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THE NORTHERN ASSEMBLY.
This Assembly met in St. Louis. It is its custom to entertain itself in hotels. Arrange ments had been made to do this, but just \ short time before the meeting five of the hotels notified the committee of arrangements that they could not carry out their contracts. So the committee had to appeal to private fami lies. The response was prompt ami homes were thrown open for all that could not be as signed to hotels. Union and the Interchurch World Movement occupied the special attention of the Assem bly. The committee of that Assembly which had worked with ours through the year pre sented the same report on Federal Union, which was presented to our Assembly. This advocated a Federal Union between all of the Presbyterian and Reformed Churches in this country. This report was rejected, and the Southern Assembly was asked to consider the question of organic union between these two churches alone. Propositions were made con cerning union with several other Presbyterian churches, but they did not seem to meet with much favor. The committee in charge of the matter was directed to proceed with its efforts to bring about union with the Southern Church. The Interchurch World Movement awak ened considerable interest. The Assembly seemed at first to be ready to endorse it most heartily, as it was reported to have the support and approval of all the Church boards, but the more the matter was looked into and the more it was discussed, the more uncertain the As sembly became as to what action should be taken. The following action was finally taken : Resolved, That this General Assembly ap prove of the central principle of a proper co operative program among the evangelical churches and that the interchurch movement be committed to the Executive Commission, with power to act, subject to the following lim itations : 1. That the co-operative movement, as above specified, be one of the agencies of evangelical churches. 2. That in the proposed co-operation the Presbyterian Church shall function through its Committee on the New Era Movement. 3. That the co-operation shall involve the following features: (a) A common survey of the home and foreign fields; (b) A united propaganda to reach the whole Protestant Church of North America in educational and inspirational campaigns; (c) A simultaneous campaign to realize the budgets; (d) A full presentation of the interchurch world move ment of the Presbyterian budget for all the boards and agencies as approved by the Execu tive Commission. 4. That the co-operation shall be upon con dition that funds raised by the Presbyterian churches and agencies shall be paid to and dis tributed through the regular channels of the Presbyterian Church. 5. That no financial obligations for the ad ministrative expenses of the interchurch move ment shall be incurred by any of our boards or agencies without the authorization of the General Assembly or its Executive Commis sion. Three political questions were presented to the Assembly. One was the effort to secure the insertion of the name of Christ in the United States Constitution. On this question the As sembly said: "No action is to be taken." Another question was concerning "The League of Nations." The Assembly endorsed it strongly and called upon the United States Senate to approve it, and expressed its very high appreciation of President Wilson, in mak ing the League possible. Just the opposite action was taken, however, when the attention of the Assembly was called to the fact that the President had recommended to Congress the repeal of the .war time prohi bition of the manufacture and sale of wines and beer. The President was severely con demned and Congress was asked not to repeal the law. The Presbyterian Banner of Pittsburg says: "We seriously doubt whether either of these actions should come within the sphere of the deliverances of an ecclesiastical court." The Banner seems to be much more in accord with our views than was the Assembly. Several overtures were sent to the Assembly asking n deliverance 011 the question as to whether women eouhl be ordained as elders and ministers. This matter was referred to a committee to report to the next Assembly. When the report 011 Sabbath Observance was presented an effort was made by Rev. Leo A. (Sates, of Buffalo, N. Y., to eliminate from it the condemnation of games and sports and un necessary travel 011 the Sabbath. This effort was defeated and the resolution as passed is unchanged from many years' approval: "The General Assembly reiterates its strong and emphatic disapproval of all secular uses of the Sabbath day, all games and sports and unnec essary traveling and excursions, and urges upon all employers of labor and captains of industry to recognize the need of the laboring man for his weekly rest day and secure him in this right, and thereby insure his larger effi ciency and happiness and the greater prosper ity of both capital and labor." A similar effort was made to eliminate the condemnation of the Sunday newspaper, but this also failed. The Committee 011 Temperance had its field of operations enlarged so as to include other forms of moral welfare, and was authorized to start a campaign against cigarettes. The regular work of the Church seemed to he in a prosperous condition, but did not seeai attract as much attention as these matters above referred to.. This Assembly represents a great Church which is doing a great work for the Master and for the salvation of the world. A PROGRESSIVE ASSEMBLY. The last Ceneral Assembly was one of the best that we have ever had. While the decis ions were not by any means unanimous and may not please the whole Church, the more we think 011 them the better we are apt to be sat isfied. It was an "ad interim" Assembly, as far as the appointment of committees was concerned. This indicates progress. The time of an As sembly is short, to say the least 'of it, and crowded with many different things. It is impossible to give any one great subject long and careful thought. The Ad Interim Com mittee sitting during the whole year or at times during the year, has a great advantage. Then, too, the Church can discuss the various topics in public and where the mind of the Church is desired it is easy to get to it.. This paper will discuss in its columns these various matters. The submission of the rotary eldership ques tion is certainly a progressive step. That some good might come of it is true; that it carrien with the unexploded powder is also true. In fact, from observation of other churches it has been somewhat of a "dud." It might explode in some cases. The question of unifying the Executive Com mittee and centering our benevolent machinery ill one place has many distinct advantages. It is in the direction of progress of the world af fairs. There is no reason why this committee, constituted as the Committee on Systematic Beneficence and Stewardship is, might not take over this very committee and make unneces sary this other Committee 011 Systematic Be nefiicence and Stewardship. We have too many wheels within wheels now, and the simpler the machinery the higher the amount of power transmitted. It will mean progress and we believe progress in the right direction. The Church is reaching out to turn over its financial business more and more to the deacons. The plan of getting them into some connection with our Presbyteries, Synods and even General Assemblies is good, if it can be done. We complain that our deacons know so little about the needs of Presbyteries and the Church as a whole. Is it not our fault? They rarely hear these needs at large laid on their hearts, while the need of the local churcH is ever present with them. Is it any wonder that the trend of their financial thought is to ward paying the obligations of local needs. While the Assembly was in a progressive mood we could but wish it had taken up the question of self-entertainment. We believe there is much to be said in favor of it. It would unquestionably relieve many communities from the fear of having an As sembly. There are scores of towns that would like to invite the Assembly, but the question of entertainment is a serious one. It would re lieve the embarrassment of many commission ers who are being entertained for seven or eight days in homes where they are perfect strangrs, and who somtimes cannot but feel that however welcome they are they must be quite a strain 011 the family. It would undoubt edly save the time of the Assembly. Much time that is necessarily lost in the homes or in reaching them could be saved and committees could work more hours with more ease and safety. It would quicken the fellowship of the As sembly, especially if most of them could be sheltered in the same building. And Assem blies need to cultivate that spirit of Christian fellowship. While we are progressing let us progress this far. The expense 011 the whole Church would not add two cents to the per capita tax of the Assembly. A. A. L. Contributed GOD'S ONLY BEGOTTEN SON. By S. F. Tenney. Why this expression, "Only begotten?" The answer, as I understand; is that it applies to the humanity of Jesus ? not to his divine nature. Adam was the son of God. All other human beings are His children, as lie is the author of their being. Adam was formed, as to his botjy, of the dust of the ground, and God breathed into him the breath of life. All other human beings are descended from Adam by the ordinary way of generation. Jesus came by ordinary generation in that he was born in the usual way of a human mother, but in a direct way his father was God. He was con ceived by the Iloly Ghost. See Matthew 1 :18 20. No other human being was ever born in this way. His case was unique. The other records say, for instance, "Isaac begat Ja cob," meaning that Isaac was the father of Jacob. But in the genealogy of Jesus it is not said that any f>erson begat him. He did not