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St. Helens mist. (St. Helens, Or.) 1913-1933, December 21, 1917, Image 1

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join nit) m iross ro-day. Remember the Boys Who Are Fighting For Yon
s
I -.3.?
OFFICIAL PAPER OF COLUMBIA COUNTY
PIONEER PAPER OF COLUMBIA COUNTY
VOLUMii A A A VII,
ST. HELENS, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1917
NO. 1
.til. I i I ii I r n 7 ir
.1 . jk w w -,n taJ
FiJ" - I 111 i I II s I I
III II II TT I 1
JOIN THE RED CROSS
SAYS MAYOR BALLAGH
MAKES PROCLAMATION
lrgrt
Clllzoua to Join
lied Oiwt
That Muyor llullugh Ih heartily In
tympathy with the Red Cross tnem
berslp drive la evldencod hy tho fol
lowing proclamation:
Whereas, the American Red
CroHM. through It president. Honor
able Woodrow Wilson; Its cliulriiiun,
Hun. Win. II. Tuft, and tho chairman
of It war council, Hun. II. I'. Duvld
kiii, has called upon all loyul and
patriotic citizen of the United Slates
to ulllllnta with laid organization jy
becoming a mombnr thnrnof; and '
"Whereaa. the woek of December
17-24 hoa been dnitlgnated by the
aforesaid as a time for the meiubor
Hhlp afllllutlon; and
"WbiiroaH, the atnte of Oregon has
licrn Unsigned the quota of 240,000
member, being 30 per cent of Kb
intimated population; and
"Whereas, to fulfill Its quota It Is
ncMtiry for every man and voman
In Oregon to Join the Hod Cronx;
"Now, tlitirofore, I, Edison I. Ual
lugh, mayor of the city of St. HolonB,
do hereby urge all citizen of the
city to at once seek mmnborshlp In
the American Itud Crosa and to do all
wltlilu their power to Increase the
inemliorHhlp, to tho end that tho city
of St. Helens will not be found want
ing In' thin respect. Membership In
the Ited Cron In thin wnr for the
nake of democracy Is an obligation
upon every loyal cltlzon.
"Dieted at St. IIolonH, Oregon, thin
17th day of December, 1917.
': "EDISON I. DALLAGH,
; "Muyor."
AGRICULTURAL PRO-
GRAM EXTENSIVE
1'nrnnT lb-Nerve (treat Crrrilt for
! Their KfTorU.
Hy D..C. Howard. Agricultural Agt.
Nothing but a true spirit of pa
trlotlHBi and service cun keep tho
farmer going under the present
st ruin of labor shortage. Farmer
are now virtually without help and
are being constantly called upon to
Increase production. In muny cases
furment' wives are taking tho place
of farm luborers and tho farmers are
obliged to work long hours to keep
the furm going.
That this la the most serloua situ
ation fuclng the American farmor to
day was brought out at the annual
agricultural council meeting held In
St. Helena laHt Suturdny. Formers
the country over ore obliged Jo cut
down operations or work from 12 to
16 hours per day. While this con
dition oxIstB otllor linos of Industry
more favorably affected by war pri
ces are outbidding mo lariner mi
wages. At the aame time the farmer
Is paying the price of labor shortugo
by working long hours hlmsolf, we
And tho workmen In all other In
dustries striking In demand of an
olght liour day and hlghor wagos.
The farmer Is asked to produce more
yet he lias much less help to do It
with, ltoaltzlng tho BorlouHneB of
the Bltuatlon, the government has
placed an agent In each state to help
the farmers In this Bltuatlon. Mr.
J. W. Brewer, who was present at
tho mooting, has boen appointed to
this work In Oregon. He stated that
the Bltuatlon was most sorloua and
that tho plan for kooplng Borne of
the labor on the farm whllo being
worked udoii la not yot complete
Cortalnly tho thousands of men fol
lowing the unessential linos of work
Knd amusements muBt eventually be
uressed Into usoful service.
Among tho linos of work which tho
agricultural council decided as most
n..un. .,.! fnr ilm count? agont to
work upon are the following: Drain
age fertilizer demonstrations, lime
demonstrations, potato aolectlon and
disease control, BilagO corn trio's
and livestock Improvement. While
some of thOBO projocts will ont be
pushed to any great extent owing to
labor Bhortnge, they all mean groat
or production In the Immediate fu
ture. Taul V. MarlB, state county agont
lender, emphasized the need of syB
temntlo production in order to meet
tho nation's need. Farmers organ
ized for doflnlte purpose will uccom
DANGER FROM
CHRISTMAS TREES
ll l.ful IliniN uh to Tree DceorutioiiK
for the Ureal Holiday.
State Klro Marshal Hurvey Wells
has sent out the following UHcful uug
gortlon as Jo tho decoration of the
Christmas trees. Mr. Wells Btutos
that especially at thin tlmo all
should remember to protect and
preserve the home, f r by bo doing
we will be doing our "little bit" to
help the government conserve food
and property and in addition will
keep the old homo waiting to receive
tho soldier boy when he returns from
the trenches. The suggestions are:
Don't decorate Christmas trees
with paper, cotton or other inflam
mable material.
I' se only metallic, tinsel or other
non-lnflapimable material, and sot
tho tree securely, so that children
In reuchlng for things can not tip It
ovo.v
Do not permtl children to light or
relight candles when parents are not
present; they frequently set Are to
tholr clothing Instond. The tree It
self will burn when reedles huve
becomo dry.
Keep matches out of reach of chil
dren at holiday tlmo; they like to
experiment with tliem.
Tho light, Inflammable decorations
In atoms, churches and bazaars muke
flres oasy to start and easy to spread
A match, a gaa fluino, or any elec
trical defect may do It. Watch gas
Jots. .
Do not make the slightest change
In electric wiring without consulting
the cloctrlcal inspector.
Many flres are caused by candles
on Christmas trees. Tho tree should
be fastened firmly, so that it can not
bo upset. Cotton, which Is uned to
represent frost or bhow, catcheH fire
very easily. The same effort can be
secured by tho uho of asbestos or
mineral wood, which Is sufo. Tho
candles should be placed on the treo
so they can not Bet flro to branches
above them, and should not bo light
ed by children. Ilefore the gifts are
distributed the candles should bo ex
tinguished. Kloctrlclty Is much safer
than candles for lighting Christmas
trees. Doors should remain closed
while the candles are burning, be
cause of tho dnngor from drufts
Bwuylng the branches or blowing cur
tains against tho treo. The floor un
der the treo should bo protocted by
a piece of zinc or Iron.
pllsh docldedly more than farmers
orgaulzed without a purpose or not
organized at all.
The council, which la composed of
one representative from each grange
and farmors' organization In the
county, votdd to change the plan of
Its organization. In the past each
delegate worked simply through the
direction of his organization. Under
the now plan, each delegate will so
lect a commtttoe of five of tho lead
ing farmers of Ills community. With
these ho will work out doflnlte pluns
toward mooting tho needs of the
community and will call upon, tho
agent to do certain work. TIiIb will
moan work definitely arranged In ad
vance for the agent, and Bhould get
docldedly ebtter rcBUltB. The coun
cil votod not to elect officers until
after this organization Is ?om-
Annilmr meeting will oe
called late In January.
In tl.n nnun I stent's annua', re-
nort aomo Interesting and valuable
nsuHa were ropoani? on somo don;-
..nstratlons wlt.'i 'ho 'iso of fertilize
nn notatoes and torn. Kuy Tarbe'l,
of Yankton, by the uso of 800 pounds
of commercial fertlllfcor lncreaBed the
potato yield 3,400 pounds, or a profit
Increase of about 12 por acre. By
tho UBe of 16 tons of manure por
v ... i t i t. e nnA
acre he Increased tne yioui uj o.
pounds. On stubble ground tne us
of 400 poundB of fortlllzor gave a
proflt of 10 per acre. Mr. Tarbell
olM) lncreaseJ his potato yield by
24 sacks ner "acre by careful seed se
loctlon, and whore the seed was
treated with corroBlve Bubllmate tho
yield was Increased 28 sacks per
acre. Hy the uso of 200 pounds i f
steamed bone fertilizer por aero on
ground planted to corn for sllngo,
O. A. Buckstrom, of Mayger, brought
. . ou tnmi nr acre
the yto.u up "'". ng .
to 8 tons, or a
illaga corn
1 'i"a'i"",'Mii"r-'-j 1 1 1 -v - - --Lfl
JOIN
RED CROSS
NOW!
JOINT INSTALLATION
AT MASONIC LODGE
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22 !
MnHonn andl Knntern Star Will In
I stall New OHIecrs.
At Its lust regular meeting, St.
Helens lodge, A. F. & A. M., elected
tho follownig officers to serve during
tho ensuing year.
Worshipful Master A. L. Stone.
Senior 'Warden A. J. I'oel.
Junior Warden H. V. Niblock.
Senior Deacon Harley Turner.
Junior Deacon II. F. Kemp.
TreaHurer John Philip.
Secretary E. K. Quick.
A( Its last regular meeting, Mlzpali
Chapter, Eastern Star, elected the
following olIlcorH:
Worthy Matron Mary Christie.
Worthy Patron I.. L. Maker.
Associate Matron Louise Baker.
Conductrcss-'-Mrs. N. O. I.arabee.
ASHodato Conductress Mrs. H. J.
Southard.
Secretary John rhlllp.
The appointive officers were given
ns follows: Mrs. L. R. Rutherford,
Ada; Mrs. Jos. Dart, Ruth; Mrs.
Flora Owen, Esther; Mrs. E. E.
Quick, Martha; Mrs. Thos. Isbister,
Kloctra; Mrs. John Sten, wnrder; E.
A. Crouse, sentinel; Miss Madeline
Thomas, chaplain; Mrs. E. A. Crouse,
marshal; Mrs. J. J. Day, organist.
Suturdny ovenlng, lit the Masonic
hall, tho lodges will bold a Joint In
stallation. Tho members have tho
privilege of bringing Immedlnte reln
tves and no doubt a large crowd will
be present to witness the ceremonies.
A SOLDIER RETURNS
AND A SOLDIER GOES
Harry C. Trie was honorably dis
charged from Troop F, 1st Cnvalry,
nt San Francisco, last week nnd re
turned to St. Holons Monday. A
compound fracture of his leg which
he suffered yenrs ago was the cause
of his discharge. Harry had been In
service since last April and he had
never, mentioned that his leg had
been broken, preferring to remain
with his troop, but tho fact was (In-
ally discovered and, against his own
wIhIior. he was discharged. He was
a good soldier and made a record
with his troop loading and firing
throe magazines In ten seconds. As
young Urlo returned, a brother, Jack,
was leaving Vancouver for San An
tonio, Texas, a member of the avia
tion corps.
BRITISH LOSSES LESS
British shipping Iobeos last week
were 14 vessels of more than 1,600
tons, and rour umior mm iuiu.Bc,
as compared wl'.h 21 the week pre
vious. Franco lost only one ship
during tho weok. Norway lost two
small craft.
BRITISH CASUALTIES
IN WEEK wkkk r,yo
British casualties reported in the
wook ondlng today totaled 17,976
officers and men as follows: Officers
killed or dlod of wounds, 331; mon
3181 omccr9 wonnded or missing
1,039; men, 13,425.
r
THE
300 QUESTIONNAIRES
HAVE BEEN MAILED
SHERIFF'S OFFICE BUSY
Drafted Men Must Kill Out lilunk
and Return Promptly.
Saturday the sheriff's office began
mailing the questionnaires which are
to be Bent to approximately 1,200
men in Columbia county. Five per
cent, or 60, nre being sent out each
day, which is in accordance with the
new draft law. It Is very important
that the young men receive these
questionnaires promptly, and In re
ceiving them it is still more impor
tant that they be promptly filled out
and returned to tho local exemption
board. Only seven days are allowed
for the filling out ana returning of
the questionnaires, and unless it is
returned in time the Individual will
lose all exemption rights nnd un
plousant complcations are liable to
occur. There are 114 questions to
be answered and filled in. If a
drafted man is at all uncertain as to
how to fill in the answers, it will be
wise to apply to the associate advis
ory board, members of which live in
almost every town In Columbia coun
ty. A complete list of this associate
board was published in the last issue
of the Mist. Those drafted parties
within reach of St. Helens can ob
tain all necessary information at the
courthouse or from the legal advis
ory board here. If you have re
ceived your questionnaire, sit right
down and answer the questions, or
if you have not received It, when it
does come, give the matter prompt
attention if you wish to take advant
age of any just exemption you may
claim.
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
SHOWS BIG INCREASE
Supt. of Schools Baker has pro-
; pared a comparative statement show
ing the average attendance of the
St. Helens public schools for the
years 1914, 1915, 1916 and 1917.
i In 1914 the attendance was 334,
end tho following year It Increased
to 394. In 1916 there wero 435 pu-
piis enrolled, while this year the at
tendance has Increased to 548, or 59
more scholars than attended In 1916.
Tho Increased attendance shows how
rapidly tho city has grown and to a
large oxtcnt can be attributed to the
fact that tho shipyards have brought
many families to St. Helens. It Is
the opinion of the school board that
If there is much further increase It
will bo necessary to secure additional
quarters or else build a new high
school building.
BUSINESS SATISFACTORY
St. Helens merchants state that
the Christmas business thla year
shows a marked increase over the
previous year. Notwithstanding the
Inclement weather during this weok
the merchants have been kept busy
filling the wants of tholr customers.
Two reasons ve advanced as bolng
Responsible for tho large volume of
business. In the first place more
people nre now living In St. Helens
nnd more are employed, and In the
next place better wages are paid.
COLUMBIA RIVER
RISES RAPIDLY
Much Damage Done by High Water
Which Prevails.
On account of the recent heavy
rains, the Columbia river and tribu
tary streams raised rapidly and much
damage has been done to property
and livestock along the banks of the
rivers and streams. The most seri
ous damage Is reported to have oc
curred at Woodland. The Lewis
river went on a rampage and rose bo
rapidly that the residents of that
city were unable to move their be
longings to a place of safety before
the flood was upon them. In the
streets of the city there was from 4
to 6 feet of water, and much damage
was done to the stores and their
contents. Yesterday the rain ceased
and the Lewis river is falling, and
if no more rain falls the damage will
not be very serious. The Columbia
river at St. HelenB rose 12 feet in
four days but no' damage was done,
so far as can be ascertained.
COUNTY SCHOOL NOTES
By J.
The idea of
W. Allen
a teacherage or a
teacher's cottage, or a home for the
teacher has taken root and is grow
ing quite rapidly. Such a home is
a financial asset to both the district
and the teacher. The district with
c teacher a cottage will be able to
secure, many times, a better teacher
than it would otherwise. This home
Is not to be donated free to the teach
er, yet it is a great inducement many
times in securing the services of the
best teacher possible. When a school
house has been erected, many times
the district, at little expense, may
remodel the old schoolhouse Into a
good home for the teacher, and this
they should do. The best teacher
will not contract where the living
conditions are unsuitable. This point
has been greatly over'c(l"d, but at
the present time it Is being con
sidered nation wide.
The schoolhouse should be a com
munity center. It should be used
where no other building Is available
for religious and civic purposes. The
school board, of course, is In charge
of their schoolhouse, and they should
permit Its use Impartially.
The food cards have been quite
generally signed throughout the
county, and our people are proving
themselves patriotic by living up to
their pledges. More cards will be
sent gladly for the asking.
It Is sincerely to be hoped that the
teachers and the pupils of the state
of Oregon will not be found slackers
when it comes to doing their "bit"
toward winnin gthe war. We Bln
cerely urge teachers and pupils to
asolst In tho purchasing of thrift
stamps, Liberty Bonds, etc., nnd the
work of the Red Cross.
Owing to the fact that patrons do
not visit their schools as much as
they should, we have appointed
Thursday, January 11, visitors' day
for Columbia county. All parents
are urged to visit and inspect their
school on this day. A good school Is
the result of team work on the part
of the parent, pupil nnd the teacher.
We want a better co-operation and
a betetr understanding among these
vital factors of a good school. Visit
your school on visitors' day and as
many other times as convenient.
The one-room school Is still serv
ing a great portion of our people,
but the numbers served by tho one
room school are growing emailed
each year. The one-rom school with
a teacher trying to do the work In
eight grades cannot be expected to
do the work of the two-room school
where each teacher has but four
grades. Nor can the two-room school
do as efficient work ns the four-room
school. The one-room school is a
good school, much better than no
school, and we must have them. How
ever, the trend of today is consolida
tion. Tho improvement of our roads
is the first essential to consolidation.
Pupils are being conveyed by motor
power and otherwise for considerable
distances in order to take advantage
of a consolidated school. Pupils may
be easily conveyed a distance of ten
miles over good roads enster and
more quickly and with less discom
fort than they formerly traveled one
mile on foot. Patrons should bear
In mind that the one-room school,
after all, Is the poorest school pos-
CITY COUNCIL ELECTS
ANOTHER MEMBER
A. J. KELLY THE MAN
Budget as Published la Adopted at
Special Meeting.
At Its regular meeting Monday
night the city council elected Aaron
J. Kelly, of West St. Helens, a mem
ber of the council to fill the vacancy
caused by the election of E. I. Bal
lagh mayor. The choice was un
animous, and Mr. Kelly took the
oath of office and entered at once
upon the duties before the council.
One of the moBt Important mat
ters brought before the council was
the necessity for the Immediate
building of a dock at the foot of St.
Helens street on the property recent
ly purchased from Rutherford and
Shinn. If such a dock Is built It
would be constructed on a small
scale to take care of the present
needs, but so constructed that when
necessary it could easily be enlarged.
It is understood a suitable dock and
small warehouse and a 20 foot road
to the dock could be built for $1,500.
The council adopted a resolution
declaring its intention to assist the
sheriff in enforcing the new govern
ment regulations relative to alien
enemies. While not definitely de
cided, it Is probable that the "dead
line" will be the east side of the
Strand, and no alien enemy will be
allowed to cross the Strand.
The council met in special session
Tuesday night for the purpose of
adopting the budget, or hearing ob
jections thereto. Inasmuch as not a
single citizen took enough Interest to
attend, the council concluded that the
taxpayers as a whole must be entire
ly satisfied with the budget, and by
unanimous vote adopted it.
No other business appearing be.
fore the council, upon motion, the
council adjourned.
MEMBERSHIP DRIVE
ON FOR RED CROSS
Columbia County Must Secure 1200
Members to Fill Quota.
The drive for membership In the
American Red Cross is now on In
earnest and J. W. Allen and H. P.
Ross, who are conducting the cam
paign in Columbia county, feel much
encouraged. Scappoose, Warren and
the Nehalem valley hove sent In re
ports which Indicate that much work
is being done and success met with.
Rainier and Clatskanie nre Red Cross
towns and will doubtless turn in their
full quota. In St. Helens the work
has been turned over to the local
Red Cross society, but several of the
business men will take a couple of
days off today and tomorrow and as
sist them in securing additional
members. Some of the head men at
the shipyards and the mill will be
delegated to Induce the many em
ployes of those concerns to Join tho
Red Cross, and the committee of
business men will make a thorough
canvass of St. Helens.
Whllo the membership drive was
opened on the 17th, very poor pro
gress has been made up to date,
largely on account of the weather
conditions, but from now on, or
until the 24th, which closes the week,
the campaigners will make every ef
fort tn hrlne the enrollment up to
240,000, which is 30 per cent of the
population of the state.
If you don't say yes and produce
your dollar, there nre only two an
swers which you can give for an ex
cuse, said C. C. Chapman, state
chairman. One Is, "I am a uerman
0r a pro-German," and the other is
i "I am destitute." Those who refuse
are In one class or another. The Red
Cross committee will be around to
Bee you. Remember, all It takes for
a membership in this noble associa
tion Is "A heart and a dollnr." We
know you have both.
slble. That consolidation where pos
sible Is the modern idea. For proof
of this statement, this county has
two consolidated schools, Vernonla
and Scappoose. There is no danger
In either case of these districts re
turning to the one-room school. This
Is sufficient evidence in support of
consoldatlon to those who really
care.
The next eighth grade examination
will be held January 17 and 18.

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