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join nit) m iross ro-day. Remember the Boys Who Are Fighting For Yon
s I -.3.? OFFICIAL PAPER OF COLUMBIA COUNTY PIONEER PAPER OF COLUMBIA COUNTY VOLUMii A A A VII, ST. HELENS, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1917 NO. 1 .til. I i I ii I r n 7 ir .1 . jk w w -,n taJ FiJ" - I 111 i I II s I I III II II TT I 1 JOIN THE RED CROSS SAYS MAYOR BALLAGH MAKES PROCLAMATION lrgrt Clllzoua to Join lied Oiwt That Muyor llullugh Ih heartily In tympathy with the Red Cross tnem berslp drive la evldencod hy tho fol lowing proclamation: Whereas, the American Red CroHM. through It president. Honor able Woodrow Wilson; Its cliulriiiun, Hun. Win. II. Tuft, and tho chairman of It war council, Hun. II. I'. Duvld kiii, has called upon all loyul and patriotic citizen of the United Slates to ulllllnta with laid organization jy becoming a mombnr thnrnof; and ' "Whereaa. the woek of December 17-24 hoa been dnitlgnated by the aforesaid as a time for the meiubor Hhlp afllllutlon; and "WbiiroaH, the atnte of Oregon has licrn Unsigned the quota of 240,000 member, being 30 per cent of Kb intimated population; and "Whereas, to fulfill Its quota It Is ncMtiry for every man and voman In Oregon to Join the Hod Cronx; "Now, tlitirofore, I, Edison I. Ual lugh, mayor of the city of St. HolonB, do hereby urge all citizen of the city to at once seek mmnborshlp In the American Itud Crosa and to do all wltlilu their power to Increase the inemliorHhlp, to tho end that tho city of St. Helens will not be found want ing In' thin respect. Membership In the Ited Cron In thin wnr for the nake of democracy Is an obligation upon every loyal cltlzon. "Dieted at St. IIolonH, Oregon, thin 17th day of December, 1917. ': "EDISON I. DALLAGH, ; "Muyor." AGRICULTURAL PRO- GRAM EXTENSIVE 1'nrnnT lb-Nerve (treat Crrrilt for ! Their KfTorU. Hy D..C. Howard. Agricultural Agt. Nothing but a true spirit of pa trlotlHBi and service cun keep tho farmer going under the present st ruin of labor shortage. Farmer are now virtually without help and are being constantly called upon to Increase production. In muny cases furment' wives are taking tho place of farm luborers and tho farmers are obliged to work long hours to keep the furm going. That this la the most serloua situ ation fuclng the American farmor to day was brought out at the annual agricultural council meeting held In St. Helena laHt Suturdny. Formers the country over ore obliged Jo cut down operations or work from 12 to 16 hours per day. While this con dition oxIstB otllor linos of Industry more favorably affected by war pri ces are outbidding mo lariner mi wages. At the aame time the farmer Is paying the price of labor shortugo by working long hours hlmsolf, we And tho workmen In all other In dustries striking In demand of an olght liour day and hlghor wagos. The farmer Is asked to produce more yet he lias much less help to do It with, ltoaltzlng tho BorlouHneB of the Bltuatlon, the government has placed an agent In each state to help the farmers In this Bltuatlon. Mr. J. W. Brewer, who was present at tho mooting, has boen appointed to this work In Oregon. He stated that the Bltuatlon was most sorloua and that tho plan for kooplng Borne of the labor on the farm whllo being worked udoii la not yot complete Cortalnly tho thousands of men fol lowing the unessential linos of work Knd amusements muBt eventually be uressed Into usoful service. Among tho linos of work which tho agricultural council decided as most n..un. .,.! fnr ilm count? agont to work upon are the following: Drain age fertilizer demonstrations, lime demonstrations, potato aolectlon and disease control, BilagO corn trio's and livestock Improvement. While some of thOBO projocts will ont be pushed to any great extent owing to labor Bhortnge, they all mean groat or production In the Immediate fu ture. Taul V. MarlB, state county agont lender, emphasized the need of syB temntlo production in order to meet tho nation's need. Farmers organ ized for doflnlte purpose will uccom DANGER FROM CHRISTMAS TREES ll l.ful IliniN uh to Tree DceorutioiiK for the Ureal Holiday. State Klro Marshal Hurvey Wells has sent out the following UHcful uug gortlon as Jo tho decoration of the Christmas trees. Mr. Wells Btutos that especially at thin tlmo all should remember to protect and preserve the home, f r by bo doing we will be doing our "little bit" to help the government conserve food and property and in addition will keep the old homo waiting to receive tho soldier boy when he returns from the trenches. The suggestions are: Don't decorate Christmas trees with paper, cotton or other inflam mable material. I' se only metallic, tinsel or other non-lnflapimable material, and sot tho tree securely, so that children In reuchlng for things can not tip It ovo.v Do not permtl children to light or relight candles when parents are not present; they frequently set Are to tholr clothing Instond. The tree It self will burn when reedles huve becomo dry. Keep matches out of reach of chil dren at holiday tlmo; they like to experiment with tliem. Tho light, Inflammable decorations In atoms, churches and bazaars muke flres oasy to start and easy to spread A match, a gaa fluino, or any elec trical defect may do It. Watch gas Jots. . Do not make the slightest change In electric wiring without consulting the cloctrlcal inspector. Many flres are caused by candles on Christmas trees. Tho tree should be fastened firmly, so that it can not bo upset. Cotton, which Is uned to represent frost or bhow, catcheH fire very easily. The same effort can be secured by tho uho of asbestos or mineral wood, which Is sufo. Tho candles should be placed on the treo so they can not Bet flro to branches above them, and should not bo light ed by children. Ilefore the gifts are distributed the candles should bo ex tinguished. Kloctrlclty Is much safer than candles for lighting Christmas trees. Doors should remain closed while the candles are burning, be cause of tho dnngor from drufts Bwuylng the branches or blowing cur tains against tho treo. The floor un der the treo should bo protocted by a piece of zinc or Iron. pllsh docldedly more than farmers orgaulzed without a purpose or not organized at all. The council, which la composed of one representative from each grange and farmors' organization In the county, votdd to change the plan of Its organization. In the past each delegate worked simply through the direction of his organization. Under the now plan, each delegate will so lect a commtttoe of five of tho lead ing farmers of Ills community. With these ho will work out doflnlte pluns toward mooting tho needs of the community and will call upon, tho agent to do certain work. TIiIb will moan work definitely arranged In ad vance for the agent, and Bhould get docldedly ebtter rcBUltB. The coun cil votod not to elect officers until after this organization Is ?om- Annilmr meeting will oe called late In January. In tl.n nnun I stent's annua', re- nort aomo Interesting and valuable nsuHa were ropoani? on somo don;- ..nstratlons wlt.'i 'ho 'iso of fertilize nn notatoes and torn. Kuy Tarbe'l, of Yankton, by the uso of 800 pounds of commercial fertlllfcor lncreaBed the potato yield 3,400 pounds, or a profit Increase of about 12 por acre. By tho UBe of 16 tons of manure por v ... i t i t. e nnA acre he Increased tne yioui uj o. pounds. On stubble ground tne us of 400 poundB of fortlllzor gave a proflt of 10 per acre. Mr. Tarbell olM) lncreaseJ his potato yield by 24 sacks ner "acre by careful seed se loctlon, and whore the seed was treated with corroBlve Bubllmate tho yield was Increased 28 sacks per acre. Hy the uso of 200 pounds i f steamed bone fertilizer por aero on ground planted to corn for sllngo, O. A. Buckstrom, of Mayger, brought . . ou tnmi nr acre the yto.u up "'". ng . to 8 tons, or a illaga corn 1 'i"a'i"",'Mii"r-'-j 1 1 1 -v - - --Lfl JOIN RED CROSS NOW! JOINT INSTALLATION AT MASONIC LODGE SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22 ! MnHonn andl Knntern Star Will In I stall New OHIecrs. At Its lust regular meeting, St. Helens lodge, A. F. & A. M., elected tho follownig officers to serve during tho ensuing year. Worshipful Master A. L. Stone. Senior 'Warden A. J. I'oel. Junior Warden H. V. Niblock. Senior Deacon Harley Turner. Junior Deacon II. F. Kemp. TreaHurer John Philip. Secretary E. K. Quick. A( Its last regular meeting, Mlzpali Chapter, Eastern Star, elected the following olIlcorH: Worthy Matron Mary Christie. Worthy Patron I.. L. Maker. Associate Matron Louise Baker. Conductrcss-'-Mrs. N. O. I.arabee. ASHodato Conductress Mrs. H. J. Southard. Secretary John rhlllp. The appointive officers were given ns follows: Mrs. L. R. Rutherford, Ada; Mrs. Jos. Dart, Ruth; Mrs. Flora Owen, Esther; Mrs. E. E. Quick, Martha; Mrs. Thos. Isbister, Kloctra; Mrs. John Sten, wnrder; E. A. Crouse, sentinel; Miss Madeline Thomas, chaplain; Mrs. E. A. Crouse, marshal; Mrs. J. J. Day, organist. Suturdny ovenlng, lit the Masonic hall, tho lodges will bold a Joint In stallation. Tho members have tho privilege of bringing Immedlnte reln tves and no doubt a large crowd will be present to witness the ceremonies. A SOLDIER RETURNS AND A SOLDIER GOES Harry C. Trie was honorably dis charged from Troop F, 1st Cnvalry, nt San Francisco, last week nnd re turned to St. Holons Monday. A compound fracture of his leg which he suffered yenrs ago was the cause of his discharge. Harry had been In service since last April and he had never, mentioned that his leg had been broken, preferring to remain with his troop, but tho fact was (In- ally discovered and, against his own wIhIior. he was discharged. He was a good soldier and made a record with his troop loading and firing throe magazines In ten seconds. As young Urlo returned, a brother, Jack, was leaving Vancouver for San An tonio, Texas, a member of the avia tion corps. BRITISH LOSSES LESS British shipping Iobeos last week were 14 vessels of more than 1,600 tons, and rour umior mm iuiu.Bc, as compared wl'.h 21 the week pre vious. Franco lost only one ship during tho weok. Norway lost two small craft. BRITISH CASUALTIES IN WEEK wkkk r,yo British casualties reported in the wook ondlng today totaled 17,976 officers and men as follows: Officers killed or dlod of wounds, 331; mon 3181 omccr9 wonnded or missing 1,039; men, 13,425. r THE 300 QUESTIONNAIRES HAVE BEEN MAILED SHERIFF'S OFFICE BUSY Drafted Men Must Kill Out lilunk and Return Promptly. Saturday the sheriff's office began mailing the questionnaires which are to be Bent to approximately 1,200 men in Columbia county. Five per cent, or 60, nre being sent out each day, which is in accordance with the new draft law. It Is very important that the young men receive these questionnaires promptly, and In re ceiving them it is still more impor tant that they be promptly filled out and returned to tho local exemption board. Only seven days are allowed for the filling out ana returning of the questionnaires, and unless it is returned in time the Individual will lose all exemption rights nnd un plousant complcations are liable to occur. There are 114 questions to be answered and filled in. If a drafted man is at all uncertain as to how to fill in the answers, it will be wise to apply to the associate advis ory board, members of which live in almost every town In Columbia coun ty. A complete list of this associate board was published in the last issue of the Mist. Those drafted parties within reach of St. Helens can ob tain all necessary information at the courthouse or from the legal advis ory board here. If you have re ceived your questionnaire, sit right down and answer the questions, or if you have not received It, when it does come, give the matter prompt attention if you wish to take advant age of any just exemption you may claim. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SHOWS BIG INCREASE Supt. of Schools Baker has pro- ; pared a comparative statement show ing the average attendance of the St. Helens public schools for the years 1914, 1915, 1916 and 1917. i In 1914 the attendance was 334, end tho following year It Increased to 394. In 1916 there wero 435 pu- piis enrolled, while this year the at tendance has Increased to 548, or 59 more scholars than attended In 1916. Tho Increased attendance shows how rapidly tho city has grown and to a large oxtcnt can be attributed to the fact that tho shipyards have brought many families to St. Helens. It Is the opinion of the school board that If there is much further increase It will bo necessary to secure additional quarters or else build a new high school building. BUSINESS SATISFACTORY St. Helens merchants state that the Christmas business thla year shows a marked increase over the previous year. Notwithstanding the Inclement weather during this weok the merchants have been kept busy filling the wants of tholr customers. Two reasons ve advanced as bolng Responsible for tho large volume of business. In the first place more people nre now living In St. Helens nnd more are employed, and In the next place better wages are paid. COLUMBIA RIVER RISES RAPIDLY Much Damage Done by High Water Which Prevails. On account of the recent heavy rains, the Columbia river and tribu tary streams raised rapidly and much damage has been done to property and livestock along the banks of the rivers and streams. The most seri ous damage Is reported to have oc curred at Woodland. The Lewis river went on a rampage and rose bo rapidly that the residents of that city were unable to move their be longings to a place of safety before the flood was upon them. In the streets of the city there was from 4 to 6 feet of water, and much damage was done to the stores and their contents. Yesterday the rain ceased and the Lewis river is falling, and if no more rain falls the damage will not be very serious. The Columbia river at St. HelenB rose 12 feet in four days but no' damage was done, so far as can be ascertained. COUNTY SCHOOL NOTES By J. The idea of W. Allen a teacherage or a teacher's cottage, or a home for the teacher has taken root and is grow ing quite rapidly. Such a home is a financial asset to both the district and the teacher. The district with c teacher a cottage will be able to secure, many times, a better teacher than it would otherwise. This home Is not to be donated free to the teach er, yet it is a great inducement many times in securing the services of the best teacher possible. When a school house has been erected, many times the district, at little expense, may remodel the old schoolhouse Into a good home for the teacher, and this they should do. The best teacher will not contract where the living conditions are unsuitable. This point has been greatly over'c(l"d, but at the present time it Is being con sidered nation wide. The schoolhouse should be a com munity center. It should be used where no other building Is available for religious and civic purposes. The school board, of course, is In charge of their schoolhouse, and they should permit Its use Impartially. The food cards have been quite generally signed throughout the county, and our people are proving themselves patriotic by living up to their pledges. More cards will be sent gladly for the asking. It Is sincerely to be hoped that the teachers and the pupils of the state of Oregon will not be found slackers when it comes to doing their "bit" toward winnin gthe war. We Bln cerely urge teachers and pupils to asolst In tho purchasing of thrift stamps, Liberty Bonds, etc., nnd the work of the Red Cross. Owing to the fact that patrons do not visit their schools as much as they should, we have appointed Thursday, January 11, visitors' day for Columbia county. All parents are urged to visit and inspect their school on this day. A good school Is the result of team work on the part of the parent, pupil nnd the teacher. We want a better co-operation and a betetr understanding among these vital factors of a good school. Visit your school on visitors' day and as many other times as convenient. The one-room school Is still serv ing a great portion of our people, but the numbers served by tho one room school are growing emailed each year. The one-rom school with a teacher trying to do the work In eight grades cannot be expected to do the work of the two-room school where each teacher has but four grades. Nor can the two-room school do as efficient work ns the four-room school. The one-room school is a good school, much better than no school, and we must have them. How ever, the trend of today is consolida tion. Tho improvement of our roads is the first essential to consolidation. Pupils are being conveyed by motor power and otherwise for considerable distances in order to take advantage of a consolidated school. Pupils may be easily conveyed a distance of ten miles over good roads enster and more quickly and with less discom fort than they formerly traveled one mile on foot. Patrons should bear In mind that the one-room school, after all, Is the poorest school pos- CITY COUNCIL ELECTS ANOTHER MEMBER A. J. KELLY THE MAN Budget as Published la Adopted at Special Meeting. At Its regular meeting Monday night the city council elected Aaron J. Kelly, of West St. Helens, a mem ber of the council to fill the vacancy caused by the election of E. I. Bal lagh mayor. The choice was un animous, and Mr. Kelly took the oath of office and entered at once upon the duties before the council. One of the moBt Important mat ters brought before the council was the necessity for the Immediate building of a dock at the foot of St. Helens street on the property recent ly purchased from Rutherford and Shinn. If such a dock Is built It would be constructed on a small scale to take care of the present needs, but so constructed that when necessary it could easily be enlarged. It is understood a suitable dock and small warehouse and a 20 foot road to the dock could be built for $1,500. The council adopted a resolution declaring its intention to assist the sheriff in enforcing the new govern ment regulations relative to alien enemies. While not definitely de cided, it Is probable that the "dead line" will be the east side of the Strand, and no alien enemy will be allowed to cross the Strand. The council met in special session Tuesday night for the purpose of adopting the budget, or hearing ob jections thereto. Inasmuch as not a single citizen took enough Interest to attend, the council concluded that the taxpayers as a whole must be entire ly satisfied with the budget, and by unanimous vote adopted it. No other business appearing be. fore the council, upon motion, the council adjourned. MEMBERSHIP DRIVE ON FOR RED CROSS Columbia County Must Secure 1200 Members to Fill Quota. The drive for membership In the American Red Cross is now on In earnest and J. W. Allen and H. P. Ross, who are conducting the cam paign in Columbia county, feel much encouraged. Scappoose, Warren and the Nehalem valley hove sent In re ports which Indicate that much work is being done and success met with. Rainier and Clatskanie nre Red Cross towns and will doubtless turn in their full quota. In St. Helens the work has been turned over to the local Red Cross society, but several of the business men will take a couple of days off today and tomorrow and as sist them in securing additional members. Some of the head men at the shipyards and the mill will be delegated to Induce the many em ployes of those concerns to Join tho Red Cross, and the committee of business men will make a thorough canvass of St. Helens. Whllo the membership drive was opened on the 17th, very poor pro gress has been made up to date, largely on account of the weather conditions, but from now on, or until the 24th, which closes the week, the campaigners will make every ef fort tn hrlne the enrollment up to 240,000, which is 30 per cent of the population of the state. If you don't say yes and produce your dollar, there nre only two an swers which you can give for an ex cuse, said C. C. Chapman, state chairman. One Is, "I am a uerman 0r a pro-German," and the other is i "I am destitute." Those who refuse are In one class or another. The Red Cross committee will be around to Bee you. Remember, all It takes for a membership in this noble associa tion Is "A heart and a dollnr." We know you have both. slble. That consolidation where pos sible Is the modern idea. For proof of this statement, this county has two consolidated schools, Vernonla and Scappoose. There is no danger In either case of these districts re turning to the one-room school. This Is sufficient evidence in support of consoldatlon to those who really care. The next eighth grade examination will be held January 17 and 18.