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it. Paul says it is "the fulfilling of the law."
Every duty roots in love. Mere sullen and unlovely obedience has no virtue in it, but where love abounds law has no lash, and pen alty no power. Let a man love God and his fellows, and he has obeyed the law ? and every grace blooms as naturally as roses after the rain. Love is the reproduction of God in the heart. We have no complete definition of God in the Bible. We can have none, for God is indefinable. The nearest to a complete picture of Him is John's word, " God is love." Then to have and develop this quality in the soul is to be like the divine. Love is the sunshine bo fore which all icy obstacles melt and vanish. There "are opposing forces today as there have always been. No doubt Christianity was at its weakest when it battled with Roman imperialism. At first it was despised and neg lected but when the Caesars saw its democratic tendencies and teachings it let loose the most violent opposition. History recounts ten cruel, bloody persecutions. The only force Chris tianity could oppose was love. Yet so power ful was this that Roman soldiers were con verted by their dying victims and rushed in their stead into the jaws of persecution and death. There constant tribute was "IIow these Christians love one another." Love de feated the venal ecclesiasticism of the Middle Ages; burned up the chaff of sneering scepti cism of the seventeenth century and will build over the bankrupt religions of Europe today. Love is contagious. One warm-hearted disciple can set a cold, dull church aflame. Fanned by the gentle breezes of the Spirit the little company that loves will kindle other hearts and so the gentle warmth of loving souls will be diffused tlio world around. Love is the guarantee of the peace of the world. A treaty of peace is being signed by the nations of the world, but who can guaran tee that peace will be kept! Hymns of hate were fashionable enough,, and their hellish breath fanned the conflict of Europe into a world war of unprecedented cruelty. Who can tell when hymns of hate may not break out again? They certainly will unless there is the spirit of love implanted in the hearts of men. Love is the eternal foundation of Christ's kingdom. History has been but a succession of kingdoms rising and falling. There is no permanent power in them. Love is absent. Napoleon said, I have established a kingdom, its foundation was force and it is gone. Jesus founded a kingdom and its foundation was love. It abides in ever increasing power and will go on to the end. So it is the little kingdom planted in the lov ing hearts of men by the Galilean has grown and will grow till it covers the earth. Are we a part of that kingdom? Does the principle of that nationality master our souls? Are we, as a Churchv using that one weapon, or are we depending on the arm of flesh? We may very solemnly talk about the power of the Spirit, but as long as we have the holier-than thou attitude toward other Christians, how can we overcome the world? A. A. L. Whoever you are I earnestly entreat you to dispatch your business as soon as possible and then depart, unless you come hither, like an other Hercules, to lend some friendly assist ance; for here will be work to employ you and as many as enter this place.? Aldus Pius Manutius. Contributed COURTSHIP BEFORE MARRIAGE. By Rev. R. Excell Fry. (Some suggestions relating to the problem of Church Union or Federation.) Following the lines of argument with regard to the perplexing question of church union or federation recently laid down by l)r. Whaling and Dr. Ogden, may the following suggestions be presented ? The condition most largely responsible for the wretched results attending the Cumber latid-U. S. A. union was the lack of mutual ac quaintance between the two parties involved. A few of the leaders were well known to each other. In Pennsylvania and Illinois there was some contact and consequent friendship. In practically every other State occupied by the Cumbcrlands the Presbyterian Church, U. S. A., was either an unknown body, as typically in Alabama and Mississippi, or was much less familiar to the Cumbcrlands than the Southern Church, as in Kentucky, Missouri and Tennes see. Likewise the greater part of the Presby terian Church, U. S. A., knew nothing at first hand of the Cumberlands. The union was like a marriage without courtship, and the wonder is that the results were not even more dis tressing. May we not steer clear of a like folly, and at the same time open the way for a sane and rational solution of the union or federation problem by putting into operation immediately various connecting agencies looking to this mutual acquaintance, especially between the two branches of the Church most vitally con cerned? What does the rank and file of the ministry of the Synods of New York or Penn sylvania know as to the real spirit of the Sy nods of South Carolina and Georgia and vice versa? There is a vast difference between con ceptions based upon accounts of vagaries and extravagances reported by even the religious press, and conceptions based upon personal fel lowship and brotherhood. It is even more startling to realize that in such States as Alabama, Mississippi and Ten nessee, the Synods, U. S. and U. S. A., have no knowledge of, or apparently concern for, each other. There are many ways of promoting this nec essary mutual acquaintanceship. The follow ing are merely suggestive : 1. The Committee on Conference concerning union, already existing, is thg primary link. 3. Let a certain number of regularly accred ited "corresponding members" sit, recipro cally, each year in the Assemblies, North and South. For ten men of the South to sit in the Northern Assembly and ten men of the North in the Southern Assembly, each year, would be wonderfully promotive of real affinity ? or the firm conviction of an abiding lack of affinity. 3. Let a certain number of regularly accred ited "corresponding members" sit, recipro cally, in the overlapping Synods each year. What a blunder this would be in such states as Kentucky, Missouri and Texas. 4. Northern chaplains and Y. M. C. A. work ers, coming to Southern camps and working hand in hand with Southern Presbyterians, have furnished a beautiful example of the value of promoting the contact of personal ser *vice. May some plan not be worked out where by ministers from the South, in large numbers, may occupy pulpits of Northern churches for a month or so during the summer, and, recip rocally, Northern ministers come South for some periods of winter service ? Let us have courtship that we may kuow whether marriage is desirable, and if so, that it may be a real union of happy and satisfied hearts. Columbus, Miss. A RELIGIOUS NEWSPAPER. By Rev. F. W. Phillips. Greenbrier Presbytery, at its recent spring meeting, undertook the initiative in what prom ises to become one of the great movements of the Church. It consisted in passing an over ture, which will be forwarded to the General Assembly asking that the Assembly "take such action as may be necessary looking toward the publication of a religious newspaper, to be published daily except Sunday." This action is the evident result of a long, careful and prayerful study of present day Church and world relationship conditions, and is intended to meet and remedy one of the most serious and difficult problems with which the Church is confronted, and at the same time furnish a medium through which the masses, both Christian and non-Christian, can be reached and influenced favorably to righteous ness and Christianity. It must be admitted by all that there is no more potent influence being exercised over the social, industrial, business, national, moral and religious life of America than that of the cur rent literature of today. And particularly is this true of the newspaper. The newspaper with its present day largo and extensive circulation, due to the advant ages of rural mail delivery and other advant ages of our times, has become the chief source of reading and information for a very large proportion of our people, and is practically the only reading matter, the only source of information, the principle instructor and di rector of the opinions in many homes and of very many lives. It is also apparent that this influence has been adverse to the cause of righteousness and to the interests of morality and religion. The character of the news matter being published is almost wholly marked by evil, consisting of the recital of evil, wicked deeds and of the lives of criminal, lewd and law-breaking pea pie. Thus evil and unrighteous and their deeds are being so paraded before our people and often their deeds so eulogized as to make he roes of them. Its advertising columns are the open mart for all "get-rich quick" schemes and for unreliable exploitors. It is, of course, non-Christian, to which we might find no se rious objection if it were not also un-Christian. In its editorial columns will from time to time appear somewhat exhaustive (certainly ex hausting) comments and discourses on moral ity, Christianity and the Church. And this is practically the only information and instruc tion on these subjects that finds its way into many homes. Their attitude toward moral issues has been very largely on the adverse side. It was so w'ith the temperance and prohibition move ment, and today when by constitutional amend ment that has been won, the newspaper by their influence exerted in news items and edi torial comment makes a deliberate attempt to discourage the people and prevent its enforce ment. Now and then some noble-souled editor is bold enough to speak as an advocate and teacher of righteousuess and truth ; but he is the great exception. So this is the kind of mental and moral and religious environment America is being reared in, and this is the only