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THE CHURCH PAPER.
Every organization of any size and every or ganized business has its publicity organ. This is found necessary in order that the various members of the organization may be kept in formed as to what others are doing and infor mation may be given them that will be helpful to them. Many churches have realized the importance of such a help in their work and have estab lished papers. For example, the Southern Meth odist Church has a general organ belonging to and controlled by the General Conference. In addition to this most, if not all, of the Annual (or State) Conferences have their own organs. The Southern Presbyterian Church has never had any organ of its own, except the Missionary Survey and its predecessors. This is a most excellent monthly magazine, but is necessarily very much limited in its scope. It has to do only with the work of the four Executive Com mittees. It does not attempt to give the news of the churches nor to discuss subjects of gen eral interest. The Church has left it to private enterprise, labor and capital to provide the organs of gen eral publicity, which it is essential that it should have in the conduct of its work. For more than a hundred years this has been done. At present there are three papers published in the interest of our Church, The Presbyte rian of the South, The Christian Observer and The Presbyterian Standard. So far as we are informed these papers have never received or asked for any financial help from the Church. They have all been loyal to the interests of the Church and their editors and publishers have labored faithfully to advance its welfare. We wonder sometimes whether the leaders in the Church realize the absolute necessity for having the Church paper. If these papers were not being published one of two results would follow. Either the executive agencies of the Church, and others interested in the welfare of the Lord's kingdom, would have no medium through which to reach the vast ma jority of the people; or else the Church would have to assume the heavy financial expense and risk to establish one or more papers. But private persons have relieved the Church of this burden. One great reason why the Church is not more alive than it is, is because the Church papers do not reach more of the people. If every family in the church had a Church paper in its home the Lord's work would be far bet ter done than it is now. The Church, or at least some of its leaders, are waking up to the value of tlje weekly Church paper. Under the leadership of the Assembly's Stew ardship a campaign is to be conducted in con nection with the Every Member Canvass for contributions, which has as its object the plac ing of a Church paper in every home. This is a great work, but not a difficult one. If it cannot all be done on the vfirst attempt much can be done and from year to year it can be pressed to ultimate success. The Stewardship Committee of the Assem bly is asking each canvasser as he goes from house to house seeking subscriptions for the support of the work of the church, to endeavor to secure subscriptions for one or more of the Church papers. The three papers are making a very liberal proposition to the Church. They are offering to give to the canvassers, to be used as they see fit, one half of all the money received from new subscriptions. We want to ask all of our readers to help in this canvass for new subscribers. We often re eeive letters from our readers telling us how much they enjoy this paper and how they are helped by it. We appreciate such letters more than we can express. Dear readers, did you ever think that some other people in your church would get just as much pleasure and help from it if you would interest them enough to induce them to subscribe for it? There are not many people in the Presbyterian Church who cannot afford to pay two dollars for the paper for a year. Won't you do some mission work, which will be a kindness to them, by trying to persuade them to take the Presby terian of the South? THE FIRST REGIONAL INTER-CHURCH CONFERENCE. The Inter-cliurch Movement has assumed large proportions. Its genesis is invisibly in the universal sentiment that the Church of God must present a united front and a wedge shaped and aggressive point to the ills of these strange days in which we live. Its visible be ginning was in the gathering of the secretaries of the various Boards of Missions of our evan gelical churches, followed by and overlapped by a meeting in conference in Atlantic City of able and thoughtful men from our Eastern and Middle western sections. It is headed up in a committee of a hundred and from that body an Executive Committee is appointed. It proposes, first of all, to hold Regional Conferences in the great sections of our country. The first of these was held in Atlanta. It was attended by over a hundred men, coming from every State in the South east of the Mis sissippi river, except Florida. It spent two whole and busy days in conference. No iron clad plan was revealed, but almost everything was left to the direction of the Spirit through the churches. There came from it a recognition of the se rious problems that face our world ; the need of the Church to get them in the most effect ive way; a desire to push aside the non-essen tial differences in Protestant Christendom and put the emphasis on the things in which we thoroughly agree and by which we may over come evil and a further desire to present a pos nity. This is to be followed in 1920 by a its needs and touching its life at all points. There are to be three periods in the move ment: One of conferences, another of survey, going minutely into all the sections of our country, and then an educational program to inform the Church of its task and its opportu nity. This is to be followed in 920 by a "drive" for men and money to put the entire program over for the whole world. It is easy to see that there are potentialities of evil and of good in this tremendous pro gram. It would be evil if the scope of the Church was so widened as to destroy the vital principle of Protestant Christianity, namely, salvation of the soul by free grace as distin guished from those churches, so-called, that propose to save men by a system. There is danger in getting so broad that we become too thin. It would be evil if this movement forced the Church to lay the emphasis on the lesser evils of life. It is bad to have a hungry body and underclothed life, but there is something worse ? a hungry and unfed and unclothed soul. "The life is more than meat." "Man shall not live by bread alone." Spiritually he may live without it. Now these important social reforms stare- us in the face and outclamor our soul needs. It is easier to get money for a starving body than a starving soul. The appeal is more impres sive. It would be a profound mistake, if it con founded Church and State, and in its attempt to spiritualize the State it deadened the Church. The world has wearily fought its way to the utter separation of these two. We do not want to head back. There are at the same time tremendous po tentialities of good. It is a real effort to view the needs of the whole world. It must result in giving us larger and longer vision. It will put our problems in their true light, minimiz ing some and immensely magnifying others. It will show to the world that Protestant Chris tianity is essentially one, and give it one voice with which to speak. It will put our "shock troops" in the right place. It can but quicken our missionary pulse and intensify our vision of the world-wide kingdom of Christ. It would be well for us to put our hand upon it in its earlier stages and see that it develops in a sane and safe way. It cheers us to know that our Mr. C. II. Pratt is to be one of its sec retaries and that the leadership is in safe hands. May God bless any effort to bring His king dom and to make Ilim Lord of all. A. A. L. - Contributed UNION A LA UNCLE SAM. Rev. Dunbar II. Ogden, D. D. My distinguished friend and former pro fessor, Dr. Thornton Whaling, in his recent ar ticle entitled "Union by Federation," says that the road to the union of the Presbyterian and Reformed Churches leads "along the Fed eral principle, illustrated in our great coun try with its Federal republic and waiting for application to our long divided, too long sun dered Churches;" again he writes "the provi dential, divine parable which expounds the method is these United States." He is plead ing for a Federative Union of all the Presbyte rian and Reformed Churches as against an Or ganic Union of the U. S. A. and U. S. Assem blies. In considering Dr. Whaling's suggestion we must bear in mind that if the example of Uncle Sam be followed the proposed Federal Assem bly must have real authority, and that if it is to be really effective it must have very large authority. Furthermore, this Federal Assembly must sphere of authority, even as the United States have the final word in all decisions as to the Supreme Court decides its own jurisdiction. Of course it would be guided by the written constitution, but the difficult task of interpre tation and application would belong to it. If we plead for this kind of Federal Union as against organic union, we are simply con fusing our thought, for it is a form of organic union. In reference to this organic union proposed by Dr. Whaling I submit two considerations. (1) It would be very difficult to secure. (2) It would not meet our deepest and most im mediate need. Read the list of the Presbyterian and Re formed Churches, meditate upon their charac teristics as history reveals them. Do you think it an easy task or a possible achievement to secure from these Assemblies the surrender of their absolute autonomy? They would eas ily enter a non-authoritative council ? they have already done so. But if we are to have a "Union a la Uncle Sam" the Federal Assem 4