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1 is a seven-year-old motherless girl
named Wegeha Sibsik. Her father was carried off by the Turks and compelled to fight In their army. 2. Katrina Abdu is six. Her father Is very ill and has poor sight. Katrina is one of four little hdldren. Her mother is finding it impossible to support them all. 3. Uraniya Abdu, who is seven, is Ka trina's sister. 4. This little girl has been taken from the orphanage by friends and is being cared for. 1 A REMINISCENCE? AND A PRESENT TRAGEDY. By Marion Harland. We had passed the Christmas holidays of 1893 in Bethlehem. With the never-to-be-forgotten scenes fresh in my mind, I sat in contented ease in what 1 had come to call "mine inn" in that far strange country. Nowhere else east of Italy had we found a resting-place more home-like in comfort and in hospitality than the Grand Hotel in Jerusalem. We came back again and again to it from desert, mountain and village, with the blessed certainty of seeing familiar and friendly faces and finding rest and sym pathy after the comparative hardships of tent dwelling by night and long rides by day. With the thought, my hand pauses above the paper while I wonder what changes have fallen upon the building and streets and upon the cozy parlor where I read my home mail under the shaded lamp that January evening. (Can it be twenty-five years ago?) The night was very still until I lifted my head from nay papers to listen and smile at the tinkle Under my window of what we should call in America a banjo, oil" n a tunelew chant pre sumably in tli^ vra">e ? ngu?__^'rhe moon was ingu una ^iv>iaiess, and rising to look through the window into the narrow street, I could makjg^out the figure of the modern troubadour picking his way in the dense shadow of the "Tower of David" toward the Jaffa Gate. I was still watching him and reveling in the calm beauty of the night when a knock at the door presaged the entrance of two visitors. Dr. Selah Merrill, archaeologist and histo rian, had been for nine years American consul at Jerusalem. My own obligations to him for assistance in our explorations of the Holy Land are beyond computation, and hundreds of other pilgrims could testify to the same ex perience His companion now was Mr. Hesse, the American consul at Constantinople, who had been the Merrills' guest for a few days. We had parted after dinner in excellent spirits, and my first glance at their grave faces passed anxiously to the papers in their hands, "No bad news, I hope?" Dr. Merrill shook his head sadly. "Unpleasant ? and mysterious! We came in to talk it over with you." Sitting down at the table, they unfolded of 3 tieial documents received by the night's mail. To put the story briefly, I copy from p. printed page bearing a date several years later : "In December, 1893, foreign consuls throughout Asia Minor were directed officially to enforce a decree ordering the expulsion from the Sultan's domains, within ten days, of all who, once Turkish subjects, had become naturalized citizens of other countries. Eng lish and American residents in Jerusalem, Beirut, Damascus, etc., predicted serious trou ble in Armenia. The Turkish Government hoped to avoid international complications by ridding the land of those who, in the event of a movement against the doomed race, would be nominally under the protection of other flags." This was the import of the payors spread out before us that night? ? Mysterious" enough to all three of us, and to me formidable with the display of Turkish insignia of authority. The tali tower opposite grew black and threaten ing; the minstrel's chant had died in the dis tance to a mournful murmur. "What does it meant" I found voice to ask. The eyes of the two men met meaningly. "It is a blow aimed directly at Christian Armenia!" said Mr. Hesse. And Dr. Merrill ? "It means the murder of a nation!" This page from a past a quarter-century old has flashed into characters of living light with the reading of a pamphlet left with me by a member of a committee of mercy known to the public as "The American Committee for Sy rian and Armenian Relief." For the brochure bears the fateful title ? "The Murder of a Nation." Under the spell that invoked the picture of that moonlight night in the Holy City, the quiet room and the deep-toned prophetic sen tence that rang in my ears like a knell ? faith ful memory supplies the links connecting the era of dread with that of fulfilled horrors, such as the world has never known before. The fiend incarnate, known to execrating later generations as "Sultan Abdul Ilamid," was then in the zenith of his power. I copy from the open pamphlet which reports an ad dress made in the House of Lords by Lord Bryce : "The maxim once enunciated by Sultan Ab dul Hamid ? 'The way to get rid of the Ar menian question is to get rid of the Armenians' ? is the policy of the present government." Heading on, we note that the author of the hellish code had not forced the conclusion rashly. "Applying it to his eastern provinces, where he feared that the intelligent and active Chris tian population might seek liberty as the Bul gars had sought and obtained it at Russia's hands in 1878, he redoubled exactions, intro duced new oppressions and ended by enlisting the services of the Kurdish tribesmen as 'Ha midian cavalry.' . . . The results were the unprecedented Armenian massacres under of ficial direction that horrified the civilized world in 1896, and evoked from Gladstone the last public speech of his old age." Another "live wire" is touched by the ref erence to the last great speech of the "Grand Old Man of England." There rings in my ears as if heard but yes terday a passage from a contemporary biogra pher of the great statesman quoted in a memo rial sermon preached by an American divine: "lie pleaded for the stricken nation as for his own life, his face lifted to heaven, his arms outstretched towards Armenia." Lord Bryce, appealing to the House of Lords in behalf of the "murdered nation," in this year of our Lord, tells us what manner of subjects they were who incited the Turkish despots of.two generations to destructive fury. "The Armenians are perhaps the oldest es tablished of the civilized races in Western Asia, and they are certainly the most vigorous of the present day. Their home is in the tangle _ of high mountains between the Black, the Mediterranean, and the Caspian Seas. Here a strong, civilized Armenian kingdom was the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its national religion. . . . The Armenian is not only an industrious peasant. He has a talent for handicraft and intellectual pursuits. The most harassed village in the mountains would never despair of its village school, and these schools were avenues to a wider world, lie has also a talent for commerce and plays the role of the skilled workman and the man of business in the interior of Asiatic Turkey. Every town in Northern Syria and in Anatolia had, eight months ago, the populous, prosper ous Armenian quarter ? the focus of local skill, intelligence and trade. . . . "When Abdul Hamid was overthrown in 1908, and a 'Committee of Union and Pro gress' proclaimed constitutional government and equal civil rights for all Otto citizens, there seemed hope of better things; but the Ot 6. Nairn Sakalla is five. Hep. father is In the Turkish army. Her mother is very poor, bi t is at work, earning what she can. 6. Selima Musa is only three and a half. Her father and several other members of the family died of typhus. 7. Shukri Boshi is five. Her father Is blind and her mother is so ill that she is not able to earn anything. 8. Alma Said I afour. Her father and mother are both dead. There Is a little brother In the orphanage with Alma.