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o o Ia u m m-1 m o o tj t ir
LOCATION: In the Northwestern part of Orepron, on the Columbia River, with about 70 miles of river front. AREA: About 700 square miles. 422,5i2 acres. TILLABLE LAND: 15,726 acres. This is land that is actually in cultivation and cleared, exclusive of town lots. NON-TILLABLE LAND: 406.766 acres, which includes all timber where there is , more than 100.000 feet on a quarter section, also all log- Red off land which is nof suitable for and in no condition for cultivation. TIMBER: About seven and one half to eight billion feet ASSESSED VALUE. OF TIMBER: $11,467,180. ASSESSED VALUE OF TILLABLE LAND: $911,355. TOTAL ASSESSED VALUATION OF ALL PROPERTY: $18,000,000. MILES OF COUNTY ROADS: 500 miles, some of which is in first class condition, some in fair condition and some in very poor condition, MILES OF RAILROADS: About 125 miles which includes the main line of the S. P. & S. and the various logging roads. POPULATION: Census of 1910 gives 10,580 but a careful estimate this year gives it at least 15,000. CLIMATE: Temperate. During the summer the thermometer rarely reaches 100 in the shade and in the coldest weather of winter zero weather is almost unknown. During the winter months there is considerable rain, but not too much. Just enough to insure crops. Crop failures are unknown. PRODUCTS: Fruits of all kinds, especially apples, pears, plums and - berries; Grain and grasses; garden truck of all kinds and dairying. SHIPPING: Ships from all parts of the world carry Columbia County products down the Columbia River and to the markets of the world. .A through line of Railroads traverse the county from the North to the South. River boats carry local products to local markets at low rates. LAND: Thousands of acres of first class land can be purchased at reasonable prices upon which are stumps left from the timber operations. This land is especially suited for farming, fruit raising and dairying. No Elopements In Germany. One seldom bears of elopements In Germany, because it is impossible for young people to marry in that country without the consent of their parents or legal guardians. Certain prescribed forms must be gone through or the marriage is null and void. When a girl has arrived at what is considered a marriageable age her parents make point of inviting young men to the bouse, and usually two or three are In vited at the same time, so that the at tention may not seem too pointed. No yonng man. however, is invited to the bouse until after be has called at least once and thus signified bis wish to have social intercourse with the fami ly. In German; a man most be at least eighteen years old before be can make a proposal. But when It is made and accepted the proposal ts speedily followed by the betrothal This gen erally takes place privately, shortly after which the father of the bride as she Is then called gives a dinner or upper to the most intimate friends of both families, when the fact is formal ly announced, and shortly after It be comes a matter of public knowledge. Two Famous Engliih Order. On Oct 13. 1300. was founded by Henry IV. "the Most Noble Order of the Bath." During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. "The Bath" fell Into disrepute, and its restoration to favor we owe to the German George I., who reconstituted the order in 1723. The reason for Its loss of reputation is possibly to be found in one of the cere monies which preceded the Investi ture. The candidate for knighthood was ceremoniously disrobed, conducted to a bath and while there was duly In structed and counseled by two grave and ancient knights concerning the or der and feats of chivalry. The English are a prudish nation and preferred to be clothed and In their right mind If they are to be preached at The Order of the Garter rather tried their re serve concerning the intimacies of ap parel; the bath overstepped every lim itLondon Chronicle. No Soft Bed For Him. There is an immensely rich man in New York who never slept on a bed of eiderdown, goose feathers, felt balr or excelsior. When a boy be slept on a pallet of straw. . When a young man bis bed was an old fashioned shuck mattress, In the making of which be assisted to the extent of sorting the shacks. In the army (1801-5) bo was glad to sleep on the ground. Later, as a civil engineer, be reposed on a puncheon, and now, rolling In wealth, goes to bed every night on a trundle bed wblcb be bought from bis aged "nigger mammy.'' This affair is not over fourteen Inches high and is cord ed up with half Inch hemp. There Is no mattress, and of course there are no springs. A rag quilt covers the ropes, another covers bis body as be sleeps. Bit health. Is superb,- Peerless Geneva. The most glowing tribute to Geneva Is Frederic Harrison's. "1 bold Zu rich, Basel and Geneva to be the model cities of our age the One type of what cities will one day be in a re generated age the true type of civic organization, having site of rare beau ty and conveuleuce, spacious streets and avenues, noble public walks and gardens, perhaps everything short of grand antique buildings." Geneva In particular is "the finest type of a ra tlounl city that Europe possesses a true el'y where, as In Athens. Florence, Venice. Antwerp or Ghcut of old, men can lire a wholesome civic life, not in huge, amorphous caravan series, such as London, Paris or Ber lin not In suffumlgnted barracks, such as Manchester or Lyons or Glasgow but In a beautiful, well ordered, free, organic city." His Sermon on Women. An English preacher In the seven teentb century, speaking to the text "To be or not to be." said that woman should be like and unlike three things. Sho should be like a snail, always keep within her own house, but not like a snail, to carry all she had on ber back She should be like an echo, to apeuk when she wns spoken to, but not like an echo, always to have the last word. She should be like a town clock, al ways keep time and regularity, but not like a town clock, to speak so loud that all the town might bear ber. Minne apolis Journal Memory. The brain is like a phonograph. It is full of records, and you need only to set the needle and touch the spring of memory to hear Its melody. Of course this leaves you with considerable re sponsibility as to the choice of records with which you stock ud. Los Ancelea Times. Her Luck. "I proposed to Miss Slathers last night" "That girl's lucky, all right' "Oh, you flatter me." "I'm not thinking of you. She woo s bet when you proposed." Binning bam Age-Herald. The Only Way. "My brother has made a name for himself, and that is more than yon can ay," snapped Mrs. Gnbb "What did be do?" asked Mr. Gabb "Adopt an ollim?' Montreal Star. Practical Motion. Uoea sublimated optimism ever move your "No'm; we use the reg'lnr storrbnuxi vans." Baltimore American. Pessimism leads to weakness; op tlmlsm leads to power. William James. i .. iii CM a w-fc . j.. . . .a .a ST. HEi.rJNS A city on the Columbia River, 28 miles from Portland, with a population of 2500 people. The County Seat of Columbia County. A Four year Standard Hi(.h School. Methodist, Congregational, Episcopal and Catholic Churches. All the leading fraternal orders. Gravity water system owned by the city sufficient to supply a city of 10,000 people. Electric lights, graded and macadamized streets, sewers. Principal industries are lumbering, shipbuilding, creosoting, stone quarrying, fishing and shipping. Two large saw mills with a capacity of 250,000 feet per day; more than 5 million feet of lumber shipped each month; several large ocean going vessels built each year; timber treated with creosote and shipped all along the coast. Two big stone quarries and rock crushing plants in continuous operation. An average of 300 tons of Columbia River Salmon caught and marketed. A farming country back of it that cannot be excelled in the world. Several new business blocks now under construction. Five miles of sewer being built A PAY ROLL OF NEARLY $100,000 PER MONTH. Many beautiful and attractive homes. Comets' Tafia and the Sun. A theory to explain the mils of com ets Is advanced by the French pbysl cist M. Houllevlgue In the llevue 8ci entlOque. it Is natural to suppose, he says, that the Incandescent nucleus of a comet is throniug out electrons into the extremely rarefied atmosphere that surrounds It The observations of George Ellery Uale, the American as tronomer, prove that the sun behaves like a negatively electrified body. Therefore be repels electrons, which are negatively electrified bodies. These particles so repelled would be driven to that side of the comet which Is farthest from the sun, and by contact with the molecules of the gaseous and rarefied atmosphere would produce JuBt the luminous appearance that we call s comet's tall. Every comet's tall always extends away from the sun. Arrbcnlus, the Swedish astronomer, believed that tho particles of the tall were repelled by the light of the sun. Actors and Their Teeth. "There Is only one feature of an ac tor which will 'give him away when disguised In a perfect mukeup," re marks a young actor, "and that feat ure is the teeth. Let a man do what be will to his face, let blin cover It with all kinds of paint, beard, whisk ers and what not, but the teeth will disclose bis Indubitable Identity di rectly he opens bis mouth to speak Hue or to raise a laugh. "I myself, when sitting In the front of a bouse watching other people's performances, have frequently been puzzliug myself as to the Identity of a cleverly made up player, but no soon er has the said player disclosed his Ivories' than 1 have at once recognis ed him, provided, of course, be has chanced to be a man whose face I know moderately well Strangely enough, hardly any one Is aware of this curious truth, but It remains an undeniable fact all the same." Pear son's Weekly. Curious People of New Guinea. New Guinea contains some of the most remarkable people In the world, the Papuans. One curious fact about one of the tribes of New Guinea Is that they wear what are probably tho largest bats In existence. These bats are from six to eight feet high and gorgeously colored. They are adorned with feathers, colored Bbera and shells, beaks of bombllls and plumes of the birds of paradise. Tbey are banded down from father to son as heirlooms, and native will not be tempted to part with his beaddress for any price. New Guinea, too, con tains some of the smallest people In the world, pygmies that were only dis covered a few years ago, for the great island has still thousands of square miles that have not been explored. These pygmies are only just over four -tar,' ' : " r" V "'ryr i rect in height but wnat tney iocs iu Inches they make up In ugliness. Hia "Name." A young chap notorious for bis con celt was boasting In the presence of several elderly gentlemen about the conquests which he bad gained over tho female heart "Look." snbl be, "here's a handsome present 1 bnd from my last Inamorata. at the same time banding round beau tlful cigar case. All admired the article, wblcb bnd an Indorsement of Its quality stamped upon It "Very nice gift" remarked one of tho company. "1 perceive your lady love even hnd your name put on the case." "Well, that's queer," answered the boaster. "I never noticed It" "Look again." rejoined the candid one, "The case Is distinctly marked ileal calf.' "-Philadelphia itecord. Climate and Consumption. In a treatise on the relationship of air to tuberculosis. Issued by the Smithsonian Institution, Dr. Guy ninsdale says there Is no specific ell mate for tuberculosis. The Important things are pure air and sunshine, A climate In wblcb tbe humidity varies greatly Is to be avoided. Tbe best combination la one of low humidity and moderately cool temperature. Might Have Boosted Prices. "I suppose It Is annoying wben s man goes out because yon haven't something cheaper." "Tea," said the small merchant "But what gives you benrt disease is when a fellow goes out because you haven't something more expensive, "-Louisville Courier-Journal. Nerves and Battle. It Is claimed that the nerves of city dwellers stand tbe stress of battle bet ter than men who have lived In the country. The explanation Is that tbe city type of man has become babltoat ed to noise, and terrific noise hi an el uient of battles. Nat Like the Plan. Coal Denier-Why don't yoo wheel tbe borrow along more quickly, PatT It's not a very hard job. There's an Inclined plane to relieve yon, Pat Aye, master, the plnne may be Inclined but bang me If 1 ami-Pearson's Weekly. , Favors. Stella-What were the favors st ber dinner? Belln-Well sll tbe guests thought they did ber a favor by com ing, and she thought they did ber a favor by leaving. New Tork Sun. The multitude that does not redoes Itself to unity Is confusion, the nnlty that does not depend upon the mulrj tnde is tyranny. PascbaL INDUSTRIES: ' ' ' ' , "' "--, Lumbering and timber In the principal industry tl Inn about twenty-fives saw milk bojmon Ashing 'l? a" Columbia River In also an Important Industry, y und fruit raining; Stone quarrying; Ship huili'linic and"1!! kinds of lumber manufacturing plantr. OPItMtTUNITIES: There are fine opportunities fo the small farmer, dai mun, fruit grower and truck gardener. Alw. a nunlr'5f choice deep water sites for marufactuHng plant THE LI;LTA GARDENS: 12,000 cre of low lands along the Columbia ttjver wn'ch have recently liocn'dykcil and ro now In hlKh atate cultivation especially oilaptml to growing of vegetable, Jd small fruits. SCHOOLS: Four standard locality. High CHURCHES: Nearly all denominations represented. THE COUNTY OFFICERS. Circuit Judges, J. U. Campbell and J. A District Attorney, W. R. Dlllard County Judge, W. A. Harris County Clerk. II. E. URare Sheriff. C. II. John Assessor, C W. Ulakeslcy School Superintendent, J. W. Allen Treasurer, R. S. Hattan Coroner, K. II. Sherwood Surveyor, L. J. VanOrshoven Commissioners, John Farr, Louis Fluhror. C1T1KS. TOWN, AND WST OFFICES; St. Helens Rainier Clatskanle Scappoose Warren Ikcr Island Yankton Vernonla Mist Maygcr Maishluml Columbia City Apiary Hudson I'rescolt Inglis CITY OFPICEhJ OF ST. HELENS Mayok A. W. Mueller Councu.mf.n-N. O. Lara!ee, Chas. Grahan, M. Swor, II; Morgus City Attounky J. W. Day Kkcokpkr- E. E. Quick Mar.siials-J. L. Chittem, L. L. Decker Treasurer H. P. Walkina Water Commission L. E. Allen, J. W. Aiken, Robert Dixon, E. A. Crousc, John Pringle Water Sui'eki ntkndrnt Chas, Lope Fire Chiek L. E. Allen Shaved Forehead and Ear Sticks. ' Tbe Waklkuyu pvopW of East Afrfc-a are known as the Klkuyu aud Aklkuyu and Inhabit the Klkuyu bills, oue of the moat beautiful fertile and econo mically Important parts of the KrltUb East Africa protectorate, not far from Nairobi These people bar rU h fiimm. S great variety of food to eat and are s very finely built race. The gud looks of the women, however, are often aMll ed by tbelr curious custom or shaving their foreheads Id order to make room for tbe beadH traps to which they at tach tbelr loads. Tbvse ople have many curious customs. They are very frightened of the spirits or the dead, for Instance, and wbeo auy one of them falls 111 aud Is at all likely to die the poor sufferer Is at ones put out and left to the mercy or tbe hyenas, eu tlrely deserted by tbe rest of the tribe. The unmarried women wear sticks through their ears as a sort of badge, while tbe married ones sport bunches of banglos.-Vlde World Magatlne, Dresden's Model Theater Stage. Dresden seem to bav theatrically solved tbe problem of long waits, for tbe Konlgllcbes 8chausplelhaus bring the technical side of tbe theater up to the highest polut that has ever been reached. The three principal features are almpllclty, rapidity of working aud the liberal allowance fur space, air aud light Instead of having the conven tional stage where on scene must be taken down before the nest can be set or of having a revolving stage the Bchausplelbaua la provided with stag wblcb Is lowered bydraullcally for the purpose of shifting tbe sceuery. While one scene Is being used, the sec ond la all set up below on the left bsnd side. The stag la then lowered, nd the first scene Is rolled off to the right by electric motors, tbe new scene st the same time being rolled on. Then tbe stag is again raised, and tb play goes on wltb a"n Interruption or but thirty Beconds.-Excb.ange. Height of the Panama Canal. Tbe middle section of tbe Panama canal thirty-four miles long, lias a wa ter level of eighty-five feet blghor than the two end sections, which are sea levela. Vessels entering tbe canal from tb ocean on either side are lifted to In middle section, a bclgbt of eighty flv feet by three set of locks, each of wblcb raises the vessel a fraction over twenty-eight feet making a total of eighty -five feet These locks are constructed sld by side like a double track railway, so that one ship may b going np while tbe other Is going down. Only on ship can be In a lock at the same time, but as the locks sr con structed In pairs. .Id. by Ide. two sh ps going In opposite directions, one go ng up tbe Incline and h other going down, may pass eacb other with in balling distance. Vessels ore towed "ft..? J0?" " electr,c ry.-Pblladelpbla Presa, Schools; Grade schools (w!) KaHn Iluulton ()uincy Reuben Trenholm A Domestic Disturbance Th truubl Iwtmn wiib a tt ixM. The milk wns sour, llw i-uka ml K and the sugar fell out Willi the tonm Th spoons clashed, sad the Uie immnrd The fringes on tlu SIIW uncled, and h t-rucktrs annpin-rt riw easy ebnlnt werv mw up In anus. ni even the rlorks did not agmt PiIium were no better In the kllihro t pllcbers wer all act l.y Mr ran sail stuck out their ll, Willi the MS mid kettle Nked their oum-a llitormr Ihlug. Tb range was n-dliot "" made tb saix epno look biai k and tint ly boll over The bells started nuiu1 all the pick lea and prvm-rn-s Hi llw cupboard wer Jarred, and there wttt any number or eeni in Hi rrfni erator anil ineui safe. Naturally tars lb tulatrexa or lb hou rewM Mceu of disorder the cook was put et -Judge. It Changed Hie Mind. A switching euglue prevented s 0 cago itiau from committing suicide las other day With a roe around neck and faateiied to Hie rails uf U Itw k Island railroad he a cmalla between tbe tie. preMiriil to um from a viaduct wben a s iti lilui irtu cnine nlmiK and cut the ' he bad lost bl chance of hanKlaf self, be tboUKbt Uttef of his project Good Advice. "What would you say," nW lM 1 rophct of woe. "If I were lu tell I hut In very short smc or iliu the river In this country would drr pr "I would ay." replied the man. "go and do thou like " Htrny 8torles. Confusing. Tommy FlgcJnm-l'aw. doesn t "Tf vers" mean to "bsckf Ts W Jam-Well. y. It does. Tommy FW Ju in-Then, what did Dncle WU when n said that be busted op business) because be bad too msoj verse snd not enough backlngr--"' cago Post ' We Can Try. W can't nil be great but we ess w try to be good And we can sll VJ to b nappy snd do our best to happiness to others. A Facial Contortionist 4 Mrs. Wonder - WsshlnRi"" WIU1 ! versatll man. Mr. Wunder-H J" to b to look Hie sll bis plclun-s -rwe tltnor American. Just the Trouble. Rnlcker-AII men sr equnl M" tbe la w. Rocker -That's Jusl I "J bio: they should b equal f"r 1 law. -Judge, To know the future la no vlriu. It Is the prent.-Mt of virtue to I'M1 for It-Hamuel Miullea.