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of the olive, the light green of the oleander and
almond, and the deep heavy green of the tig. Over all the land are brilliant flowers wherever a drop of water falls to father them. On the eastern shore the rock-hound cliffs offer no compromise. Their proud heads tower directly over the water and their naked slopes fall perpendicularly from heights as great above ocean level as the Scad of Galilee is be low. It is easy to understand why this eastern country was wild, uncouth and uncivilized. So it is today. Droves of camels and asses wander on the thirsty plains seeking a bit of succulence. Behind this dreary land of Bashon lie the still wilder wadies of Hauran, reputed the most inhospitable district of all the in hospitable lands of the once extended Turkish Empire. Over these trackless plains and sul len upland valleys the demoniac of Gadara was driven by the Legion of Devils that infested him. It was now broad daylight. Those who had slept upon the flat root's of the dirty little cabins of Tiberias were rising, fully clad, for Orientals do not remove their clothes before sleep. A few men were astir In the narrow streets. Camels unlocked their long, ungainly legs and arose to receive the burdens of an other day. The dairy was passing from door step to doorstep, that the goats might be milked into the housewives' pails. There is no watering of milk and no tincture of formal dehyde in this milk supply. The shrill street, calls floated up to me softened as they sifted through the fronds of graceful palms. A light wisp of cloud, that has risen during the night from the fresh water of the lake, lay like a scarf before the brilliant eye of the sun. But he is an insistent lover, whose pas sionate ardor takes no refusal. He broke the virgin mists and poured his golden flood of light upon the water. Galilee was like the face of Moses when he came down from Mount Sinai, the glory of heaven shining upon his face so that none could look upon his splendor with unblinded eye. The shadow in which Tiherias lay seemed emblematic of her history. Jesus never came to the town, though much of His ministry was spent in the vicinity. And like the Master the Gospels completely ignore Tiberias. When Jesus was about twenty years of age Herod Antipas, always remembered for the murder of John Baptist, established this new city by the little, inland sea, and called it Tiberias for his master at Rome. The pio neers disturbed an ancient cemetery of the Jews, introduced pagan abominations by wholesale, and set this alien colony in the midst of an intensely Hebrew district. The Jews resented it with characteristic vehem ence and refused to live or even enter the town. Herod imported foreigners, beggars and ad venturers to get a population. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Tiberias became the capital of the country, and still later an important educational center. It is now the only town upon the Sea of Galilee. The population is about 8,000, mostly mis erable Jews, many recently imported from Russia and Central Europe. Throughout Galilee, and especially near Tiberias, there are many agricultural colonies. The homes of these agricultural Jews are small and neat. All have roofs of bright red tile. Their lands are largely set to almond trees. This is a valuable crop, with a steady market. A grove of almonds will likely make a poor man rich in a few years. We dare say that these poverty-stricken Jewish immigrants now eeking out an existence will be in a single generation become financial giants in the land. A Jew and money are never long parted. (To be continued.) WHY LIMIT TERMS OF CHURCH OFFICERS? By Rev. J. E. Flow, 1). D. The Inst General Assembly sent down to the Presbyteries, with an especial request that every Presbytery take action before the next Assembly, the following amendment to the Book of Church Order: "If any particular church should prefer, this preference being ex pressed by a majority vote in a regular con gregational meeting, ruling elders or deacons may be chosen for an active term of service of five years. Upon the expiration of this term of service they shall be eligible for re election, and in the election of their succes sors their names may be considered together with the names of any other members of the church who are eligible for these offices. When an elder or deacon whose term of service has expired, or who has been released from active service, is again elected to this same office in the same or another church, he shall be in stalled after the above form, with the omis sion of ordination." Why did the Assembly send down this amendment? It was recommended by the com mittee on Bills and Overtures in response to an overture from Mecklenburg Presbytery re inforced by a significant fact. And that is the Presbyteries two years ago voted 38 to 32 for this amendment, which was lost because seven teen Presbyteries, for some reason, failed to vote on the question. See Minutes of Assem bly, 1921, p. 68. 1. Let us consider the nature of this amend ment. "If any church should prefer." This is permissive and not mandatory. It does not propose to interfere with the autonomy of any individual church. No one is required to do it, and no church that tries it is required to do it the second time, nor is any time set when any church is to do it. It is simply giving a church permission to govern itself in this way, if it chooses. There is nothing con trary to Presbyterianism in that. Jf the plan be found hurtful it can be easily dropped. 2. But what is the real reason back of this demand on the part of such a large proportion of our church? There are two reasons that ought to be mentioned : 1. While no reflection is intended on the great body of faithful officers in our churches, for taking them as a whole a finer body of men cannot be found in Christendom, yet as Dr. Fraser says, "some mistakes have been made," and there are some churches that would wel come some good way to correct their mistakes. Some officers have already "lessened the re spect for the offiee,". have proven disappoint ing, and lowered the dignity of their offiee, in the eyes of the church and of the world. Some churches would like to raise the dignity of the offiee and increase its respect by elect ing and installing more worthy representatives. In many cases these officers would welcome a chance to be let out by their time expiring, but tr have charges preferred against them, or 'he church to take steps to put them out. Well, that's different. 2. The progress of the church is being re tarded in many of our churches by some of the officers of the church, and the churches are overloaded with brakemen. Church work im presses the most of us as being up hill busi ness and the devil will supply the church with all the brakes it needs. We need more firemen than hrakemen in the church. The old Bible and the old Gospel are good enough, and when preachers and teachers depart from it then is the time for the elders to throw on the brakes. But in the practical working and management of church affairs the modern church is learning now and better and more Scriptural ways of accomplishing the results the church has in view in obeying the Master's command. To illustrate what I mean the Assembly's Stewardship Committee reports that 1,697 of our churches report no Every Member Can vass iast year. Leaving out the vacant church es. though the Apostle Paul did not recognize any vacant churches, where he had ordained elders in them, we have about a thousand churches with regular preaching who are not co-operating in the greatest movement our church has ever made. The Every Member Canvass is the most Scriptural, the most busi ness-like, and the most successful plan ever devised or tried for financing the kingdom of Christ. For fifteen or twenty years Assem blies, Synods and Presbyteries have recom mended and urged the churches to adopt and try this plan. Preachers have urged and pleaded, volumes have been written, stacks of literature have bombarded the waste-baskets all over the church and yet we find nearly half of our churches have not tried the plan. "Where is the difficulty? The fault in some few in stances may be with the pastor, but ten chances to one you will find some elder or deacon who is In a position to block the whole plan, and his reply to all argument is, "Well, it won't work here." By which he means to see that it does not work. What is the pastor of such a church to do? And this is not a personal question, for my church has heartily adopted the plan and it is working splendidly. Many of our churches are still under the slip-shod, haphazard, care less lack of method of church finance, with the pastor's salary behind and always facing a deficit, and the preachers having to beg and plead for money for the benevolences of the church. Is the pastor to be reconciled to the situation, he and all the church courts cannot control and allow himself and his church to be regarded as back numbers, or is he to leeic another charge and allow his successor to bump his head against the same old wall "t opposition to the progress of the church? Wo Presbyterians have good authority for believ ing that a preaeher, elder or deacon should not "lord it over (?od's heritage, but be an ensample to the fioclc." An officer should not be allowed to lose sight of the fact that he is a representative ruler and not an autocratic rider in the church, and that he has pledged his loyalty to the government, and discipline of the church, and that he should treat the church courts with proper consideration and at least be willing to give the plans of the church at large a fair trial. While there is considerable aversion to call ing an aged minister, who has reached the age when men often lose their initiative, on the principle that, "it is hard to teach an old dog new tricks," yet the policy of many of out' churches is determined by elders who hav?' reached that destination and have camped out there and will not try anything new, no mat ter who recommends it nor where it comes from. Now there are. many churches that would like to invite these good brethren to take a seat in the wagon and ride, if they must ride, but for pity's sake get off the brakes while the wagon is going up hill, for the work of the church is up-hill business. Alderson, W. Va.