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GIVE THE DEACONS AN OPPORTUNITY.
The Southern Presbyterian Church is lend ing the van in bringing the Scriptural Deacon into his own. It has clearly seen ami stated that the Deacon is not an embryonic Elucr, Ruling or Teaching. His sphere of action is different and distinct. He was originally ap pointed by the Apostles "to serve tables/' or take care of the material necessities of the Church. This did not imply that lie was to be a cold-blooded, materialistic kind of man. The very opposite was needed. It takes more relig ion to be a good deacon and distribute the alms and gifts of the Church than to be an elder. So he was to be a man full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom. In this day and time the Church has need of large sums of money, to carry on its num berless works. Plans must ba devised and set in motion to get this money in the right way from the people, so that it may be a means of grace to them. The Stewardship Com mittee of our Church is made almost, if not altogether, of Elders ? Ruling and Teaching. They must go outside of their sphere of Scrip tural activity to gather and dispense the gifts of the people. We have wondered if this is just right. Why not gradually give the Deacons a chance to plan for and raise this large sum of money ? It might not do to make the changc suddenly and at once. Would it not be fine for the Deacon to have some opportunity along this line? It would certainly develop him as it magnified his office. We feel sure, being the Scriptural way, it must be on the whole the wisest plan. As these men must eventually secure the pledges for this money and see after its col lection, it would wonderfully strengthen them to know why and what for this money is raised. There seems to be no satisfactory way of get ting at the proper way of apportioning the amounts. It is largely guess work, and has at least the offensive stigma of penalizing the church that raises a large sum by making that the lwsis of an increase next year. Would it not be well for the Presbytery at least, to have the advice of the deacons of the churches in making the final apportion ment on the churches themselves? Now the Synods are asked to meet earlier, and most of them are doing so. This requires the fall meeting of Presbytery to follow the Synod, when the amount is apportioned to Presbytery, and this laid on the churches for next March. There is usually no great amount of work at fall meetings of Presby tery. Why not invite the deacons to come and sit as advisory members in such matters? It will certainly strengthen the pastor to have a few of his Deacons on hand to hear the dis cussions and needs and then advise the Pres bytery as to what his church could do, and would try to do. There would be no ground for complaint when the Presbytery has secured all the ad vice from the official forces of that church. It would dignify the deacon's office. It would certainly enthuse him with more zeal as he knows what others are doing and what the need ? is. Let us give the Deacon an opportunity commensurate with his Scriptural position. We would like to hear from the deacons on this subject. Tt would help them to study this r subject carefully, and it would help the whole Church to have them express their views. A. A. Little. Contributed A LOOK INTO HUNGARY. Rev. James I. Good, I). D. Our Presbyterian Deputation of the West ern Section, that visited Hungary thi3 sum mer, found the great Hungarian Presbyterian Church, once a rich and perhaps the best or ganized Church in Europe, torn to pieces by the war and greatly impoverished. Today Hungary proper is only about one-third as large as Hungary before the war, and its Church numbers only about half, namely, a million of adherents. It, however, fortunately retains its old organization, its General Synod with the Conventus as its Executive Commit tee. We attended a meeting of the Conven tus and were most cordially received. Bui the work of the Church is hampered by its great poverty. The value of the crown, then* c.-in, lias fallen so low that the average pastor gels only about forty dollars a year for himself, and family, when the minimum wage upon which one can live properly is a hundred dollars. We visited the Uni versity of Saros-Patek and found that the salary of a professor of Theology was sixty dollars a year. At the University of Papa it is only forty dollars a year, at the University of Debreczin, about eighty dollars a year. Un less the minister has relatives or friends to supplement this salary, his life is one of semi starvation. Some of them have for the last three years been building up debts, until the total is now staggering. We heard of one min ister whose debts had risen to one hundred thousand crowns and was well-nigh desperate. When one remembers that there are constantly many suicides in Budapest from starvation and poverty we can see the temptation and danger such a situation brings. But on the other hand, we found the Churches in Hungary well attended. We preached in the Calvin Church to an audiencc of over two thousand. Indeed, there seems to be among the people a return-tide toward church-going. A longing for spiritual things has taken the place of the longing for mate rial things, that followed the war. For they have found out that mere political patriotism is a poor substitute for the gospel of comfort and salvation. We assisted them at the or ganization * of an Evangelistic Society, of which Bishop Ravacz, of Budapest, is presi dent. (Their bishops are only superintendents and not bishops in the Episcopal sense.) We can not speak highly enough of his great and blessed influence. He is a rare combina tion of intellectual ability and deep spiritual ity. And the young men, who are to be the secretaries of this Evangelistic Movement all of them trained in Scotland or America, are choice religious spirits. This Evangelistic So ciety will require about $11,000 this first year. This, with the necessary supplement to the low salaries of pastors and teachers, which is also about $11,000, make the total need for this year $22,000. We found the ministers' widows in dire need, as their splendid Ministerial Re lief Society before the war had all gone to pieces. They are getting from six to nine dol lars a year, and yet even for this pittance they are supremely thankful. We had sent some money of the United Presbyterian Church to the ministers' widows at Papa. Their gratefulness to us was one of the most touching scenes we have ever witnessed, yet none of them received more than five dollars What will the Southern Presbyterian Church do to provide for these needs? While you are helping other philanthropies, do not forget these of "your own kith and kin/' We hope that your Church which has always been so large-hearted, will open to this appeal. Unless this Church in Hungary is helped, it will go down and the power of Protestantism be gradually lost in Southeastern Europe. One of tho professors of Theology said to us: "We try on our poor salary to appear decent. Our outer clothing we try to keep respectable. (His coat looked very threadbare and worn.) Our outer clothing is respectable, but I have only one shirt and when you look for under clothing they are not there or perhaps you find ? rags. And what we miss and most, long for is the championship of books, especially those that aid us to teach, for we have not bocn able to get books since before the we eight years ago." We heard of two students in the University of Budapest, brothers, who had only one suit of clothing between them. And one wears the suit to his classes one day, the other wears it the next day. while the. first stays at home. Brethren, can our Christian spirit and loy alty to our Presbyterianism permit such things to go on? Will you not help and help now that another winter iu coming on. On the "Day of Prayer" (October 29) of your Church, pray mightily for these suffering brethren and give liberally for them in their need. MR. WILKINSON'S MIS-READING OP "THE SECOND COMING" PAMPHLET. By Rev. C. O'N. Martindale. In a recent issue of "The Presbyterian of the South," appeared a three-column ar ticle by Kev. D. F. Wilkinson purporting to be a careful survey of, while really but the old hackneyed replies to, facts and reasons set forth in my sixteen-page pamphlet on "The Coming of the Lord Our Hope." The superficiality and unfairness of said ar ticle can easily be judged by anybody who reads the pamphlet (which I will be glad to send anyone desirous of judging for them selves). From the article it clearly appears that the critic is a non-millennialist : he does not be lieve in a millennium; that is, the reign of Christ on earth for a thousand years, though that is what the Lord Himself asserts in Rev. 10-20, He is coming to establish His Kingdom a thousand years, thereafter (1 Cor. 15:24-28) turning over the Kingdom to the Father for ever. It appears also that the Second Coming of Christ figures but little as a moving factor in His life and teaching and preaching, de spite the power of it, when rightly empha sized, as declared through Christ, Paul, John, Peter, James, and others, of the sacred writ ers. In4;he body of truth it does have its place, and it should be kept properly before God's people and weigh much with them. And one needs but keep eyes and ears open to learn how little the average minister or teacher thinks or presents this theme in studied dis course. ? If the brother has added anything to the non-millenialist's or to the post-millennialist's positions we fail to see it. He certainly needs to post himself better as to the pre-millen nialist's positions, for his caricatures and con junctions ar^ a bit ludicrous to the informed, to say the least. For example: Who would call the term