Newspaper Page Text
ST. HELENS, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1895. NO. 28. OH EG ON MIST. inniii;im:vi:hv miiiiav nwuNinu -- BEEOLE & DAVIS. OFFICIAL- COUNTY PAPER. . nubacrlpilon Haiee. One anny mi year In adveiiut,,.., ...........11 M One oitny ilk mouth. Siiixlv ocipy Advertising ruttw inml. kuowu uun application COLUMBIA COUNTY DtKKCTORY. :uunlr nmcere. Judas Pmin Hlaui'hard, Ralnlnr I'lnrk , ..Jniimiii Weed, Varnmila Mhiirlll' Chaa. P. Dimu, llnluli-r 'I rxiMiirxr ....K. M. Wharton Culuiiilila City Hniil, i.l School. ,..J. tl. Wall., riuiiiio.Me AuMMiir Murtln While, yulnoy Surveyor W. N. Mnntrra, Helena (',,.,.. i.. i. I " A. Kruku, N'iiiihi.m C""""l"'""un' ( .,... (J Hchoonovur, Viirunuie PROFESSIONAL. T. J. CLIKTON. II, ALMt-t. ALLEN & CLEETON, Attorneys and Counselors at Law HT. IIKI.EN, ' OKKOOK. Nourl.. Public, Conveyancing and Collection. J)R. A. I'. Ml I.AKKN, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Italnlur, Oregon. J)R. II. R. CLIFF, rilYSICIAN AND SUROEON. 8L Helena, Oregon. )H. J, K. HA 1. 1.. PIlYSIHAN AND SURGEON. Clataksnle, Columbia county, Or. N. MKrtKRVB, Surveyor and Civil Engineer IiKl.KNA, OKEGON. (Ymnty Surveyor, t.ml Surveying, Town Platting hii.I Kugiin'i'rtiig wurk promptly executed. MUCKLE BROS. MANiirAiTtmitiit or Dimension Lumber, Flooring, Hmtlr. Sheathing. Caainn., and a complete niuck of wviy variety of Hough' ami Dressed Lumber ALWAYS ON HANI). AT THE OLD STAND, HT. I1KI.KNS, ORKUON ORIENTAL HOTEL t II III AlfKrit.irV Pnn.rlitlnp Board by Day, Week or Month AT RKAHOSABl.E RATES. The tattle t. itplM with (he tout tits market aHonl. Kvi'rythlui clean. A .hare ol your iet Miiuiie ! eollclted. ti I'. II KI.KNH, OKKtiilN. Decker's HAUHKR SHOP J, Tl. UKCKKK, Proprietor. The old iuil rullahle twrlier hu hi. raaor. hiet ea .harp aa eau bo loiiml, iil will .have you ctiiufoitalil mill iiU'kly (or ouly lo cent. HT. JIKI.KN.S. OHKHON E. MoNEILL, Ueceher. TO THE GIVKS TIIK CHOICE Or .Two Transcontinental Routes GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY BY WAY OF Spokane, Minneapolis & St. Paul UNION PACIFIC RY , ' BY WAY OF . ' DEIVER, OMAHA, 4 KANSAS CITY LOW RATKI TO ALL J . EASTERN CITIES OCKAN STEAMERS LEAVE rOllTLANU EVEllY 5 DAY'S For San Francisco. For l''ull Details (.'nil on or Address W. H. HCRlBURT, fli'ticrnl Flight and pas. Agl.. Portland. I Cavmu, and Trade-Marlca obtained, and ill Pat- tent bu.ia.iw conducted tor Moor a arc Fll. 0ua Orriec la Oeeo.iTi u. a. Pa-riNT ornec nnA wo can eecure pat.nt lu leu lime tuau tuoae fjcmote Irani w.fthlnRion. Send model, di.wini or photo., with d.scrlp (tlon. We edvlM, l( patentable or not, Iree of i charge. Our fee not due till patent la ..cured. 1 - t.unu..nni...i. ti...... 'twill, ? com of aaiue In the U. 8. and foreign eountrie. ent lroe. Auurtw, C.A.SNOW&CO. ..triir Orrier. tllaaMiNaTaN. fi. C fll It r Mil aaa. m. m. a. A & A BOTH STAGES HELD UP The Robber This Time Makes a Double Play. LAW-MAKER AND LAW-BREAKER lteir.eitUtlv. (late., Iliuler Dure.., of Onuree, llnlp. the Lone lllyliway- man In Hie Work. Aahluud, Or., July 1. The lono hlKhwayiiimi, who h boeu iudua trlunaly plying hla vocation ou tho tngo route from ; Ager, Cal., to Klamath FalU, juat ovor the OniKou line, iu a aoriua of roblxirlua, now hua five holilupH to bit orodit exooutod dur tug the pant three moutliH, having made a double piny laat night, robbing both tne eaat and wont-bound atagua. The eaat-bouud atage left Agr in the afternoon at the naual time, and whuu tho driver were changed at Klamath hot apringa it waa 9:20 o'olook, and a ahower of rain had fallen. One paammger waa aboard, B. V. Uatea, a member of the Oregon leg' Ulatnre from WaMhiugton oounty, and bound for Klamath Valla on buHineaa. Nothing happened nntil the atage had climbed a long and tortuoua grade, and waa nearly a mile beyond, when, at a quarter to 1 o'clock, a command came from behind a tree at tho aide of the road to hult and throw out the mail aacka. The robber did not aak for the expruaa box, allowing tbut ho knew of Wella-Fargo having reoently with drawn their service over the road. The driver and tho paaaeuger were ordered out and the paaaungur inatruct ed to out open the mail aacka. Uatea aaid be had no knife, but waa f urniahod one by tho driver, who atood at the horaea' heada while the maker of Ore' gou'g lawa violated them by emptying the mail-bag. During the time the robber kept iu the ahadow of tho tree. The paaaeuger and the driver thou turned their pooketa inaide out and were marched forty feet up the road, while the robber remained and wont through the mail. They wore thou or dered back to load up the atage. After the robber had put out the atnge caudle and retired under hia tree, the piiHwngur and driver wore ordered to remain with tho atage until the down atage came. During the hour and a half remaining the robber awupped atoriea and jokes with the driver and the paawiiger and reinarkod that be had made a poor haul tonight. When the down stage came along it waa baited within three feet of the other stage, and tho annie procedure gone through with.. There was no paaaengora in the second stage. The robber bad a horse close at hand, but seemed to have no confederate. He woro a cloth mask and talked without any attempt to disguise himself. Ue was of medium hoighL He was oare- ful to keep out of sight, though, it is said, be could have been shot several times if the passeuger or driver had a pistol. Only (3 was scoured from Gates and 10 cents from the driver. There is no doubt that all the reoent robberies of this stage were oominitted by the same man, who is certainly a resident of that section. The country aurroundiug is wild, with settlements far between, and peonliarly adapted to the escape of highwaymen, . though heavily timbered and a rocky country. Amateur detectives have worked on the case for some time, but so far have been unable to obtain strung enough evidence to oonnect the man whom they auspeot with tho crimes. NOT AN ACT OF PROVIDENCE Powder Works Heaponalble for the) Re aulta of an Kiplo.lon. - ; San Franoisoo, July 1. The supreme oourt has decided that a powder ex plosion is not an act of providenoe and that the owners of auoh powder are re aponaible for any damage that may result from an explosion. The estate of Egbert Judaou sued the Giant pow dur works for damages done to its prop erty by an explosion at tho works of the powdor company. Xlw superior court awarded the Judson estate 41, 000, and the case was appealed to the supreme oourt The only defense was on a plea of fatalism, it being main tained that powder explosions cannot be prevented. The supreme oourt in upholding the deciaion of the lower oourt, says: ; ix, "An explosion does not ooour in sucn manufactory if proper oare is exercised. The oauaes of the explosion being unex plained, it is probable that it was oc casioned by lack of proper care." Further Advance in Iron. Youngstown, O., July 1. An aotive meeting of the Bar Iron Manufactur ers' Association of the United States was held bore this evening, and it was agreed to advance the prioe of bar iron t3 per ton, taking effeot at once, mak ing an advance of $4 per ton within the past thirty days. The advanoe will have the effeot of further increas ing the wagos of the iron-workers on the amalgamated soala New Hungarian I'tiera. Buda Posth, July 1. Iu order to in sure the adoption of the remaining eo olesiastioal bills, Emperor Francis Jo seph, as king of Hungary, has sanc tioned the proposal of Baron Banffy, Hungarian premier, for the immediate oroatiou of several liberal peers. Kxpecta Much From Sallabury. London. July 1. A Berlin dispatch to tho Times says Areudt, tho editor of the organ of the bimotalists, expresses the opinion that tne onange in tne min istry of England will roopen interna tional discussion of the ourrenoy ques tion. BAPTIZED AND HANGED. The Knd ot One of Kentucky'. Moat Noted iJeaneradoes. Jackson, Ky., July 1 Tom Smith paid the peualty for many crimes on the gallows hore today. The drop fell at l :4o, and Smith's body fell six feet, breaking his neck. He was pronounced dead in ten mlnutoa. Hmith waa anr roundep on tho scaffold by his spiritual advisers, and bis sister, Uuille Smith She kissed him good-bye, and begged him to be prepared to meet her in heaven. When she went down off the scaffold Smith knelt down and made a long prayer in a loud voice. He then sang a hymn, prayed again, and the rope was adjusted, and the black cap drawn down. Just before Chief Coombs pulled tho lever that released the trap, Hmltb screamed: "Save mo, God; save me." Smith tried to evade the law at the last moment. The hour for the execu tion was 11:30, but before the hour ar rived, Smith told the officers that while he had been forgiven for crimes he had oominitted in the French-Eversole feud, he had not been forgiven for killing Dr. Kader. lie, therefore, begged more time to be given him, and the time was postponed to 1 o'clock. This was a ruse to gain time and get respite for Smith, who sent his brother Bill to tho telegraph office, and sent this din patch to Governor Brown, at Frank' fort, signing Tom's name: "I would like a few days' time, as I am an orphan boy and have friends." At 13 o'oclock, the following reply was received: "I must dooliue to interfere." Smith was baptized in tho Kentucky river this morning in the presence of an immense throng. People camped along the river bank all night, and ex cursion trains ran into Jackson this morning. The execution was publio, the scaffold having been erected in a hollow near the jail, and the view from the surrounding hills was almost unobstructed. No mountain desperado has killed more men in Kentucky than Tom Hmith. , He murdered Joe Hurt in 1883, the Combs brothers and Eversole in 1888, and Ambrose Amburg, Roby Cornell, Jacob McKnight and Ed Campbell in 1880. In September, 1804, he rosisted arrest in Jackson, where today he paid the life penalty. Town Marshal Hurst and Deputy Ham- ucl Mans attempted to arrest bmith and a number of his oonsorts, and a fight followed in which Smith was shot in the arm. After getting from under the dutches of the law this time, ho weut to live with Mrs. Catherine Qninu, a woman of bad repute. At her house Dr. Kader waa killed one night by Smith, for which he was tried and convicted. The Olyniftla'a Trial Trip. San Francisco, July 1. The Olym- pia went to sea today, and demon- started that she is one of the worthiest of her class in the fleet of white fight ers comprising the United States navy. An official trial waa called for by the government Such is the case always with a new vessel just entering the navy. The trial was conducted exclu sively by government officials, and was to comprise a thorough test of every thing pertaining to the workings of a modern war cruiser, from the firing of the immense bow-chasers down to out- ting turns within a limited space in mid ocean. Every caper the handsome flyer essayed she accomplished with surprising grace. Her guns worked to perfection, and during her fourteen hour run ovor a measured course she averaged within a minute fraction of twenty knots an hour, under natural draught The object of the trial was to ascertain whether or not the cruiser was in perfect trim for aotual war duty, and was simply preliminary to assigning her to her place among the regular line of fighters. The Olympia's officers and crew were delighted with the showing she made, and oould not say too many nice tilings about her. Another thing which caused them ease of mind was the faot that although every bolt and block con nected with the vessel was put to the severest strain, not an accident oc curred throughout the trip. Hult Agalnat Mlimeauta Lumbermen. St . Paul, July 1. The United States, in an action brought today in the oirouit oourt, by Special Counsel John E. Strykor, alleges that a number of the most important lumbermen of Minnesota havo, without warrant, been devastating the northern part of the state, denuding the territory of its lumber, and that they must pay the full market value of the lumber to the amount of $467,474 and interest The defendants are the Pine River Logging & Improvement Compauy; Joel Bas sett and W. M. Bassett, oo-partners with J. J. Bassett & Co. The govern ment has been working up the case for ovor two years. Quite a Scandal In Duluth. Duluth, July 1. Miss Nettie Dean, a society girl, and daughter of John Dean, one of the wealthiest men in the oity, has eloped with Alfred Berklund, her father's hired man. Berklund, who is a goorWookiug but ignorant fel low, was employed by Dean some months ago. The girl is 17 years old. She was reproved several times for talking with Berklund, and it made her angry. A few days ago she packed her olothing, but as she said she was going to visit friends, no attention was paid to the matter. Yesterday she dis appeared, and Berklund loft last night Miss Dean is an ouly ohild, but her father will disinherit her. Crlapl and the Panama Canal Scandal. Rome, July 1. It is annouoed that King Humbert will shortly issue a de cree exonerating Premier Crispi from the oharges of having been connected with Dr. Hers, the Panama canal lob byist " ONE POLICY JUST NOW To Dissolve Parliament as Soon as Possible. AN ACCUSATION OF DISCOURTESY An Apology From the New Premier and It. Aooeptanee by Roaebery In the Ilou.e of Lord.. London, June 20. In the house of Lords today Premier Marquis Salis bury announced that he hoped to obtain the queen's consent to the dissolution of parliament July 8. He added that the time had not arrived for a declara tion of policy in behalf of the conserv ative party. . The latter, he added, only had one policy at present, and that was to dissolve parliament as soon as possible. Lord Rosebery expressed surprise at the government declining to disclose its policy. Continuing the ex-premier asked for an explanation of the Marquis of Salisbury s strange pro ceedings in sending to Mr. Campbell Bannerman, the secretary of state for war, Tuesday morning for the seals of the latter's office. The Marquis of Salisbury said the Rosebery statement was inoorreot. He explained that, after Friday's vote, in the house of commons, he, the Marquis of Salisbury, thought it desirable toappoint a min ister of war forthwith, and therfore he sent to Mr. Campbell-Bannerman to ask him if it was convenient for him to deliver his official seals to the sover eign earlier than the other ministers, and, if he did not desire to go to Wind sor himself, he oould deliver them to the private secretary of the Marquis of Salisbury. The Earl of Kimberly, late secretary of state of foreign affairs, asserted the ATarquis of Salisbury had sent his sec retary to Mr. Campbell-Bannerman for the seals, just as he would Bend a foot man on an errand, and thought the ao- tion of the marquis was extremely dis courteous. In reply, the Marquis of Salisbury said if Mr. Campbell-Ban nerman thought he, the Marquis of Salisbury, had acted discourteously, he begged to express his extreme re grets for the occurrence, and felt sorry for it Lord Rosebery accepted the apology from the marquis on behalf of the secretary of war, and the house adjourned. Thomas Gibson Bowles, the tory member who made a special attack on the government's fisheries bill, while riding along Rotten Row, met Lord Rosebery, to whom he remarked that at last the seal fisheries bill had been passed. "Yes," replied Rosebery, laughing, and there's been a good deal of fish ing for seals of office this week. In the house of lords assent was given in the usual form to the seal fish' eries bill. FRANCE COULD NOT STAND IT Meaeuree Taken to Knd the Tariff War With Swltaerland. New York, June 20. A special to the World from Pans, says: "M. Hanatoux, the minister of for eign affairs, has introduced in the chamber of deputies a bill modifying the commercial relations between France and Switzerland. The bill is to put an end to the tariff war. The modification takes the form of a reduc tion of the French minimum tariff on watches, clocks, machinery, chesses and silks, but manufactured cotton is excluded. Not only Switzerland, but all oountries having commercial treat ies with France containing the 'most favored nation clause,' will be benefit ed by the reduotion. Since the rupture of commercial relations with Switzer land iu 1892, France has lost 14,600, 000 francs, or $2,580,000 annually. Switzerland's loss is much less. The new agreement is due to the energy of M. Barroo, the French ambassador to Berne. The bill will probably be rati fied by the chamber speedily. Charles Borgeax, an eminent Swiss jurist con sul, says that Switzerland is much less willing than France to aooept a new treaty, since a new commercial equi librium has been secured by the other outlets, chiefly German, for Swiss pro ducts. The French government at Paris is carrying on a strong campaign in favor of the measure. Even if the arrsngment is defiinitey concluded, France will have difficulty in ousting the Germans. Immediately after the rupture, in 1892, the Germans exerted themselves to secure the Swiss trade and completely Buooeeded. Philadelphia Mint to Cloee. Philadelphia, June 28. The ooinage department ot the mint here will be shut down July 1 for the purpose of cleaning up and making necessary re pairs. The work of ooinage will be suspened for only two weeks, but as there is a big demand just now for coins of small denomination, pennies and 6-oent pieces, an unusual number of these are being turned out ; Utah Southern Interact Defaulted. New York, June 27. Holders of the general mortgage and extension mort gage bonds of the Utah Southern Rail road Company have been notified that the payment of interest has been de faulted. Messrs. J. M. Han and Oli ver Ames, trustees for the first mort gage, have oalled a meeting for the bondholders for July 11, in this city, to consider what steps shall be taken in the premises. . . The Kueao-Chlneae Loan. London, June 86. There are ru mors here and at St Petersburg that China refuses to sign the Russo-Chi-nese loan. HIS GUILT DOUBTFUL. The Supreme Court Might Not Have Convicted Him. Olympia, Wash., June 28. The su preme oourt today affirmed the judg ment In the case of the state, respond' ent, vs. William Holmes, appellant In doing so, the court stated that the question of whether or not the defend ant should have been found guilty of murder in the first degree had given more trouble than all the technical er rors assigned in the case. The facts are that the defendant was a colored boy, weak bodily, but of great strength of mind, working in the Oregon Im provement Company's mines at Frank lin, King oounty. William Russell, the man killed, was a large, powerful bully. Holmes and Russell roomed together, and, January 24, 1894, con gregated at the company's saloon, it being pay day. Holmes had taken Russell's pistol from the table in their room and gave it to another boy, tell ing him to take it home. Russell ac cused the defendant of stealing the pistol and searched Holmes. Not find ing the pistol, Russell then assaulted the boy, slapping him on either side of the face, and using abusive language. He gloried in being a bully; didn't oare for death, and "Calculated to have a nigger before the day was over." When Holmes made his escape, he got the pistol from the boy, returned to the saloon and deliberately fired at Russell. The first shot did not take effect Russell jumped at the defendant, when Holmes fired again, striking him in the forehead. Russell fell and immediate' ly expired. The oourt said: "This is a hard case. Had the su preme court sat as jurors under the testimony shown, it is questionable if they would have felt justified in re turning a verdict of murder in the first degree, but a reversal is asked for on technical errors, which the oourt is not able to support The first error as signed is want of jurisdiction in the trial judge, because Judge J. Z. Moore, before whom the trial was held, is not one of the judges elected from the county of King; but as the defendant, knowing the ineligibility of the judge, who tried his case, and yet submitting himself to the jurisdiction, being ready to avail himself of the action of the court, if the verdict should have been in his favor, he should not be permitted to object when it eventuates in a ver dict against him. The next assign' ment of error is that the new law was not observed in impaneling a jury. The supreme oourt thinks, however, the law in this case was complied with. While the jury was deliberating, three members resisted a verdiot of murder in the first degree, nntil told by an other juror that it was in the power of the trial judge to sentence the defend ant upon conviction of murder in the first degree, to life imprisonment, in stead of death. Consequently, the doubtful jurors consented to a verdiot The oourt holds the jurors were not in terested in a penalty which oould be imposed by the oourt Several other minor errors are also urged, but all not of sufficient weight to justify a reversal of the judgment The Champlouahip Fight. Dallas, June 28. The plans for the great amphitheater for the seating of the 40,000 people who are expected to witness the Corbett-Fitzsimmons fight are about complete. The ground chosen is two miles from the heart of the city, in good walking distance from the Texas Paoifio and Central railways, and along the lines of the former. The Texas Pacific will undoubtedly run an accommodation of twenty-five coaches to relieve the four street-oar lines which run to the grounds. Dallas has four first-class hotels, one boasting of being the finest in the South, thirty of the seoond-olass, and boarding houses by the mile. The suggestion that John Duffy, of New Orleans, referee the fight, is well received at headquarters. - It is con ceded that he is a master of prize-ring rules and that no fairer man oould have been found in the world. The story that Corbett will train at Terrell is not credited here. - The weather in Texas up to the beginning of October is too hot for that work. He will doubtless be here for three or four weeks before the fight or during Octo ber. The odds are still on Corbett, but the bet by Green of $3,000 to $2,000 on him is the only one yet reported. CURE FOR INSANITY. A Chicago Profeasor Believea Klectrlc ity Is the Only Remedy. Chicago, June 87. Professor H. W. Vonnel says that electricity is the cure for insanity, and he wants the county commissioners to give him the oppor tunity of treating insane persons with out interference on the part of the offi cials, He has written a letter to Pres ident Healy, in which he says that those who are now treating the insane patients depend on books with the opinions of others, and are without originality. Electrioity, he says, is the oure for insanity, and he wishes to try it on the patients at Dunning. He says that the prevailing idea that in sanity is caused by mental disease, or that the brain is the seat of the mal ady, is wrong. All . the difficulty is from a reflex action on the brain from local causes in the body. He says he is oertain he can oure the insane in mates of the asylums if the oounty commissioners will but give him a ohanoe. "JDowa With Crl.pl." Rome, June 25. Senor Cavalotti's pamphlet against Premier Crispi has finally been published. The oharges are mostly those of the bribery docu ment Great excitement exists in other cities of Italy, where monster demonstrations are being held. . These demonstrations are frequently accom panied by loud cries of "Down with Crispi." THE DANGER IN SUGAR Some Interesting Facts Not Known at Home. UNCLEAN AND GEBM LADENED Chlneae Ware. ' Being Largely Con eumed in Oregon aid Washington That Are Unfit for Tee. Portland, Or., June 26. The steam ship Taooma arrived at Victoria re cently from Hong Kong, China, with the latest Oriental advices and reports the plague in that unfortunate country again raging violently. It is said by natives from Amoy that this awful pes tilence has suddenly broke out in the Tungan district, China, with terrible violence, 40 per oent of the inhabitants actually dying of the disease and few escaping the sickness. Those who are able to leave are doing so only to carry the plague elsewhere. Referring to the report a well-known business man stated to the press repre sentatives tonight that the Tungan dis trict is one of the sources of supply for raw sugar for the Hong Kong sugar refineries and as large quantities of these sugars were shipped to the Do minion of Canada and the United States that the people hardly appreciate the frightful resuls that might fol low the introduction of the plague into America through the use of unclean merchandise. - In view of all this a reoent article published in a leading coast paper which dealt exhaustively with the sub ject is of general interest and is produced below. After some general remarks on household economy this stated: Flo. L The Drincirjal sources of are the refineries situated in thn d iff fir. ent parts of the United States-, lint very large portion of the stock that is luuuuiaciurea Dy tnese renneries is Im ported from Uermany, the Sandwich islands and the West Indies. Another point of importance for refined sugars is vmna, nut tne sugars from that COUntrV are onlv nsed in anv nnanfifv - J u-wawj on the Paoifio ooast Not less than f l,6UO,ooo was sent to China for sugar consumed on the Punifln mtrfnnm,ii,. year 1894, and the business threatens to increase. Now there are twh varv . j - factors to the development of this cBKjru uuuutry. xne nrsi is to pro duce these articles that are in Hnmantl and whioh can take the place of im ported products for which our money has to be sent awav Thn mnn ta n encourage the population in our imme- uiaie auction to consume tnose articles that are produced as far as possible on the ooast There are several anonr fnrtfcronM In California, doing a large business. In 1894 they spent for labor alone $500, 000. While there is room for other factories, there is rjlentv of samr here to supply the demand; and the import ing oi uiina sugars has been carried on SimDlv because there in a tendenn on the part of our own people, consum ers and merchants, to buy the cheapest article that is offered, irrespective of quality. We do not think the con sumer is altogether to blame for this. The retail grocer takes that sugar which will afford him the greatest prone. , unless tne consumers are watchful, thev cannot he snm that they are not eating sugars that are manufactured by the cheap coolie la borer of the Orient where hand labor, though nasty, is so oheap that there is uu muueemene to use macninery. Uns tom house fbmnn ahanlntolv hni that there were imported into the Portland and Port Townsend (Oregon and Wash inirtonl dintrints in 1 DOA 1 1 nno nnn pounds of refined sugars from Hong tr - i , . i . . n.uug, ana iu oi mis sugar was nan no. 2 died hi a surreptitious way by our re tail arrooers (for onr wholesalers will not buv it the retailer arettino' his an im plies direct from the importer's brok ers), ana sola as Amerioan sugars. Ask any grocer if he handles China su gars, and he will answer "No." What has become of the 11,000,000 pounds imprtedr It probably goes without saying that the Eastern, or Oriental onnntrina. am the hotbeds for the development of all kinds of horrible, loathsome human diseases, the cholera, smallpox, leprosy. etc. In one instanoe, in 1802, the steamer Palmas, whioh brought 2,000 to a, ooo bags oi Cbina sugar to Vic toria, had smallpox on board, and there were later cases of the same dis ease among the stevedores who helped to discharge the vessel. In 1894, the great sugar refineries of Hong Kong were compelled to cease operations for lack of labor due to the plague, and now we are told that the black plague has broken out this spring. In view of the introduction of quan tities of Chinese sugars, it may be as well that the publio is informed on the very highest possible authority, of the danger that may be . attendant upon their use. Professor Cameron, public analysist, Dublin, a gentleman who has made it his special business to examine all kinds of foreign sugars, refined snd others, says that oertain kinds of them should never be used. He states that they contain great numbers of disgust ing insects, which produce disgusting disease. Their shape is very accurately shown in the accompanying out, which is magnified 200 diameters. Figure 1 ii the nnder side and figure 2 the up per. The professor's description is as follows: "The insect (the acarus saochari) is a formidably organized, exceedingly live ly and decidedly ugly animal. " Probably enough has been said here to awaken some interest in this subject, and it is hoped readers of this article will stipulate when they order sugar that it is produced on the Paoifio ooast, and show that they want sugars made by home refineries, which employ white labor only. Statistics show that this country has sent abroad in a single year $116,000, 000 for sugar alone.or a per capita con sumption of 67 pounds. Of this im mensse. consumption 1,700,635 tons were foreign sugars, and yet it has been asserted by one of the most prom inent men connected with this business that California alone, if the interest were propeily developed, would pro duce enough raw beet sugar to supply tne demand of the entire United States. What a boon it would be to Oregon if we could locate in the central portion of our territory a refinery for making beet-sugar. REFUSED TO MODIFY. Judge Merritt Will Not Change Hie Or- aer in snort Line laee. Salt Lake. June 27. Judve Merritt has refused to modify his previous or der in regard to a receiver for the Ore gon Short Line A Utah Northern. The case oame up again today on application oi tne American Lioan s Trust Com pany for a modification, aakintr that J. M. Egan be made sole receiver. The attorney for the trust company was J. u. jnaranau, ana J. M. Thurston and P. L. Williams represented the Union Pacific interests. General Cowan ap pered under the special direction of the 'attornev-areneral of the TTnitmt States to oppose the application of the loan company, in addition to an in dependent receiver, the loan Gomrtflnv asked permission to issue receivers' certificates, as had been done in other courts, for the reason that the raising of large sums of money required by the order of the Utah conrt was imnnutM. cable. Judge Marshall said nothing oould be done nnder the present order. because it is impossible for the trust company to pay a large amount or money to remain nnder the same man agement as before. Senator Thurston urged that no modification of the order should he made. General Cowan said he was in structed by the attorney-general to strenuously oppose the application on the part of the arovernment. The rn. oeivers formerly appointed were satis- lactory to tne government, as its inter est ran alons with the nrmwrrr. Thn loan company would have the right of an independent receiver wnen the. ac crued interest on the mortgage was paid. On behalf of the he thought the separation ought not to ue maae. xie explained, , nowever, that he opposed the annlication on an. count of the pecuniary interest of the guvoruiuBuii. At tne conclusion ot tne argument Judge Merritt said: "This case has given me great trou ble and some annoyance. I , made, no order respecting receivers' certificates, and shall not do an now. The matte is being considered in the appeals of otner circuits, in tne meantime 1 will let the order stand as before, " MILLIONS IN MINES. Large laveetmenU Are Made In PaelBe voaat rroperty. New York. June 26. "Milli.ma nf dollars have been invested in gold mines in the past few months," said John MoDonough, president of the First National bank of Creede, Cola "A Curiours proof of the solidirr and conservatism of the investors is the lact tnat they do not allow these , de tails to be made publio if they can help it the odium attached of late years to the mining business bains- an mi as to almost affect a man's m-edit. - This spring several large gold , properties nave oeen puronasea Dy JNew xork and Boston capitalists, but these men arlnnr. a different method to that in vogue a few years ago. The days of wildcat ting in this oountry are practioally gone. Investors nowadays first make sure of the presenoe of an ore body. Thev pay for ore in aisht That ia thn method whioh has made David Moffat, of Denver, and other miners so wealthy. The capitalists aten in with the cash required to bring the ore to tne Bunaoe. Deals have been put through this spring in California, Idaho. Colorado. Montana and Atninn. some of them runnins- over a million and a half dollars. In Europe, espe cially in r'aris, Ixradon and other money centers, there seems to be a ntininir craze, but that is for South African stocks, and we do not want any of that excitement over here, aa it His. credits the business aspeot of the min ing world." ; Mora Karthquakea iu Qreeee. Athens, June 25. Several earth quake shocks were felt this morning is the district known aa Lepanto, Sev eral buildings were damaged.