Newspaper Page Text
Vol.95. No. 37.
RICHMOND, VA.. dj\ie South SEPTEMBER 14, 1921. BAD citizenship of good citizens, says Dr. Mark Matthews, of Seattle, an ex-modera lor of the Northern General Assembly, is one of the great enemies of America. The United Presbyterian, commenting on an address which lie recently made on this subject at Ocean Grove, says: "There will be very general agreement, that he touched here on one of the gravest perils in our Democracy. The neglect of civic duty on the part of the good people, their indifference to politics, their neglect to vote, their effort to avoid serving on juri?s, their failure to go to the 'primaries,' all the average good citizen's sins of omission and quite a number of his overt trangressions were held np before him and were characterized in most picturesque and vigorous language. Other enemies of the country pointed out were such as these: disrespect for law, which 'malefac tors of great wealth' are encouraging more than the anarchists or the Bolslieviki, and which is being especially promote^ by the at titude of a lot of well-to-do citizens toward tho prohibition amendment to the Constitution is a mammon-worship, which is threateninig to de stroy our spiritual idealism; irreverence; lax views regarding the home and the marriage re lationship; Sabbath desecration; and the propa ganda of European cliques, in which he re ferred most caustically to the proposal of the Knights of Columbus to rewrite the history of the United States so as to furnish a proper text-book in history for the public schools, in which also the speaker paid his respects to the Sinn Fein and all the effort of Irish agitators to embroil this country in trouble with Great Britain. While Dr. Matthews pointed out these dangers so clearly, he is an optimist. ITe has great confidence as to the future of this country." Enemies within are often more dan gerous than those without. Every loyal citi zen should see that no such enemy is harbored in his own life or heart, and he should use all of his powers to put down every enemy of his country. ASSOCIATE Reformed Presbyterians, ac cording to reports in the daily press, have bought a tract of land in the mountains of North Carolina, near Hendersonville, where it is said they propose to establish "a summer eamp and a theological seminary." The sum mer camp is to be somewhat on the order of Montreat. Our General Assembly has a com mittee which is conferring with a committee of that Church on tho subject of closer rela tions. It was said at the last Assembly that we have been courting this Church for about fifty years and that it was hoped we might persuade her to accept our proposals in the near future. If this could be done, there would be no need for a duplication of summer con ference grounds. Montreat would be an ex cellent place for the two churches to spend their "honeymoon," so as to get thoroughly ac quainted with each other. And certainly there would then be no need of another theological seminary. Why should these churches not come together! They occupy the same terri tory, are composed of the same class of people and hold the same doctrines. So far as we know tho chief obstacle to the union of the two churches is that our A. R. P. friends hold that no hymns should be used in public worship, except metrical versions of the Psalms. It is hard for us to see why the truths contained in the Psalms should be the only ones used in the praise service. The metrical versions used are, of course, not inspired. They are but the interpretations given of the Psalms by unin spired men. In the same way a sermon 011 one of the Psalms is just an uninspired man's in terpretation of it. if an uninspired man may preach a sermon interpreting the truth con tained in some other part of the Bible, while the congregation listens to it as an act of wor ship, why may not an uninspired man write a hymn presenting some truth brought out more clearly in the New Testament than in the Psalms, and why may not a congregation be allowed to sing such hymns in worshipping God? It would be a happy experience for us to join with them in singing Psalms, and for them to join with us in singing hymns in the great new auditorium at Montreat. BOOKS sometimes bring exceedingly high prices, because of some history connect ed with them. A Bible can be bought for twenty five cents, but recently one was sold for $300, 700. This one had belonged to Martha Wash ington and her autograph appears in it three times. If this amount had been spent for the twenty-five cent Bibles one cotild have been given to eaeh of 1,202,800 families that are without a Bible of any kind. Which would have been the better use of the money? PROHIBITION finds its enemies in high places and in low. Their method of fight ing also is varied. The latest prominent at tack has been made by the government of Spain, though that country has not advanced sufficiently to have seriously considered the adoption of prohibition. In 1912 Iceland was the first of all the countries of the world to adopt the prohibition of the manufacture, sale and importation of alcoholic liquors. Now Spain has demanded ttyat Iceland shall repeal this law so that she may again ship her wines into that country. She threatens that, if this is not done, she will double the import duty oil Ice land's fish. Now fish is the chief product that Iceland has to export, and Spain is the coun try to which most of her fish is sent. The high handedness of such a proceeding is very evi dent. But that this demand is the result of somothing more than a mere matter of com merce is clear, when we consider the circuin stauccs. Iceland is a very small country with a population of only 100,000, so the amount of wine that Spain could sell there is not very great. To make the demand all the more out rageous, Spain gives Iceland only three months in which to decide whether or not she will repeal the law. The Iceland's Parliament alone has the power to repeal the law, and that body will not meet for six months, unless a special session is called at great expense to the people. We do not recall in recent years a more flagrant attempt of one nation trying to decide what the internal policy of another nation shall be. It is believed by many that the Spanish government is being urged to make this demand by the liquor intei'dsts of that country, not beeause of the small sales of liquor they may make in Iceland, but from the desire to see any country repeal its prohibition laws, and especially the first country that adopted them. Iceland is so small compared with Spain, that they expect her to yield at once. It is to be hoped that Iceland will stand firmly by her principles, even if she is tem porarily deprived of a part of her fish market. Out of self-respect, as well as from principle, she must do it. She will have the moral back ing of all the better elemonts in all the coun tries of the world. And we do not believe that she will lose anything by loyally and faithfully standing up for her principles. PARDONING a traitor should be done only for the very best of reasons. Here is a case in which a pardon was granted, but ap parently with very little reason for doing so. A Roman Catholic priest named Feiiller, of German birth, entered the regular army of the United States as a Chaplain in 1009. When this country entered the war in 1917 he was sent to France with our forces. According to reports sent out from Washington, he showed such decided sympathies for the Ger mans, that he was sent back to this country. The question was raised about courtmartial ing him, but the War Department com promised by sending him to Honolula. There he was accused of uttering treasonable lan guage and endeavored to dissuade men in the army from taking part in the war against Germany. lie was tried by eourtinartial on charges that were supported by 18 specifica tions. He was convicted by the eourtinartial and sentenced to 15 years at hard labor. Af ter serving only a short time, a year ago he was let out of the penitentiary on parole. Recently Secretary of War, Weeks, recom mended his pardon to President Harding on the ground that he had already been punished enough. The President has pardoned him and restored him to citizenship. We wonder if all the others who received conviction as traitors have received the same consideration from the Secretary of War and the President. It may be said that, as he was a chaplain, he was entitled to special consideration. There is an old and a very sound principle that a man is to be judged by the light he has. That being the case, a chaplain, who turns traitor, is far more guilty than many a poor ignorant youth, who has been considered a traitor to his country, because he tried to keep out of the army when his country called for him. OPTIMISM is worth a great deal in help ing us to be comfortable in life. Why should we think of th.2 evils and discomforts and not of the pleasanter things that may be in store for us for present or future en joyment ? A Chinese boy was shivering in one thin garment. A missionary asked him if he was not cold. He replied, "Yes, I am cold, but it is only three months till spring." Shall the Chinese boy be more optimistic than we?