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RICHMOND, NEW Q The Southwestern Presbyter/A) the Central Presbyterian * The S0UTHERNPRE5B YTZRJAN [ rs,r>! # St ? ? Coi?j>" af0 ^fc^^CBER 11, 1918. No. 37 Cbttortal JZotes anb Comment , PATRIOTISM demands that every citizen of this country shall use all of his power of mind, body and estate so far as they are need ed by the Government for the prosecution of the great war in which we are engaged. This being the case, it seems strange indeed that our Congress will not adopt a war-time pro hibition measure which will really be of some value. The Coal Operators' Association say that with prohibition they could certainly pro duce 10 per cent, more of coal than they are now doing. The prospects are that the whole country will suffer for the want of coal dur ing the coming winter. Similar conditions pre vail in nearly every department of labor and business, and it is a recognized fact that if the war is to be ended in the near future this country must put forth every effort to do its full part during the coming year. Aud yet ? the best that Congress seems willing to do, at the time of this writing, in the matter of prohibition, is to pass a law that will become effective the first of next July. True patriot ism on the part of Congress demands that they pass a law that shall become effective at once. If Congress fails to do so, those who are in charge of the conservation of food and fuel ought to act at once in order to save these necessities and at the same time bring up the efficiency of the manhood of the nation. AR conditions have produced one good result at least in this country. The pub lic conscience has been awakened as never be fore in regard to vice conditions in our cities. People generally are having their eyes opened to the prevalence of evil, and they are steiag that these conditions are not necessary and can be changed. Probably every state and city has all the law that is needed to make them prac tically free from the grosser forms of vice, .if the officers of the law will do their duty. They will do it if the people demand it. SCHOOLS and colleges are about to begin a new session. We believe that the vast majority of boys and young men who go to college this year will go with a serious de termination to make the very best out of their opportunities. "We believe also that the vast majority of them will be ready to do any thing that they can to advance the welfare of their fellow-students. And yet it is well for them to realize that there is one way in which many a student is seriously interfered with in his work and that is through the inexcusa ble practice of hazing. Our President and all of the Government officials are calling upon the boys and young men of the country to prepare themselves in the very best way to serve their country and the world during the continuance of the war and after the war has ended. Anyone who interferes with a single student in the reaching of this end must cer + -i- -b '> ??? tainly be considered unpatriotic. Many a stu dent has been seriously interfered with in his work by the hazing which lias been engaged in by his fellow-students. Some have been physically injured, some even have lost their lives, others have had their spirits so broken that it has taken them a long time to recover. And others again have had their studies seri ously interrupted. It is earnestly hoped that this practice will not be engaged in during the coming session of our schools and col leges. + + + THE PRESIDENT ON EDUCATION. The White House, Washington, 31 July, 1918. My Dear Mr. Secretary: I am pleased to know that despite the un usual burdens imposed upon our people by the war, they have maintained their schools and other agencies of education so nearly at their normal efficiency. That this should be con tinued throughout the war and that, In so far as the draft law will permit, there should be no falling toff in attendance in elementary schools, high schools or colleges is a matter of the very greatest importance, affecting both our strength in war and our national welfare and efficiency when the war is over. So long as the war continues there will be constant need of very large numbers of men and women of the highest and most thorough training for war service in many lines. After the war there will be urgent need not only for trained lead ership in all lines of industrial, commercial, social and civic life, but for a very high aver age of intelligence and preparation on the part of all the people. I would therefore urge that the people continue to give generous support to their schools of all grades and that the schools adjust themselves as wisely as possi ble to the new conditions to the end that no boy or girl shall have less opportunity for education because of the war and that the na tion may be strengthened as it can only - be through the right education of all its people. I approve most heartily your plans for making through the Bureau of Education a compre hensive campaign for the support of the schools and for the maintenance- of attendance upon them, and trust that you may have the co-oper ation in this work of the American Council of Education. Cordially and sincerely yours. WOODROW WILSON. Hon. Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of the Interior. + + + PASTORS are having a hard time of it these days. One has written us, though he did not intend it for publication: "I am trying to live on ante-bellum salary ? no increase. It's a struggle to pay for bread and meat." We wonder if the more than twenty officers and nearly three hundred members of the church of which he is the faithful pastor remember the public promise they made when he first became their pastor, in answer to the ques tion: "Do you engage to continue to him while he is your pastor that competent world ly maintenance which you have promised, and to furnish him with whatever you may sec needful for the honor of religion and for his comfort among you?" This we are sure was answered in the affirmative. Tt would b<* well for them to stir up their pure minds by way of remembrance. PROHIBITION has been urged in Great Brit tain jn order to save food and fuel and to secure greater efficiency in the nation for carry ing on all kinds of work. It has been claimed by the government that the working classes would not submit to prohibition, and that, if it was forced upon them, there would be riots and strikes. Recently a vote has been taken by the workers in industries connected with the war in twenty-seven different places in England, Scotland and Wales. The result of this vote is interesting and ought to enlighten the government on this subject. The vote in fifteen cities in England was for prohibition 119,086, and against it 66,947, showing a ma jority of 52,139. In ten cities in Scotland the vote was 35,868 for and 3,847 against prohibi tion, giving a majority of 29,021. In two cities in Wales the vote was 11,739 for and 4,272 against, a majority of 7,467. The total vote was 166,693 for prohibition and 78,066 against it. This shows a majority of 88,627 in favor of prohibition. This shows that only 31.8 per cent of those voting were opposed to prohibition. With such a showing as that the British gov ernment, it would seem, has no excuse for not establishing war time prohibition. And the same thing is true of our government + <? EDUCATION has always been a great as set to men and women, but never has there been such need for it as at the present time, and the need in the future will be great er still. Our Government recognizes that fact, and they are preparing to call into the ser vice of the nation young men from eighteen years old up. It is also preparing to provide education in colleges for all those who are prepared to go to college and who will go for the purpose of fitting themselves for places of usefulness and leadership in the future. About four hundred colleges in this country have been approved by the Government as giving satisfactory educational advantages to their students, and in these colleges the stu dents over eighteen years of age will have practically all of their expenses paid by the Government. So there is no excuse for any young man staying out of college., if he really desires to occupy a place of importance in the world of the future. See what our Presi dent says on the subject in a letter written to the Secretary of the Interior and which ap pears on this page. + + + DR. THORNTON WHALING says: "Preaching is the presentation of a per son by a person to persons. The person preached is Jesus, the person preaching is the preacher, and the persons preached to are the audience; and no man can really preach, un less his whole person is absolutely surrendered to the process."