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rather than knuckle to a tyrant, or prove him
self false to his conscience. And then there was Mary, the poetess ? "I don't mean men, I mean towns," she in terrupted. "Sidney, North Sidney, Sidney Mines, Glace Bay and Sidney Harbor." "Tell me of them," I replied with enthu siasm; and she did. Coal, steel and iron ore. Enough fuel to supply the demands of a freez ing world given labor and transportation. Coal all over the land. Countless millions of tons to be had for the scraping as one scrapes the sands of the sea shore. Coal under the sea with miners at work far beneath the waves while their mates are catching cod in the depths of the ocean above their heads. One might tunnel from Cape Breton to Newfound land and never leave the rich stratum of coal. And in Newfoundland more coal, and more iron for the scraping. There's a company at work whose capital stock sounds like the national dobt of Belgium, and whose sheds look like the State of Rhode Island. And these be the barren coasts flung away by France and lost to her by sheer profligacy and indifference. She would risk another world war for a pocket of coal near the Rhine ? and all this once was hers. It was of this land that Voltaire flippantly said, "France is well rid of fifteen thousand acres of snow." Voltaire was brilliant and witty, but his ideas of statecraft were as erroneous as his ideas of religion. The finger of God has never touched the earth in vain. No land is useless. Wealth is everywhere. The day dawns at last when men discover why God made the bleakest and most unlikely of coasts. lie is the Great Economist. Norfolk, Va. "IS THE CHURCH MISUSING ITS PREACHERS?" By Rev. Gilbert Glass, I). I)., General Superin tendent. In view of a recent editorial in the Presby terian of the South in which a fear was ex pressed regarding the possible misuse of many of our ministers, a statement of the actual pol icy of the Committee and the extent to which this policy has been effectively carried out should be interesting. In the first place it may be stated without reservation that the Committee of Publication is in thorough accord with the desire ex pressed in that editorial, and which seems to be general throughout the Church, that as few ministers as possible should be removed from the pastorate for the general work of the Church. This policy has been adhered to from the very beginning. Almost without exception the ministers who are on our Sunday School Extension list have been secured in collaboration with Home Mis sion Committees of Presbyteries and are do ing both evangelistic and Sunday School work of such a type as cannot be effectively done by laymen. These ministers have usually been se cured by Committee of Presbytery because of their fitness for Home mission and evangelistic work, and the Committee of Publication is join ing in their support i*1, order that they may do Sunday School Extension work also. Including both Synodieal and Presbyterial ' workers, we have at present 41 missionaries on our list. Of these 13 are laymen and 28 ministers. In 1919 we had 39 workers in the field, 10 of whom were laymen and 29 minis ters. We are at present negotiating with quite a number of laymen with a view to getting them into the field. It is also a matter of interest that during the past few years, eight Sunday School Extension missionaries who were secured as laymen have decided to enter the ministry, and are either occupying pastorates, or are completing their theological studies, with the exception of twa who are continuing their services as Sunday School missionaries with increased usefulness. In addition to this two of our most efficient and attractive young women missionaries have been taken from us, and have entered the pas torate by way of marriage, so that the balance is not altogether against us in this matter. While it shall continue to be our policy to secure laymen whenever possible, it must be kept in mind that the great divinely appointed aim of the Church, the evangelization of the world, cannot be accomplished altogether by the building up of pastorates. From the days of the apostles to the present time the general evangelist and pioneer missionary has been abundantly used for the building up of the kingdom. A careful study of denominational history in the last fifty years gives ground for doubt ing the wisdom of neglecting the kind of pro motional and supervisional work which is done by field workers and general superintendents. Is it not possible that the awakening of the Church to this fact explains the marked move ment in recent times toward securing general workers such as Synodical Manager and Su perintendents and general evangelists? How ever that may be the Committee of Publica tion will continue to be on the lookout for con secrated and able laymen, and will greatly ap preciate any assistance that may be given to this end. AN HISTORIC CHURCH. By Charles E. Kemper. On October 25, 1920, Lexington Presbytery organized two new congregations, the Massa nuttan church of Cross Keys and the Massa nuttan church of Cross Roads. They were formed from the old Massanuttan congrega tion, which has existed with two churches and a manse since 1874. The Massanuttan church at Cross Keys was the parent organization and this existed under that name since 1869. Prior to that and dating back to 1833 the church and congregation were called the Union church be cause in that year the Presbyterians and Luth erans built a brick church and used it jointly until 1804, when the building was practically destroyed by the Federal army under General Sheridan. In this present division of the con gregation the manse goes to the Cross Roads organization, while the old cemetery and cer tain legacies left to the Massanuttan church and cemetery remain with and belong to the Cross Keys church. The Massanuttan church at Cross Keys is the oldest of all the churches in the present county of Rockingham. In the year 1739 John Hind man, a native of Londonderry county, Ireland, came to America and settled in Chester county, Pennsylvania. In 1740 he was received as a candidate by Donegal Presbytery, of Pennsyl vania, and licensed to preach in March, 1742, and was immediately sent as a missionary to Virginia. In 1742 Mr. Hindman was preaching at "The Ilead of Shenandoah." This river ''head" is found at Port Republic, five miles south of Cross Keys by the junction of the North and South rivers, and the "Head of Shenandoah" was beyond question the site of the present Massanuttan church of Cross Keys. Here, as ^ stated above, Rev. John Hindman preached the first sermon ever delivered in the present county of Rockingham, then a part of Augusta county, Virginia. The congrega tion was certainly organized in 1744 or 174"). The first church, built of logs, was erected in 1745 or 1746, while the second, built of stone, was erected in 1748. Both of these structures stood about 75 feet south of the present church building at Cross Keys. Mr. Hindman con tinued as pastor of the church until the fall of 1746, when he went to London, England, and was ordained as a priest in the Established Church of England; and on April 5, 1747, lie was accepted by the vestry as the first rector of Augusta parish. Mr. Hindman died in Oc tober, 1748, at the residence of John Stephen son one and a quarter miles from the Massa nuttan church at Cross Keys and is buried in the cemetery there. The first name given to the Massanuttan church of Cross Keys was "John Stephenson's Meeting House," but it was called "The Peaked Mountain church" in 1755 and bore that name until 1833, when it became the Union church, as stated. Mr. Hindman was succeeded in August, 1757, by Kev. Alexander Miller, a native of the parish of Ardstraw, in the .north of Ireland. He continued to serve as pastor until January, 1766, when he was deposed from the ministry. Mr. Miller was succeeded m May, 1769, by Rev. Thomas Jackson, a native of New York, who continued as pastor until his death in May, 1773. He was much beloved by his people. In addition to the Peaked Mountain congregation, also preached to the Mossy Creek congregation in the present coun ty of Augusta, and to the Cooke Creek and Lanville Creek congregations in the present county of Rockingham. Mr. Jackson was suc ceeded in October, 1773, by Brother Samuel Edwardson, who served as pastor a short time and then removed to South Carolina. Among the founders and early members of Peaked Mountain church were William Craig and Janet, his wife; John Craig and Sarah, his wife; James Laird, Mary his wife, and James, David, Mary and Agnes Laird, their children; William Beard and Mary, his wife; John Stephenson and his wife; Archibald Houston and Mary his wife, and their (12) children; William and Patrick Frazier; John Wilson and Mary his wife; Matthew Thomp son, Sr., and Matthew Thompson, .lr. ; Robin Shanklin; Robert Hook and Jean, his wife; John White and others. This is a brief his tory of the Peaked Mountain ? Massanuttan ? church of Cross Keys, Rockingham county. It is the mother church of all the churches in the present county of Rockingham, Virginia, and as such should be held in veneration by all the church organizations in that county. It is located half a mile east of Cross Keys anil seven miles south of Harrisonburg, Va. The new congregation is on the eve of forming a cemetery association to improve and beautify their graveyard, for which they have ample funds, and the historic church and its sur roundings will soon be made one of the most attractive places in the great county of Rock ingham. The writer quotes as authorities for the fore going historical facts, White's History of the Presbyterian Church in the United States; Da vidson's History of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky; the deposition of Edward Partridge, of Chester county, Pa., filed in court papers, file Xo. 1, Augusta county, Va., court records. Fletcher vs. Ilindman's Admr. court papers of Augusta county, Va., file No. 351 (suit brought in 1751), and The Journal of the Presbyterian Historical Society of Philadelphia, March Xo., 1919. Staunton, Va. Coutirsy is a coin of which we cannot have too .nuch ; with which we can never afford to he stingy.