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questions are settled by an agency national in
tone. So do our states rights slowly fade away before our eyes. The manufacturing classes want an overseas market. Hence they want a Merchant Marine, Protective Tariff, Ship Subsidy, and large navy. They constitute the war party in all nations. As a rural people all the family labored. As a city people, the tendency is for the head of the house to do the work. Children are often idle, their pleasures not so wholesome as once, their time in the school room removes them for long months from parental control in large part, and this tends to lull to sleep the parents, sense of duty toward the children in the mat ter of disciplinary measures. If the parent use not the rod, he certainly will object to the teacher so doing. The schools in this one mat ter of having the children for the most of the time and getting them so young is destroying the parental sense of responsibility in mat ters disciplinary. The city has produced a new public psychol ogy. The farm owner, dependent on his farm and not on his fellow man for a living, could and did speak boldly in all public matters. But as soon as we are dependent on the good will of our fellows as the city makes us, we then are hard pressed in the matter in ques tion. There is a tendency to put on the brakes, the soft pedal, go "pussy-footing," etc. The city produces or sponsors the idea of mixed bathing, the modern dance, the Sunday paper, the Sunday street car, etc. The change of occupation in coming from the country to the city automatically runs down the birthrate. Manual labor is the great providential open secret in the matter in hand. The Jews increased greatly under the very measures that Pharoah used to deplete them. It is the laboring man, especially the farmer, with his direct access to the resources of the soil who ought to people the world. He can feed them. God frowned on the erection of Babel. It would have depopulated the world. The church that limits itself to the city is doomed. Locally it may flourish by immigra tion. The Dead Sea has been lifted bodily thousands of times by evaporation. The springs above renew it. No city can be en tirely purified from within. The proper place to begin is in the springs above. The rural church once controlled the morals, and thus inevitably the fashions of the people, for fashion is an echo of morals. Now a cer tain large city on the Pacific coast has, all told, just two per cent of its citizens enrolled in any church at all. What shall be said of the danger to the 98 per cent, and through them to the two per cent also, in the matter of morals and undesirable fashions, music, dances, etc? National immigration, the decline of the fam ily altar, desecration of the Sabbath, divorce, corrupt politics, Socialism, labor troubles, evo lution, Eddyism, tenantry, dying| country churches, every question of the day that rises to the dignity of a public question can bo shown to have arisen in a city or to have been intensified by contact with the city. I refer to the conditions found there1, rather than to the people. What is the future of the city? History af fords but small light to guide us in the search. Germantown, Tenn. DRIVES. By Rev. ,T. L. Sherrard. A recent report of the Hangchow Christian College for the year ending March 31st last, while it contains no complaints, shows its great need of proper equipment and lack of teach ing force. Dr. Stuart writes: "We are bravely trying to hold our own on current expenses, but very much handicapped by the rigid economy we are forced to practice. 1 am sorry to say that the college lias had to share in the 10 per cent cut, etc. "We have received nothing for equipment and have spent the balance of the meager fund for apparatus, etc. "The Science Hall promised last Jun3 has not yet materialized, and repeated agonized pleadings have brought no results." At the same time he reports a gratifying increase in attendance of about double the number last Spring. JMucli more of the same sort might be quoted in other reports, both from the foreign and home fields. To complete the distressing pic ture we need only note that our Assembly has allowed only a few of the applicants for work on the foreign field to be sent out, and enjoins the strictest economy in the funds in hand. At the same time numerous "Drives" for needs in the home land, mostly educational, have been, and are still being carried on among all the denominations. These "drives" have been managed and pressed with such business skill and insistence as to "go over the top" in almost every case. Millions and millions of dollars have been thus secured in the last five years, in what have been considered string* ent times. Our institutions of learning and training are rejoicing in abundant funds for their work, and are encouraged to "lengthen their cords, and strengthen their stakes" for more. Larger faculties, new buildings for homes and accommodations for larger num bers of students are planned for in the near future. They are evidently having a boom. All this is very creditable to the liberality of our people ; and shows what can be done, at least, for our own special needs, when properly put before them and pressed on them. Let us remember, too, that these "drives" are out side of the every member canvass for benevo lences and current expenses. As to the need for such large funds, and the costly, up-to-date buildings in some cases put up, no question need be raised now. But when we read such reports as have been re ferred to from both the home and foreign fields, and remember the heavy debt that is ever rest ing on this work, and the constant struggle to barely "hold their own," with the most pinching economy; the inability to enter the doors of opportunity that are ever opening; the sacrifices our workers in the home and foreign fields are making and their sufferings from inadequate provision for their health and comfort; a question will arise, whether we are justified in spending so much money at home. Are we observing a due proportion between ex penditures here and abroad? Have we closed our ears to the needs of the unreached, till we have fully satisfied all our own needs T How doss the matter stand in the sight of Him whose last command to His Church was, "Go ye!" My recollection of old Ilampden-Sidney Seminary was a long three-story brick build ing with small rooms opening on long narrow halls, in which two students in most eases sat and studied and slept. Each furnished his own furniture and wood, which was mostly cut up and carried up by them. There were two or three colored janitors, by whom paid I do not remember. The teaching force was four pro fessors, whose homes were furnished them. Times have changed since them; but. as a preparation for "enduring hardness," for small salaries and a modicum of conveniences, the old Seminary was ahead of later ones. In this connection it is interesting to read the instructions given by Jesus to Ilis Disciples on their first trip out into the world. With no place of His own to lay llis head, He charged them, "Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece." St. Luke 9:3. It was so during the Apostolic Age : No equipment, no organization save the church. The explanation of its wonderful success ia given in Act 9 :31. It was when the Church had '"won out," after four centuries of persecution, poverty and hardship, and become the church of the Roman State, with place and power and plenty, that it became corrupt and started on the down-grade till in part cheeked by The Refor mation. The Hook of Judges records the same ex perience after the victories under Joshua had brought rest and plenty to the wanderers in the Wilderness; they forgot God and sat. down to enjoy themselves. It seems that poverty, affliction, persecu tion are the necessary conditions of purity, faithfulness and fruitfulness. Is it not time to have a few "drives" for our Mission work? Crozet, Va. Sermon Helps HELP YOURSELF TO GOD. A recent writer tells of one of the noblest of Christian ministers, who awoke one night, several years ago, and as he lay thinking it seemed to him he heard a voice say, "Help yourself to God." At first he was almost shocked. It seemed irreverent, and yet the words repeated themselves over and over again, "Help yourself to God, help yourself to God, help yourself." Gradually a sense of peace and joy filled his heart, and he realized as never before how near God is, how He stands at our very side, waiting to give us abundantly of His Spirit, His love, and His help ? we have only to help ourselves. That evening he preached in a New York church, and told this experience of his. Afterward he learned that a lady in the congregation had come to New York to undergo a severe surgi cal operation. She had come into the church feeling greatly burdened with anxiety and shrinking from the ordeal before her. Dr. Adams' words seemed like a message from God to her, and she said her last conscious thought as she lay on the operating table was that God was beside her with help and strength suf ficient for all her needs ? she had only to take all she wanted. She had caught a glimpse of the heavenly resources offered for her use and had simply taken God at His word and availed herself of them. And so may we. STONEWALL JACKSON'S TESTIMONY. "I have so fitted the habit in my mind that I never raise a glass of water to my lips with out asking God's blessings; never seal a letter without putting a word of prayer under the seal; never take a letter from the post with out a brief sending of my thoughts heaven ward; never change my classes in the lecture room without a minute's petition for the cadets who go out and those who come in."