ST. HELENS MIST. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1918
STEADIER IIOGMARKETS PLANNED
Hog Producers and Packers Confer With Repre
sentatives of the Food Administration, and
Agricultural Department and Adopt
New Plan of Regulation.
o changed line the Hcptemher Joint
conference to Dweimltute nn entire
Itrrutlou In the pluns of price atiihl
Hiullon. The current pence talk lian
ilurini'il (he holder of corn, and I hern
linn liecn a price decline of from 'iTi
renin to 40 cent per huHhel. The fuel
tliHt the accumulations of low priced
corn In the Argentine mid South Afri
ca would, upon the advent of pence
and lltierHtcd ithlpplhg, hrcoinc nvull
tlile to the European murket Inn cre
ated u giviit deul of HppreheiiHlon on
Hie purt of com holders. This decline
Inn Dpreud ear among swine grower
thut u slmllnr reduction In the prices
of hogs would naturally follow. More
over, the lower rouge of com price
would, If Incorporated In 13 to l ru
tin, oIivIoumIjt result In a contlniioiiNly
fulling price for lire hog, lu view
of these changed condition! many
wine producer anticipated lower
price and aa a result rindied their
linK to mnrket In lurge tinuiherii, and
tlili overNhlptuent ling added to and
lU'cravHted the decline.
The liiforinntion of the Department
of Agriculture Indicates that the suit
ply of hogs hus Increased nhotit 8 per
cent., while tho hlgheiit unolllclnl extl
iimte doc not exceed 15 per cent. In
creased production over IiiHt year. On
the other hand, tho arrival of hogs
during the Inst three, weeks In the
Keven grent markets has been 27 per
cent, more than last year, during the
corresponding period, demonstrating
the unusually heavy marketing of the
avulliihlu supply. In tho face of the
exresNlve receipts somo packers hnve
not maintained the price agreed last
month. On the other hand, many
of the puckers huve paid over the
price offered to them In an endeavor
to maintain the agreed price. The re
milt In any event hus heeu a fullure
to maintain the Octoher price hnsls
determined upon at the September con
ference mid undertaken hy the pack
ers. Another factor contributing to
the break In prices during the month
lins been the Infltienin epidemic; It
has sharply curtailed consumption of
pork products and temporarily de
creased the labor stuff of the packers
nlw... UK .
uoirui .i er irrnu
The exports of 1.10.000,000 pounds
of pork products for October com
pared with uhout 62,000,(100 poiiud8
In October a yenr ago, nnd the
export orders pluceuhlo by the Food
Administration for November, amount
to 170,01)0,000 pounds lis contrast
ed with the lesser exports of
1W,(KH),0U0 for November, 1017. The
Increased demands of the allies are
continuing, and are In themselves
proof of the necessity for Die lurge
production for which the Food Admin
istration uski'd. Tho Increase In ex
port demands appears to be amply
sulllclent to tnko up the Increase In
hog production, but unfavorable mar
ket conditions existing In October af
ford no fair Index of the aggregate
supply and deniund.
It must be evident that the enor
mous shortage In fats In the Central
Rinplrcs and neutral countries would
Immediately upon peace result In ad
ditional demands for pork products
which, on top of the heavy shipments
to the Allies, would tend materially
to Increase the American exports, In
asmuch as no considerable reservoir of
supplies exists outside of the United
Slates, It seems probable that the
present prospective supplies would be
inadequate to meet this World demand
with the return to pence. So fur as It
Is possible to Interpret this fact. It ap
penrs, that there should be even a
stronger demand for pork products
lifter tho war, and therefore any nlnrm
tif hog producers ns to the effect of
peuce Is unwarranted by the outiooK.
In the light of these circumstances
It Is the conclusion of the conference
that attempts to hold the price of hogs
to the price of corn may work out to
the disadvantage of pork producers.
It Is the conclusion that any Interpre-
tutlon of the formula should be a
broad gauged policy applied over a
long period. It Is the opinion of the
conference that In substitution of the
previous plaos of stnblll7.nl Ion the
I-Ive Stock Subcommittee of the Agrt
cultural Advisory Hoard, together Willi
the specially Invited swine representn
tlves, should accept the Invitation of
the Food Administration to Join with
the Administration and the packers In
determining the prices at which con'
trolled export order are to be placed.
This will be reguluMy done. The In
fluence of these orders will be directed
to the maintenance of the common oh'
Jcct nnnioly, the stabilization- of the
, price of live hogs so as to sucure as fur
Ida It la nnonlhla fnttt t-nl,ii-ta t ttta
In accordance with Mm rw.il.'. n.- . .....
u AuminiBlrutlon since Its founda
tion to consult representative men le agricultural Industry on occasion,
of Importance to special branches of the Industry, on October 24 there was
convened In Washington a meeting of ,e Live Stock Subcommittee of the
Agricultural Advisory Hoard and tho special member. representing tll0 ,wlne
Industry to consider the situation In the hog murket
The conference lasted for three' day., and during thl. time met with the'
neouilvt committee of (he nr., packing firms purtk-lpatlng In foreign order,
for pork product, and Witt, the member, of the Food Administration directing
forelgu pork purchases.
The conclusions of the conference were as follows:
The entire murkellng situation has . producer and tti in. .
, . . "uiuim vi nn aue-
iunte future supply.
Jiiese foreign order, are placed
imckers" f CMt 0f ,0 ,,,e
As the result of t..
bwren this body and the I'ackers'
Committee, representing tho 45 to 50
puckers participating n frt.K 0r
ders. together with the Allied buyers.
'" p Chairmanship of the
r ood Administration, the following un
dertuklng hus been given by the pack-
In view of the underlain I? ft nil I ho
part of the Food Administration with
tegurd to the co-ordlnhted purchuses
of pork products, covered In the at-
.., u is agreed thut the packers
purtlciiinting in tlx OrdtTN 11111 tin.
derlake not to purchase hogs for less
than I he following agreed minimum
for the month of November, thut Is a
dully minimum of $17.50 per hundred
pounds on average of puckers' droves,
excluding throw-outs. "Throw-outs"
to he denned as pigs under 130
pounds, stags, boars, thin sows nnd
skips. Further, that no horn of nnv
kind shull be bought, excent throw-
outs, at less tlmn 110.50 per hundred
pounds. The average of packers'
droves to be construed as the average
of tho total sales In the murket of all
hogs ror a given duy. All the above
to be based on Chicago.
We agree that a committee shall be
nppolnted by the Food Administration
to check the dully operations In the
vurlous markets with a view to super
vision ana demonstration of the carry
ing out of the above.
The ability of the packers to carry
out this arrangement will depend on
there being a normal marketing of
hogs based upon the proportionate In
crease over the receipts of lust yesr.
The Increase In production appears to
bo a maximum of about 15 per cent,
and wo can handle such an Increase.
If the producer, of hogs should, as
they have In the past few weeks, pre-
maturely market hogs In such Increus
log numbers over tho above It I. en
tirely beyond the ability of the pack
ers to muliituln these minimum, and
therefore we must have the co-opera
tion of the producer himself to main
tain' these results.. It Is a physical
Impossibility for the capnclty of the
packing houses to handle a similar
over-flood of hogs and to find a market
for tho output The packers are anx
ious to co-operate with the producers
In maintaining a stabilisation of price
and to seo. thut producers receive a fulr
price for their products.
(Signed) THOS. K. WILSON,
' Chairman Puckers' Committee.
Tho plnn embodied above was adopt
ed by the conference.
The Food Administrator has appoint
ed a comndttee; comprising Mr. Thomas
E. Wilson, chairman of the Pack
ers' Committee ; Mr. Everett Brown,
president of the Chicago Livestock Ex
change; Major Itoy of the Food Ad
ministration, Mr. Louis D. Hall of the
llurenu of Markets, to undertake the
supervision of the execution of the
plan In the various markets. Commis
sion men are asked to co-operate In
carrying out the plnn embodied In the
packers' agreement It must bo evi
dent that offers by commission men to
sell hogs below the minimum estab
lished above Is not fulr, either to the
producer or the participating packers.
Mr. Rrown has undertaken on behalf
of the commission men In the United
States that they will loyally support
It Is believed by the conorence thnt
this new plnn, based as It la upon a
positive minimum basis, will bring bet
ter results to the producer than aver
age prices for the month. It docs not
limit top prices and should narrow
the margins necessary to country buy
er. In more variable markets. It Is
believed that the plan should work out
close to $18 average.
Swine producer, of the country will
contribute to their own Interest by
not flooding the market for It must be
evident thut If an excessive over per
centage of hogs I. marketed In any
one month price stabilisation and con
trol cannot succeed, and. It Is certain
thnt producers themselves can contri
bute materially to the effort, of tho
conference. If they will do their mark
eting In as normal a way a. possible.
The whole situation a. existing at
present demands a frank and explicit
assurance from the conferees repre
sentednamely, that every possible
effort will be made to maintain a live
hog price commensurate with .wine
production cost, and reasonable sell
ing value. In execution of the declared
policy of the Food Administration
to use every agency In It. control to
secure Justice to the farmer.
The stabilisation methods ndopted
for November represent the best ef
forts of the conference, concurred In
by tbo Food Administration and tut
Livestock Subcommittee of rha Airrt.
cultural Advisory Hoard, together
with speclul swine member, and the
representutlves of the packers, to Un
prove the present unsatisfactory situ
ation, which ha. unfortunately result
ed because of the Injection of uncon-.
We ask the producer to co-operate
with u. in a most difficult task.
The member, of the Conference
Producer- IL C. Stuart, Elk Gar
den, Va., Chairman Agricultural Ad
visory Board; W. M. McFadden, Chi
cngo, Hi.; a. Syke., Ida Grove. Iu.;
John M. Evvard, Ames, la. ; J. H. Mer
cer, Live Stock Commission for Kan
sas; 3. O. Brown, Monon, Ind.; E. C.
Brown, President Chicago Livestock
Exchange; N. IL Oontry. Hedalla, Mo.;
John Urattan, Broomneld, Colo.; Eu
gene Funk, Bloomlngton, III.; Isaac
Lincoln, Aberdeen, 8. D. ; C. W. Hunt
Logan, la.; C. E. Yancey, W. B, Dod-.
Food Administration Herbert Hoo
ver, F, S. Snyder, ilajor E. L. Boy, O.
Department of Agriculture Louis
D. Hall, F. B. Marshall.
The packer, present and others
sharing In foreign order, were repre
euted by the elected packer.' commit
tee. Those represented were :
Parkers Armour k Co., Chicago,
III. ; Cudahy Packing Co., Chicago, III. ;
Morris & Co., Chicago, 111.; Swift k
Co., Chicago, 111. ; WUson & Co., Chica
go, III.; John Agar Co., Chicago, 111.;
Armstrong Packing Co., Dallas, Tex.;
Boyd Dunham k Co., Chicago, III.;
Brennnn Packing Co., Chicago, III.;
Cincinnati Abattoir Co., Cincinnati,
O. ; Clcvelund Provisions Co., Cleve
land, O.; Cudahy Bros. Co., Cudehy,
Wis. ; J. Dold Packing Co., Buffalo. ft.
Y. ; Dunlevy Packing Co., Pittsburg.
Pu. ; J. E. Decker k Sons, Mason City,
Iu. ; Evansvllle Packing Co., Evans
vllle, Ind. ; Kust Side Packing Co., East
St. Louis, 111.; Hammond Stnndlsh k
Co., Detroit Mich.; O. A. Hormel k
Co., Austin, Minn.; Home Packing k
Ice Co., Terre Huute, Ind. ; Independ
ent Packing Co., Chicago, III.; Indian
apolis Abattoir Co., Indianapolis, Ind.;
International Provision Co., Brooklyn,
N. Y. ; Interstate Packing Co., Winona,
Minn.; Iowa Packing Co., De. Moines.
Ia.; Powers Begg Co., Jacksonville,
111. ; Klngnn k Co., Indianapolis, Ind. ;
Krey Packing Co., St. Louis, Mo. ; Lake
Erie Provision Co., Cleveland, O. ; Lay
ton Co., Milwaukee, Wis. ; Oscar Mayer
k llro., Sedgwick and Beethoven
streets, Chicago, III.; J. T. McMillan
Co.; St. Paul, Minn.; Miller k Hart.
Chicago, III. ; J. Morrell k Co., Ottura
wu, la. ; Nuckolls Packing Co., Pueblo,
Colo. ; Ogden Pucklng and Provision
Co., Ogden, Utah ; Ohio Provision Co.,
Cleveland, O. ; Parker Webb k Co., De
troit Mich.; Pittsburg Packing and
Provision Co., Pittsburg, Pa.; Bath
Packing Co., Waterloo, la.; Bobert. &
Ouke, Chicago, HI.; Itohe k Bros., New
York City ; W. C. Itouth k Co., Logans
port, Ind. ; St. Louis Ind. Packing Co.,
St Louis, Mo.; Sinclair k Co., T. M.
Cedur Itiiplds, In.; Sullivan k Co., De
troit, Mich. ; Theurer-Norton Provision
Co., Cleveland, O. ; WUson Provision
Co., Peoria, III. ; Western Packing and
Provision Co., Chicago. III. ; Charles
Wolff Packing Co., Topeku, Kan.
BIG FALLING OFF TM I
GERMAN BIRTH RATE
Decline of 40 Per Cent Imported In
Births Between 1018 and 1916
A decrease In Germany's live
births from 1,839,000 In 1913 to 1.
103,000 in 1916 a falling off of 40
per cent is revealed by figures com-'
piled from German sources by the
British local government board and
published in the Monthly Labor Re '
view of the bureau of labor statin-1
tics of the United States department
of labor. During the same period the
decrease In the number of live births
in England and Wales was 10.9 per
In the effort to reduce Infant mor-'
tallty the German authorities have
undertaken three (schemes mater-i
nlty grants, Increased work In wel
fare centers for women and children, '
and special provision of suitable
food for expectant or nursing moth-1
ers and for young children. j
GOVERNOR MAKES !
VERY LONG TRIPS
Alaskan Kxocutive Can Travel 5,000
Miles In Own Commonwealth j
T . . .. .
I duue.v.u, AmBKR r ew governors
I under the Stare and Stripes can
travel 6,000 miles within their cora
! mon wealths, and Governor Thomas
I KIggs, Jr., of Alaska Is o-.e of the
! few. In making a tour of his terri
tory he goes from Juneau to Nome
I on the first lap, then crosses the
; Gulf of Alaska and goes up Cook In
I let to Anchorage. At Fairbanks he
I strikes the Tanana river and boards
a sternwheel river boat for St.
I Michael on Bearing sea. Thence an
-ocean vessel or launch takes him to
Coming! Uncle Sam Says:
"GIVE CHRISTMAS PRESENTS, BUT
GIVE USEFUL GIFTS"
What more useful article could be given than a piece of
FuRNITURE. We have a large assortment oj
Rockers, Tables, Chairs, Magazine
Racks, Eta, for Young and Old
Make your selection early. A small deposit will
hold it for you
E. A. ROSS
The wool-production estimate of
; the bureau of crop estimates makes
I the clip of 1918 amount to 257,-
921,000 pounds in the grease; pulled
I wool Is not included. The clip of
1917, revised estimate, was 241,
1 892,000 pounds.
In an Oregon county where 710
women enrolled In the classes and
j clubs organized by the home demon
stratlon agent 233 household account
books were placed as a result of the
(activity of the agent In creating in
, terest in thrift and home manage
These are the days when the argu
ments pro and con about whiskey
are being renewed. A public lecturer
reports from Kentucky:
"I heard the other day a mallg
nant story about a Kentucky colonel.
'Colonel,' a man asked him, 'Is there
any cure for snake bite except whis
key?' 'Who cares,' snorted the
colonel, 'whether there is or nor?' "
There are many little tricks employed by good
buyers in judging quality. And we are perfectly willing to
share our secrets wkh you. We buy only the best, but
we want you to know right at the time of your purchase
that you are getting what you want.
DO YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING vEARLY
This applies to that CHRISTMAS FOWL as it does to
the presents vou will buy. Order now and let us help you
select the TURKEY, GOOSE or CHICKEN you want.
Central. Meat Market
RAY MORTON and GEORGE WILSON', Proprietors
Phone 60 Free and Prompt Delivery
Try a Mist Want Ad-They Pay
Adulation is all rlzht in Us pi .ce,
but It is impossible to see merit in
Mr. Josephus Daniels' enthulnstlc as
sertion that Mr. Wilson's "fourteen
demands" rank with the historic ut
terances of Mr. Lincoln at Gettys
burg. Some way we have never heard
(hat Mr. Lincoln's address required
amendment, amplification or inter
pretation. New York Herald. ' ,
When the dealer Informed her that
the price of eggs was fifty cents per
dozen, she exclaimed:
"Fifty cents! Why, that's more
than four cents for each egg!"
"Yes, mum," said the dealer, "but
you must remember that one egg is a
whole day's work for a hen!'
If your children are subject to
croup, or it you have reason to fear
their being attacked by that disease,
you should procure a bottle o.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and
ntudy the directions for use, so thut
In case of an attack you will know
exactly what course to pursue. This
is a favorite and very successful
remedy for croup, and it Is impor
tant that you observe the directions
THERE'S WORK EVERY Dfflf.
ON ANY FARM tffe
You are cordially invited
to call and inspect our line
A LARGE SELECTION
From winch Vou r' may
choose. Suitable and use
ful CHRISTMAS PRES
ENTS have just arrived.
Our showing in seasonable
SILVERWARE is large
and well selected.
VON A. GRAY
St. Helens, Ore.
You can make more money with
the Moline-Univcrsal than any other
tractor because it can be kept at pro
ductive work more days a year no
matter how large or small your farm
' or what crops you grow. This is be
cause the Moline-Universal is built to
fit the farm and every operation on
the farm. It is not limited to a few
operations, nor to certain classes of
The Moline-Universal wilt do any
thing any other tractor will do and in
addition an infinite variety of work
impossible for any other tractor. You
can find work for it every day in the
year. If for no other reason than
the fact that the Moline-Universal
will do more and better work and
can be kept busier than any other
tractor, it is your best buy.
But the greatest advantage of the
Moline-Universal is that one man
controls both tractor and Implement
in all operations. You sit on the seat
of the implement, where you must sit
in order to do good work, and con
trot the entire outfit. This mean3
that you can farm more land than
was ever before possible, with either
horses or tractor. , , '
The wonderful versatility and one
man control of the Moline-Universal
are due to its two-wheel construc
tion. It attaches direct to the imple
ment and forms one compact unit
with it the tractor the front wheels
and the implement the rear wheels.
pvery control on Dotn uaciojc
implement is within reach, making
easy handling of the entire outfit,
which can be turned in a 16-foot
1 circle, and backs as readily as it goes
forward. A boy or woman can nan
die it as well as a man.
' Due to its two-wheet construction
which makes all its power available
for pulling and greater speed, the
Moline-Universal Tractor will do as
much work in a day of ten hours
with two 14-inch plow bottoms as the
average three-plow tractor.
The high clearance of the Moline
Universal Tractor, as great as that of
the average cultivator, and its light
weight make it perfectly adapted' for
cultivating. With a two-row cultiva
tor, it cultivates from 14 to 80 acres
a day. There is hardly anything on
the farm that it cannot do. For odd
jobs it is converted into a four-wheel
unit by means of a rear carrying
truck, to which any implement on the
v farm may be attached in the ordi
nary way. . , . ,
From a mechanical standpoint, the
Moline-Universal Tractor measures
tip to the very limit of modern engi
neering knowledge. Perfected over-
head-valve four-cylinder engme, com
plete enclosure of alt working parts,
electric starting and lighting system
with electrical engine governor, and
differential lock are only a few of the
many improved features. It will pay
you to stop and examine this latest
and best of all tractors the next time
you are in town.
. f . , rr t- a nwAnp - 1
I have made arrangements so I can let you nave one 01 tnese ikauiwro on very u
. ti . ... :4...4.a4 urriA rw nhntio tn m at Sr. Helens.
vantageous Terms, n you cue nucisaiw, -
$1620 F. O. B. St. Helens, including two plows
J. F. DOFFLrvIAIER
THE TRACTOR MAN
ST. HELENS, OREGON
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