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The Presbyterian of the. South
-7 ?> Hfiip ^ VOL.94. * RICHMOND, VA., FEBI ^ ' v- v/<? No 6 1 Xl x; CMtorial i^otes anb Comment LIFE Enlistment Day, February 29th, is ft time for the enlisting of workers for the Master's vineyard. The work is great, but the laborers are few. Much money is being raised, but it cannot be judiciously used, unless there shall be a large increase in the number of work ers. They are specially needed in the home and foreign mission fields. It is said that more than half of the young people who go into the for eign field go against the opposition of their parents. Parents and others are to be asked on Enlistment Day to sign this card: "Recog nizing that our lives and the lives of our chil dren are given to us by God as a sacred trust, it is our desire to dedicate our lives to the ser vice of God in any form that His will may di rect. We will endeavor by prayer, example ?nd counsel, to help our children to find and fulfill the plan of God for their lives." ? ? ? GOOD things are in store for our readers. In this issue we begin a series of "Cana dian Sketches," by Rev. W. H. T. Squires, D. D., of Norfolk, Va. We have had the pleas ure of publishing similar articles from his pen before, and they have always been good and very much appreciated by those who read them, and this will sustain his high standard. Next week we shall have a most excellent and scho larly article on "The Millenium," by Rev. E. C. Caldwell, D. D., of Union Theological Semi nary, which will be well worth reading and pre serving for future study. Our good friend, Rev. E. H. Harding, D. D., of Davidson, N. C., has not written anything for publication for some years, but he is going again to send us "Notes Here and There," as he did some years ago, much to the delight of 'our readers. Few men have a more highly cultured mind or nobler heart, and ho wields a facile pen, which is not clogged in its movement by his eighty-seven years of ,ripe experience. Wo are glad is is going to speak from his heart to our hearts. The women of tho Church have found great help in the work of their societies, as well as in their personal experiences, in our Women's Depart ment, and they will find that it will maintain its high standard. There is no other paper that we know that offers the women such help as they find in this department. ? ? ? SUMMER Conferences to the number of thirty will be held during the coming summer in various parts of this country. One of them will be held in Virginia. To these Conferences the pastors of country churches will be invited, in order that they may confer among themselves and with others about the many problems connected with their work. Many of these noble, self-sacrificing, hard working pastors meet with problems that are Lard to solve. When they get together to talk them over they will often find that others have solved some of them, and, by conferring to gether, they will find much light thrown on the solxition of others. More informattion will be given as to these conferences, as soon as the plans are more fully developed. BOHEMIAN reformist priests of the Ro man Catholic Church revolted from that church and have organized a Czecho-Slovak National Church, which is to be independent of Home. Because of this action the Pope has ex-communicated these priests. We will watch with interest to see whether they will be able to withstand the pressure of Rome, or whether they will be forced to return to the fold. ? ? ? FIVE Episcopal bishops, one Methodist bis hop and sixteen other prominent ministers, including Rev. Charles S. Macfarland, secre tary of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, have recently been called togther by the Commission on the Church and Social Service of the Federal Council. They adopted and have published "a solemn state ment of protest" against the deportation of the undesirable aliens whom the Government has recently sent back to the lands from whence they came, and against the exclusion of cer tain Socialist members from the New York Legislature. As these are entirely political matters it is hard to see what the Federal Coun cil representing the Churches of Christ has to do with them. Certainly it seems strange that a commission of that body should become respon sible for the taking of such an action in the way in which it was done. If it was a matter to be dealt with by the commission it would seem that it should have taken the action itself or else have endeavored to get the Council to act on it. Why should the commission select a small body of men on its own authority and authorize them to speak for the Council, and thereby to speak for the thirty-five denomina tions represented by the Council, when not one of these denominations had been permitted to speak on the subject or even to have the oppor tunity to appoint representatives to attend a meeting which was called for the purpose of taking action on a question involving a prin ciple on which churches differ so widely. This "protest" condemns the National Government and the Legislature of New York upon the ground that the individuals concerned were not given judicial trial. We do not profess to l>e lawyers, but there are some principles of com mon sense that seem to be involved in these cases. We do not know that a man who is not a citizen of this country has any rights in it, ex cept what the Government grants him under laws that have been passed. The law allows the Government to prevent any undesirable alien from coming into the country. Common sense would indicate that if such a one proved himself undesirable after coming in, the Gov ernment ought to have the right to deport him. All aliens, until they become citizens are here, as we understand, on suffrance. The Govern ment's accredited agents secured evidence which seemed to them to show that theso persons were undesirable and dangerous to our country. This is just what would be done at Ellis Island or any other port of immigration, when it was found that an undesirable alien was trying to come in. And the Government acted upon this information. As to the action of the New York Legislature, it seems that the claims of the Socialist to seata in that body were in vestigated by the Committee 01^ Credentials, and presumably these men had a hearing before this committee. The committee made an ad verse report, which was adopted. As citizens these men had the right of appeal to the courts, which right they have exercised. Until the case has been tried and both the Legislature and the "appellants havo been heard, no one has a right to pass judgment on the Legislature, and certainly not a small body of ministers acting without authority for the Church. ? ? ? CHINESE men of high position are accept ing Christ and their influence is being felt in support of the work being done by the mis sionaries to win their land for Christ. The Presbyterian of Philadelphia says: "General Ding II wa Yung, a distinguished Chinese gen eral, has publicly acknowledged Christ and been baptized. Forty years ago he was secretary to the Chinese Embassy at the Court of St. James. For ten years he lived abroad. He studied English, and his English teacher in London, an earnest Christian woman, also taught him the Gospel. But he would not give up the worship of his ancestors, although he was greatly at tracted to the Gospel. When he returned home, he was successively head of the Foreign Office in Shanghai, provincial judge, and general in the army. Five years ago, when Nanking was attacked by the northern troops, General Ding, too old to be of service, came into the missionary compound for protection. lie was then the head of the Hunan men, who were doing the fighting in opposition to the north. "Ever since these days," writes the missionary,' "our ac quaintance has continued. I visited him, pray ed with him and talked with him, but he felt it would be cowardly, after all these years, to de sert his ancestors, even while he was persuaded Christianity was true. Then came an illness when he was face to facc with death. When he was getting better I visited him. He was hav ing a struggle what to do. Tears rolled down his wrinkled cheeks as I prayed for him, but ho would not yield. The next time I visited him he was much brighter and began to talk of being baptized. Later ho gave his witness to his belief in Jesus Christ, and the Sabbath fol lowing, at the age of eight3'-four years, this man with stature of a mighty man of valor, was bap tized into the name of the Father, Son and Holv ? Ghost." The soul that has felt the touch o^ the liv ing Christ in the use of the means Kof grace does not need to depend upon mere argument for the reality of religion and the divinity of Christ. Life is made up, not of great sacrifices or duties, but of little things, in which smiles and kindnesses and small obligations, given habit ually, are what win and preserve the heart and secure comfort. ? Sir H. Davy.