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Vol. 96. No. 25. RICHMOND, VA. June 21, 1922. SECRETARY OF STATE IIUGIIES lms announced that the Government of this country is ready to take part in nn investigation of the atrocities still being inflicted by the Turks upon the Armenians and other Chris tian people in their country. One of the strangest things connected with the whole world war has been the way in which the nations of the world have allowed Turkey to continue its diabolical efforts to annihilate the Christians who are unfortunate enough to live in the land over which the crescent floats. President Wil son was anxious to do something for their re lief, but Congress would not permit him to do anything. It is devoutly to be hoped that some thing radical will be done to show the Turks that they can no longer carry on their murder ous campaign against the helpless people whose only offense is that they are Christians. It should not be forgotten that these people fought on the side of the Allies until they were over come by the Turks. Gratitude for what they did and sympathy for them in their helplessness ought to arouse the nations to go to their help. America has sent millions of dollars for Iheir relief, but what will it all amount to in the end, if the Turks are allowed to kill them all ? TITE Congo Mission News, in reporting re cent arrivals in the mission field, men tions "Bishop Egbert Smith." We recognize the fact that all teaching and ruling elders are bishops. But we notice that the News docs not honor any one else with that title, save a Methodist who has been set apart by the Church in this country to the special office to which it gives the title bishop. We wonder upon what ground the News confers this special honor upon our worthy Secretary of Foreign Missions? Is it because he represents a great Church? Is it because he superintends one of the great departments of the Church's work ? Is it because of his great scholarship? Is it Wause of his genial manner and high social characteristics ? Is it because of his greatness of soul and devotion to the Master's work ? Ia is because of his love for God and his fellow man? We leave those to answer who know him. BOOTLEGGING on a largo scale is charged against the United States, while the Gov ernment is fighting hard to pnt a stop to this practice on the part of some of its citizens. The Shipping Board is running a large number of the ships acquired by the Government during the war. Many of these are engaged in pas senger carrying business. In this business tli^ Shipping Board represents the Government. In their advertisements they guarantee pros J>ective travelers that the bars on the .hips will l?e wide open as soon as the ships have crossed the three-mile line off shore and that every cue fian get all the liqnor he wants to pay for. The claim is made by the head of the Shipping Board ?bat it is necessary to sell liqnor in order to secure enough passengers to enable these rhips to compete with other transatlantic ship*. This naturally raises some questions. Ts it ever right to do wrong that good may come ? If the Government, representing the people can en page in the liquor business anywhere, what right has it to say to the people that they cannot individuals do what they are doing collec tively through their representatives ? How do those ships get their supplies of liquors? Do they buy them from lx>otloggerg? There is no one in this country from whom they can legiti mately buy them. Do they buy them1 in for eign countries and bring them over to have them ready for the outgoing journey ? If so, why are not these ships searched, the liquors con fiscated and the officers arrested in our harbors, ns would l>c the oase with other ships ? Which is better to l>e consistently right or to run a few ships on the ill-gotten profits of the liquor busi ness, which this country has so heartily con demned? If the Shipping Hoard does not im mediately stop this business, Congress ought to comj>el it to do so by whatever legislation is necessary. It would be very well for the law abiding people all over this country to express themselves very plainly and very promptly to l>oth the Shipping Board and to members of Congress. ONSOLIDATION made great changes in the work of the Northern Presbyterian Church. That Church 1ms had thirteen boards doing its work, but at the last meeting the General Assembly consolidated them all into four. The plan adopted is almost identical with that under which our Church has l?cen working for some years. It was felt that too many men were employed in managing the work, while a smaller number could do it just as well. It is also reported that there was a growing feeling that the large number of of ficials of these boards, now become so numerous, were gaining too much control of the work of the Assembly and of the Church. It is hard to deoide just how many men ought to l>c em ployed in such work and how much authority and influence they ought to have. GOD relies upon men to ilo much of IT ia work for men. Are we listening to the calls that God is making to us for service, and for advancing His honor and glory? A relief worker in the Near East tells of a destitute boy who was taunted by the vilagers for still keeping his faith in God. "What do you mean by saying God loves you?" they said in scorn. "Would a God who cares for you leave you un aided and friendless?" "lie does love me, and wants to help me," the l>oy still insisted, "but the man whom lie is asking to help me will not listen." MONTREAT program for this summer, as usual, presents a number of most attrac tive features. Every department, of the Church's work will l>c represented. Able men and women will take part in presenting the work in its various phases, and will give much information and inspiration to those who at tend. If one is especially interested in any department of work, it would bo well to l>c at Montreat when it has the right of way. But if one cannot at the time he prefers, he will make no mistake to go at any time. Conferences, lectures and services are by no means all of the attractions at Montreat. For many of those who go there find the pleasantest and most pro fitable experience is meeting socially the choice souls that gather there from all over the Church. We doubt very much whether any gathering place in the world shows a larger proportion of peoplo of the highest social, intellectual and spiritual standing. And nowhere can a finer spirit of fraternity and good will l>e found. Those who have l>oen to Montreat need no one to urge them to go again. Jf any of our readers have never l?een, they ought to write at once for the program and select the time they want to l>e there and then write for reservations as soon as possible. Kev. 11. C. Anderson, Mon treat, N. C., will give all needed information. CONFUSION was characteristic of many of the sessions of our General Assembly, and we find that the same thing is reported as to the Northern Assembly, and afc to other Church courts. In our Assembly confusion in conned tion with discussion of important matters has grown from year to year. It has not. l>een many years since almost all the proceedings of the As sembly were conducted with staid decorum and dignity. During the late session ofthat body it was a common oeeurrence for a half dozen or more men to be clamoring at the same time for the permission of the moderator to speak. This was due, no doubt, largely to the feeling of the members, that, if they did not get their speeches in early they would not get them delivered at all. There was constantly a feverish haste to get through with the consideration of any mat ter that was under discussion. This resulted often times in cutting otf debate before a mat ter had been carefully considered. Many times the question was called when only a few of those who desired to speak had been heard. Due to a ]>eeuliar parliamentary tangle and a call for the questioy one of the most important mat ters presented to the Assembly was voted on and adopted l?efore it had l>oen discussed at all, and when the action had l>cen taken a large number of the members did not know what they had voted for. It seems strange that such a thing should happen, but those who were pres ent could see how easily it could eome out of the confusion that prevailed. What the As sembly greatly needs is to have its members attend with the feeling that they are going to give everything connected with the Lord's work careful consideration, "no matter how much time it takes. Opportunity should lx? given every man to speak under proper restrictions on any subject that comes l>eforo the body. No man has a right to decide that only a certain number of members may speak on any sub ject. The strong men are often slow to speak, and Wause of the haste of others, they some times are not given the opportunity of speak ing, when the Assembly greatly needs their wisdom. IS( OTTNT and Viscountess Astor made a visit to Richmond recently, and were pi von a royal reception. Lady Astor was born in Virginia and reared in Richmond. She is now a Peeress of the British Realm' and is the first woman ever elected to the British Parlia ment. She has taken a very high stand for righteousness, and is exerting a great influence for good in her adopted country. Her husband, Lord Astor, in speaking of what she had accom plished, said : "I think she has done all these things, because always, without ostentation, she lias tried to make God her strength." If this could be said of all those who hold public office in all lands, this old world of ours would be so changed that its old acquaintances would scarcely recognize it.