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The labor leaders wisely decided to
suspend the strike order In view of the conciliatory attitude of the gov ernment and the employers' associa tions, but their ability to control the rank and file of the labor union mem bership hung in the balance for seve ral days. Bonar Law issued a concise state ment for the government showing the concession made to labor and pledg ing the government to enact necessary laws making the concessions effective. He pointed out the disastrous conse quences to the whole empire of a strike and appealed to labor for the same unselfish patriotic spirit it had shown throughout the war. He closed with the terse statement, "The gov ernment will act promptly and effec tively if a strike is called." Wise counsels finally prevailed in labor circles and the strike was avert ed for the present, although 200,000 miners in Wales quit work before the cancellation of the strike order reached them. London had but a three days' coal supply ahead and the country is still so close to the war that there has been no accumulation of food supplies and the people are dependent upon the daily distribution from coast terminals if they continue to live and work. As temporary so journers in London, our commission was greatly interested in the outcome. Placing the whole country under mar tial law would have added to the al ready serious difficulty of getting through England, as the transporta tion service Is still far below par. Our concern was trivial, however, compared with the anxiety of the Eng lish public, and we watched with keen Interest the course of public sentiment as reflected in the daily press. We were greatly Impressed with the mod erate and conciliatory tones of the editorials, contributed articles and In terviews with men of international reputation. We had Mr. Arthur Henderson, the head secretary of the labor movement in England, as our guest for an af ternoon during this eventful week, and It was quite interesting to get the viewpoint of such an authority on the labor situation in England and on the international aspects of labor demands. We found Mr. Henderson to be a man of striking force and per sonality, and it was easy to under stand why he had been kept in Parlia ment for sixteen years as labor rep resentative, and why he is the leading exponent In the world today of labor aspirations and demands. He had come up from the ranks, as he is an iron moulder by trade, and has experienced in person all the hardships that are the lot of the aver age laborer in England. He knows, first hand, of the long hours, the low wages, the unsanitary housing condi tions that have caused the growing tide of unrest among wage earners, and he has espoused their cause with all the zeal of a crusader. With a great enthusiasm for his cause, he possesses unusual organiz ing and executive ability, and while the various labor organizations of England are not federated into as close an organization as in America, there Is a political labor party of which he Is also the head. This or ganization controls such a large vote that is a great factor In all English elections, and has been able to de mand and secure from Parliament many long needed reforms In labor laws. Mr. Henderson Is a very forceful speaker and a keen debater, and It was interesting to us to learn that he has been a Bible class teacher and lay preacher in the Wesleyan Metho dist Church for forty years, and that ho still spends most of his Sundays occupying pulpits in the free churches of England, Scotland and Wales, while many of the liberal Episcopal churches are opening their doors to him for special services In the Interest of la bor reforms. As an evidence of the high esteem in which lie is held by the govern ment, he was offered the post of Am bassador to Russia, but for reasons highly creditable to his sense of honor he declined the post. His strong convictions often led him to oppose movements supported by the ruling powers of the govern ment, and as ho apparently does not know the meaning of the word ?'com promise," he went down in defeat In the December election of members of Parliament. His defeat this time was due chiefly to his choosing to stand for election in a new district in Wales instead of his old one, which had re turned him for sixteen years. This queer twist in a representative form of government has both advantages and disadvantages, but it is a safe bet that Mr. Henderson will not long remain out of Parliament if he really wishes to go back. In addition to being a ready speak er, he wields a facile pen, and his book, "The Rights of Labor," is a notable contribution to the discussion of labor problems in their interna tional aspects. It has had almost as wide a reading in America as in Eng land and on the continent. Although advised that our commis sion consisted largely of editorial writers whose papers reach a consti tuency of over thirty million church people in the United States, Mr. Hen derson expressed himself with the ut most frankness. His criticisms of govl ernment agencies, of employers and corporations, while keen and pointed, were without bitterness, and he im pressed us as sincerely desirous of giving the employing class a square deal while seeking privileges for wage earners which are far beyond any thing hitherto asked or obtained His attack, as he put it, is not "Pon employers and corporations, but upon the old systems of treating men as mere cogs In a machine and deny ing them the privileges of living the lives of normal human beings. Asked as to the attitude of organ ized labor toward the Church, he said it is a libel to say that the labor lead ers regard the Church as an ally of the capitalistic class and catering only to the well-to-do of the community. He said the thoughtful leaders In the labor movement recognize that the principles contended for by the Christian Church, if translated Into fe, would give to wage earners every thing they are contending for, and he claims that the best element of the labor movement recognize the fact that their cause will be triumphant only when the principles of Christian ity govern State policies and economic relations between employer and em ployees. He criticizes the Church quite in a?n r> fn?I !tS fa,,Ure t0 de,,ver Itse" In an official way upon the moral as th< i, the labor movement, and thinks the ministers fail ln a great st^oner!^ by "0t charap'oning more strongly the cause of the wage earner. that ?hXPrT6d *reat d,8aPPointment that the efforts of the labor move ment to secure recognition at the Wk? Co"ference had not received the backing of some great world organl authoHZfe?rSt,an Churche* wh,<* was ^ L V?,Ce the 8entiment of ^constituencies of these commu. He had a large part in shaping the P.P.r wh,,h ls no? ?6fore ? Conference as embodying tl? views of the World's Labor Congress held at Bern, Switzerland, last winter. He favors admitting representatives of the best type of labor in Russia and Germany to the labor section of the League of Nations, and holds that this is the best method of combating Bolshevism and anarchy in these countries. He sharply criticized Gom pers and the other American labor leaders for refusing to attend the Bern Labor Congress on account of the presence of German labor representa tives, as the congress was called at the suggestion of the American Labor Federation. It is to be regretted that thfe labor movement everywhere is not directed by men of the Christian character and high purpose which Mr. Henderson seems to have, and if the world's la bor organizations would adopt the five year program of the English Labor Party (which is also the handiwork of Mr. Henderson), the conflicting in terests of capital and labor would soon be reconciled, and the reconstruction of this poor war-scarred world would proceed apace. CENTRAL. ACADEMY. (Continued from page 13) Rosa Hopkins and Olive Atkins, who acquitted themselves in a remarkaole way in the class play, in the musical numbers and in their papers ? th9 class will and the valedictory. Tod much could scarcely be said in praise of the young people who participated in the various parts of the program for the showing they made on this occasion and also in their splendid gifts of mind and attractive natures. The past two years Miss Mary Cook, of the Danville First church, has ben principal of the school, and Miss Mary Horner, of Lynchburg, and Miss Mary Denny, of Red Springs, N. C., have been associated with her. These young ladies have done a remarkable work in that community both in the school and in the religious activities. Two years ago the work there was at a low ebb, and now it is in high favor with the people. There are now thir ty-five members of the church, com posed of young and old of the beat families of the community. Twenty of these have united with the church year they were $25,692.13. This is 4n day school and day school are largely attended. Our property there consists of a farm of seventy acres, a three-story school building, a manse, farm-house for tenant, etc., and a church build ing. The location Is ideal, being at the cross-roads of the main thorough fares in Patrick County, about oix miles west of Stuart, and the future outlook for the work Is very encoui aging indeed. J. W. C. ADJOURNED MEETING OP FAY ETTE VI LLE PRESBYTERY. Fayettevllle Presbytery met, pur suant to adjournment. In the First church, Fayetteville, June 3, 1919, at 12 o'clock noon, and was called to order and led In prayer by the Moder ator. Rev. J. J. Hill. There were In attendance twenty-four ministers and eight ruling elders. Red Springs and Lumberton churches were granted permission to increase the salaries of their pastors from $1,800 per annum to $2,000 per annum each, beginning April 1st last. A communication from Rev. J. F. Gorrell was received, and he was ex cused for non-attendance upon former meetings. Arrangements have been completed for Rev. J.^, Hill to supply Shannon church until next meeting of Presby. tery. The salaries of two of our Home Mission workers, Reva. J. A. Caltgan and E. E. Washburn, have been In creased to $1,460 and $l,r>00 respec tively, by Increases from their fields and from the Home Mission funds. A committee consisting of Revs. J. K. Hall and A. R. McQueen and Rul ing Elder I. A. Murcliison was ap pointed to investigate the title and ownership of the Smi^hfield manse and report for suitable action at the next meeting. The committee to install Rev. E. C. Murray at St. Paul's reported thi3 duty performed Sunday, May 25. 1919. The Committee on Church and Christian Education recommended an application to the Assembly's commit tee for aid to Rev. J. Mel. Wicker for the sum of $400 per year. Adopted. The church at Elise School, with several school-houses, was constituted a mission field, and an effort will be made to get a young man to take charge of it in the near future. Rev. Li. Smith, our faithful evan gelist, was granted a vacation of one month at such time as he sees fit to take it. Rev. J. M. Clark, of Concord Pres bytery, was requested to meet with this Presbytery at Jackson Springs and remain over Sabbath and preach for the local church. This was done r;t the special request of the church. Rev. G. E. Moorehouse, chairman of the Committee on the Sabbath, sub mitted an able report on the SabD&th, which was adopted. One of the rec ommendations adopted was as follows: "That this Presbytery records its ob jection to the suggestion of the As sembly's committee that even any oart of the Sabbath day be used for world ly amusements and outdoor recrea tions, as driving, automobiling, boat ing, etc., in hours other than the hours of public worship." The following additional appoint ments were made for the summer evangelistic campaign: To hold meet ing at Pittsboro, G. E. Moorehouse. To hold meeting at Haywood, E. E. Washburn. To hold meeting at Mt. Vernon Springs, F. O. Hellier. It was ordered that the treasurer, in sending out statements to the churches, regarding contributions for Presbyterial Home Missions, inform them that these apportionments have been increased 50 per cent. Messrs. P. M. Bain and D. McD. Monroe, candidates under our care, were licensed as probationers for the gospel ministry. Licentiate Bain was dismissed to Norfolk Presbytery and Licentiate Monroe to Greenbrier Pres bytery. Presbytery adjourned to meet at Jackson Springs September 30. 1919, at 8 o'clock P. M. E. L. Slier, S. C. RECRUITING FOR THE MINISTRY. Effective Religious Work During Armistice Days. News comes from Sayn, Germany, of the successful religious work of the Y. M. C. A., in conjunction with the chaplains. Inspired by the work of army chaplains with their organi zations, a number of Thirty-second Division boys are preparing to study for the ministry. Bible study classes have been organized and are being conducted weekly in the Y. M. C. A. huts, mostly by non-coms or enlisted men. A big percentage of the men regularly attend religious services on Sunday, and week day addresses on religious topics prove a popular draw ing card. The Sabbath services are conducted by chaplains and religious secretaries of the Y. M. C. A., after noon and evening, in different parts of the divisional area. By this ar rangement divine service is available to practically every man In the divi sion at least once a Sunday. Helpful literature is distributed at each meet ing. During April Bishop Hughes, of Boston, spent ten days with the divi sion, making nineteen addresses. Other speakers under "Y" auspices were Dr. Howard, of Wisconsin; Pro fesor Lockwood, of the Unlverlty of Arizona; Dr. Reld S. Dickson, of Penn sylvania; Dr. Carrier, president of Carroll College, Wisconsin, and Dr. White, of Tennessee. What has been done In this division is an Instance of the kind of service rendered gen erally among our forces in Germany and France.