had taken in it and which gave
him his immortal title of Stonewall. Doubtless
General Jackson, like all Christian men In the
South, had1 always been interested in the religious
welfare of the negroes, but it is not unlikely that
the peculiarly eager interest he took in them after
going to Lexington and ths very active personal
work he carried on among them there was the
result in part of the Influence of bis pastor, whose
book, written from actual experience of mission
ary contact with the slaves, evinced such sympa
thetic understanding of tneir spiritual condition.
The miuutes of the Society of Missionary Inquiry
at the time he was a student here show that the
work among the colored people engaged the fre
quent and earnest attention of its members. If
time permits I will refer later to the work done
by O. B. Wilson, D. Clay LIHy, J. G. Praigg, N.
W. Kuykendall and others in leading our work
of colored evangelization since the war and in
conducting our Semiuary for colored ministers at
Resuming our consideration of the contribu
tions of members of the society to missionary lit
erature, we may mention Austin Ilazen Wright, of
the class of 1838, missionary to Persia, who be
came an eminent Oriental scholar, master of the
Turkish, Syriac and Persian languages, and whose
revision of the New Testament and Psalms i:
Syriac was electrotyped and printed by the Amer
ican Bible Society in 1864 for missionary worl.
among the Nestorians. He was also appointed to
translate the Bible into Tartar-Turkish for the
Mohammedan population of Azerbaijan, but died
before it was completed.
Let me give rapidly the names of some other
members of the society who have done good work
for the cause with their pens. First, books writ
ten in Chinese. Dr. John W. Davis, ot the class
of 1872, a member of the Committee of Trans
lation of the New Testament into Chinese, was
the author of a commentary, on the Gospels and
the Acts in Soochow colloquial, a hymn book
with annotations in the mandarin dialect, and a
political geography. The Rev. Absalom Syden
stricker, of the class of '81, "An Exposition of
Idioms and Constructions in the Mandarin Lan
guage," also "A Brief Statement of Gospel Truth."
Dr. Henry M. Woods, of the class of '84, "A
Christian Commentary on the Chinese Classics,"
also a member of the Mandarin Revision Commit
tee to translate the New Testament. Dr. P. F.
Price, of the class of '89, three volumes entitled
"Short Steps to Great Truths," also an Evangelis
tic Hymn Book and three useful Catechisms. Dr.
Hugh W. White, of the class of '94, "An Easy
Introduction to Christianity," "An Address to the
Buddhist and Taoist Priests," "Two Brave Japan
ese Soldiers," "The Logic of History," and in Eng
lish, "Jesus the Missionary." Dr. J. Leighton
Stuart, Jr., is now wilting a Greek-Chinese Lexi
con and Is, I understand, about half through It.
In Japanese: Dr. R. B. Grlnnan, of the class
of '85, "An Exposition of Ephesians"; Dr. Wal
ter M. Buchanan, of the class of '94, "The Uni
In Korean: Dr. W. D. Reynolds has rendered
a lasting service to the Hermit Nation by his
work at a translator of the Scriptures.
In Greek: Dr. Thornton R. Sampson, of the
class of '76, "A Commentary on the Epistle to
the GalatUns"; and ths "Form ot Government"
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