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A GREAT ENTERPRISE.
Every lover of his Church must rejoice in the educational awakening that is sweeping over our land. We are recognizing that Chris tian Education means the salvation of our youth. With no enmity toward the State and secular education of the day, men are seeing that a deep moral and religious training must pre cede every other kind of education. We have been in such a hurry that lads from the high school have pressed on into professional colleges and graduated without, the cultural or religious training needed by every man who pretends to lead. The insistent hurry of American life has de manded men who do not have the foundation securely arrived at. Universities have sprung up that did have a variety of schools, but whose literary and academic courses were not much, if any higher than a junior college. The Southern Presbyterian Church turned its back on the prospects of a real university when it refused to foster Oglethorpe University in Atlanta. We will count that past history, finished and sealed. Then we must have "A Grade" Colleges in sufficient numbers to give our youth a secure and steady cultural and moral and Biblical training. Southwestern Presbyterian University at Clarksville, Tenn., has done a noble work in a small way and in the face of superior diffi culties. The theological department has ceased to function. This being the only separate school that would give it the right to the title "University," it has been wisely decided to call the school, when removed to Memphis, a college. The location is the best- -Memphis is a city without a great college, yet with a cultured and wealthy people. Seventeen rail roads radiate in every direction, making it ac cessible from all parts of the Mississippi Val ley. In this territory are some of the richest farming lands in the world, owned by men of ability, whose sons will find a first-class college at their doors. The campus will comprise one hundred acres in the corporate limits of the city, two miles from its busy heart. The num ber of students will be limited ami come un der personal oversight of professors and presi dent. The faculty is now of the ablest, and will be extended as the number of students de mand. With a wonderful degree of interest and with few exceptions the churches of the four Synods have pledged until now there seems to be no doubt about- the amount needed being secured. Thus a college will be planted to suc ceed the Southwestern Presbyterian Univer sity, that will be the pride of our Church. We have always stood for the best. It is costly. It will tax the resources of these Synods, but the best is the cheapest after all. We all rejoice in the campaigns in Virginia and South Carolina and all other Synods. Not only will the depleted ranks of the ministry be filled, but educated men in every community Will make Presbyterianism flourish. Presbyterianism and Christian culture go hand in hand. It is a system of thought. It has led the world and will lead it again, if it ever is to get out of the morass and mire of ill-conceived vagaries and immoralities. Therefore, every Presbyterian ought to rejoice in and give to the cause of Christian Educa tion. A. A. l: Contributed CHURCH UNION IN SCOTLAND. By Rev. J. Crichton-Jack. It appears that there is a strong feeling throughout the United Free Church against union with the Established Church. There is no voice raised against church union as such, but against the Church as established by the State. The position now taken by many of the leading men in the United Free Church is that before there can be union the sina qua noil is disestablishment. It stands to reason that there cannot be a true and satisfactory union of the two churches, unless they are both on an equal footing, and this cannot be until the Church of Scotland is disestablished. This position was firmly taken by the United Free Church Association at an influential meet ing held in Glasgow, presided over by Mr. A. Forester Paton, of Alloa. The chairman said that while the association strongly disapproved of disestablishment and disendowment as pre judicial to the highest interests for which the Church stood, their object was to oppose church union on the basis of these principles. It had 110 ill-feeling against the Church of Scot land. A time of testing was before the Church. The spirit of compromise was in the air. No one could object to compromise so long as it was on unessential matters, but he feared that to-day, not only in Church affairs, but in others there was a tendency to lay greater stress 011 securing a settlement than in honoring prin ciples. A true union must be spontaneous. Was the situation not that the union movement had to a great extent been initiated by the church leaders, and there was no evidence of enthusiasm for it among the rank and file? A resolution was submitted expressing grave concern at the situation created by the pass ing of the Church of Scotland Act, 1921, and maintaining that no satisfactory union could take place with a church occupying the State relationhips embodied and implied in the act; that the meeting considered the policy of the government relative to the act constituted a grave menace to religious liberty, and declared that the whole scheme of which this act was a part was opposed to civil and religions equal ity, and to the consistent testimony of their Church in favor of disestablishment and dis endowment as essential to any real union. A Complicated Position. Rev. W. I). Miller, Glasgow, said the position, if the present act came into force was a very complicated and ambiguous one, for it would still have behind it a mass of complicated an cient legislation, as to which it would always be difficxdtJ to determine what was the Church's relation, and in the event of any dispute would be a matter for the civil court to settle. With regard to the national endowments, what they held was that now, as always, the whole peo ple of Scotland had a right to and an interest in the teinds. Their whole contention was that the State establishment and endowment of the Church only weakened the Church. They ap pealed to the Church of Scotland to quit the rest camp of State establishment and endow ment, and let them march forward together as one Church under the great Captain of their salvation. (Applause.) Mr. P. II. Allan. Edinbugh, said the time was past for mincing matters. While he would gladly have a union of the churches, he wanted a union on equality. The two main things had never been faced ? the teinds and State connection. If the two churches would leave worldly things alone and unite on the ground of the Gospel, cutting themselves clear of State aid and connection, the revival wave would sweep over Scotland and they would no longer deplore empty churches or a depleted treasury. (Applause.) The Crux of the Matter. Rev. D. C. Mitchell, Aberdeen, moved that, believing the union of the United Free Church with a State Church would be to the detriment of both Church and State, that the meeting pledge itself to maintain the Church 011 its present basis. Bailie A. Strachan, Bridge of Allan, seconded, and Rev. C. Robson supported the resolution. Rev. .James Barr said the whole movement was against the trend of the times in the curtailment of liberty, the liberty of the Church, putting it into statute and binding i? down. Everywhere we were making the bounds of freedom broader, but. chains were being put on the Church in the Church of Scotland act. The great forces of justice and equality which move onward, and which all the scheming of ecclesiastics could not stay for one hour, were marshalled on our side, and would carry them to victory. The association had enough members to stay the course of the movement towards union 011 the basis of estab lishment. The resolution was carried unan mously: Buxton, England. NOTES HERE AND THERE. By Rev. E. H. Harding, D. D. We see this sea is not that which rolls be tween us and Europe, but that greater sea. the Ocean of Eternity, lint, however long and wide and deep is that awful sea, which has but one shore ever rolling onward, to Eternity ? if I may use figurative language and an old song heard in boyhood, if we enter the old Ship of Zion, manned by the angels, 110 matter what storms may stir up its waves and billows dash and roar, we shall safely outride all storms and reach the heavenly harbor, whose quiet waters 110 storms ever disturb. 4 4 Sadly as some old mediaeval knight Gazed at the arms he could no longer wield, The sword two-handed and the shining shield Suspended in the hall and full in sight, While secret longings for the lost delight Of tourney or adventure on the field Came over him and tears, but half-concealed. Trembled and fell upon his beard of white. So I behold these books upon their shelf, My ornaments and arms of the other days, Not wholly useless, though no longer used, For they remind me ot my other self, Younger and stronger and the pleasant ways In which I walked, now clouded and confused." 4,As a fond mother, when the day is o'er, Leads by the hand her little child to bed, Half willing, half reluctant to be led, And leave his broken play things on the floor, Still gating at them through the open door, Not wholly reassured and comforted by prom ise of others in their stead, Which though more splendid may not please him more, So nature deals with us and takes away Our play things one by one, and by the hand Leads us to rest so gently that we go, Scarce knowing if we wish to go or stay, Being too full of sleep to understand How far the ' unknown transcends what we know." ?i