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Committee, in substance as well as in spirit."
And again below: "Finances of the Move ment : "The committee (C. C. C.) acknowledges with profound gratitude to God the help re ceived from the Interchurch World Movement of North America in connection with the China i'or-Christ Movement. Without this timely help the movement could hardly have been launched and valuable time would have been lost." When the movement fell through, the Con tinuation Committee met the situation by hav ing the National Christian Conference for China, which they were planning to attempt to establish a permanent National Council over all mission work. This conference, which met in Shanghai May 2 to 11, 1922, shows inherent weaknesses. The promoters, to a large extent, alienated the 'evangelical missionaries and Chinese by repressing freedom of speech. It was felt that such a conference must voice the objective of Christianity, saving man from sin by implant ing in him faith in the fundamental principles of the Bible. But a committee of the C. C. C., which met in September, 1921, came to a dead lock, one party being determined not to allow any presentation of evangelical truth in the conference. A Chinese Committee, appointed to prepare a paper on the "Message of the Church to China," did, indeed, give a ringing call, but the paper not being presented for adoption, it becomes merely private opinion. Lest the evangelicals should get their voice in, most rigid rules were adopted. Pressure of public opinion forced this barricade, but an unequivocal trilateral of faith in the deity of the Son, the atonement, and the inspiration of the whole Scriptures was rejected. Then this compromise resolution was adopted which hushed without satisfying the evangelical ele ment. Resolution adopted by the National Chris tian Conference May 7, 1922: "A proposal has been made to the confer ence that a doctrinal statement expressing fundamental Christian beliefs should be em bodied in the resolution appointing a National Christian Council. "We, the members of the conference joyfully confess our faith in, and renew our allegiance to God the Father Almighty, Jesus Christ, His Son, our Lord and Saviour, who loved us and gave Himself for our sins, and the Iloly Spirit, the Lord and Giver of Life, and acknowledge our loyalty to the Holy Scriptures as the su preme guide of faith and conduct, and to the fundamental Christian beliefs held by the churches to which we severally belong. Tho ??onference, however, is not constituted as a ? hureh council with authority to pass upon questions of doctrine and of church polity cr to draw up a creedal statement of any kind. While the conference believes it to be a matter of vital importance that the Church of Christ in China should be established on a basis of true faith and sound doctrine, it recognizes that the authority to determine what are the essential affirmations of the Christian faith lies with the several churches of which those at tending this conference are members. Any National Christian Council which may be ap pointed by this conference will not in any sense he a church council, and therefore not compe tent to exercise ecclesiastical functions. It will be an advisory body which will seek to earry forward the work of this conference and ?o bring the representatives of the different churches and missions in China together, in order that they may mutually enrich one an other through common counsel, and will take action in matters of common interest only when it has reason to believe that the action taken will bo in accordance with the wishes of the co-operating bodies." That it was void is seen by the fact that im mediately afterward many councilman were elected of known rationalistic views. The Chinese Church, to a great extent, were opposed to the movement. Most of them are evangelical. And, furthermore, the mistake was made by which many individual mission aries have raised their work. A missionary "falls in love" with a certain preacher or teacher, regardless or usually ignorant of Chin ese opinion, and boosts him up to a parlous pre eminence. This conference did much boosting of favorites and a group of "boosted" delegates voted vociferously. Those behind the scenes heard ominous rumblings. Large elements of Chinese delegates talked of bolting the confer ence, but did not like to make a scene. One man did manage to get the platform and boldly denounced the management for muzzling them. On all sides there was objection to the rail roading process. The plans of the leaders were not put in the hands of delegates until they were just going on the floor, giving no time to digest them. A large percentage of the dele gates were not elected, but coopted by the C. C. C. The voting was manifestly en bloc and on some most important motions the negative was not even put to the house. In the elections of the one hundred members of the new coun cil seventy-five were nominated by denomina tional and other groups. Some of the C. C. C. leaders were not put up by the groups, but they came in with the other twenty-five, who were nominated by the seventy-five nominees not yet elected! The erection of this National Council is based on unwarranted assumption. No mis sion and no church in China or elsewhere had approved or even discussed the advisability of a National Council. The functions and auth ority of the Council were not clearly defined. The advance statement of Commission V on this subject speaks thus: "... provided such service does not violate the principles agreed upon by the conference electing the council. With tliis one limitation it would seem that a council elected by and responsible to the conference should be entrusted with executive functions." With "principles" passed 011 a Hash light exposure and a confer ence not to meet for five or ten years, the exe cutive powers of the council are rather elastic. The Church needs to look sharply at the financial side of the matter. In view of the fatal mistake by the Interchurch Movement, a resolution Was prepared to the effect that the council should not assume legal or moral responsibilities which might later fall on the ehurch-'S. This was voted down, and the boards are called on to finance the undertak ing. Whether the boards will dare to assume such responsibilities expressly or by implica tion, without waiting for approval by the mis sions on the field or authorization by their church courts remains to be seen. The fact that a tnajority of the new council are Chinese makes some doubt the wisdom of putting the monies in their hands. No one would question their honesty, but there would be danger of mistakes and unwise expendi tures. Were the funds to be placed in the lower church courts, with the responsibility distributed over the whole Church, and guar anteed by the good faith of an established sys tem, it would be another matter, but large sums in the hands of a few, with a new ami untried system and no guarantees, seems rather an adventure. If this goes through, much of the money lovingly given for the saving of souls will be risked in the upkeep of needless and onerous machinery, while preachers and teachers and doctors will be cut down. Yencheng, Kiangsu, China. PEREGRINE PAPERS XXIH. By Rev. W. II. T. Squireo, D. D. BETHLEHEM. Precious memories travel with him who > climbs the ascending road to Bethlehem! The feet of men have worn this dusty road since the age of Abraham. Jacob passed this way and here his beloved Rachel yielded up her life when Benjamin was born. lie laid her in a tomb which has been respected and protected through the ages by Jew, Christian and Mos lem alike. Along this road came Ruth, the beautiful young widow, seeking only a hand ful of grain at the "gleaning; and, lo! she found a husband ; and a most desirable husband at that. Desolate widow, the light of her life gone out, never struck a better match ! Along this road the bent and aged prophet Samuel camc ostensibly to sacrifice a heifer at Bethlehem, but really to anoint David the grandson of Obed, Ruth's son, to be Israel's greatest king. Along this road came Joseph and Mary. They were driven by the mandate of the great Augustus, that first Christmas pve, while the angels of heaven awaited the advent, of the Ron of God, born of David's royal line, in David's loyal town. Along this road came the wise men, with gifts in their hands and worship in their hearts. There is a little spring, a poor little spring as it seemed to me, halfway between Bethlehem and Jerusalem. Here the Wise Men saw the star and rejoiced with exceeding great joy, because it led the way to the house in which the young child lay. Par to the east glorious glimpses are had of the purple waters of the Dead Sea, deep in the cloven recesses of the thirsty hills. These parched desert lands are the wilderness of Judaea. To the west the hill country of Judaea smiles with abounding fertility. There are vineyards, orchards and gardens. The most beautiful countryside in the Levant is the hill .country about Bethlehem. In the suburbs of the little town are fine houses with terraced slopes, and well-kept orchards. The guide shook his whip at them. "American money," he exclaimed laconi cally. "IIow did they make it?" I asked. "That one on fruit. That one on rugs and earp.Ms. That one on tobacco/' he replied. Bethlehem is a mountain town of about 11, 000 people, Christians, almost to a man. And they look it. The streets are clean, the towns folk neatly dressed, the shops well stocked, and the children seem unusually- intelligent. These are worthy folk, like the Syrians of Lebanon, to whom I was ever partial.