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Tl " n 1 ? ? 'Jwqn *?3? L P j.L Ihe Presbyterian m ine oouth V01' 95' N?-30 RICHMOND, VA. JULY 27 1921. EDUCATION is again coming to its own. In the early days in this country most of the schools and colleges were established and were supported by the churches. Then there came a time, especially in the South, when the Church, to a large extent, abandoned the es tablishment of schools, and did very little to support those already in operation. This was due first to the financial conditions brought about by the Civil War. Then came the estab lishment of the public school system supported by the taxes of all the people. When these taxes were being paid out of their meagre re sources, the people did not feel like trying to support other schools. Now with increased prosperity, the Christian people of all denomi nations are coming to see the need of Church schools and they arc rallying nobly to their support by giving large sums of money to strengthen those that are at work and to es tablish others where they are needed. There is scarcely a Synod in our Church which has not had or else is planning for a campaign to raise large sums for this purpose. Not one of these campaigns has failed, but in every case the amount raised has been more than the goal set. Several million dollars have been gladly given for this purpose by the members and friends of our Church in the last few years and more will be given. VIRGINIA has entered earnestly and en thusiastically upon the campaign to raise $1,000,000 for its educational institutions. There were some who said: "This is not an opportune time." But the contrary is being shown in a wonderful way. The force of work ers under the leadership of Rev. M. E. Melvin, which has been gotten together by the Execu tive Committee of Christian Education, and which is working under the direction of a com mittee appointed by the Synod, is meeting with wonderful success. They have worked so quietly that few have known anything about the campaign, except the churches which they have visited. Yet they have already raised $260,000, which is a little more than one fourth of the million that the Synod set out to raise. This fund is to be divided between Union Theological Seminary, Hampden-Sidney College, The Assembly's Training School and the Synod's Orphan's Home. All of this money is badly needed and we believe the people of our Church in this Synod are going to give even more than they have been asked for. The efficient campaign force are doing their work well and they and the cause need the liearty support of all the people. BRAZIL is taking an advance step in Sun day observance. A recent law has been passed in Rio Janeiro for bidding any work in newspaper offices between 8 o'clock Sunday morning and 8 o'clock Monday morning. The papers have determined therefore to abandon nil Sunday afternoon and Monday morning editions. While this is not all that might be <lesired, yet it is encouraging to see any effort being made to secure the better observance of Sunday. It may seem visionary, but we believe the time is coming when there will be no Sun ?lay newspapers in this country. A great deal is being said about having a more liberal Sun day, but so far as we have seen there has been no amending of the laws in this respect any where in this country. On the other hand, there is quietly growing a strong sentiment in favor of a better observance of the Sabbath. Such a sentiment may grow slowly, but led by God's people it will become irresistible. HOLIDAYS often prove very costly in this country. On July the 5th one morning paper that came into our hands reported forty five accidental deaths that had been reported the night before from only seven or eight cities as having occurred in connection with tho cele bration of Independence Day. How many more there were in the whole country we have no way of telling. So far as we can tell every one of these deaths could have been avoided with even a reasonable amount of care. Reck lessness and carelessness on the part of those who were killed or on the part of some one else seemed to l>e responsible for every one of these deaths. We believe in holidays, but if this is to continue to be their cost, we are almost ready to agree with another, who said "People are better olf when they are at work." There ought to be created a sentiment against doing things in which there is unnecessary risk. FIGURES, at least as used by lome people, do not always tell the truth. A gre.it deal is said about the great number of vacant ehurehes in this country, that is churches thai have no pastor. The number is undoubtedly great, far greater than it ought to be, aiul every effort, ought to be put forth to supply these vacancies. But that some writers on t his? subject have put the number of vacant churches away beyond the facts is undoubtedly true. The editor of The King's Business, an inter esting magazine published bv th.? Bible In stitute of Los Angeles, Cal., has an article on this subject in the August issue. lie takes nine of the principal denominations and, from fig ures given in statistical reports prepared by Dr Carroll, draws his conclusion and states that in these denominations there are 49,219 vacant churches, out of a total of 188,389, or about one in four. Any one who is at all fami liar with conditions must know that they are not nearly so bad as this would seem to indi cate. The explanation of this editor's mistake is easily formed when we examine his method of arriving at his conclusion. For instance, he says that the Presbyterians of the country have 15,848 churches and 14,309 ministers. The difference between those two numbers is 1,535. This he says shows the number of va cant churches. But he also says that this num ber ought really to be greatly increased, be cause there are many inactive ministers. In the same way he shows that out of 63,645 Methodist churches 21,219 are vacant. This is in the face of a statement often made by the Methodists, and which is practically true, that they "never have a church without a pastor nor an available minister without a church." By the same reasoning, he would show that our Church has 1,449 vacant churches. The fact is that the reports to the General Assem bly show that we have 866 vacancies. This editor entirely overlooks the well-known fact that one minister often preaches to more than one church. It is stated by those who have investigated the matter that about 250 minis ters could supply practically all of our vacan cies. As already intimated the Methodists probably have very few vacancies. We have no way of correcting accurately the conclu sions of the editor of The King's Business, but we are very sure that he is far from right as to the number of vaeant churches in this country. Conditions are bad enough, but we need not try to make theni worse than they ar<?. ARS are costly. We wonder if our read ers realize how much wars past aud fu ture are costing this country. Here are the figures. The total cost of running the Gov ernment of the United States for the year 1020 was $5,686,005,706. Of this amount $3,855, 482,586 or 68 per cent, of the total was spent in payment of pensions to soldiers of past wars and of interest on the debts incurred in carrying on these wars. The next item of cost is $1,424,138,677, or 25 per cent, of the total, spent to keep the fighting forces of the country ready for any war that may come in the future. Notice now the drop in the figures. For all the civil departments of the Govern ment $181,087,225 or 3 per cent, was spent. For public works such as buildings, river and harbor improvements, highways building, and similar works, $168,203,557 or 3 per cent, was spent, and for education and science the amount was only $57,05)3,661 or 1 per cent. This shows that war is in this time of ,?eacc costing this country $5,279,621,263 or 93 per ecnt. of the entire income of the Government, from all sources. All the other departments of the Government receive only 7 per cent of its ir-come, or $406,384,443. It is going to take a long time to get rid of the debt of war? ??asl, but something certainly can be done to reduce the cost of preparation for the wars that may come. A billion and a half of dollars a year for this cause is a tremendous tax upon the people. It is an average of about $13 for every man, woman and child in the whole country. Suppose that one-tenth of this enormous amount could be spent each year for Chris tianizing the world. There would soon be no need for preparation for future wars. PROHIBITION, it was said, would throw many men out of employment, and destroy mneh capital employed in the manufacture of liquor. A brewery in one of the northwestern states was closed by the prohibition law. Its owners accepted conditions loyally, made some changes in their plant and kept on at work. They are buying five times the grain they formerly fiought, employing five times as many men, paying five times as much in wages and doing five times as much business. But in stead of sending out a product that carried a curse everywhere it went, the plant is pro ducing sugar, syrup, salad oil and stock food, all of which are beneficial to their users. Who will say that prohibition has not proved a benefit?