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Vol. 97. No. 43. V|RGI/V!a jSiaoo., ?W8 . South RICHMOND, VA. OCTOBER 25, 1922. HOME MISSION WEEK is November 12 19. This is a time when all of the Church is expected to turn its attention in prayer, in study and in gifts to this great and important work. The special object to which the Execu tive Committee of Home Missions is directing attention for this week is the Stuart Robinson School in the mountains of Kentucky. Some months ago the large dormitory of this school was burned, and thus the good work of the school has been seriously interfered with. In order to erect the building that is needed to ac commodate the young people of the mountains who are clamoring for an education, $50,000 will be neeeded. A united effort will easily raise the amount, and make it possible to have this much needed building ready for next ses sion. PRAYER is and must be the foundation of the Christian life and the means of bring ing spiritual blessings to ourselves and others. To this end the week of November 12-18 has been set apart by the Young Men's Christian Associations of the world as a "Week of Prayer for Young Men." November 19th is what is known as the "Universal Day of Prayer for Students." There is no class of people who need the prayers of God's people more than young men. There was never a time when the temptations surrounding them were greater. Many efforts are being made to undermine their faith in God and in religion. Gross sins are presented to them in alluring forms, and thus many are led astray. What a strong bulwark would be thrown around these young men, if all of God's people would unite in earnest prayer for God's protection and blessing for them. It would be well for all of the churches to show their interest in young men by observing this week in such way as may seem most practi cable. REFORMATION DAY comes this year on Sunday, October 29th. It has been cus tomary on this day to look back to the days of the Reformation, to consider its sources, its ac tors, its meaning and the blessings it has sent down .to the churches of today. It would seem very much better this year to consider the countries which were the cradle of the Refor mation and see what is their present condition. France, Belgium and Czecho-Slovakia are dev astated by war and have made only very slight recovery from its dire effects. In each of the countries the Protestant churches suffered heavy loss, both in men and in material things. The members of these churches are now desperately poor. Some of their pastors are receiving sal aries of only $40 a year on which to support themselves and their" families. They need to have their destroyed churches rebuilt, and, strange to say. they need many new churches. Notwithstanding the poverty of the Protestant churches, many who have not been Protestant before are flocking to them, and in Czecho slovakia they are coming by the thousands Our churches are asked bv the General Assem bly on Reformation Day to give $(>0,000 to aid our impoverished brethren in those countries. Of this amount $8,000 is to be usert to complete the church in Compiegne in northern France, which we have undertaken to build as a memo rial to the Presbyterian hoys who fell in the war. The remainder will be divided between the three countries mentioned in proportion to their needs. Let us all remember those coun tries which gave to the world John Huss and John Calvin and the Reformation which they did so much to start, and now, in their times of distress and opportunity for doing so much to advance the cause of our common Saviour, let us do what we can to pay the debt we owe them for spiritual blessings, by giving them of our material blessings. LAWYERS are not likely to make careless or unconsidered statements, especially in any official action which they take. This fact therefore gives great force to a paper recently adopted by the Judicial Section of the Ameri can Bar Association at its last meeting. In speaking of the prohibition law it said: ."The people of the United States, by solemn constitu November 5-12 This is to be Church Paper Week. The Woman's Auxiliaries are going to make an every family canvass of the churches, in order to try to put ft Church paper into every home in which there is not one already. This will be a great help to all the depart ments of the Church's life and work, and it will mean much to the advancement of spir itual life in the families of the Church. These good women are going to do good and faithful work, bat to accomplish what they are attempting they will need help. They will need the help of the pastor and officers of the church, who can give them much counsel and encouragement. They can speak to the congregatiQns on the value of the Church paiier. They can give the women their own subscriptions. They need the help of all of the readers of the Church papers, who can speak to others of the help they receive from them and use their influence to get others to take one or more of 'them. Help these godly women, who have under taken this great work, which will mean so much to the Church in every way. tional and statutory enactment, have undertaken to suppress the age-long evil of the liquor traf fic. When, for the gratification of their appe tites or the promotion of their interests, law yers, bankers, groat merchants and manufac turers, and social leaders, both men and women, disobey and scoff at this law, they are aiding the cause of anarchy and promoting mob vio lence, robbery and homicide; they are sowing dragons' teeth and. they need not be surprised when they find that no judicial or police author ity can save our country or humanity from reaping the harvest." TOBACCO producing States are among the lowest in educational matters, according to a statement made by Dr. Leonard P. Ay res, Director of the Department of Education of the Russell Sage Foundation, after a careful study of this subject in all of the States. He bases his rating upon the proportionate number of children attending school, the progress they make, salaries of teachers, and the amount in vested in buildings and equipment. He bases his conclusions upon Government figures. Tak ing the five States that stand first in the produc tion of tobacco he finds this to be the situation : North Carolina, first in tobacco, forty-fourth in education; Kentucky, second in tobacco, forty first in education; Virginia, third in tohaoco, thirty-eighth in education; Tennessee, fourth in tobacco, fortieth in education; South Carolina, fifth in tobacco, forty-eighth in education. Whether there is any real con nection between the growing of tobacco and illiteracy we are not able to say, but the coincidences here shown are very strik ing. We are sure of one thing and that is that these and other States in the South do not reach the educational standard that they ought to rach. We are also sure that if tobacco was not raised these States and the world would be bet ter off. PROFANITY is one of the sins that is spe cially condemned in the Bible. The Third Commandment especially forbids it, and this is one of the two Commandments which con tain a special penalty for their violation. This was also a subject emphasized by our Saviour, lie showed that there are many ways in which it can be broken, when thoughtless men do not realize that they are breaking it. There are many good people, who are not guilty of pro fanity directly, but who are guilty of encourag ing it in others. This is often done by laugh ing at some piece of profanity uttered by an other, or by making a joke of another's pro fane utterances. What is wrong for us to do is wrong for ns to encourage or condone in others. If Christian men would first guard themselves carefully against this sin and then in a quiet, dignified way would show their disapproval of it in others, they would honor God and go far to show the profane something of the heinous ness of their sin in the sight of God. NOTHING NEW under the sun has often been quoted, but Dr. John Fox, of Easton, Pa., for many years an efficient Gen eral Secretary of the American Bible Society, has come very near finding something new for the Sunday Schools. Dr. Fox has always been sound in the faith of the Presbyterian Church, and has fought boldly for the maintenance of its fundamental principles. Feeling that the learning of the Shorter Catechism is the best means of instilling these principles in the minds of the children of the Church, he has devised a new way of aiding them in learning the won derful questions and answers. He has set twelve questions and answers to music. One of our ministers said recently, that when he first saw the booklet containing this music he thought it was a joke; but, when he tried the music, he found that he was entirely mistaken. It will be found by those who try it, that the music is good, comparatively simple and yet of the dignity demanded in the treatment of the great truths contained in the words. It is a well-known fact that children remember best what they learn to sing, and we believe that the dignity and worth of the Catechism will be more deeply impressed upon them when they learn this music It is to be hoped that Dr. Fox will continue his good work until he has set the whole Catechism to music. It will be well for Sunday School workers, who want to add variety to the work of their schools to get copies of this pamphlet They can be secured from the Presbyterian Committee of Publica tion, Richmond, Va.