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The Presbyterian oft
Vol. 95. No. 31. RICHMOND, VA.. frGUST 3, 1921. AIM ERICA is often called the melting pot of the nations, into which is poured the erude product of many countries. It is claimed that out of this mass Americans are made. It is true that some excellent Americans have been made by such a process. But is it not true that :ill those put into the pot do not have the dross burned out? Are there not in American today many men and women who arc not Americans ( Why is this true? Are not Americans respon sible for this state of affairs? There are today in this country many who not only would not support the Government, but would gladly over throw it if they could. There are many who are being taught and who are teaching the prin ciples of socialism and Bolshevism. This is due to the way the vast majority of the immi grants to this country are treated by Americans. It is not meant that Americans do anything to injure them or to impart wrong teachings. It, is rather what they do net do for the immigrant. Ordinarily when the immigrant comes, lie soon falls in with others from his own or like coun tries. lie works with them, oftentimes under liosses from his own land, for there must be seme one to direct him whose language he can understand. He joins the social organizations to which his fellow-countrymen belong. lie is living almost the old life in a new land. He sees little of real Americans, lie learns little of their thought. There are always those among his associates who are ready to prejudice hi in against any who may seem to l>e more for tunate than lie is. So he Incomes good ground into which to sow the seeds of prejudice, hate and Bolshevism. What is the remedy ? Let the true American introduce himself to this stranger. Show him what real Americanism is. (Jive him help, comfort or encouragement, as he needs it. Make his life more comfortable and pleasant than it has been. Let him feel that he has a friend. Above all give him the religion of the Lord Jesus. Do not wait till he is hardened. Take him by the hand when lie first comes. PROHIBITION opponents do not give up the fight easily. The failure of their much-lier aided Fourth of July parade and demonstration in New York City does not seem to disturb them very much. The leaders in this movement announce that they have raised vast sums of money with which to fight for the repeal of the Volstead Act and the Eighteenth Amendment. They propose to carry on their propaganda by circularizing the whole country. Doubtless these circulars will be ingeniously written and they wil will in all probability make some statements that are not in accord-, anoe with the facts, as was the case when it was claimed that there were between 75,000 and 100,000 in the New York parade, when an actual count showed just 14,92T2. It will also, no doubt, be claimed that the American people want these laws repealed. It should be remem* l>ered that two-thirds of all those in the parade were foreign bom. No doubt many statements will lie made about the great demand all over the country for abolishing prohibition and it may bo that its advocates may be heard from in many places. But it should not be forgotten that a few interested people can and will make more fuss than great multitudes of quiet peo ple who go on attending to their own business. The 022 paid musicians in the New York pa rade made a great deal more noise than the hun dred? of thousands of people on the streets who did not sympathize at all with the movement. The tiling to l>e feared most in such a propa ganda campaign is that some officers of the law will be influenced by the noise to feel that it represents public sentiment, and will Ik? tempted to relax their efforts to enforce the law. The law-abiding people who want this law of pro hibition enforced should quietly let the officers know their feelings and that they are ready to support them in their good work. CANDIDATES for the ministry are far fewer than they were before the war. This is true of all Protestant denominations :n this country. Much has been written in ex planation of this state of affairs. One writer says it is due to the small salaries paid and to the dccline in the minister's social influence. We doubt very much whether either of these explanations explain the cause. Ministers' salaries are in many cases far lower than they ought to be. lint two facts should be borne in mind. One is that there are ministers who do receive competent salaries. And if the young man considers the question of salary, he is not likely to lix his attention upon that of the mediocre minister serving a mediocre chureh. Every young man, as he enters upon any call ing, has visions of reaching the top, not of oc cupying an insignificant ]>osition. Another fact is that the pastorate today offers a young man a better supj)ort financially than almost any other business or profession. Almost any young doctor, lawyer or business man would feel that ho is fortunate indeed, if he can get a salary for his first year of from $1,500 to $2,500 and a house. And vet that is what al jnost every graduate from our seminaries has received during recent years. It is a groat mis take to say that the minister has lost his social influence. There never was a time when the minister had more influence in his church, nor has there ever l>een a time when ministers were called upon to exert their influence in other di rections as they are today. Whenever any Ihmio volent enterprise is projected or any reform written and they will in all probability the lienefit of the people is undertaken, almost always the men who are first opproaehed to aid in the movement are the ministers of the com munity. The real reason for the loss in num hers of candidates for the ministry is two-sided. The allurements of the business world were never as attractive to young men, as they are today. Many a young man never has his atten tion called to anything else. The Church rarely ever really .?eeks out young men suitable frtr the ministry and lays the call for this service upon their hearts. If parents, in the first place, and then pastors and the members of the sessions and others should urge young men to consider the call to the ministry, there would be many whose minds would be turned in that direction and doubtless there would be many more hear ing and heeding the call. It should always be borne in mind that God usually works through human instrumentality. ITe does it in pre senting His call for service. HOW many people realize that the United States Government was a partieeps eriminis in the Dempsey-Carpentier prize fight? In some way, that it is hard to understand, the laws of New Jersey were not enforced by the officials of that State, and ordinarily we sup pose the National Government would have no connection with the matter. But this time it seems that the Government had a good deal to do with the fight. It collected $400,000 as a tax upon the gate receipts. We have no doubt that the Government needed that money, and that the part it received will be better spent that the balance of the gate receipts, but from a moral standpoint, had the Government a right to receive it ? Suppose, as an extreme case, that in some State the law against mur der were revoked or became a dead letter. Now suppose that in that State a man should be paid $100,000 for murdering another. Would it be right for the Government to re ceive the tax in such a case? If it knew that the murder was to be committed, ought it not to have taken steps to prevent it? T) ELIGIOUS Lil>erty Association is the name of an organization with headquar ters in Washington. It is sending out its pro paganda literature all over the country. One of the striking facts al>out it is that there is nothing religious about it, except its name. Claiming to advocate religious liberty, its real and, so far as we can see, its only aim is to destrov the Christian Sabbath. It is trying to prevent the passage of any laws that will secure ti l>etter observance of the day, and is doing all that it can to prevent the enforcement of the laws that now exist. Evidently this associa tion has no connection with religion, except to oppose it, and the taking of such a name, evi dently to mislead those who are not informed ousrht to cause it to l>e held in utter contempt by all honest people, and no one should be misled by it. Mohammedaxs are not generally sup posed to l>e of specially high moral char acter, but the Shcik-ul-Islain of Constantinople, who may 1k? considered the chief of police of the Mohammedan faith, has taken a step for the preservation of the morals of his people that is in advance of anything that we know, in this particular direction, in Christian lands. He Iihs forbidden Moslem women from appearing on the theatrical stage, and he gives as his rea son for this order, that it is morally perilous to the women and usually hurtful to the men. The morals of this country would be improved if some such order could be given and enforced in this so-called Christian land.