Newspaper Page Text
Now Payrolls liupi'ovcmiMitN, I'W. liirli'x, Mini i:nt'i n Ini-m Tlmt w ill (;iv I'niplnyiiiriit to Lulior 8;:i'in, Oro., Kept. 28 Tho I,n (irumle $." Klks IoiIko IiiiIIiIIiik WH lm I'lc'clcil hy tlui l'uliiMir-Klllxoii Co. of Portland. It will liuvo OIIh rlm'atoi uiitl HiiIhIioiI In Houttlo ter ra cotlu. Port In imI CntliolicH uro pluiiiiltiK a homo for ArclililHhop ChrlHtlo unci otlnT IiiiIIiIIiiki) for 1915, total ini- lirnvitiiit'iitH to ruHt $250,000. Quarterly payment of tux en Ih it popular movement Unit would relievo ludii'ilrlcH In a priirtlcnl way. Then I'W Pendleton hotel eoHtluii 30,II0II Iiiih lien opened to the iti l- llc. Thn $76,000 rock crunliltiK of the ('anr:nli Construction Co., at Miirlon Ikii lieKiui operation with a payroll of 100 men at $0000 per month. It In expected to (lltltrllillto (100,000 yariln of criiHlird rock on tlio H. I'. Co trackx In Oregon. Cyanldn JnnipliiK from 19 to 7 C centH n pound on account of the war In liniuperinK tho milling liiilimtry In linker County. The new I'orllanil pout olllco will have two (loom devoted to mull work, mi. I Heven lloom to olllceH for tlie army of federal ofllelulii anil coin llilsKleuerH lit Portland. I'mpom'il plutm for thn Improve ment of the old St. John road out of Portlaiiil ciiIIm for an expenditure, of $170,000. Albany Ih rnllltiK for lilila for n now $r0,000 MkIi HChool. I'ortlalid hank em recently return cil from tlio hiinknra conforoncn nt WnnliliiKton, I). C. Btato eaMtern fac tnrleH are rtiitriltiR night anil day to fill iiiilem hroiiRht nliout hy the Kiiropoun war. Kuropenn Wnr lias deinornllzed the fruit ImliiKtry and freak lulior lawn are crlpplliiK tlio cannerlen at homo. Tho lleppner Milling Co. dltitrlhut- uniiiially $10,000 In waicoa. I'llut Itock hint great need of morn dwelling. I'urlllo CouhI Manufacturer; Gov ernment owneralilp of puhlin utiliti es hIi on lil nut he unod to tireuk down Invent nieiita of rapltnl In public ntlll tlea If Oregon Ih to proHper. Mcf'iilly & Humbln of Jomph have JiibI roiupleted a roncrotn olllce build in g. The State Railroad CoinmlHHlon linn protested aRnliiHt a three per cent tax on freight nlilpmcntH nn a nieaim of ruining Rovermental rev eneue to offnet thn effort of the European wnr. (IreHhnm will noon have a new eannery. IUiIh bolus rocolved for thn con "traction of the head works at the In take on tho KaHt Fork of Homl Hlver nml ooiiHt ruction of Main canal for an npioxlinutn dhitanrn of nix iiiIIoh. Work on thn Stithorlln Cooh Hay KiiHtern Railroad Id bnlnK puahed rapidly. .Ion Knowlea got what ho went after publicity, tho RrontOHt Oregon product. I'rlnevllln nnodH moro modern liimneH. Thn Wllnmotto Pacific exports to have rnllH to tidewater beforo tho rainy hpiihoh ants In. The Rutherlln Hnllrond linn been Rranled a frnnclilHO on Sntherlln Ktreets. Tho Pacific CoBHt Condormed Milk ' will Immediately proceed to en large Hh lllllHboro plant to meet tho 'leinandH of tho constantly IncroiiHlng ofTerhiRH of milk. Tho nnw hnlldlng will bn of eoncroto 140 x 140 anil when completed will glvo tho local Plant a capacity of 200,000 pounda n day. Ihirlng harvnat aoason to Have fropa farmnra nuist work 12 to 14 hourn. What will an 8-hour Inw do to thn farming Industry? A now Catholic church la being hullt nt Adams. The Standard Oil Co. la preparing to nrnct Hiiply tankB at Lolmnon mak ing this point tho distributing contor for Hint part of tho County. Tho Lebanon Lumber Co. will soon hegln to ship logs to thnlr mill ot that town and tho mill will bo run to cnpnclty. Wm. Kylo & Sons Co. salmon can nery at Florence has started oper ation nnd will distribute $20,000 to thn wnrknrs during tho season. Portland will soon orect anothor 24 classroom Bchool nt a cost of lfi0,000. Tho Mnrlon County court house Ib to havo a now heating plnnt Installed hy T. M. Ilarr of Snlom. The enactment of nonrly thirty new laws nn the bnllot this year would lie nn InduHtry at the expense of all othor Industrlcn, says the Ore gon Manufacturer. GRADE APPLES STRICT- LY TIUS YEAR IVrn,,,,,,.,,,.,, , Mlk(t )m i Ito'Kr of Aillierenco t y,,,,!;,,, I tu Ion A. (, Corvullls, 8ept.spi.dal PhIiih with their trading i .., .... .km, this year by all (mr frilt , w urn io rolaln ur I)r0Hnl ml. knta ami seciire the new on... aiy to take t10 paco f tll()(j(, y mo Miropeun war. Tho crop I fairly large, 8liyH irfBI)or (. , LewU, tho Agricultural College lorl cultural whoso efforta to secure hlgl miiiKinriiH for fruit and fi.m,rni ,i herencn to IIioho Htandards has don.- o much to place Oregon fruit In tl front rank. Ilia views of prn conditions and how bUHt to mee ihein follows: "Whllo our fruit crop Is not H largo un tho 1912 e.np It irKI. thou that of 1913. Tho applo cro lu the eiillro United States bids fal. bn large. Tim Canadian croi. I, ;ond. And our Kuropean market I:: omewliat limited, ho that It be 1 oovoh iik to bo very careful of the -rr.ide of fruit wU put on thn market "Thn dry summer has causod r Ileal deal of very dry fruit. Much o' ihla fruit Is probably too small to Ik OlofUaldy marketed. It won!,! !,. much better to keep this small Infer lor rrult at home and work It Into by D.'oiliictH, evaporuted. vlneRiir. can ned, than to try to market It In boxes In some sections there Is considerable fruit that hns been moro or Ichs dam iged by scab, Insect stings, nnd frui tions. A rumor hns reached mo re cently to the effect that somo of our fruit growers associations arc nlan nlni! to u-n aonio of this fruit In their second grado class this year. "To use this fruit would be a falsi mistake for the fruit growers of the Northwest. On tho contrary wr should follow very atrlctly our grad lug rules. These rules may bo socur ed from any of the various selllnr agenclea. audi as the North Pacific Krult Distributors of Spokane nnd Portland, and thn Northwest Fruit Exchange of Portland. These assoel a! Ions have adopted fixed grades nnd If fruit Is sold through them It mils' eiimo up to grade. If Inferior fruit having worm stings, fcah, etc., Ip loaded on the tnnrket It Is going to hurt the sale of tho better fruit Wo will actually make more mone by dumping such fruit Into tho river than to attempt to aell It. I would uri-e upon all fruit grosrow, anif al' Individual growers that am worklne Independently, to grnde Btrlcter tliip vo:ii' then they ever did beforo. The future of tho fruit Industry demand? it. Our mnrket Is undoubtedly goinc to bo restricted, nnd wo must look up new markets to take the place of much of tho fruit that hns heretofore gone to Kuropo. It will be only by careful grading that wa can hopo to securo results this year. MfW'll OK SM.UX CI.OIIN IIKTTKK THAN (F DIST O. A. C, Corvullls, Ore., Sept A cloddy mulch rather than a dust mulch is the Ideal condition for con serving moisture during thn summer. It was unfortunate, says Professor II 1). Remitter of the Agricultural Col lego, that the term "dust mulch" camo into general use among Oregon farmers, since tho term is really nils lending. Whllo it Is probably true that agricultural scientists had In mind a mulch of flue clods when they 111 ail 0 use of tho term dust mulch, It Is evident Hint a good many farm ers took the word In Its literal aense and have tried to keep the aurface of their flolda covored with two or three Inchoa of dust. During tho dry sea son this form of surface mulch mani fests considerable capillary activity, passing off considerable tiunntitiea of moisture. On the other hand, when rain falls upon It It runs together nnd In drying develops lnrgo cracks through which moisture fairly streams off. The most profitable cul tivation la described In Professor Scuddor's bulletin, "A" Report of the Eastern Orogon Experimental and Demonstration Work," as follows: "Aside from maintaining a good mulch and killing weeds, one of the moBt Importnnt fenturos of the culti vation of the summer fallow Ih to avoid pulverizing the Burfnce soil to such nn oxtent as will cause It to Btop percolation of rainfall and cause the soil to run together and crust bndly over winter In other words, to avoid the much-advortlsed "dust mulch". This moans that no type of cultivator should be used on the sum mer fallow which causes excessive pulverization.. For example, tho Acme harrow type of cultivator should not bo used.and even the com mon harrow when used too often through the summer tends to create a "dust" mulch. On the othor hand, the doslred cloddy mulch can be maintained by culltvatlng so early aftor a rain as to form clods, or hy using tlio dlBk In the fall to throw up clods from tho subsurface soil. Of course, tho fundamental require ment for producing a good mulch la abundance of humus, which, as de scribed elsewhere, aid in muliitalnlng tho crumb and small clod structure of the surface aoll and preventa, as well, crusting Inter on. "The Idea occasionally expressed hy the farmer who Is Interested In trying new methods, that a aurface ciiiiivnilon must be elven nvrv throughout the Bummer or tho like; or coo Jut as far from being correct as that no cultivation at all snouM lie given. Cultivation must be given, and always can lm nmin. ably given, whenever the moisture uuiihorving mulch lias been destroyed or whenever weeds appear, so tlmt the practice Is altogether governed by good Judgment and no other fixed rules. In an ordinary season whore the land has not been allowed to get excessively foul with weeds, two or three harrowlngs of the summor fal low early In tho spring one Im mediately after the lllowln? nnil tlio others whenover the weeds or mulch J'liitro tlieni follow by a couple of cultivations with, the "slicker" In tho summer, and possibly a final cul tivation beforo seeill lllf In tlio full would maintain satisfactory condi tions." Although this was written consern Ing Eastern Orciron cmwlltlnnn P. fessor Scudder says that the prin ciple la general and applies equally well to Wllumetto Valley conditions I'ltKAK l,.W FACTOKY WORKING OVKItTIMK Several measures among tho twon ty-nino on tho ballot are destruc tive to prosperity, development, con tentment or orderly government Sumo even threaten one and all of these public blessings. Chief among tho undesirable measures are the fol lowing; The $1500 exemption The tax to provide public work for the unemployed; Proportional re ;iresentatlon ; Abolishment of the State Senate; Universal eight-hour lay amendment; The attack on water front titles. The thuught uppermost in the minds of the public revolves around high taxes. The chief demand h for reduction in the cost of govern ment. Hut the list of measures sub mitted promises llttlo. Those offer ed promisea nothing. It is a common fulling as mining individual law Rivera, be they czurs, emperors or tlnkerers with direct legislation to give a Btone when the people nre demanding bread. (Oregonian) r.x m uDK.vs dkktkoy I'UOKPKKITV There must be a halt on taxation in Oregon beforo the point of con tention Is reached. The umount of taxea collected from the people of Oregon this yeni ivlll total Twenty-four Million tlol lars.. The net value of crops produced tills year 1b estimated at Eighty Mil lion (80,000,000) dollars. Assuming that one person In five is a taxpayer, with 750,000 popula tion, we have 150,000 taxpayers, 01 $100 per capita for each taxpayer. Does not this effect the high cost of living, and la It not an embargo against capital coining freely Into this state? Has not the time come to place a limit upon state and county tax levi es? Should not the activities of the legislature bo limited In the Intro duction of bills. In tho laBt legislature bills were introduced making appropriations of about Fifteen Million (15,000,000) dollars and about half of them pass ed. The next legislature should curb this Industry, adopting an Ironclad resolution confining introduction of bills to the first twenty days, and not allow any member to Introduce more tbnn five bills. That line of wqrk would help to restore confidence and prosperity in Oregon. HASH HA Mi AT 1MIK GKOl'NDH The game between the Post Gradu ates who learned their business under the Wright Bros., Spalding nnd Anson, as against the new school of McGraw, Mack & Co. It was un derstood that the former club was to bo composed of mon over 60 or crip plod, needloss to say that there were many applicants. Aftor many argu nients la was agreed that the Rev. F, J. Meyer would officiate as umpire, On the toss up, the old timers took the fiold. When the kids seen the strong aggregation, of crlploa, oppos ed to them, they weakened and re fused to play. This left the game In the hands of the umpire, who was compelled to decide In favor of the old timers. Score O, T. 9 Novitiates, 0. Subscribe for the "MIST" $1.50 year Patronize Our AdvcrtiHcrs. It Pays. DELAVEN COMET IS NOW VISIBLE TO UNAIDED EE State U. Professor of Astronomy Telbi When unit Where to Ijtxik for Illva! of Halley's University of Oregon, Eugene. September 29. Where and whon to look for Delavan's eomet, which Is now visible without the aid of a tele scope, was explained todayb y Profes sor Edward H. McAllister, who teach es astronomy and applied mechanics at the state university. Professor McAlister advises getting up two hours before sunrise for the best view of the comet: however, It may be seen also In early evening. Hin Information concerning the celectlal newcomer is as follows: "Delavon's comet has become visi ble to the naked eye within the past ten dayB. This comet was discovered by Paul Delavan at the La Plata ob servatory, Arglntina, on December 17 1913. It has therefore been undo the surveillance of astronomers for moro than nine months. At the time of Kb discovery it was about 370, 000,000 mllea away. It waa three months farther from Its nearest ap proach to the sun, when seen, and yet was very much brighter, than Halloy's comet waa when first seen In September, 1909. This indicates that the comet Is really a large one, but the following circumstances will operate to prevent it from making as magnlflclent a display as Halley's comet: "In the first place, It will not ap proach so near the earth, and hence will not cover bo large an expanse of the sky unless It be very much larger than Halley's comet. In the second place. It will not aproach so near the sun as Halley's comet did, and tht brightness of a comet depends In part upon Its closeness to the Bun. In the third place, It will pass Its nearest aproach to the earth about October 2, but It will not reach Its nearest approach to the sun until the latter part of the month, nnd hence when It Is nearest the sun Itw ill be receding from the earth, and bo even though It may actually be very bright, It will not necessarily appear so. "If the northwestern sky is clear In the early evening, the comet may be seen below the bowl of the "Rig Dipper', at a distance below the bot tom of the bowl about one and one half times the distance between the two pointers. Its course is In a gen eral direction towards Arcturus, the bright red star that appears nearly due west In the early evening at this season. On October 26 It wns a few degrees north of Arcturus. "Although it woy be seen in the early evening, it Is near the horizon. and is often obscured by haze In the atmosphere. The best time to view It Is In the early morning, two hours or more before sunrise, w hen It will be In tho northeast, but still in the tnme position relative to the Dipper. "The nearest approach to the earth will be about 147,000,000 miles, and the nearest to the sun a little more than 100,000,000 miles. The course of a comet can be predict ed after a few observations of Its position have been taken, but the brightness which it will assume can only be predicted In a very general and indefinite way, by considering Its nearness of approach to the earth and sun. An opera glass or field glass will give a much better view than the naked eye, if first focused on a bright star." CAH1) OF THANKS We wish to express our heart felt thanks to the many friends for kind ness shown us during our long trial and breavement. MRS. HIOS. W. TODD MRS. HARRY BARNETT MRS. STOUT RELIABLE Wowan wants work. Foud of children. MRS. WM. MOYER -Up Yankton, Oregon Stihsrrlhe for the "MIST" $1.50 year V0NA.GRAY Watches Clocks Jewelry CUT GLASS and NOVELTIES Watch Repairing a Specialty LOCATED IN RUTHERFORD BLDG I ST. HELENS OREGON worn ,1 ? niTT j raw 11 f t"z -"'"arfiii bLiiiULULiAU.Likti.iAiiLAAil.L,i,Atlitr, BENNETT BROS., PROPRIETORS ST. HELENS MILK ROUTE PURE, CLEAN MILK AND CREAM SATISFACTORY SERVICE GUARANTEED PHONE 113-5 IF WE OWNED THIS PAPER We would fill a couple of pages with the hundreds of articles in Hardware which we have and you want. We are completely stocked with goods for the farm, the home, the garden, tne shop, or the small boy who wants a pocket knife or fish hook. All kinds all prices ev erything you'll find them all here, strictly high grade and warranted to live longer than you. AUCKLE R1RBWj4RE COAIPjMY Livery, Feed DRAYING AND TRANSFER All Business Promptly Attended To PHONE 15 OR 42 WM. H. DAVIES ST. HELENS, OREGON Great Trade Boost ing Campaign Seven Grand Awards $1,805 Worth of Piano Awards To the Seven Highest at the Close of the Campaign 4000 votes for each new subscriber 2000 votes for each subscriber paying one year back bill 25,000 votes for clubs of five new subscribers Only Two Weeks More Go to McDonald's IT WILL COST YOU NOTHING HAVE THIS PIANO PUT IN YOUR PARLOR J.W, McDonald Subscribe for Willi new huiMino k. M ment, enlarged grounds, and moy d ditiont to it (.culty, the Uoiveniry ol Oregon will begin its tnim-ninth yeir Tuesday. SeDtemhM in te'V ,r,in'n ,0' Business, lout. Fhysical Training and Fine Artt. of hbccsU education. Library of mttrt itiaa St.Mt volyao two orilpptd Now tiu KM A I luinoo Pr. rjoMBitoriM lor mum aat WrW lor catalog a4 Uluatrttt toot It tuwirssini n 'fjiairar, UNIVERSITY nr ADrenti tUGINS oncCON ar- r and Sale Stable Prop. and see his special offers & St. Helens Hist the "Mist," Now!