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ST. HELENS MIST, FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1915.
LOCATION: In the Northwestern part of Oregon, on the Columbia River, with about 70 miles of river front. AREA: About 700 square miles. 422.5K2 acres. TILLABLE LAND: 15,726 acres. This is land that is actually in cultivation and cleared, exclusive of town lots. NON-TILLABLE LAND: 406,766 acres, which includes all timber where there is more than 100.000 feet on a quarter section, also all lopr Ked off land which is not suitable for and in no condition for cultivation. TIMBER: N About seven and one half to eight billion feet. ASSESSED VALUE OF TIMBER: $11,467,180. ASSESSED VALUE OF TILLABLE LAND: $911,355. TOTAL ASSESSED VALUATION OF ALL PROPERTY: $18,000,000. MILES OF COUNTY ROADS: 500 miles, some of which is in first class condition, some in fair condition and some in very poor condition, MILES OF RAILROADS: About 125 miles which includes the main line of the S. P. & S. and the various logging roads. POPULATION: Census of 1910 gives 10,580 but a careful estimate this year gives it at least 15,000. CLIMATE: Temperate. During the summer the thermometer rarely reaches 100 in the shade and in the coldest weather of winter zero weather is almost unknown. During the winter months there is considerable rain, but not too much. Just enough to insure crops. Crop failures are unknown. PRODUCTS: Fruits of all kinds, especially apples, pears, plums and berries; Grain and grasses; garden truck of all kinds and dairying. SHIPPING: Ships from all parts of the world carry Columbia County products down the Columbia River and to the markets of the world. A through line of Railroads traverse the county from the North to the South. River boats carry local products to local markets at low rates. LAND: Thousands of acres of first class land can be purchased at reasonable prices upon which are stumps left from the timber operations. This land is especially suited for farming, fruit raising and dairying. Unci Sam's Money Factory. Cncle Sam's great money factory In Washington Is one vt tee wonderful signts of the world. Housed Is a building 680 feet long and with four wings each 2S5 feet deep. It takes 32, 640 panes of glass to admit light to Its four stories. The structure or the bureau of engraving and printing Is built of Indiana limestone and It pre sents to tile shining Potouiue, which It faces, a row of columns on the front as Imposing as those on the east side of the treasury. This probably Is the finest manufac turing plant in the world In point of scientific equipment to conserve the health and comfort of Its inhabitants. Two of the great roofs are given over to the employees for recreation pur poses, one for men and the other for the women. A hospital equipped for surgical op erations and physicians of each sax are provided. The hospital trents about forty-live patients a day for accidents and Illness, but many of these troubles ore of a minor character. As more than 4,000 men and women are em ployed in the building, some or them working nights, about 1 per cent only require medical attentlon.-C'hicago News. 8choolt of Finland. The folk schools of Finland are par ticularly fine, with their cooking apart ments, gymnasiums, manual training and needlework. Every school bos ex cellent bathing facilities, and the poor est children are fed at the schools. There are little zoological museums In most of the schools. There are so mnny varieties ot schools, besides the folk schools, ele mentary and higher; there are lyceoms. chools of forestry, of agriculture and of navigation, schools for training teachers, commercial schools, technical, music and art schools, etc. There are three large garden schools in Finland, where boys as well as girls are taught cooking. "They must learn to cook what they grow," said one of the teach ers. The dairy schools are particularly Interesting. Dairying comes second among the industries of Finland. The pupil must have worked for one year at a butter factory before be or she will be admitted to the school. Chris tian Herald. Tests of Civilization. It Is only vulgar minds that mistake bigness for greatness, for greatness Is of the soul, not of the body. In the Judgment wblcb history will hereafter pass upon the forty centuries of record ed progress toward civilization that now lie behind os, what are the tests It will apply to determine the true greatness of a people' Mot population, not territory, not wealth, not military power. Rather will history ask: What examples of lofty character and on eelflsb devotion to honor and duty has a people given? What has It done to Nicreose the volume of knowledge? What thoughts and what Ideals of oer- ST. muneni vame ana unexhausted fertllit) has it produced In potry, music, and the other arts to be nn unfailing source of enjoy nieut to posterity ) The binall peoples need not fear the application of such tests. -James Ilryce. The Blind Need Windows. Light has use. even If men cannot or will not see It, Baring Gould tells of an Institution for the blind that was built in Englund without windows. "Why," argued the comuiittee, "should we pro vide windows for those that cannot Bee out of themT So scientific ventilation and beating were provided, but the walls were left unplerced by any psne of glass. But soon the poor Inmates grew pale, and s great languor fell upon them. They fell sick, end one or two died. Then It was that the com mlttee decided to open windows In the walls. Is came the healing light, sod the human plants responded to It at once in revived spirits, ruddy cheeks and restored health. Light is good, the Light of the World Is good, even tor those who shut their eyes. Christian Herald. Scaling Fish. A Mississippi woman tells as follows In the Woman's Home Companion how to scale fish wltb s minimum of dls comfort: "Scaling fish as generally done Is a disagreeable task, as scales fly In every direction. I have discovered that fish may be scaled without this trouble If tbey are beld nnder water in a large pan during the operation. Have Just enough water to cover the Bab nicely." 8eet. Return. She (tearfully)-Henry, our engage ment Is at an end, and I wish to return to yon everything you have ever given me. He (cheerily) Thanks, Blanche! lou may begin at once with the kisses. Tbey are married now. London Tele graph. A Back Number. "I wouldn't dream ot marrying him. Why, be said be would do everything to make me happy." "What Is wrong about that?" "He ought to know that humans are pot on earth to fulfill missions, not to be bappy.'-Pbllndelphla Ledger. Jerrold as a Cynic Ugliest ot trades have tbelr moment of pleasure. If I were s gravedlgger ot even a hangman there are some peo ple 1 could work for wltb a great deal ot enjoyment-Douglas Jerrold. Not the 8ame Thing. "1 bear young Sprigglns has token a partner for life." "Not necessarily, but he's married. " Livingston Lance. Happy tbou tbnt learnedat from an other's griefs, not to subject thyself to tbe same. Tlbollna. .1 rs7 . ? m'imw HELENS A city on the Columbia River, 28 miles from Portland, with a population of 2500 people. The County Seat of Columbia County. A Four tyear Standard Hifh School. Methodist, Congregational, Episcopal and Catholic Churches. All the leading fraternal orders. Gravity water system owned by the city sufficient to supply a city of 10,000 people. Electric lights, graded and macadamized streets, sewers. Principal industries are lumbering, shipbuilding, creosoting, stone quarrying, fishing and shipping. Two large saw mills with a capacity of 250,000 feet per day; more than 5 million feet of lumber shipped each month; several large ocean going vessels built each year; timber treated with creosote and shipped all along tl e coast. Two big stone quarries and rock crushing plants in continuous operation. An average of 300 tons of Columbia River Salmon caught and marketed. A farming country back of it that cannot be excelled in the world. Several new business blocks now under construction. Five miles of sewer being built. A PAY ROLL OF NEARLY $100,000 PER MONTH. Many beautiful and attractive homes. "War Bread" of Soldiers.' The commissary depni-tint'tits of the armies of Europe lu supplying "wur bread" to truops buve nought to give to the men a Dread ration of the Mali est nutritive value as well as ut the highest degree ot pnlntuulllty. The war bread Is not the bread ulilib i regularly baked in the Held Imkerles for issue and consumption within the customary time, but Is bread that ii Issued to troops to be eateo when fresh bread cannot be bad. The war bread ot the Uerman soldier Is made of wheat Hour, potato Hour, rice, eggs, milk yenst and suit and Is flavored wltb cinnamon and nutmeg. The war bread of the Austrian sol dlcr Is made of wheat flour, potato flour, eggs, milk, yeast and salt and is flavored wltb clnuamon and nutmeg. The war bread of the llelglun army is Iiade of wheat flour, sugar aud eggs The war bread of the French soldier l baked of flour, yeast and water, and the war bread of the Kritish army Is thoroughly baked wheat Hour put up In airtight tin boxes, wblcb, like the II rat aid pockets, are not to be opened until needed. Washington Star. What "8 O 8" Means. In talking with tbe wireless operator many ship passengers ask tbe meaning of tbe three letters used In tbe distress signal, "S O 8." There seems to be a general opinion thut the letters are tbe abbreviation of three separate words with a definite meaning, i'er sons of an Imaginative trend will tell you that tbe letters stand for "Sure onr ship," "Send out succor," "Sink oi swim" or some such meaning. Tbe letters signify nothing but that a ship is in distress and In need of assistance Tbe call is used by sll nations as a universal code, so that any wireless operator, regardless of tbe language he speaks, can Immediately Intercept the call of distress. Inasmuch as the can Is in use by all countries. It con be seen tbat the signal can have no meaning In any Innguage. Tbe char scter of tbe code makes It a call that can be picked out easily from other signals, being composed of three dots, three dashes, three dots. -Ocean Wire less Mews. The Way to Boston. Earlier In tbe day be bnd been six teen miles from Boston. He was now only eleven miles away. Tbe condition of bis pockets was such that there was no way for him to reach the city wltb out further wear on bis shoes. Several automobiles bad rushed pest him to ward tbe city, but although be bod looked at them appeallngly, tbe driver baa made no sign that tbey were wil ling to help the footsore pedestrian. He grew a little bitter a be put one foot up and tbe other foot down on tbe dusty road. Finally be was balled by me anvcr or a car tbat bore a I'enn sylvanla license number. "Hey, there, do you know the way to uostonr ' '.' ; :. - ' A tun r.' I (WiwtS. ...... "Yen. 1 do. Juxt follow me. am go- HiR there." The driver grinned. The tramper reached Huston In twenty minutes. Youth's Couipanlou. Round 8houldered Boys. Head up, i-hlu In, cheat out and shoulders luick Is s good slogan for boy scout who desires nn erect figure. One enn scarcely think of s round Bliouldered scout Vet there are such among the buys who desire to be HCOUtS There Is no particular exercise that a boy can take to cure round shoul ders The thing to remember Is that all exercise that Is taken should be doue In the erect position, then the muscles will bold the body there. An erect body men ns a deeper chest, room for the Important organs to work n ud thus affords them the best chance to act. A few setting up exercises each day in the erect position will help greatly to get this result.-Hoy Scout Hand book. Ha Got There. Tbe mnn was reading the front page of the newspnier as be walked across the busy street. 'Cee." he mused, "I'd like to get my name In big type on the front page of uewspucr." Just then a street car bumped Into tbe man. fie got bis name on the front pugeof the next edition of tbe puper. Hut be missed the story. Cincinnati Enquirer. Cromwell's Seal. Tba seal of Oliver Cromwell, now in the possession of a prominent family In Wales, Is a plain, gold mounted co rundum stone fire-eighths of so Inch in ammeter. It dates from IUo3 and wss used on several of Cromwell's deeds. AH the Lord's prayer la en graved on It-London Ulobe. Natural Anxiety. Lawyer ito besltattna cllentt-H venge Is sweet remember. We'll nsht this case to the bitter end. Client But who'll get the bitter end. th othr fellow or me? Chicago News Two ef s Kind. "Bald beads remind me of words." kind "Why so?" "Tbey can never 5ye, yoa know." Boston TranrlpL Caustlo. "I wish I bad your voice!" "Tes, no doubt yon do." "Yes. If It belonged to me t could stop It when 1 liked, you see." Fuslleera. "Fusil", was the old name tor tbe flintlock to tutlngulsh it from tbe matchlock, and fuslleers were those who carried fusils. jmj Sv -ST-i V... i itU.',.'. INDUSTRIES: Lumbering and timber Is the principal Industry; there U. ing about twenty-five- saw milk Salmon fishing n Columbia River is also an Important Industry. Farming and fruit raising; Stone quarrying; Ship bulldlnit and t kinds of lumber manufacturing plantt. OPPORTUNITIES: There are fine opportunities fo tho small farmer, dairy, man, fruit grower and truck gardener. Also a number of cbolco deep water sites for manufacturing plants. THE DIJLTA GARDENS: 12,000 acre of low lamia along the Columbia Uiver which have recently been dyked and are now in high state of cultivation especially adapted to growing of vegetalilea and small fruits. SCHOOLS: Four standard High Schools; Grade schools in etch locality. CHURCHES: Nearly all denominations represented. THE COUNTY OFFICERS. Circuit Judges, J, U. Cumpliell and J. A. KuMn District Attorney, W. B. Dillard County Judge, A. L. Clark County Clerk. H. K. LaBare Sheriff. C. H. John Assessor, C. W. Blakesley School Superintendent, J. W. Allen Treasurer, R. S. Hattan Coroner, F. H. Sherwood Surveyor, L. J. VanOrshoven Commissioners, A. E Harvey, B. J. Keelan. CITIES, TOWN, AND POST OFFICES: St. Helens Rainier Clatskanle Houlton Scappoose Warren Deer Island Coble Yankton Vernonla Mist (Juincy Mayger Matshluml Columbia City Reuben Apiary Hudson Prescott Trenholni Inglis CITY OFFICER! OF ST. HELENS Mayor-A. W. Mueller Councu.men N. O. Larabee, Chas. Grahan, S. C. Murk II. Morgua City Attouney J. W. Day Rkoohdkr - E. E. Quick Marshals J. L. Chlttem, L. L. Decker Thkasurkr -H. P. Watklns Watkr Commission L. E. Allen, J. W. Aiken, Hubert Dixon. E. A. Crouse, John Pringle Watkr Siu'krintkndknt Chas. Lope Fire Chief L. K. Allen The Greater Courage. Men have offered up tbelr lives by tbe tbousunds upon the fluid of buttle, but lu th struggle fui existence wuuiun Is continually offering up tier llfs tor man. If there Is a mlaalou of inun y to iierforin she uudcrlukcs It If thte la suffering or dlatreaa to sun or ber wll Hug hand hi always ready. If wretch edness end uilncry need a comforter he Is present The faintest n lilei ot psln brings ber as s pilgrim lu Its 'own. and In the cbnuilior ut destb she takes her place. sssuHgtug the hupekMu sufferer wltb the ruuifurtlug nssurnnce that there Is a home beyond the grave free from the agony of psln Sbe suffers herself without a murmur or complnluL end tbe mnn tlmt would In tbe slightest degree sdd to It and In crease the aliKUlnh t tint II Is ber tot to bear Is Iwneuth the level of the brute. If she should happen to povss de focts and faults, wblcb every human being bns In a greater or kns degree, let him compare them with ber virtues, ii nd vsiieclally with bis vhtit, aud ev ery Impulse of his better U-lug will prompt him to overlook them and make due allowance therefor.-Isldor Kay. ner. Belgium's Poetmen. I A Reigliiu who htu money owing to ....... i. . . . urn, uiieu iiuuii iuv uccoiiui 10 Out postman, who pusse It through the of nee. to be presented to tbe debtor In whatever locality the Hitter may re xldu, and It I'uyment mude tbe credltut receives It from bis iMMtnmn on the following day, wltb but s iri mug aeaiictinn tor commission. As to uewiners, almost nil rcgiiWu subscribers to s Journal mj their mouey to a tKMtinnn. and two ni thn days before tbe subscription expires mat uinctiii presents the notice for the renewal of the subscription during a fresh term, Alt this makes of tbe Belgian post man a kind of ambulating goneral agency and bonk of deposit, and the man Is obliged to have a deck slung In front of him and to carry a locked and chained portfolio nnder his arm for valuables, but ha arte thmmrh hla work satisfactorily, because, his rounds sre snort- rearson a weekly. Why Do Basla Swallow fitanaat No nature student seema yet to bare discovered for what reason seals swat low stones, though the fact la a well established one. Certain! tha atna are not taken In for ballast for the empty seals keen down sa anaii aa ttm otbera Tbey are not swallowed for toe purpose or grinding up food, lor tbey are fonnd In tbe stomachs of nursing pupa. Tbey are not token tn wun in rooa necause tbey are found In tbe stomachs of both voona Hh and In those that live In tbe open sen sna xeea on squid. let It Is evident that these things are not swallowed haphazard, but ara aelM-tiwI with w. slderoble care from thn nrtlel, along the shore, and that a preference Is exhibited for rounded object I UN la shown by the feet that. s rule, only articles of oiis kind are fuood H sny one Best's stomach. The Night Writers. Writers who habitually work st alcbt, and all night, frequently get strew nervous fancies. Uuik-y snld, "Wis 1 am working at ulght I not only hrer burglars muring about but I sctusll; see them looking through tbe crack Is the door st met" Wllkla Collins wss a biihltunl nlptit worker until he was frtghtcnid out at It bv tbe nimesronreof another Wills) Collins, who sat down st tbe table Hk him and tried to monoiiollze the ucM- Tbere was a struggle, and the Ink stand was unset. When the reul Wll kle Collins csroe to blniiicir. sura enough, the Ink wss running over lb writing table, proof enough of s strui ftls. After that sir. Collins gars P night work. Oil Buslnses Bent "Can you make ine a sheet Irun Bias dollnr '1 rnicbL but It wouldn't bare ausl tone. What do you went of s sheet Irun mandolin, anyhow?" "I'm trying to serenade s girt, sou tli hm hiiMrtnii I'va bunted set- rral Instruments on blm. Next tin J smash blm I want to imosh Dim - Kausas City Journal. Oh, That's Dlffsrentl "I thought yim told me truil S would not routrm-t any new without my knowMgu." howled U' Onbb as be lure up a bunch of dnnnlnl letters. "I haven't my dear." replied Gabh. "I merely expanded sums tbe old dcbts."-Onelnnntl Kmiultsf. Cherry Wood. Cherry it tl wood moat m ' barking for tlw metal plates which Illustrations are printed Ut aslnea ami iiertodk'nls. It Is ,rhWj above all others bees us it holds shape, doe not warp or twwt ufM ' smoothly and does Dot split ' HancSoapped. Dr. Ouretu Vou will Ood your r pepsla greatly alleviated. Mr. reck, V cheerful and agreeable conversstloa your meals Mr. I'scB-Tbat'e f advice, doc, but my Income w' permit me to est away from Don" Terra Haute Express. Rigs In Bootland. In Scotland th corn and rM B' ara divided Into spaces twenty t ty yards wide by a furrow made w a plow. 1'brxe are termed rigs. Troploal Medlolnee. In tbe order mimed quinine. ,K"J castor oil. timtiire of Iron. l,l"ul"! brandy srr the medicines most usee tho tropics. '