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I "THE MIST"
I Official Paper I I Colnmbia : County. nn "THE MIST" CIVICS ALL ' The Official and Other News or- , . Colnmbia : County. VOL. 10. ST. HELENS. OIIKGON. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 189.1 NO. 0. OREGON MIST THli OREGON MIST. iNt!t:i;v:iiY ruiUAV Moiiruriu THE MIST PUBLISHING COMPAHT, DAVIS BROS., Manager. OFFICIAL COUNTY PAPER ult.crlpilnit Itaiee. On. nony year In ailnsiii'S (Hi I'lipy months .,. , VIiiiiI (ioiy , , .11 M ... 76 Advrllii llaiee. I'mlr.lmint cards on year.,,.. , I 12 One uulliuill one year Hi Half '! it mi. year 7 Utiarter viiliunii mi. year 40 One Inch oil. tumult ..... .. Oil. tiiuh tlirra itiiiiiflts , On. Ini'li six iniiulli.... Iii'nl nuilces, ISreiil.per line for llr.l hier. (in : iu I'.iiin i.r nut me .iwu tuiMii.iii in. eitrlliill. I.KI wlv.rllwm.nU, II Ml iMr Inch fur Aril liiaoriliiii, mnl 79 cents r luitli fur each sulise queul insertion, COMJMIIIA COUNTY lmtKOTOHY. VouhIF Olliecr.. Judge.,,,... ,...Ui lllatirherit, Rainier t!ers , , K. X. Uuli'k, H. Helens Hlietllf , (, A. Mewl.-, HI. Helens Trwtatif r .....K. M. Wharton, i:uluiila city Hunt, nf School. T. J. Cleen.u. Vernon Assessor W. II. Kysur, Halultir Surveyor A. H. Utile. Haoiler i. i . IH. U. Hi-ho-iiioner, Veruouui v"" vv HariiM, Maysvr. Kiel' Nalleee. Maminic. HI. Helens Loose, No. M-.n.eular eoiiiiuiiiiii'Kilon. riri .ml ihlr.l Mmurday In each nil etJiHur. a. l Majuuilo hall. VUH- lim numbers In jood ainu.lina-liivli.il to at- AU'wiSto.-Heluler UmU., No. il-RTeted meellii Hnlunlay mi nr before each full iiiuuii at 7,SUr. H. l Mamiilii hull, over lllenchartl's tor.. VMHim members III uuil atauilhi la-rlli-.l to lltnl, Mini rkbuwa-M. Helens IxvIk. Nn. 1IT Meota .very Haiunlay uliilil at 7 . 'I run. lull uroihteu In iiuwl siamilng ounllelly luvlieu to lieud. I h. nail. Unwii rlv.r (huei) rimes at I Mi. . Cu rlvnr (l.allHol r. at. The mull lor Vernoiila ami I'lttalmrs Lav.. St. Iluloiui Ui.n.ln), Wednesday ami Friday at AM The mail for Marshland, rlsl.lattl. end Mist li. uliiiiMuiKlay, Wednesday ami Friday "MaiT'rnllwr) mirth cluM ' 10 A. M l for I'oriUud at A v. M. 'Iravm.i.' litiHe Mlver llaulre. iK.Nnll, W, Hiisvae,- li'M W. Helen" f..r I'orilaml at II . Tnly, Thurlv end attorney. Iwm M. Helen, for rieiskault M.iu.lny. WwlulHy ami Friday at S IX) A. . HrstMK la4i.i.-liea t. Helena for Port Iau.l7,ii. h.ittnriiliiN at ItiMI r. . (irrnaiaa i-nwu Ki.ijwlri. Helena tl.i V IMi-eiM KlllMliiy. hi i a. n- nr ...'litiMl Crtlrillil at or oriinuo .. .o, w - l" ' ' . . .7. ill :m- r.'iiiriniiH. mnif I'onlaiii l t r, .. airlvlna at HI. Helena!). rittiKKSSloNAli. jyi ii. it. cuKf, nivsiciAN and suunicox. Hi. Helena, Or.yoii. I) It. 1. K. IIAI.U PHYSICIAN and SURGEON. Tlatxkntiie, Coluuilila county, Or. 4 . I.ITTI.K, iV. SURVEYOR and CIVIL ENGINEER, HI, Helena, Oregon. Comity aurvryor. I.nnd etirveylnr, town plattiitK, ami niKineering work protnptly (lime. For rnformatlon Mill tr Hanrtk writ. MIINN 0 ' BHIIAIIWAT. NlW T AUIiwt bureau for Mauri tenU In An V..r. muni taken out br u. la brmiiltt I TOI be publlo by a nutloe I won (re at euara. U m Lanmat elmilattnn of any aolMitina PI"' 'ri n 5c Hi'lMiuiuIr lllu.traUKl. No WJll'M1 man Teho. hi b. without tt. Weekly. M,Ma inart tlMitii montha. Addreaa AiONN 4 CO, Vuauauuui, 301 llroadway. Mew Vort Ul The Overland Route. Two tralna dally, leer, lug Fifth anl I etrmte, Urmid Central Depot. mm No. 7, "The Limited i Kat Mull," leavlni at ! 7:80 r. earrlea Veatl- I tmle riiltnian raiar. Weeiliit and Din ni I Can and free Keolinliif Chair Car. lliroiiifi ir..m I'nri ana in vui- caiu,viauiiuuuii num., ...i r i Miancr. Tli I trri tin niaKea uireu. fur iwnvpr, in--- Cltv. rlt. Uiuli. alaocarrlealtirnuin C l. KarnilhKtmi. B'?. for Dav Urn Tom Linking dlre.it iiiiiell)i ' ' rom Ni cirr '.nPorV;; Tw Ml.nurl river W'ur'i; I hn.tiai'. irnlna arrive at 7 in A. M and r. . tn DOHA I P..UTI.AND. I.KAVESAK FaANCietO, Coluuioia ... '.,'5 Rlate May, J, 17. r OreKoii 'if 4i '"i "1 Coliimlil .Iy H, i0 Miaie MaylJ.24 OrK.i........ ' ,.,. io enauga Tub tinniiiai j , .teainer.nr.ll mk;I- .. 1-OIUI.ANU AND ANIJR' Ini leave-I'ori and djtlly, nntiTK-Moni- , excetil Hiinday, M. The wnrnina " , T U., Tnllr,. '.""""IVkm rdar.-Ko tl, e Wa.liii.ictlm aide d.i.i. una Hiur",'J'. d irr()Bvi. Knim Aa Moudnya, Wet l.ieaif. " on torla ''' ;r ;Xv.?Weihiedyi and Krl.lay., a'XS ' hi wh. IU aid. T...d.y.. Thura- I.. .V ' I..MI Port and max ui., . except Biiixiay. id at a p. M. Vine .' '."10 wlv I.ANDINOS-Moti- "a'.'i.o'THKB Steam.r. from A.h-.tre.t flock. -r-2M Waahlntton ttraat, B i Tjr TRADI MANKt, SJG2f OMIOM PATBNTi. as ooPvmoHTS, toJ nulla nrtiiy.c cent Htinly.i 6r&," ..hp. v.; return in NEEDS OF THE NATION President Cleveland's Annual Message to Congress. DEVOTED MAINLY TO ROUTINE Nothing Definite Submitted on tha Hawaiian Question Upholds the New Tariff Bill. IVIi!hii 1 0 roviT Clcvclitnil ' fl rot, mps. WK to tlm 61 eonKreK bh-hmii'iIcI in rvM whhIoii who iin-Hi'iitcd to the two hutiHoii anil rt'tnl in both. The full text uf tlto iiKKHKe la: The vuiiHtittitKMiul ilutv whlrli ri'diiirea thtt prwiilt nt fmiii tiiiiu to time to nive to ronKri'KR iiifiiriiinliini of tlm nlittM of tht) Union ami to rtconmii'iiil to their (iiimi.lcriitioii Hiteh mat Uta an 1m uliull JiiilKB nt'twuary i littinulv ontcrwl upon oy uoiniiKMiilitiK to conirrcaii a careful recotniiii'tiilnliiin of tlm detailed utate- nientHand wall-mipttorted recommenda lioiiR eiintained In the report, of the d partniunU who are ehielly charged with the executive work of tlie government. in an etlort to anrnltre thin rxniiiminicn- tion, aa mni li ho In coriHiHtvnt with its iiiirtHMie, I hIiiiII Huimleinent a brief ri'f- ertni:e with the con ten In of the depart mental reportH by the mention of ouch executive IniHitieHH ami incident!) a are not einbraeed therein and bv audi rec- oinmenilationM as niear to be at this particular time appropriate. Our Vnfign Klittluna. While our fureiiftt relaliona have not at nil time during the put year Ih-iti entirely free from preplexiiijr, yet noem barraanintr Rituationa remain that will not yield to the apirit of fnirneng am love of jimtice, which, Joined witu con nislent llrmneaa, characterize a truly American x)licy. AROKXTINK-UKAZII, IIOt'NDAIlY DlfPUTR. Mv pretleceHDor havinit aiieiiiiil Hie office of arbitrator of the l-'titr atuiiiiinu boundary dispute tendered to the pn ri dent by the Arsentiue !c'iiMlc. and Brazil. It haa been mv aenalil'1 dulv tn receive the rnerial envo a romini.ion bv theae rtalea to lav before niw the evi dence and arettnient. In liehalf of their rcupei tive (joveri -meiita. TH BBZIUAN HKVOIjUTION. The outbrvak of dii'iieatic hn-tilitiiw n the repuniic of liraxii loitmi Hie United Statet alert to watch the in- tereata of mr citizena in thnt 1jiintry. with w hich we carry on Importnnl cont- merce. poveral ve-aeia oi our new navy are now. and for aome lime have lieeti, tationeil at Kto do Janeiro. I lie ftriti;- nlu Utin Itxtu'l.pn tll.l i.tll I l-lll, IfllV -- -.- I eriiiiieiib. which nniu"ni'wiiii ii iin i of administration, Bit'l with which we maintain friendlv relation., and co'tittn Oftlcera of the navy emplovimt llieve eelo of their command in an nttm'k upon the national capital and chi f eenport. nd lacking, aa it' doea, the eie-ncnN of divldexl adminiftratinn. I have fuilid to ee that the inurifent can rea-onnlily claim recoanllion aa Ix-llitt'Tenta. Thun the position of our government ha lieen that of an attentive, but imtmrtiul ou- erver of the unfortunate conflict. Km- phaeiiiiiK our llxetl policy ol impartial neutrality In audi a condition of alt'aira aa now exietit, 1 deemed it necensary to disavow, in a manner not to be una- underatooil, the unauthorized a lion ot the late naval coininaiider in those watera in fainting the revolted Brazilian admiral, being indieiKtaed to cotinle- nance an act calcuiateu to Rive graiui toua sanction to the local insurrection. TUX CHILIAN CLAIMS. The convention between our eovprn- ment and Chili, having for its object the aettlenient and alijiiatment of the de mand of the two countriea against wh other, haa been made ell'ective by the organixation of the claims commiHnion provided for. The two governments ian loir in nuree itnon the third niemtier of the cotniuiKHion, the good ofllces of the preeident of the Swiaa repultlio were in voked as provided in the treaty, and the selection of the Swiss representative in this country to complete the organixa tion was gratifying to the United States ml Chill. . The vexations question oi eo-canei legation asylum for offenders against the state and its laws was presented anew in Chili by the iinauthonxed action of the late unitetl Btaies mininwr in receivm in his oilleial residence two persons who huil (ailed in an attempt at revolution and against whom criminal charges were pending, growing out oi a lonner ooor tive disturbance. The doctrine of asy lum as applied to this cane is sanctioned by the best precedent, and when allowed tends to encourage sedition and strife. Under no circumstance can the repre sentatives of this government be per mitied, under the ill-deli ned fiction of ex tra territorialty.to interrupt the adminis tration of criminal Justice in the coun tries to which they are accredited. A temperate demand having been made by the Chilian government for the cor rection of this conduct, in the instance mentioned, the mini-ter was instructed no longer to harbor the offender. TUB CHINKKK QUEHTIOM. The legislation of last year, known as theUoarv law, requiring the registra tion of all Chinese laborers entitled to residence in the Unitetl States and the deportation of all not comp ying with the provision of the act within the tune prescribed, met with much opposition from Chinamen In this country. Aciing tinnn the advice of eminent counsel that the law was unconstitutional, ',H B'ent mass of Chinese laboreif, iiending judi cial inquiry as to its validitv, in in awl faith declined to apply for the ceil ill cat required bv its provisions. A Ic' upon a proceeding by haheas corpus was brought before the supreme court, and May ir, tKIKI, a tlecii-ion was matin by that tribunal sustaining the law. It i" believed that under th lecent amend ment of tlie act. extending thelinio for the registration, the Chines" IhIhiiits thereto entitled who desire to reside in this country will wv avail 1.hemelyo of the renewed piivilive thus iilloidnl bv establishing hv lawful proe-dnre their right to remain, snd Hint ihen-liv the necessity f enforced deportation may, to a great degree, be avoided. COSTA BtCA'B HURRKN0KR Of WKBKS. Costa Rica has lately teat Hied its friendbness by surrendering to the iT..i.t Htiifoe In the ahsnce of a con vention of extradition, but ti"H duly submitted evidence of crimina ity, a noted fugitive from Justice. It Is trusted that the negotiation of a treaty with that country to meet the recurring caves ol this kind will soon be accomplished. In my opinion treaties for reciprocal rel i tions should be concluded wiih all lliee countries witu which the Unitetl Stat has not already a conventional arrange ment of that character. Till COMTA BI0A-C0LOMHIA DIKP0TI. I have deemed it fitting to express to the governments of Costa Hiu and Colombia the kindly desire of the United States to see their pending boundary dispute finally closed by arbitration, in conformity with the spirit of the treaty concluded between them some years Ago. RKI.ATtONS WITH IDROPKAN POWKItS. Our rtdatloni with the French repub lic continue to be intimate and cordial. I sincerely hope that the extradition treaty with that country as amended by the senate will be consummated. While occasional questions affecting our naturalized citizens returning to tlie land of their birth have arisen in our in tercourse with Germany, our relations with that country continue satisfactory. The questions affecting our relations with Great Britain have been treated in a spirit of friendliness. Negotiations are in progress between the two governments with a view to such concurrent action as will make the award and regulations agreed Uon by the Behring-sea tribunal of arbitration practically effective, and it is not doubted that Great Britain will co-operate freely with this country for tlie accomplishment of that purpose. The dispute growing out of the discrimi nation of tolls imposed in the Welland canal, upon cargoes of cereals bound to and from the lake porta of the United States, was adjusted by the substitution of a more equitable schedule of charges, and my predecessor thereupon suspended his proclamation imposing discriminat ing tolls upon British transit through our canal. A request for additions to the list of extraditable offenses, covered by the existing treaty between the two countries, is under consideration. POINTS AT ISBUC WITH HAYTI. During: the past year an American citizen employed in a subordinate com mercial position in Hay ti, after suffering irotracted imprisonment on an nn-i onnded charge of smuggling, was finally lilierated upon a justice's examination ' Upon urgent representation to the Hay tian government, a suitable indemnity was paid to tlie sufferer. By a law o' Hai ti a sailing vessel hav- ' ing discharged her cargo is refused clearance until tlie duties on such ratgo have been paid. The hardship of this measure upon AmericNii ship-owners, who conduct the bulk of the carrving trade of that count rv. baa been insisted on with a view of preventing a recur rence of Ibis cause of comp'tiint. ODB NKABKeT SOUTH KHN NKIOIIIIOKS, Our relations witli Mi-xico coiiliiitie to be of that t-lo-e and friendly nature which should always cbaincter.xe the in tcrcotiieof two itciglilMir ng rt publics. Tlie work of relocating the inoiiuim ills, marking tlie lioiiiiditrv between ilo couture from l'ao Del JSoite to the Pacific, is now clearly completed. The commission recently orirHiilcd under the conventions of 1884 and IRSO. it is ex pected, will speed y settle dii-piilt-sgiow-ingiititof the shiitillff cmivnlH uf lliO Kin Grande river ea-t of Kl I'aso. AMIU1I0AN INTERKrTH IN NICAB.1G0A. Nicuiattua has recently passed throtiith twii n-voltitioiis. tlie parly at first suc cessful having in turn been disp'aced by another. Our newly appointed minis ter, by his timely good elloris, aided in peaceful adjustment of the ontro versy involved in the first conflict, lhe largo American interest established in that country in connection with the Nicaragua canal were not molested. Tlie canal company has unfortunately become financially Beiiously emljar rassed, but a generous tieatment has U en extended to it by the government of Nicaragua. The United States is especially interested in the successful achievement of the vast undertaking this company has in charge. That it should be accomplished under distinct ively American auspices and ita enjoy ment assured not only to the vessels of this country, as a channel of commercial communicttt ion between our Atlantic and Pacific seaboards, but the ships of tlie world in the interests of civilization, is a proposition which, in my judgment, docs not admit of question. I DICTATOR, BUT NO RBVOI.T. I Guatemala has also been visited by the political vicissitudes which have afflicted her Central American neigh- , bora, but the dissolution of ita legisla-' ture and the proclamation of dictator- ! ship have beeu unattended by oivil war. NEW KXTRADITION TREATIES. An extradition treaty with Norway haa recently been exchanged and pro- claimed. ' . The extradition treaty with Russia, 1 signed in March, 1887, and amended and confirmed by tne senate in reuru ary last, was duly proclaimed last June.) AFFAIRS IH SAMOA. Led br a desire to compose differences and contribute to the restoration of order in Samoa, which for some years previous had been the scene ot connici fng foreign pretentions and native strife, the United States, tieparting from its nnlinv mim derated bv a century of ob servance, entered four years ago into the treaty ot Benin inereoy oecuuinig jointly bound with England and Ger many to establish and maintain Malietoa Laupcpa as king of Samoa. The treaty nrnviilml fop a foreilTIl Court Of JtlBtlce and a municipal council for the district of Apia, with a foreign president thereof auuionzea io an vise me awa., -bunal for the settlement of native and foreign land titles,, and a tevenue system for the kingdom. It entailed upon the three power that part uf the cost of tlie new government not met by the rev enue of the island. Early in the life of thi triple pro ectorate the native dis sensions it was designed to quell were revived. The rival defied the author ity of the new kinii, refusing to pay taxes and detna' ibng th election of a ruler by native sutlratte. Matanfs, an aspirant to the throne, snd a large numlier of his nativo adherents were in open reltellion on one of the islands. Quite lately, at. the request of I lie other powers and in fnltllluient of its lrtv oliligations. this government aureed to unite in a joint military gov ernment of such dimensions aa would probably secure the surrender of the in surgents without bloodshed. The war ship Piilladelphia waa accordingly put nnilei- orders for Samoa, and before she arrived the threatened conflict was pre cipitated b Chief Matasra (attack tiion the insurgeiiis' camp. Malaafa wasde letbd and a numlier of men killed. The British and German v ssels present sub sequei ttly secured ihe stirr-nder of M tnafa ami hi adherents. The defeat ! chief and 10 of hia principal snpnoiti were deported to a German island of tha Marshal group, where they are held a ptitoners, under the Joint responsibility snd cost of the (line powers. This Inci dent and the events leading up to it sig nally illustrate the impolicy of entang ling alliances willi foreign xjers. CLAIMS AOAINST VENEZUELA. Ill view of the impaired llnain lnl re sources of Venezuela, consequent upon the recent revolution there, a modified arrangement for tlie satisfaction of the awards of the late advisory claims com mission in progressive installments iias been assented to, and payments are be ing regularly made thereunder. The bourulaiy dispute between Vene zuela and British Guiana is yet unad justed. A restoration of diplomatic Intercourse between that republic and Great Brit ain and reference of the question to im- tartial arbitration will be a most grati ying consummation. The ratification by Venezuela of the convention for the arbitration of the long-deferred claim of the Venezuela Transportation Company is awaited. The Hawaiian A flair. , It is scarcely necessary for me to state that the questions arising from our rela tions with Hawaii have caused serious embarrassment. Just prior to the in stallation of the present administration the existing government of Hawaii bad been suddenly overthrown, and a treaty of annexation had been negotiated be tween the provisional government of the Islands and the United States, and sub mitted to the senate for ratification. This treaty I withdrew for examination and dispatched Hon. James H. Blount, of Georgia, to Honolulu a a special commissioner to make an impartial in vestigation of the circumstances attend ing the change ef government and of all conditions bearing upon the subject of the treaty. After a thorough and ex haustive examination, Mr. Blount sub mitted tome his report, showing beyond all question that the constitutional gov ernment of Hawaii had been subverted with the active aid of our representative to that government and through the in timidation caused by the presence of an armed naval force of the United States. which was landed for that purpose at , the instance of our minister. INSTRUCTIONS TO WILLIS. Upon the facts developed it seemed to mo that the only honorable course for our government to pursue was to nndo the wrong mai nau oeen uone oy uiu-w representing us, and to restore, aa far a practicable, the status existing at the the titn of our forcible intervention. With a view of accomplishing this re sult, within the constitutional limits of our executive power, and recognizing all our ohligatiotis and responsibilities growing out of anv changes in the con dition brought about by our nttjustill able interference, our present minister at Honolulu has received appropriate instructions to that end. Thus fur no information of the aecomplislim-nt of anv definite remits ha lieen received from him. Additional advices are so in x iiecte I. Wli -n receive I, they will he prompt U sent to congress, together with all other in (urn in lion at band, accom panied by a special executive message detailing 'lie a t necc..arv to a com plete understanding of the rae, and presenting a hislory of all the material events leading up to the present situa tion. PEACEFUL ARBITRATION. Hv a concurrent re iliir-on pawd by the senate February 14. 18IM). and by the icnise f repr-aentaivi'S the 3d of April following, the president was requested: "To invite from lime to time, as the fit occasion may arise, negotiations with any government with which the United States has or may have diplomatic rela tions, to the end that any difference or dispute arising between the two govern ments, which cannot be adjusted by diplomatic agency, mav be referred to arbitiation ami be peaceably adjusted by BUch means." April 18, 18SX), the International American conference of Washington bv resolution expressed the wish that all controversies between the republics of America and the nations of Europe might be settled by arbitration, and recommended that the government of each nation represented in that confer ence should communicate this wish to all friendly powers. A favorable re sponse haa been received from Great Britain in the shape ot a resolution adopted by parliament July 13 last, cor dially sympathizing with the purpose in view and expressing the hope that her majesty' government will lend ready co-operation to the government of the United States upon the basis of the con current resolution above quoted. It affords me signal pleasure to lay this preliminary resolution before congress and to express my gratification that the sentiment of two great and kindred na tions is thus authoritatively manifested in favor of the rational and peaceful set tlement of international quarrels by honorable resort to arbitration. I OUR REPRESENTATIVE ABROAD. 1 Rim e the nassace of the act of March 8, 1893, authorizing the president to raise the grade oi our envoys w corres pond with the rank with which foreign countries accredit their agent here, Great Britain, France, Italy and Ger many have conferred upon their repre sentatives at this capital the title of em haaaador. and I have responded by ac crediting tlie agents of the United State in those countries wun me same uue. A like elevation of mission is announced by Russia and when made will be simi larly met. This step fitting y comports with the position the United States holds in the family of nations. Tim CONSULAR SERVICE. During my former administration I took occasion to recommend a recast of the laws relating to consular service in order that it might oecome a more enr rinnt urenr.v in the promotion of the in terests it was intended to subserve. The duties and powers of consuls have ben expanded with the growing require ments of our foreign tra le. Discharging important duties affecting our com-nmi-cB and American citizens abroa and in certdn countries exercising judicial fine tions, these officers shou d la mn of character, intelligence ana ability wttkvrtov or the coPYRiniiT. 1 Upon pioof that the legislation of Iienmai-K secures copvrigni io Aun-nu.iu i-itiiMis on eonil footing with its own. the privilege of our copyright laws have lie n extended by proclamation tj the subjects of that onntry. I One Kin mesa. I The secretary of the treasury reports tll;!t the receipts OI uiegovermiifiii, imm all sources during the fiscal year ended June 80, 1803. amounted to t4itl.710V Ml ii4, and its expenditures to ,1450,874. 1174 2 ). There wa colleetetMmm ens- jooa oak ftin 7K ami fiyi'it internal . tun IV27 fi-4 113. Our dutiable iin.ni.il ..noiintHil to 421 256.511. an increase of 162,453,007 over the preced ing yaars, and the importations frM ol duty amounted to 1444.1)44,211, a de crease from the preceding year of IIS, 453.47. Our internal revenue receipts exceeded those of the preceding year by $7,147,445 83. The total tax collected was; On dl-tltled spirits On matiufrtci ured lobacou..., On fermented llitiora..... ,M,T20,5 U i '." 1 j iw.w 07 We exported merchandise during tha year amounting to 847,6o5,194, m de-crea-eof $182,613,249 64 from the preced ing year. The amount of gold exported was larger than any previous year in the hUtorv of the government, amounting to $108,680,844, and exceeding the amount exported during the preceding year by $58,485,617. The sum paid from the treasury for sugar bounty waa $9,375, 130 81, an increase over the preceding year of $2,033,053 09. NEXT YEAR'S ESTIMATE. It is estimated upon the basis of the present revenue laws that the receipts of the government for the rear ending June 30, 1894, will be $430,121,365 38, and It expenditure $458,121,365 38. re sulting in a deficiency of $28,000,000. On the first day of November, 1893, the amount of money of all kinds in circula tion or not included in the treasury holdings was $1,718,544,682, an increase for the year of $112,404,945. Estimating our population at 67,426,000 at the time mentioned, the per capita circulation waa $25 49. On the same date there was in the treasury gold bullion amount ing to $96,657,273, and silver bullion which was purchased at a cost of $126, 261,553. THE SILVEB PURCHASES. The purchases of silver under the law of July 14, 1890, during the last fiscal year aggregated 64,008,162.50 fine ounce, which cost $45,531,374 63. The total amount of silver purchased from the time that law became operative un til the repeal of its purchasing clause, November 1, 1893, waa 168,674,590.46 fine ounces, which cost $155,930,940 84. Between March 1, 1873, and November 1, 1893, the government purchased un der all laws 603,001,717 fine ounces of silver, at a cost of (516.622,946. The sil ver dollars that have been coined under the act of July 14, 1890, number 36.087, 285. The seigniorage arising from such coinage was fo.wv.tiyo 3, leaving on hand in the mints 140,699.760 flue ounces of silver, which cost $126.58.218. Our total coinage of all metal du-ing the last fiscal year consisted ot : pi ce. .97m,75 Valiin 4,5SS.IH1 80 Hold Coin ),03H,H0 00 Rllrer rtol ar. 633,716 00 Knh.ldiarr silver eoln. 7 217, Minor colni..... ....... ..... l,0Ki,la! W Dnrintr the calender year 1892 the pro duction of precious metal iu the United State was estimated to be: Fine ounce, fold l.W-,378 Commercial and coinage value.- rtywo.nnn Fme oinicea silver- . . ,.v.i million or mnrket value 10,7 ', Coinage vulae. . 7-l,9S9,'Jju Tt estimated that on July 1. 1893, tliemetallicstockof money in theUni ed States, consisting of coin and bullion, amounted to si.zid.oo.i io, i which $5117.897 6S5 was gold and S;Gl5,Sol,484 silver. TnE HATIOXAI, BASK. One hundred and nineteen national banks were organized during the year ended Octobei3l, 185U. with acapitalof $11 2.),0oU porty-fix went into volun tary lianidat i mi aiid lfiH suspended. Of the' suspended hanks 03 were insoV n 86 resumed business, ami 7 rem lined in tlie bands of bank examiner with pros pects of speedy resumption, oi lite new moss ui .iti.e-l. 41 were located in ine Kaslern stales. 41 west of the Mississippi river and 34 in the Central ami Sotithern stales, 'lie total numtier ol national batiks in existence October 31. 1893, was 3716. having an aggregate capital ot if.'. 15 5.1-2,1. The net increase in the circulation of these banxa during the year was $36 886.973. EFFECT OF BEFEAL. The recent repeal of the provision of the law requiring the purchase of silver bullion bv the sovernment, as a feature of our monetary scheme, makes a change in tne complexion oi our currency affairs. I do not doubt that the ulti mate result of this act will be most salu tary and far-reachinsr. In the nature of things, however, it is impossible to know at tni8 time wnai conomons win be brought about by the change, or what, if any, supplementary legislation may, in the light of such conditions, appear to be essential or expedient. Of course, after the recent financial pertur bation, time is necessary lor me re-es tablishment of business confidence. When, however, through this restored confidence, the money which ha been frightened into biding places is return eo to trade and enterprise, a survey of the situation will probably discloso a safe path leading to a permanently sound currency abundantly sufficient to meet every requirement of our increasing population and business. In the pursuit of this object we should resolutely turn away from alluring and temporary ex pedients, determined to be content with nothing less than a lasting and compre hensive financial plan. In these circum stances I am confident that a reasonable delav in dealing with this subject, in' stead of being injurious, will increase the probability ot wise action. THE BRUSSELS CONFERENCE. The monetary conference, which as sembled at Brussels upon onr invita tion, was adiourned to November 30, 'n the present year. The considerations Inst stated, and the tact that a definite nropositon from the United States seemed to be expected on the reassem blins of the conference, led me to ex press a willingness to have the meeting still further postponed. It seems to mo that it would be wise to give general authority to the president to invite other nations to uch a conference at any time when there should be a fair prospect Ot accompiisning an interim t ional agreement on the subject of coin' lie. - ' ISSUK OF BONDS. I desire also to earnestly sngcest the wisdom of amending tie exist nzsiat- iitia in retraTil to the issuance of govern ment bond. The authority now vested in the secretary of ti.e treasury to issue bonds is not as ciear as it sikjuiu do, and the bonds authorized are disadvan tageous, both as to their maturity and rate of interest. The XTr llepartment. Th secretary of war reports that the strength of the army on the 30th day of September last was z-),'S ennsien men and 2144 officers. The total expense of this department for the vear ended June 80, 1893, amounted tt 61,900,074 89. Of this sum. $1,092,581 95 was for salaries and contingent expenses. 423,377.828 36 for the support of the military establish ment, 10 (n 7.033 23 for miscellaneous ohlecta. M20.158.631 41 for pnhlic works. This latter sum includes $16 296,876 46 for river and harbor improvement-, and $8,266,141 20 (or fortifications and other works of defense. The total enro lment of the militia of the several stale waa on the 31st of Octolier of tlie present rear 112 5:17 officers and enlisted men. The ollicers of the army detailed for tlie inspection and instruction of Ibis reserve of our military force report that in- creased interest ami progress are app ir- .... i fl10 Jiinlinp nn( eHiriencv of the organization. Neither Indian out breaks nor domestic, violence has called the trmv into service during the year, and the' only active military duty re quired of it lias been in the department of Texas, where violations of the neu trality law of the United State and Mexico were promptly and efficiently dealt with by the troops, eliciting the warm approval of the civil and military authorities of both countries. A YEAR OF PEACE. The operation of wise laws and the In fluences of civilization constantly tend ing to relieve the country from the dan ger of Indian hostilities, together with the increasing ability of the states, through the efficiency of the National Guard organizations, to protect their citizens from domestic violence, lead to the suggestion that the time is fast ap proaching when there should be a reor ganization of our army on the lines of the present necessities of the country. This change contemplates neither an in crease in number nor added expense, but a redistribution of the force and an encouragement of measures tending to greater efficiency among the men and the improvement of the service. The adoption of battalion formations for in fantry regiments, the strengthening of the artillery force, the abandonment of certain unimportant positions and the massing of the troops at important and accessible stations, all promise to pro mote the usefulness of the army. In the judgment of army officers, with but few exceptions, the operation of the law for bidding the re-enlistment of men after 10 years' service has not proven it wis dom, and, while the argument that led to its adoption were not without merit, the experience of tbe year constrains me to join in the recommendation for ita repeal. OUB COAST DErXHBKB. It is gratifying to note that we have begun to attain completed result in the comprehensive scheme of sea-coast de fene and fortification entered upon eight years ago. A large sum ha been already expended, but tne cot oi main taining will be inconsiderable as com pared with the expense of contraction and ordnance. At the end of the cur rent calendar year the war department will have nine 12 inch guna.20 10-inch and 34 8-inch gun ready to be mounted on gun-lifts and carnages, and 75 lZ incli In addition to the product of mortars, the armv gun factory now completed at Wateivliet, tlie government lias con nected with private parties for the purchase of 100 guns of these calthers, the first of which shiuld b delivered to the department for test before July 1, 1894 The manufacture of heaw ord nance keeps pace with current need, hnt to render these guns available for the pnrnose thev are designed to meet. emplacements must be prepared for them. I'rogress lias neen inane in mis direction, and it is desirable that con gress, by adequate appropriations, should provide for the uninterrupted prosecution of this necessary work. THE NEW BIFI.E DfiiiKCTKU, After much preliminary work and ex haustive examination in accordance with the requirements of the law, lite lioard appointed to select a magazine rifle of modern type to replace the obso lete Springfield rifle of tlie infantr. scr vi e completed its laliors during the last year, and the work of manufacturing is now in progress at the national armory at Springfield. It is confidently ex pected that by the end of the current year our infantry will be supplied with a weapon equal to that of the nioat pro gressive armies of the world. NATIONAL MILITARY PARKS. The work on the projected Chicka- mauea and Chattanooga military park has been prosecuted with zeal and judg ment, and it opening will be celebrated during the coming year. Over nine square miles of the Chickamauga battle field nave been acquired, zo miies oi road have been constructed, and per manent tablets have been place, at manv historical points, while the invi tation to the states to mark the position of their troops participating in the bat tle has been very generally accepted. The work of locating and preserving the lines of battles at Gettysburg battle- neia is maaing sautuacivry prog-reeo u the plans directed by the last congress. MILITARY ACADEMIES. The report of the military academy at West Point and the several schools for special instructions of officers show marked advance in the education of the army and commenaaoie amDiuon among its officers to excel in the mili- taryprotes8ion ana vo ni wemseives lor tne mgnesb service w iu. vuuiibrjr. Tinder the supervision of Adjutant-Gen eral Robert Williams, lately retired, the bureau of military information nas be come well established and is perform- in? a service that will put in possession oi the government in time of war most valuable information, and at all times serve a purpose of great utility in keep ing the army aa vised oi me worm. progress in all' matters pertaining to the rt of war. Pii.tmaater-Qeaeral. The report of the postmaster-general contains a detailed statement of the op erations of the postoffice department during the last fiscal year and much in teresting information touching this im portant branch of the public service. The business of the mails indicate with i i . M t;,:rt ,l . lax npon incomes m-rivru iruw i-rrmui fJJ0 corporations. Th.ee new assessments busies of the com ntry, am 1 -leprM- t , ,lmoutelv jurt ,m) smn in nncul affair 'Heritably ami b w , ' fa !-.'K!klfy J" 1 VJ L than of " " be remitted with- 1,1 i?? In?! ZtTJn oh unfavorable business disturbance anTexSndlt is TheM orSs ' UnPtU nnavoiSIblt . result ot the j ,t for the tmeccs of "iPf'Z.r Z rmmc o uZime ' w I -nr,ot restrain the sug- out the'onntry during rrtUm that its success can only be at covered by tbe postmaster-general re-, fBjnrf ,)y mpan, of nnMBih nnA on At a date when better times were an- Prt ' e"l":P' "'i!l.or Vcipai?,.,l hW.?i TaTJl 12 dettissor that the deficiency on the 30th dav of June, 1893, would be a little over f 1,500.000. It amounted, however, to more than $5. O K) 000; at the same time and under the influence of like anticipa tions, estimates were made for the. cur rent fiscal year ending June SJ. 19-1, which exhihitud a surplus of revenue over expenditures of $872,215 71. But now, in view of the actual recdipU and expenditures during that part of the current fiscal year already expired, the rei-ort of the postmaster-general esti mates that at it close, instead of a sur plus; there will be a deficiency of nearly $8,000,000. ) DISCOVERY OF FRAUD. The execution ol tins law in its early stages does not seem to have len in ac cord with its tiuu intention, but toward the close of the last administration un authoritative ronstiiiclion was given to the statute, and Since that time Ibis construction lis been followed. This has bad lite ell. ct of limiting theopeta lion of the law io its intended pnraise. Tlie discovery having bten made that manv names bad been put npon Ihe pension loll by means of wholesale snd gigantic Iramis, the commissioner sus pended payments njon a numlier of pensions which seem to be fraudulent or unauthorized pending a complete exatni- . nation, giving notice to the pensioners in order that-they might have an oppor- ; tunity to establish, if possible, tbe jus tice of their claims, notwithstanding ap parent invalidity. This, 1 understand, is the practice which has for a long tima prevailed in the pension bureau, but af ter entering npon these recent investiga tions the commissioner modified this rule so as not to allow, until after com plete examination, interference with the payment of a pension apparently not al together void, but which merely had been fixed at a rate higher than that au thorized by law. : Tha Tariff. "'" After a hard struggle, tariff reform is directly before us. Nothing so impor tant claims our attention and nothing so clearly presents itself as both an oppor tunity and a duty an opportunity to deserve the gratitude of our fellow citi zens; a duty imposed npon us by our oft-repeated professions and by the em phatic mandate of tbe people. After full discussion, our countrymen have spoken in favor of this reform, and they have confided the work of its accomplishment to the hands of those who are solemnly pledged to it. If there is anything in the theory of a representation in publio place of the people and their de sires, if political officers "are really the servants of the people, and if political promises and professions have any binding force, our failure to give the relief so long awaited will be sheer rocreancy. Nothing should inter vene to distract our attend m or disturb onr effort until this reform is accom plished by wise and careful legislation. While we should stancbly adhere to the principle that only the necessity of reve nue justifies the imp sition of tariff du ties and other federal taxation, and that they should he limited by strict economy, we cannot close our eyes to the fact that conditions have grown up among na which in justice and fairness call for dis criminating care in the distribution of such duties and taxation as tlie enter- P"cy of our government actually de- wands. A REDUCTION TN NECESSARIES. Manifestly, if we are to aid the people directly through tariff reform, one of it obvious Icatuies should be a reduction in the present tariff charges npon the necessaries of life. The benefit of m h a reduction would be palpable, and t-ali-stantially seen and teit by thousands who would Ih3 lietter fed, better clothed and better sheltered. These gift should be the willing benefactions of a govern ment whose highest lunclion i the pro motion of the welfate of ihe jieople. Not less cloeely le ated to our peope't prosperity and well-being is t lie re moval oi restrictions upon ine importa tion of raw ii alenal necessary to our manufacturers. 'J he world should be open to our national ingenuity and en terprise. Tins cannot be while federal legislation through the itnHJtilioii uf high tariff forbids to American nirnu factnrers as cheap materials as llits-e used by their competitors. It is quite obvious l hat the enhancement of the price of our manufactured products re sulting fiom this policy not only con fines lhe maiket for these products within our own borders, to the direct do-advantage of our manufacturers, but also increases their cost to our citizens. - THE INTERESTS OF LABOR. The intresets of labor are certainly though indirectly involved in this fea ture of our tariff system. The sharp competition and active struggle among our manufacturers to supply the nnited demand for their goods soon fill the narrow market to which they are con fined. Then follow a suspension of the working of mills and factories, a dis charge of employes and distress' in the homes of our workingmen. Even if the often disproved assertion could be made good that a lower rate of wages would result from free raw material and low tariff duties, the intelligence of our work ingmen leads them quickly to discover that their steady employment, if per mitted by free materials, is the most im portant factor in their relation to tariff legislation. THE WILSON BILL COMMENDED. A measure haa been prepared by the appropriate congress committee em bodying tariff reform on the lines herein suggested which will be promptly sub mitted for legislative action. It is the result of much patriotic and unselfish work, and I believe it deals with its sub ject aa consistently and thoroughly as the existing conditions permit. I am satisfied that the reduced tariff duties provided for in the proposed legislation, added to existing Internal revenue taxa tion, within the near future, though perhaps not immediately, will produce sufficient revenue to meet the need of the government. THE INCOME TAX. The committee, after full considera tion and to provide against a temporary deficiency which may exist before the bnsines- of the country adjusts itself to the new schedules, nave wisely em braced in their p'an a few additional in ternal revenue taxes, including a small 1 subordinate personal desires ami ambi- tions to tbe general good. The local in terests affected by the proposed reform re so numerous and an varied that, if all inrist npon legislation emhoriving them, the reform in ist inevitably fail. " Cnneln.lon. In coric1n'on mv intense feeling ot responsibility impel me to invoke for the mnnifold interests of a generous and confiding people thu not scrupulous rare, and to phdge my wi ling support to every leg slative effort tor the ad vancement of the greatness and proa perity of ous balovad country, . tu" itant Oanaral rp,Aa,;,6f,