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guided by an unseen Hand.
She made a silence in her soul. And in that silence the Lord spoke to her. She developed the listening ear and realized what He meant when He said, "My sheep hear my voice." It became her habit when she laid her head on her pillow, very weary sometimes, to turn to Jesus for heart rest; to fall asleep committing her cares, and to wake thinking of Him first of all. So, almost unconsciously she multiplied that hour until much more thaji a tenth of her waking time was spent in prayer. ? The Sunday School Times. WHAT ONE CIRCLE 1)11). A Quilt to tlio Mountains. Circle Seven met on Monday, Just as all good Circles dc. Prayed a little, ia'.ked a little. Had some Biblo utudy, too. Circle Seven had no trouble, When it came to raising cash: They'd sell anything to make it. From pillow-slipa to succotash. But, the money troubles over, "Give us work," the Circle cried. "Keep us busy," Mrs. Chairman, "So we may be satisfied." "In the mountains," said the Chair man, "Are some sisters we may aid; They have given their lives to service, Cheerful, loyal, unafraid." "With self-sacrificing labor, They've a wondrous work upbuilt: We should help them ? for a starter. Would you like to make a quilt?'" Circle Seven met each Monday, Always eleven ? twelve at least, Prayed a little, talked a little. While they pieced, and pieced, and pieced. And the blocks were made of colors, Meant to bring you happy dreams, While the white shows how our ser vice To the mountains sends its beams. Anon. (This was pinned to a quilt sent to a mission school.) WOMEN IN JAPAN. By Rev. J. Woodrow Hassell. Some years ago, when Christian missionaries began the education of women In Japan, an Oriental was heard to say, "They will be educat ing our cows next." Such was the admiration and respect paid to women in years not long past. The woman's place then was, and still is, to a great extent, that of household drudge. It is not an in frequent thing to see women, hitched to carts, dragging heavy loads of rice or other merchandise. Not long ago in our little city of Marugame a street electric railway was started. And who do you suppose laid in place the heavy stones for the bed of the track and pounded them do\yn? It was the women and the girls of the town. The wife and mother in Japan, with baby strapped on Iter back, works out in the field from early morning until the wonderfully bright light of the moon tells her that it is long past a foreign woman's bed hour. Or if you pass along the narrow crowded streets you see a woman keeping shop, while little ones flock around her and a tiny babe is prob ably at her breast. Such is the po sition of woman, ordinarily speaking, in rural Japan. In the mining districts women take their place right beside the men. Most of them work in the coal mines. One fifth of all the laborers in the coal mines of Japan are women. They work in the bowels of the earth, naked, like the men, wearing only a little branch loin cloth. There is no ventilation. There is no discipline in their surroundings. They are so like animals that they hardly seem hu man. In cities the conditions are hardly any better. Many women work in the large department stores. Thous ands are waitresses in hotels and the atres, where their lives are given over to every form of immorality. Already education has done much for the women of Japan. It is doing vastly more. As is the case with every institution of real value in a heathen land, it has been introduced through and along with Christianity. Dr. Notobe, a prominent educator of Japan, says, "The education of the boys would probably have been taken care of by the government, but the girls would have fared badly without the example and inspiration of the missions." And then he added, "Christianity's greatest gift to Japan is the education of women." This speech of Dr. Notobe makes us realize the depths of degredation and misery from which the women of Japan are being delivered. Illl ^ llll Japanese Woman and llaby. Confucius is responsible for the at titude of the Japanese toward their women. He teaches: 1. Women are naturally inferior to men. 2. Education of women should be restricted to reading and writing. 3. Women's first duty is obedience. 4. Men and women should not sit together. 5. Women should have no voice In the selection of their husbands. 6. The husband should have abso lute right to rule his wife. And now the question arises, What are Christian missions doing for women in Japan? There are between forty and fifty Protestant Girls' Schools in Japan, with average capacity of 250 to 300 girls. All of these schools are Drlm full. In our own Golden Castle Girls' School in Nagoya hundreds of appli cants are turned away yearly for lack of accommodation. In these schools girls are given a good education. They are taught mu sic, domestic science, gymnastics, as well as all tire regular branches ol study. And more than this, there is a regular period for Bible study. These girls attend daily morning prayers. They are present at the church services. They go to prayer meeting. They live in an atmosphere that breathes out Christianity. Never do they return home the same girls that entered the mission schools. They are transformed beings. Many of them are new creatures in our Lord Jesus Christ. Last year, out of the one hundred girls graduating from our Girls' School, ninety were Christians. In the Carrie McMillan Home In Kochl (Continued on page 13), Laymen and Their Work TRANSYLVANIA LAYMEN'S CON VENTION. The Laymen's Association of the Presbyteries of Transylvania held a delightful conference on October 5 at Lebanon, Ky. Prom the opening moments until the close the atmos phere was surcharged with the In tensive earnestness of those who real ize that they stand between the liv ing and the dead; of those who reel that God's eye is upon them search ing out the good and evil; of those who are beginning to see the work to be done and how to do it. Many caught a much clearer vision of the unused man-power of the Church, as over against a distressed world which this man-power is expected to relieve. And yet they returned with joy in their hearts, having better understood how to be of real service to their Master. Opening devotional exercises were conducted by Judge W. A. Waters, of Springfield. Then followed a very practical and timely address by Capt. F. L. Slaymaker, of Athens, Ga. The keynote of his concluding appeal was the "Surrendered Life." No less stir ring were addresses by Dr. J. C. Ache son, president of Woman's Colleee; Dr. R. Ames Montgomery, president Center College, and Rev. W. A. Hop kins, superintendent of Young Peo ple's Work. The three latter were im promptu and evidenced the pent-up emotions and zeal of great souls. A more formal address was made by Dr. Charles Welch, of Louisville, on "What the laymen are to the Church." A sort of guiding hand throughout the day, with his practical ideas and his ready humor, was our Mr. Thomas B. Talbot. The convention adopted measures looking to the organization of local men's clubs, for the encouragement of prayer life, personal evangelism, fuller knowledge of church doctrines, Its activities, etc. An awakening mighty power is now at the service of the church. Are we wise enough to use and direct it? J. E. Travis. REORGANIZATION OF THE ASSO CIATIONS. By Sherwood Eddy, International Secretary. I believe that the Association has reached a crisis in its history and that it is standing at the parting of the ways. The Movement seems to me to be in need of complete reorganiza tion. There are three factors at pres ent in our Movement ? local, State and National, or International, work. I fear no one who has studied the As sociation and has observed its work ing in the field can successfully main tain that these three are properly re lated, coordinated and harmonized. There is much friction, overlapping, competition, waste and consequent in efficiency. The fault is due, not pri marily to personnel or to the relations of the men themselves, but to the fact that the present organization, or lack of organization, is placing a strain upon the men which they cannot bear. In the National and State work we have two separate budgets, two inde pendent agencies, often competing and overlapping, where a smaller, unified and coordinated force could do the work much better than it Is being done at present. If we agree that the present conditions are not satis factory, what steps should be taken to remedy them? There are three ultimate types of organization in ecclesiastical or relig ious bodies ? the Congregational, the Presbyterian and the Episcopal. Tho Congregational is the individualistic, independent form of organization, lay ing almost exclusive emphasis upon local autonomy, without the capacity for national or international unity, coordination and ccomplisnment. The Presbyterian is the representative or federated type, where local autonomy is supplemented by federated unity, where the whole body may function as one organic whole, representing all the individual units. The Episcopal represents the highly centralized au thority operating from the top down. Now between these three types, we can probably all agree that the third is undesirable and impossible for the effective working of the Young Men's Christian Association. Its corner stone and first principle has always been the independence ana autonomy of the individual Association. Elimi nating the third, we have left the other two. The present organization of the Association is of the first type. It consists of Associations loosely bound together with almost exclusive empha sis on local autonomy and with little provision for consolidated coopera tion and united achievement I be lieve that in the light of the present waste, competition and inefficiency of the Movement, we are forced to con sider the whole matter of reorgani zation. The question is shall we merely temporize, tinker with existing machinery, put a new patch on an old garment, or shall we seek thorough reorganization? Speaking personally and unoffi cially, without special concern for either the National, State or Local work considered by themselves, and thinking only of the welfare of the Brotherhood as a whole, I would ad vocate immediate coordination of the three existing factors in the Associa tion, and ultimate consolidation into one united movement with one gen eral agency. If there is to be consolidation and unification, shall we build from the bottom up or from the top down? The only possible answer is, it seems, to me, that we must build from the bot tom up. We cannot have a top-heavy, autocratic or independent organiza tion constructed from the top down. There must be no thought whatever of the present International Commit tee absorbing or eliminating the State work, or in the least degree seeking to dominate the local units. We must build from the ground up. But at present I believe we are not build ing up at all. We are remaining upon the ground. So far as coordinated effort is concerned, we are too much like a rope of sand. We have strong individual, independent local units but no adequate provision for cooper ation, coordination and extension at home and abroad. Our present position is similar to '.hat of the thirteen feeble colonies just after tho Revolution, each jeal ous of Its own autonomy, feeling the need of some federated unity nut un willing to create such a body or to entrust power to the united govern ment of their own creation. But in the Constitution they builded better than they knew. Historically, tho South was right in believing that the Constitution provided for state rights; prophetically, yie North was right in (Continued 0*1 page 13)