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! I i J ! i I i ST. HELENS MIST. FRIDAY. JANUARY 28. 1916 FOUXDKI) 1881. Issued Kvcry l'riilay by THK MIST Il'lU.lSHINi (XtMPAXV. P. Ij. MOOKHKAl) i:.IKor mid Manner Entered as second-class matter, January 10th, 1912. at the rostofllce at St. Helens, Oregon, under tho act of March 3rd, 1S79. SVBSCKIMTOX 15ATKS: One Year Six Months Advertising rates made known on application, $1.50 .75 COUNTY OFFICIAL l'Al'KK. SALONIKI The Rathcrinsr of the hosts for the final Balkan st rustle about Saloniki is no novelty to that ancient city of many memories, lor Saloniki is the Thessalonica of New I cstamenl times and the Tliermc, or "Hot ""'"p- Ji1 the fifth ccnturv before Christ. In -U- 1-. e. it was captured bv the Athenians but Mace donian rule was soon restored, to he broken bv the Romans after the battle of 1 ydna m loS P.. C. There Cicero spent his short exile in 58. Toinpey's party made it headquarters in 49. Thessalonica became a free city m o9. as reward for services to Augustus in his strug gle with Sextus Fompeius. The city flourish ed and in the time of Jesus was the capital of all the region between the Adriatic and the lllack sea. Before the founding of Constan tinople, Thessalonica was the virtual capital of Macedonia. Greece and lllvricum. It stood off Goths and Slavs, but was taken by the Saracens in 904 A. D.. by the Normans of Sicilv in 1185 and bv the Turks in 1380. It was sold to the Venetians twenty-three years later and then captured by the Turks in 1430. For nearly 500 vears it remained in control of the Turks, who "transformed its early Christian churches, including that of St. George, reputed to have been built by Constantme, into mosques. The fanatical Mohammedans in 1876 stirred the world by slaying the German and French consuls. The city was long the seat of a Greek metropolitan and in the Balkan war Greece captured the city and its retention became the bone of contention with Bulgaria. The city contains architecture of the vari ous periods, Roman and Hellenic walls, Vene tian castles and Moslem mosques. It has al ways been a great mart. But not the least interesting thing about it is the fact that St. Paul, on his second missionary journey, accom panied by Silas and Timothy, preached at Thessalonica and established a church there, composed largelv of Gentiles. It became such a center of Christian activity that it was nicknamed the '"Orthodox City." Paul wrote one and perhaps two of his earliest epistles from Corinth to this church. The two epistles to the Thessalonians gave the citv a greater and more enduring fame than that derived from its commercial importance. CAUSE OF VICE The Illinois Senate Vice Investigation committee made its report recently. It staled that poverty is the principal cause, direct and indirect, of immorality, is the lirst and most strongly emphasized finding of the commis sion. Industrial oppression of the helpless is de clared to be directly responsible for a large part of existing immorality. Thousands of girls, it says, are driven into immorality, "be cause of the sheer inability to keep body and soul together on the low wages received by them." Unregulated conditions of domestic em ployment, uncertain hours, absence of definite social status and lack of creative opportuni ties render the home, in many cases, for the woman servants a breeding place of immoral ity, continues the committee's finding. The commission found that the highest standard of morals exists among the girls in the High Schools, colleges and universities of the state. PUBLIC SCHOOL GRIND The complaint is frequently made against the American public school, that it is too much of a machine, that it offers no chance for the bright child. He must dwaddle away his time, relieved by sticking pins in his next neighbor, while the rules of arithmetic and the facts of history are explained over and over again to slower witted children. There are a host of people who learn only by their eyes, by seeing a thing done. You find it in every business office. There are some to whom it is absolutely no use to give extended verbal orders. You must do a thing, and let them see you do it, and then they fol low you by imitation if they can't by reason. So with children. The teacher must do the example over and over again before they can grasp the principle, which in the form of a written rule, is meaningless. Meanwhile, what is the boy to do who takes to books as an Indian to the chase? Here is w here the good teacher can make her value count. The bright child with a lit tle help can always skip one or two grades in the years before the High School. Don't be afraid to let them try it. But it means the teacher must stay after school a few moments and untangle new and knotty problems. There are few teachers who are unwilling to do this. The child who pushes ahead with out prodding is such a relief, in contrast with the average listlessness of the school room, that the teacher usually feels that here at least her work has some reward. Much is said in the newspapers about the crowding of the public school. Probably it does not pay to push a child if he does not want to go. When you suggest to most of them that they go ahead and save a year, the reply is "we're getting our lessons and isn't that enough?" But don't let a bov expect that he is to go through school without some work. Salem Statesman. AS TO THE RECALL As announced last week, the Columbia County Taxpayers' League, through its board of directors, has initialed a recall against the board of county commissioners, composed of A. 1.. Clark, judge, ami A. K. Harvey and ludson Weed, commissioners. It is not the intention of this article to flail the board of commissioners or uphold the recall. So far as this paper is concerned, it will stand absolutely neutral. This is not a de sirable stand for a newspaper, but when it is taken into consideration that the editor is practically a new man and not familiar with conditions which date back some two years, his position is the only logical one. However, our columns are open for discussion for or against the recall and the only restriction placed upon contributions is that they must be free from personalities. This request will be adhered to strictly. The editor, however, is not a friend of the recall law. It has been resorted to a number of times in this stale without bringing the re sults desired. It places a club in the hands of a few to punish an officer no matter how hon est he may be or how hard he may strive to serve the whole people. It is difficult to secure the best man to suc ceed an officer recalled. The fear of recall will not deter an honest man from doing his duty as he understands it. A candidate for public office before a general election, will take de feat like a sport, but when he is recalled, it stings. It also stings his friends and as a re sult stingers are out in every direction ready to jab the first candidate in sight. It arrays, not party, but friend against friend, section against section, until the county or di-triet is shunned bv population ami business enter prises. Who wants to locale in a community where it is divided against itself? The law affords ample punishment for an o tVicer guilty of malfeasance in office. SALE OF NATIONAL FOREST TIMBER The district forester at Portland, Oregon, has just approved the sale of JX.ooO.i K it) feel of timber on the Olympic National forest to the Carlsborg Mill !v 'limber Company of Seattle, Washington. The timber is situated on the Oosewallips river in T. 2 X., i. 3 W., on the Olympic National forest, and consists of 23,4' o,(i, n feet of Douglas fir, N4i .( K H ) feet of cedar. 2,( K H ),( H H I feet of hemlock, and 330,1 mi) feet of grand fir. The prices paid are $1.10 per M feet for the fir, 81.5(1 for the cedar, and 5" cents per M for the hemlock and grand lir. The company will have until March 1, 1910, in which to re move the timber. This is the second sale this fiscal year' on the Olympic National forest, the first one being to the Snow ("reek Logging Company of Seattle, for 7S.( HiO.Oi H ) feet. Bv an oversight we neglected to mention that Judge F. A. Moore will be a candidate for reelection, lie is the present chief justice and has been a member of the supreme court lor twenty-four years, lie needs no introduc tion to the readers of the Mist for the reason that he was a resident of this citv for many vears. lie is also an old time friend of the editor of the Mist and his name was always found on our ticket and what's more, we will find it again. Old Columbia will do the hand some thing for the judge. The Mist is in receipt of a letter from the Iowa Republican State Central Committee, announcing the candidacy of Albert I! Cum mins of Iowa for the Republican nomination for president. lie was for seven vears gover nor of Iowa and as such he banished the se ductive free pass and the boss-ridden caucus, put the corrupting lobby to rout, and gave to the citizenship of his own state political equality under the primary system and allied reforms. Of course anything might happen in Kan sas. Here is a plausible story a Missouri ex change sends out about the Sunflower State: "In a recent tornado at Great Bend, Kan., the wind stripped the feathers off a rooster and then blew straws into the rooster's skin, where the feathers had been. The owner took him to Kansas City and sold him to a museum for a porcupine." Many a business man will declare that he doesn't go much on advertising and will then pay a dozen times the price of a newspaper ad. in costly art calendars which go into the homes and are never seen by others than the family customers' and which will never bring him a cent's worth of new business. Tt is now reported that Charles L. McN'ary of Salem, will be a candidate for congress in this district against Congressman llawley. Mr. McNary is the gentleman defeated for justice of the supreme court at the last general election by one vote by Judge Benson. Congressman Havvlev, true to promise, has introduced a resolution in congress pro viding for dredging the bar which has inter fered with navigation in the Columbia oppo site this place. A voter eligible to sign an initiative peti tion, must be registered. Applying this to the recall, signers must be registered or they will not be considered legal voters. The elephant and bull moose will eat hav out of the same slack while the historic mule will lick salt water. Jy A:?. r 1 ' 1 ,ll " 1 ir mm lin it , PROFESSIONAL CARDS fit IKK JlSTItK K. A. MOO!:K, (' A X 1 1 I i.Vi'K. 1'illt U KKI.LVTlt IN METHOD OF RIPEN ING CREAM Thus endeth this column. liy A. 11 Nystrom, hairy llw.-dund man, Washington Agricultural (nllece. Tim souriiiK of cream hen tend In connect inn with butter malum; I called ripenini;. The HpcnitiK or suiiriiiK of cream is ilnno hy bacteria, sometimes referred lo as "norms, " which feed mi Ho! milk sucar In the milk or c ream ami break il down into lactic ai'id. As soon as enough lactic acid lias developed lahoiil four tenths per (cut) tin' milk or cream homines sour, followed hy the curd litiK of tho casein. The more of the bacteria that are present and the more favor. ihlo the temperature tic itiiker the cream will sour. All bacteria, c,ood or had. Krow Well at hin.nl he;.; di nrces K.). very few crow well at at) decrees I''., while at li.'i or 70 decrees I', the lac tic acid (curing i bacteria nrow very well and the undesirable ones do not i;row so well, liy having tiie cream at thi' latter temperature, it r.ives the desirable liacteria a chance to nain control and to crowd tho others out Very frequently in winter milk will turn bitter before it will :;our. The reason for this is that tin- bacteria which causes bitter milk will sruw well at low temperatures, while the bacteria causiiiK' sour milk will not Krow ul all. If the same milk hail been boated to 70 decrees soon after it was milked, it would probably hav 1 1 ai 1 a clean acid llavor. To ripen cream for cliiirnim:, pro coed as follows: .Mix all thecr-'am In one ve,,M i the ip'.y before you wish lo churn and let it. stand at a tem perature of from 70 ilcprecs . to 7,r, Monroes I', to ripen for from fix to einht hours or bni;er if necessary Tho Hwocter the cream ami tho lowei the. temporal lire, the loii;er it will need lo stand before the ripening Is complete!. .Maintaininn the cream at this temporal urn and for tho propoi lloniuh of time will allow sullicienl acid to develop so thai the character Islic aroma and llavor will result. : After tho cream lias boon well ripen- eM it hIiouIM bo cooled to the churn Ini; temperature ami held at that j temperature until ready to chum. In the rlpeiiiiK? of cream It. Is ol'lon Menlnihle to (,'ot control of tho ripen Ini? If wo are lo expect, the heal but ter, liy allowing the cream to iilaml at. the riponini; temporal tire, It will not always insure that the riht kind of bacteria will nrow anil ripen the cream. In many eases II. may happen that bacteria other than the ladle acid typo are more prevalent, with the result that th.i cream becomes bitter or rancid, rather than asHtiin iiiK the eharacterimle acid tanlo. If cream In of an unknown quality or If It IniH not been kept In kooM cou illlion, it often becomoH necessary lo artlliclally ripen tho cream by the iiMMition of a Klarter. A atarler la a ihiihh of tho desir able HouriiiK bacteria in an active rorm, Krowini; iiHtially in a milk me dium. When a Klarler Ih iiMded lo cream, it kIiouIM bo In tho proportion of about 10 to 20 per cent, of tho whole, hut tho exact amount (,, n will depend upon tho temperature and finality or the, cream, and upon tho letiKlh of tlmo tho ripcnini? Is to continue. When tho cream haa nn "off" llavor, or when tho rlpeiilnK tompernturo la low, 20 per cent of tho Btarter will bo found di Under normnl conMitlonH, however, about 10 per cent will bo found k ii Ilk clout. There active bacteria will nerve to Inoculate the cream with the proper organisms, and the result Is that the cream ripens with the characteristic llavor and aroma. Willi this prac tice tin, chalices of undesirable fer mentation are very much lessened. The natural xtartem are the ones most commonly used on tlm farm I'ltey are made by select Inn Homo pure milk produced under sanitary con ditions, and divided into a number ot sterile bottles. Tho pottles are set away at a temperature of 70 decrees I font in ucd on pa cm fi ) ST. HELENS ROUTE i WiIUitii Siouih HIE rKOPU-S BOAT STK. AMKKICA Leaves Port land dally - -2:1)0 p. m I Sunday 1 : :I0 p. m. ) Arrives SI Helens - - 0:00 p. m I Sunday :i : SO p. m. ) Leaves St. Helena - . . li : 1 f, n, m. Arrives Portland - - - 10:15 a. m 11 1IOI.MAN, Agent Makes all way lanMincH. Wharf foot Abler id i eel. Phonos: Miilu 8112:1, A 1 20-t. I'UANK WILKINS. St Helens Annul. A FRESH SHAVE I . J 1' Adds tone to any jj X m ill. That's why X wc are so busy and X there aie so many X tony penjile in tliis I town. J IS Centi a Tone. i U I.' I VV'tf'll V " St. I K lein. Oirumi J StP. IRALDA Rates bet wet u St. Helens and Port laud, 50 cents one way, 75 rents f()r the round nij). Tickets fjo-xl until used. I'.oiit b-avCH St. Ileleim 7 -J,r, n. Wi Itetuoiicir loiives I'Mttbind 2::i() p. m. Arrive at St Helens . -.r, p. ,. 0 1. UOOGHKIRK 1 - i ... 1 1 iWi. muutu UF PERFECTION. PERFECTLY SIMPLY 1 PERFECT. w - - - tfe.'MloS. Oil, IleltH d n, k,,n f j . Muclilliii Hlllili ich. ltd,,,,,-, :'..,.."' ... - , n n,-i-iiuiy, MOW IIOMH I'HKItH AUK VITALITY UIOOHKItH l'"or Hnln lv KIIAItl V a J ItIV Kit .Ml Morrison H., 'o, ii,, or0. Tin: m;w wmn ki:vixi ma miNK ro. Han I ViiiicIhco, Cul. 1C. A. ROSS rUNLRAL DIRECTOR LICCNSfD CMBAtMtR Bank Building St. Ilrlrnt, Ot.. Batumi PIkmw 23 Reiufc-m, R j$ DR. C. 1C. WADK PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON rilONK V!) Nurkle lllilij. SI'. lin.KNS, (WK DR. W. R. DINIIAM DENTIST Other 111 Bunk Biilldlll St. Helens Oregon lli'iitM Sunday and l'iriiu, V to IJi 1 In 5 hy AiHiiniinriii only IHC. A. C. TUCKk'K DKNTIST SI III I.I NS, OKI tiON vit 1 Kir 111 in;. DR. L. CILPERT ROSS PHYSICIAN & SUUUkON ..mr. .. i.i.u. Sl IIckis DR EDWIN ROSS PHYSICIAN A SUKGhON OKKII K IN HANK lll ll IIIMi St. Helens - Oregon T. S WHITE FUNERAL DI HECTOR I.II KN-KI, KMIIAl.MKH lloulton Oregon DR. ALFRED J. PEEL PHYSICIAN A SURG hO N Unlit huiiaim St. Helens DR. . R. CLIFF PHYSICIAN A SURGEON I'limie MhIii XI A l.'XI; ll, . K. .7 llhll.i 1117 H,.IHK II .,1 1 , iiiniuiMK I'ortlaiul, Or. GLKN R. METSKER ATToltNKY Olllco Iti'lliHlk-UuildlnK I'lionn 107 llt. I HA V. HI.AfK lH. NANA II. IlLACK nruK fmniA(vroua Olllco Hourw: 0 11. in. to 1 1 n. in. 2 p in. to 4 p m., 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. Ht. lleloiiH. OroKon. M. E. MILLER ATTORN EY-A T LA W St, Helens - Oregon MONIOV TO IA).S ON 1'IHST I'AHM .MoltT(i(;i:s E. J. ROBERSON 702 Title avl Trust Bldg. Portland, OreKon PURE MILK AND CREAM Furniihed Daily by ST. HELENS DAIRY S. N. CADE, Proprietor ST. HELENS, OREGON, l'lione 107-6. Our rncililli-K nnil equipment for liiui(lllnK ,ry priMluctN eimlilos iin to Niipply tho IiphI Krmlii of milk unci rrciiiii, wlilch h Ktrlctly Hniiltnry. Wo uro nnxloiiH Ui xocuro nioro ciiNtomcrH nnd proiiilNfl K001I Meivlce. HntlNfactlon Kiinrniitmxl In every rcNKM t.