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The Presbyterian of the South
? VOL. 94. RICHMOND, VA., NOVEMBKh*?* "ft,. No. 47 @?0 Cbttortal J?ote3 anb Comment ONE week only is left for completing the task that will mean so much to the whole Church. People all over the Church have re sponded liberally to meet the great offer of that faithful steward of God, Mr. C. E. Gra ham. The bulletins that we have published for the Committee show that the gifts received have come from many individuals from all parts of the Church. There are some who have not given, and it is possible that there are some who can make a second gift to this worthy cause. Send in a check at once to Mr. John Stites, Louisville, Ky. If there is any ques tion about getting it in before December * 1 st, send it by telegraph. It will never do for the Church to fail in this great undertaking. It will probably be a long time before another such offer is made to any of our committees. Success in this undertaking will insure $60,000 additional to be divided each year among the infirm ministers, widows and orphans for whom the Church has done so little in the past. + + + RED Cross investigations make some start ling revelations in regard to the children of this country. They report that of the 20, 000,00 children, at least 1,000,000 have or have had tuberculosis, 1,000,000 have defec tive hearing, 5,000,000 have defective eyes, 3,000,000 have adenoids and similar troubles, 2,000,000 have weak foot arches, weak spines or other joint defects, 10,000,000 have defec tive teeth. In all al>out 1G, 000, 000 children have some physical trouble which will affect their development and their usefulness if they live until they are grown. What would be thought if such a proportion of diseased animals should be found in the flocks and herds of the country ? Every effort should be made in the home, under the guidance of the family physi cian, and in the community with the aid of public health departments to save and improve the health of the children. Who can estimate what the health and the lives saved will be worth to the nation and to the Church ? The Red Cross ought to be helped in doing its great work for our babies. * + + BABIES are the greatest crop this country produces, some one has said. Yet how few people seem to realize it. It is said that 75,000 babies under one year of age die in this country each year, and doctors say that most of these deaths can be prevented. Sup pose 50,000 of them were saved, what an asset they would be to the nation. We claim to be the most intelligent of all God's earthly crea tures, yet a great many mothers, with all of their love and devotion, are more ignorant of the care of their babies than many mothers of the lower animals. Men study and are taught how to take care of the stock on their farms. Mothers read about the care of chick ens. But neither father nor mother makes real effort to learn how to take care of the baby. And yet it is dependent upon the care of the parents longer than the young of any other animal kind. It is hard to persuade peo ple generally that there is need for teaching the care of babies. Under pressure our Gov ernment is beginning to do something, but in a very small way. This year Congress appro priated $280,000 to the National Children's Bureau, to be spent in investigating and pre venting the diseases of children, and it appro printed $44(5,000 for lighting the one disease of cholera in hogs. It also appropriated $">00, 000 for the eradication of tuberculosis in animals, $1,000,000 to tight "foot and month disease in animals." The total appropriation for the protection of the health of animals was $4,211,000, and only $280,000 for the chil dren of the whole country. Is a child worth less than a pig or a calf? + + 4 Our President Calls to Thanksgiving "The season approaches when it behooves us to turn from the distraction and pre-occupations of our daily life, that we may contemplate the mercies which have been vouchsafed to us, and render heartfelt and unfeigned thanks unto God for His manifold goodness. "This is an observance of the American people, deeply imbedded in our thought and habit. The burdens and the stresses of life have their own insistence. "We have abundant cause for thanksgiving. The lesions of the war are rapidly healing. The great army of freedom, which America sent to the defense of liberty, returning to the grateful embrace of the nation, has resumed the useful pursuits of peace, as simply and as promptly as it rushed to arms in obedience to the country's call. The equal justice of our laws has received steady vindication in the support of a law-abiding people against various and sinister attacks, which have reflected only the baser agitations of war, now happily passing. "In plenty, security and peace, our virtuous and self-reliant people face the future, its duties and its opportunities. May we have vision to discern our duties the strength both of hand and resolve, to discharge them, and the goodness of heart to realize that the truest opportunities are those of service. "In a spirit, then, of devotion and stewardship, we should give thanks in our hearts, and dedicate ourselves to the service of God's merciful and loving purposes to His children. "Wherefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, do hereby designate Thursday, the twenty-fifth day of November, next, as a day of thanksgiving and prayer, and I call upon my countrymen to cease from their ordinary tasks and avocations upon that day, giving it up to the remembrance of God and His blessings, and their dutiful and grateful acknowledgment." + + + C 11 IX A is being readied by the gospel more than is sometimes supposed, though little has been done compared with what ought to be done in that line. Recently a Y. M. C. A. convention was held in Tientsin. The num ber of delegates had to bo limited, as there was no auditorium in the city that could hold all who wanted to attend. There were 1,271 dele gates enrolled from 147 Associations. They came /rom 1)8 cities and 18 provinces. Ex President Li Yuan Hong delivered a welcom ing address. President IIsu opened his palace to receive the delegates who went to Peking to meet him. This shows how Christianity is being recognized in that great republic. FIFTY years in any office is unusual, and fifty years in the office of Stated Clerk of a Synod is, we suppose, unprecedented, ex cept in the case of the Synod of Virginia. In 1870 Rev. James Power Smith was elected to this office. At the meeting recently held he resigned the office. During all that half-cen tury he failed to attend only one meeting. No Synod ever had a more faithful or more effi cient clerk. Careful as to every detail of the work, familiar with all the business of the Synod and the Church, the outstanding char acteristic of Dr. Smith has been his unbounded Christian courtesy shown to all his brethren. No one ever went to him, no matter how busy lie was, for help, counsel or information that he did not meet with the kindest reception, and every assistance possible was most willingly given. Dr. Smith has always had and still has the esteem and love of all of his brethren, and their prayer is that he may still be given many years in which to serve God and the Church on earth. + + + PROMPTNESS in attending church ser vices is a virtue of which not many con gregations have an over-supply. And yet there are few things that cost as little that are worth as much. In almost every church a large part of its congregation is late coining in for the service. Of course there are some who are unavoidably detained, and "better late than never" applies to them. Put most late people are behind time localise of selfishness. Either they do not care for the services as they ought, or they are not willing to overcome their in dolence sufficiently to be 011 time. They are not concerned that they disturb those who have come 011 time and that they interfere very seri ously with the minister, 110 matter what part of the service he is conducting. Many an earnest prayer, and many a forceful passage of the ser mon, and many a Scripture reading has had its influence lost by the interruption caused by late coiners, who necessarily attract the at tention of the congregation to themselves as they enter. These late comers are great losers themselves. They not only lose the part of the service which has passed, but they are in a poor position to take up what follows. In this matter every attendant upon the services of the church can help the congregation, the preacher and himself by being prompt. + + + Attendance upon church courts does not seem to l>e taken seriously by most of those who are members of these courts. Manv are Jate in arriving, and so miss the first part of the business. Many leave l>efore the session is over, and so miss having a part in much of the most important business, which must necessarily l>e attended to in the closing sessions of the body. A report of a voluntary business organization recently held speaks of the large number of delegates present and adds, "and they stuck through the sessions." Is not the Lord's business just as important as our own ?