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jfv "TT "H3 '.'SA yX UKKliO VOL. XV. ST. HELENS, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1898. NO. 51. MIST. ANNUAL MESSAGE Important Features of the President's Address. OUR LATE WAR A FEATURE K Hnggsstlons Mads Regarding th (lot.rmuint of Our Maw Tsrrllorl Porelgn Halation Mensrnlly talls-faatory-llawallan Annexation. To the Bennl and House of Represent, lives: Notwithstanding lh ad'led burdens rendered namssury by the war, our people rejnlr In a very satisfactory and steadily lncrealng degre of prosperity, svidenced by tli largest volume of business ever recorded. ISvery manufacture ha been productive, agricultural pursuits have yielded abundant return, labor In tin fluid of Industry I butter rewarded, rev cnu legislation passed by the present congress tin Increased th treasury's re ceipt to the amount estimated by H uthor, th finance of th government hava been successfully administered and It credit advanced to th rlrat rank; whll It currency ha been maintained at th world' highest atandard. Military serv ice under a common nag and for a righteous cause hiia strengthened tha national spirit and served to cement mora closely than aver the fraternal bond l tween every section of th country. A review of th relation of th United Htalcs to other power, always spproprl at, I thi year of primary Importance, In view of the momentum Isaur which have rlaen, demanding In on instance th ultlmat determination by arm and in volvln fur-reachlng consequence which will requlr th earneat attention of tha congress, ' Jn my lnt annual message, very full consideration waa given to the question of th duty of the government of th United Btate toward Hpatn and th Cu bau insurrection, a being by fur th moat Important problem with which w were called upon to deal. The consider tluna then advanced, and tha exposition Of the view therein expressed. dluloed my n of th extreme gravity of the (ituallon. , Batting aside, a logically unfounded or practically Inadmissible, recogni tion of th Cuban insurgents a belliger ent, recognition of th Independence of Cuba, neutral Intervention to end the war by Imposing a rational compromise between th contestants. Intervention In favor of on or th other purty and th forcible annexation of th Wand, I con cluded It wa honeatly due to our friendly relation with rlpaln that h should b given a reasonable chanc to reallao her xpectatlona of reform to which h had become Irrevocably committed. . Within a few weeka prevlouly he had announced comprehensive plan which It wa confidently aerted would be efficacious to remedy the evil so deeply affecting our own country, o In Jurloua to th tru Interest "th mother country, a well a to those of Cut, and o repugnant to th universal entlment of humanity. Deatroetloa of the Maine. At into Juncture, on th 15th of Febru ary last, occurred the destruction of the battleship Maine, while rightfully lying In the harbor of Havana on a mission of Internailonal courtesy and good will, J catastrophe the suspicious nature and horror of which stirred the nation heart profound! It I a striking evidence of the poise and sturdy good one dlstm gulshlng our natiomil character that thi hocking blow, falling upon a gonerou people already deeply touched by pre ceding event In Cuba, did not move them to desperate resolve to tolerate no longer tha existence of a condition of danger and duorder at our doors that mde posslblo such deed by whomsoever wrought, Vet th Instinct of Justice prevailed, and the nation anxiously awaited th result of the searching Investigation at once set on foot. The finding of the naval board of Inquiry established that the origin of the explosion waa external by a subma rine mine, and only halted, through lack of positive testimony, to n th responsi bility of Us authorship. PWBPAHATIOWa FOR WAH. ( Cesinai' Appropriation of tfftr Mil. lloa for National Defense. Alt thos thing carried conviction to the most thoughtful, even before the finding of the naval court, that a crlsl In our relations with Bpaln and toward Cuba wa at hand. Br strong wa this belief that It needed but a brief execu tive suggestion to congree to receive Im mediate answer to the duty of making Instant provision for the possible and per haps speedily probable emergency of war, and the remarkable, almost unique, spec tacle was presented of a unanimous vote of both houses on the th of March ap propriating eW.000.000 "for the national de fense and for each and every purpose con nected therewith, to be expended at th discretion of the president." That this aot of provision cam none too oon wa disclosed when the applica tion of the fund was undertaken. Our ports were praotlcally undefended) our navy needed large provision for Increased ammunition and supplies, and even num bers to cop with any sudden attack from th navy of Spain, which comprised mod ern vessels of th hlghet typ of ocntl nental perfection. Our army also re quired enlargement of men and muni tlon. Th details of the hurried prepa ration for th decided contingency Is told In the reports of the secretaries of war and of the navy, and need not be repeated her. ' . . It I umolcnt to ay that the outbreak of war, when It did come, found our na tlon not unprepared to meet the conflict, nor wa th apprehension of coming atrlfe confined to our own country. It wa felt by the continental power, which, on April , through their ambassador and envoys, addressed to th executive an expression of hope that humanity "and moderation might mark the course of thi govern ment and people and that further nego. tlatlons would lead to an attempt, which, while securing the malntenanc of peace, would afllrm all necessary guarantees for th re-establishment of order in Cuba. Proposal of an Armistice. Still animated by th hop of a peso, ful solution and obeying th dictates of duty, no effort wa relaxed to bring about a apeedy ending of th Cuban atruggle. Negotiations to thi erfeot continued actively with the government of Bpaln looking to th Immediate conclusion of a ix month' armistice In Cuba with a view to effect the recognition of her peo pie's right to Independence. Beside thl, the Instant revocation of the order of re concentration wa asked, o that the sur. ferera. returning to their home and aided by united American and Spanish effort, might be put In a way to support themselves, and by orderly "sumption of :. ., . . vtiYKitictive encr- tne wen-nign i- -- - gles of the Island contrlbut. to the rea. toratlon of Its tranquillity and well-being. Authority 10 Intervene. Grieved and disappointed at this barren utcom. of my gincr. .nd.avor. to reach a practicable solution, 1 felt It my duty to remit the whole question to congress. In ths mejeiage of April 11, lKitg, i announced that with this last overture In tha dlrec tlon of Immediate peace In Cuba and It disappointing reception by Spain tha ef fort of the executive waa brought to an end, I again reviewed the alternative course of action which I had prepared, concluding that the only course consonant with International policy and compatible With our firmly set historical traditions was Intervention a a neutral to stop tha war and check the hopeless sacrifice of life, even though that resort Involved "hwrtlls constraint unon both Dartina to tha oc-.test, as well to enforce a truce as to provide for eventual settlement." On April 22 t proclaimed a blockade of th northern coast of Cuba, Including port on ald coast between Cardenas and Huhla Honda and th port of Cienfuegos, on the south coast of Cuba; and on th 23d I called for volunteer to execute th pur pos of th resolution. Th Declaration of War. Ily my messnge of April 28. congres wa Informed of the aituatlon, and I recom mended formal declaration of the exist ence of a state of war between the United State and Spain. Congress accordingly voted on the ame day the act aporoved April 25, lhOft, declaring the existence of such war from and Including the 21st day of April, and re-enacted th provision of th resolution of April 20. directing the president to use all the armed force of th nation to carry that act Into effect. Due notification of the existence of war aa aforesaid waa given April 2S by tele graph to all tha governments with which the United States maintained relations. In order that their neutrality might be as sured during the war. The various govern ments responded with proclamations of neutrality, each after Its own method. It Is not among the least gratifying Incident of the struggle that the obligations of neutrality wers Impartially discharged by all, often under delicate and difficult cir cumstances. The national defense fund of tfO.OOO.OOQ was expended in large part by the army and the navy, and ths objects for which It was used are fully shown In th reports of the several secretaries. It was a most timely appropriation, enabling tha government to strengthen It defense and to msk preparations greatly needed In case of war. Thle fund being Inadequate to the requirement of equipment and tor the conduct of the war, the patriotism of congres provided th mean In th war revenue act of June 13 by authorising a I per cent popular loan, not to exceed ttOO.OOO.OOa, and by levying additional im post and taxes. Of the authorized loan, 2ua,(KXl,tW0 was offered and promptly taken, the subscription so far exceeding the call aa to cover It many time over. While preference wa given to the (mail er bid, no single allotment exceeded KOOO. Thi wa a moat encouraging and significant result, showing th vast re source of the nation and the determina tion of the people to uphold their coun try' honor. I-KOGHiasS OK TUB CONFLICT. Ilrllllaat Series of Vlvtorle lor American Arms. It I not within th province of this message to narrate the history of the extraordinary war1 that followed the Spanish declaration of April 21. but a brief recital of It more salient features I appropriate. The first-encounter of the war In point of data took place April 27. when a detachment of the blockading n ., ,4 a wnnnnluanii. In ore at Matanaa. shelled the harbor fortifica tions and demouanea several new wor In construction. Dewey at Manila, The next engagement was destined to mark a memorable epoch In maritime war fare. The Paclllc fleet, under Commo- n... v.n fl iin for Mimi weeks at Hong Kong. Upon the colonial proclamation or neutrality oeing wuu and the customary 24 hours' notice being I, 1 A tn Mlra hav near Hons Kong, whence It proceeded to the Philip pine Islands under telegraphic orders to capture or destroy the formidable Span- . . . . t ..uunhlul u Murtlln At inn hod inc., . - daybreak on May 1 the American force entered Manna bay, ana auer a tew nou.p . . nnw,,Arf tha tntol destruction .... I-..UI, Hear cnnalutlnir of 10 war ships and a transport, besides capturing the naval station anu ion i lrd, mu, annihilating the flpanlsh naval power In the Pacltlo ocean and completely control ling the bay of Manila, with the ability to take the city at win. not n uie lost on our ships, the wounded number ing only seven, while not a vessel was. ....l.,!!., Ininrad. ITnr . this Sallant achievement congress, upon my recom mendation, lltly bestowed upon the actors preferment and aubstuntlal reward. rtxi., wattiManne to cause needless loss of life and property prevented the erly storming and capture of the city, and haraa,iih the alMalute military occupation of the whole group. The Insurgents, meanwhile, naa resumea toe active nu- .111.1 ativianifMl htf th . llnftCmtllftted truce of December, 18M. Their forces In vested Manila on tha northern and east ern aide, but were coneirainea Dy amiri Dewey and General Merrltt from attempt ing an assault. It was fitting that what ever was to be done in the way of de cisive operations In that quarter should be accomplished Dy in airong arm ui iu United Statea alone. Obeying the atern precept of war, which n joins the overcoming of the adversary and th extinction of hi power wherever assailable as the speedy and our means to win a peaoe, divided victory waa not permissible, for no partition of the right and responsibilities attending the enforce ment of a Jusit n5 advantageous peace could be thought of. Ih. BilnntlAn n a iAfnnrAhpn- alve aohem of general attack, powerful toroe were assemuteu ni varum yu.u.a our coast to Invade Cuba and Porto Rico. Meanwhile, naval demonstration were made at eeveral exposed point. May 11 the cruiser Wilmington and torpedo-boat Wlnslow were unsuccessful In an attempt to silence the batteries at Cardenas, In Matanas, Ensign Worth Bagley and four seamen falling. These grievoua fatalities were strangely enough among the very few which occurred during our naval operation In thi extraordinary conflict. Hobaon'a Heroism. Th next act in the war thrilled not alone the hearts of our countrymen, but the world, by Its exceptional heroism. On the night of June Lieutenant Hob son, aided by aeven devoted volunteers, blocked the narrow outlet from Santiago harbor by sinking the collier Merrlmac In the channel under a fierce Are from the shore batteries, escaping with their Uvea as by a miracle, but falling into the hands of ths Spaniards. It Is a mot grat ifying lnoldent of the war that the brav ery of thi little band of heroes wan cor dially appreciated by th Spaniard, who ent flag of truce to notify Admiral Sampson of their afety and to compli ment them upon their daring act. They were subsequently exchanged, July 7. By June 7 the cutting of the last Cuban oable Isolated the Island. Thereafter the Invasion wa vigorously proaeouted. June -n i . V, .... nrnlantlna' Are. a land- Ing force of W marine from th Oregon, Marblehead ana xanaoe we ei.u Guantanamo bay, where It had been to termlned to establish a cable station. Thi important and essential port wa. taken from the enemy after evere lighting by the marines, who were the first organised force of the United States to land in Cuba. The position so won was neia, aespiie m. desperate attempts to aisioug our By June 18 additional foroe wer landed and Itrongly intrenched. Jun th. gdvanc of tt irmdlDl f army under Major-General Btiafter landed f at Daiquiri, about IS miles east of Santl- ago. This was accomplished under great ' difficulties, but with marvelous dispatch, ' On Jun 23 tha movement againit Santiago was begun. , On the 24th the first serious engagement ! took place In which the First and Tenth ! cavalry and the First volunteer cavalry, General Young' brigade of General Wheeler' division, participated, losing heavily. By nightfall, however, ground within five miles of Santiago wa won. The advantage was steadily Increased. On July 1 a severe battle took place, our force gplning the outer work of Santiago, and Gl Caney and San Juan were taken after a desperate charm and th Invest ment of the city wa completed. The navy co-operated by (helling th town ana th coast rorta. Ileatnirtlon of the Armada. ' On th day following this brilliant achievement of our land forces, July 3, occurred the decisive naval combat of the war. The Spanish fleet, attempting to leave th harbor, was met by the Ameri can squadron under command of Commo dore Sampson. In less than three hour ! all the Spanish ships were destroyed, i Two torpedo-boats wer sunk and the Ma , rla Teresa, Almirante Oquendo, Vizcaya and Cristobal Colon were driven ashore, The Spanish admiral and over 13110 men were taken prisoners. While the enemy's : Ion of life wa deplorably large, om 2uo perishing, on our side but one man I wa killed and one man seriously wounded. Although our ships were repeatedly struck, I not one wa seriously Injured. Th men also conspicuously distinguished them selves, from th commanders to the gun ners and the unnamed heroes) In the boiler-rooms, each and all contributing toward the achievement of this astound ing victory, for which neither ancient nor modern history affords a parallel In th completeness of the event snd the marvel, ou disproportion of caaualtle. It would be Invidious to single out any for special honor. Deserved promotion has rewarded the mere conspicuous actor the nation's profoundest gratitude Is due to all of those brave men who by their skill and devo tion In a few short hours crushed the sea power of Spain and wrought a triumph whose decisiveness and far-reaching ef fects esn scarcely be measured. Nor can we be unmindful of the achievements of our builders, mechanics and artisan for their skill In th construction of our war. hip. With th catastrophe of Santiago, Spain' effort upon the ocean virtually ceased. A spaamodlo effort toward th end of June to send her Mediterranean fleet, under Admiral Camera, to relieve Manila waa abandoned, the expedition be ing recalled after it had passed through the Sues canal. . . Surrender of Saatlnaro. The capitulation of Buntiago followed. The city was closely besieged by land, while the entrance of our ships Into the harbor cut off all relief on that side. After a truce to allow of the removal of the noncomhatants, protracted negotiation continued from July 1 until July 16. when, under menace of Immediate assault, ths preliminaries of surrender were agreed upon. On the 17th General Shatter occu pied the city. .The capitulation embraced the entire eastern end of Cuba. The num ber of Spanish soldier surrendered was 22,000, all of whom were subsequently con veyed to Spain at the charge of the United State. The tory of thla uccess ful campaign Is told in the report of the secretary of war which will be laid be fore you. Invasion of Porto Rico. With the fall of Santiago, the occupa tion of Porto Rico became the next strat egic necessity. General Mile had pre viously been assigned to organise an ex pedition for that purpose. Fortunately, he waa already at Santiago, where he had arrived on the 11th of July with reinforce ments for General Shafter'a army. With these troops, consisting of S415 Infantry and artillery, two companies of engineer and one company of the atgnal corps. Gen eral MUea left Guantanamo July 21, hav ing nine tranaports convoyed by th fleet under Captain Hlgglnson, with the Mas sachusetts (flagship), Dixie, Gloucester, Columbia and Yale, the two latter carry ing troop. The expedition landed at Guanlca. July 25. which port was entered with little opposition. Here the fleet waa Joined by the Annapolis and Wasp, while the Puritan and Amphitrlte went to San Juan and Joined the New Orleans, which waa engaged In blockading that port. The major-general commanding was subse quently reinforced by General Schwann's brigade of the Third army eorpa, by Gen eral. Wilson with a part of his division, and also by General Brooke, with a part of his corps, numbering In all 16.973 officers and men. On July 27 he entered Ponce, one of the most important points In the island, from which he thereafter directed operation for th capture of tha Island. A a potent Influence toward peace, the outcome of th Porto Rlcan expedition Is due to those who participated In It. Last Battle of the War. The last scene of the war wa enacted at Manila. It starting place. On August IS, after a brief assault upon tha work by the land force, In which the squadron assisted, the capital surrendered uncondi tionally. The casualties were compara tively few. By this conquest of the' Phil ippine Islands, virtually accomplished when the Spanish capacity for resistance was destroyed by Admiral Dewey's vic tory of the first of May, the result of the war was formally sealed. To General Merrltt, his officers and men, for their un complaining and devoted services, tor their gallantry in action, the nation Is sincerely grateful. Their long voyage waa made with singular success, and the soldierly conduct of the men, of whom many were without previous experience In the mili tary aervlce, deserves unmeasured praise. Total Casualties. The total casualties In killed and wound ed In th army during th war was as fol lows: Officers killed, 23; enlisted men killed, 267; total, 280; officer wounded, 113; en listed men wounded, 1464; total, 1577. Of the navy, killed, 17; wounded, (7; died a result of wound, 1; Invalided from ervlce, ; total, 21. PEACE NBGOTIATIONS. Spain's Overture for a Cessation of Hostilities. The annihilation of Admiral Cervera' fleet, followed by the capitulation of San tiago, having brought to the Spanish gov ernment a realizing sense of the hopeless ness of continuing a struggle now becom ing wholly unequal, It made overtures of peace through the French ambassador, who,, with the assent of his government, had acted as the friendly (representative of Spain's Interests during the war. On the 26th of July, M. Cambon presented a communication, signed by the Duke of Almodovar, the Spanish miniater ol state, Inviting the United Statea to state the terms upon which It would be willing to make peace. July 30, by a communication addressed to the Duke of Almodovar, and handed by M. Cambon, the term of this government were announced substantially in the protocol, afterwards signed. On August 10, the Spanish reply dated August 7 was handed by M. Cambon to ths sec retary of state. It accepted uncondi tionally the terms Imposed as to Cuba, Porto Rico, and an Island of the Ladrone group, but appeared to seek to Introduce Inadmissible reservation in regard to our demand as to th Phtllpplnea. Conceiving that discussion on this point could neither be practicable nor profitable, I directed that, In order to avoid mis understanding, the matter should be forthwith closed by proposing the em bodiment in a formal protocol of the term In which th negotiation for peace wer undertaken. Th vague and Inet pllclt suggestion of th Spanish not. could not be accepted, th only reply be- ' ing to present a a virtual ultimatum a draft of the protocol, embodying the pre else term tendered to Spain In our not of July 20, which added stipulations of details a to th appointment of com missioner to arrange for the evacuation of the Spanish Antilles, On August 12, M. Cambon announced his receipt of full powers to sign the protocol as submitted. Terms of too Protocol. Accordingly, on th afternoon of August 12, M. Cambon as ths plenipotentiary of Spain and the secretary of state, as the plenipotentiary of the United States, signed the protocol providing: "Article 1. Spain will relinquish all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba. "Article 2. Spain will cede to the United State the Island of Porto Rico and other Islands now under Spanish' sovereignty In the West Indies, and also an Island in the Ladrones to be selected by th United State. "Article . The United State will occu- 1 py and hold the city, bay and harbor of Manila, pending the conclusion of a treaty of peace, which shall determine the con trol, disposition ana government oi m Philippines." The fourth article provided for the. ap pointment of Joint commissions on th part of the United States and Spain to meet In Havana and San Juan, respective ly, for the purpose of arranging and car- . rylng out the details or me mmi"" evacuation of Cuba, Porto Rico and other Spanish Islands In the West Indie. The fifth article provided for the ap pointment of not more than Ave commis sioners on each side to meet at Paris not later than October 1, and to proceed to the negotiation and conclusion of a treaty of peace, subject to ratification ac cording to the respective constitutional forma of the two countries. . The sixth and last article provides that upon the signing of the protocol, hostili ties between the two countries shall be suspended, and that notice to that effect should be given as soon as possible by each government to the commanders of Its naval force. Immediately upon the conclusion or the protocol, I Issued the proclamation of Au gust 12, suspending hostilities on tha part of the United State. The necessary or der to that end were at once given by tel egraph. The blockade of the port of Cu ba and of San Juan de Porto Rico was In like manner raised. On August 18, the muster-out of 100.000 volunteer, or as near that number as wan found to be practica ble, was ordered. On December 1, 101.665 of ficers and men had been mustered out and discharged from th service; D002 more will be mustered out by the 10th of the month; also a corresponding number of generals and general staff officer have been hon. orably discharged frora the ervlce. The military commissions to superintend th evacuation of Cuba, Porto Rico and the adjacent island were forthwith ap pointed: For Cuba Major-General Jame F. Wade, Rear-Admiral William T. Sampson, Major-General Matthew C. Butler. For Porto Rico Major-General John C. Brooke, Rear-Admiral Wlnfleld Scott Schley, Brigadier-General W. Gordon. They soon afterwards met the Spanish commissioners at Havana and San Juan, respectively. The Porto Rico Joint commis sion speedily accomplished its task, and by October 18 the evacuation of the Island waa completed. The United States flag waa raised over the Island at noon that day. The administration of Its affairs has been provisionally Intrusted to a military governor until congress shall otherwise provide. The Cuban Joint high commis sion ha not yet terminated its labors. Ow ing to the difficulties In the way of remov ing tha large number of Spanish troops still In Cuba, the evacuation cannot be completed before the 1st of January next. The Pence Commission. Pursuant to tha fifth article of the pro tocol. I appointed William R. Day, lately secretary of state; Cushman K. Davis, WllllamP. Frye and George Gray, senators of the United Statea, and Whltelaw Held, to be peace commissioners on the part of the United States. Proceeding In due season to Paris, they there met, on the 1st of October, live commissioners sim ilarly appointed on the part of Spain. The negotiations have made hopeful progress, so that I trust soon to be able to lay a definite treaty of peace before the senate, with a review of the step leading to its signature. I do not discuss at this time the govern ment or the future of the new possessions which will come to us as the result of the war with Spain. Such a discussion will be appropriate after the treaty of peace shall be ratified. In the meantime, and until congress has legislated otherwise. It will be my duty to continue the military government which has existed since our occupation and give their people security In life and property and encouragement under a Just and beneficent rule. OUR FORSHGrl RELATIONS. Aside Prom Spain We Have Had No Serious Differences With Other . Nations- With the exception of the rupture with Spain, the Intercourse of the United Statea with the great family of nations has been marked with cordiality, and the close of the eventful year finds moat of the Issues that necessarily arise In the complex rela tion of sovereign states adjusted or pre senting no serious obstacles to adjust ment and honorable solution by amicable agreement. A long-unsettled dispute a to the ex tended boundary between the Argentine republic and Chile, stretching along the Andean orests, from the southern bor der of the Ataoama desert to the Magel lan straits, nearly a third of the length of the South American continent, as sumed an acute stage In the early part of the year and afforded this government occasion to express the hope that the re sort to arbitration, already contemplated by existing conventions between the par ties, might prevail, despite the grave diffi culties arising in its application, I am happy to say that arrangements to thla end have been perfected, the questions of fact upon which the respective commis sioners were unable to agree being In course of reference to her Brltannlo ma jesty for determination. A residual dif ference, touching the northern boundary line across the Atacama desert, for which existing treaties provided no adequate ad justment, bid fair to be settled In like manner by a Joint commission, upon which the United States minister at Buenos Ayres has been invited to serve aa um pire In the last resort. International Cable Agreement. I have found occasion t approach the Argentine government with a view to re moving difference of rate charges Im posed upon the cables of an American corporation tn the transmission between Buenos Ayres and the cities of Uruguay and Brasll of through messages passing from and to th United States. Although the matter la complicated by exclusive concessions by Uruguay and Brazil to foreign companies, there I a strong; hope that a good understanding will be reached and that the Important channels of com mercial ' communication between tbe United Statea and th Atlantlo cities of South America may be freed from an al most prohibitory discrimination. Foreign Ifixhlbltlans. Despite the brief time allotted for prep aration, th exhibits of this country at the universal exposition at Brussels in 1887 enjoyed tha singular distinction of a larger nrooortion of awards, having re gard to the number and classes of articles entered, than those of other countries. The worth of such a result In making known our national: capacity to supply tha world' market I obvious. Th Nlearasroa Canal. !th Nicaragua canal commission, under Rear-Admiral John O. Walker, appointed July 24, 1'J7, und'r the authority of a , provision in the sundry civil act of June 4, of that year, has nearly completed Its labors, and the results of Its exhaustive Inquiry Into the proper route, the feasibil ity and the cost of construction of an in. teroceanlo canal by the Nicaragua route, will be laid before you. In the perform ance of Its work the commission received ; all possible courtesy and assistance from the governments of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, which thus testified their appreoia. tlon of the Importance of giving a speedy and practical outcome of the project that i has for so many yeara engrossed the at tention of the respective countrie. . As the scope of recent Inquiry embraced ; the whole subject with the aim of making ' plans and survey for a canal by th moat convenient route, It necessarily included i a review of the result of prevlou sur- t vey and plana, and In particular those 1 adopted by the Maritime Canal Company ; under its existing concessions from Nlca- j ragua and Costa Rica, so that to this ex tent these grants necessarily held an es- sentlal part In the deliberations and con- I elusions of the canal commission a they ) have held and must needs hold In the dls- : mission of the matter by congress. Un- j der these circumstances, and In view of , overtures made to the governments of Nicaragua and Costa Rica by other par ties for a new canal concession predicated on the assumed approaching lapse of the contracts of the Maritime Canal Company with those states, I have not hesitated to express my convictions that considerations of expediency and International policy, as between the several governments Inter ested in the construction and control of an Interoceanlc canal by this route re quire the maintenance of the status quo until the canal commission shall have re ported and the United States congress snail nave naa ine opportunity w yaw Anally upon the whole matter during th present sesalon without prejudice by rea son of any change In the existing condi tions. Nevertheless, it appear that the gov ernment of Nicaragua, a one of Its last sovereign acts before merging Its pow ers in those of the newly formed United States of Central America, has granted an optional conceaalon to another association to become effective on the expiration of the present grant. It does not appear that survey have been made or what route Is proposed under this concession, o that an examination of the feasibility of Its plans Is necessarily not embraced In the report of the canal commission. All these circumstances suggest the ur gency of some definite action by congress at this session If the labors of the past are to be utilized and the Unking of tbe Atlantic and Pacific oceans by a practical waterway Is to be realized. That the construction of such a maritime highway Is now more than ever indispensable to that intimate and ready intercommuni cation between our eastern and western seaboards demanded by th annexation of the Hawaiian Wands and the prospec tive expansion of our influence and com merce to the Pacific, and that our national policy now more Imperatively than ever calls for its control by this government, are propositions which 1 doubt not con gress will duly appreciate and wisely aot upon. The Paris EbiposHlon. There is now every prospect that Ihe participation of the United States in the universal exposition to be held tn Paris In 1W0 will be on a scale commensurate with the advanced position held by our products and industries in the world's chief marts. The preliminary report of Moses P. Handy, who, under the act approved July 19, 1897, was appointed special commissioner with a view of se curing all attainable Information neces sary to a full and complete understanding by congress In regard to the participation by this government in the Paris exposi tion, was laid before you by my message of December 6, 1897, and shows the large opportunities to make known our national progress in art, science and , manufac tures, aa well as the urgent need of Im mediate and adequate provision to enable due advantage thereof to be taken. Mr. Handy's death oon afterward rendered It necessary for another to take up and complete his unfinished work, and Janu ary 11 last, Mr. Thomas W. Crldler, third assistant secretary of state, was desig nated to fulfill that task. His report was laid before you by my message of June 14. 1898, with the gratifying result of awakening renewed Interest In the pro jected display. Trade Relations With France and Gersnnny. ' Th commercial arrangements made with France on May 28, 1898, under the provisions of section 2, of the tariff act of 1897, went Into effect on June 1 follow ing. It has relieved a portion of our ex port trade from serious embarrassment. Further negotiations are now pending under section 4 of the same act, with a view to th increase of trade between the two countries to their mutual ad vantage. Negotiations with other govern ments, in part interrupted by the war with Spain, are. In progress under both sections of tha tariff act I hope to be able to announce some of the results of these negotiation during the present ses sion of congress. - AXSHXATION OF HAWAII. Kxlstlnsr Law In Force Pending; Ae . . tlon by Congress. Pending the consideration by the senate of the treaty signed June 16, 1S97, by the plenipotentiaries of the United States and of the republic of Hawaii, providing for the annexation of the island, a Joint reso lution to accomplish the same purpose by accepting the offered cession and incor porating the ceded territory Into the Union was adopted by congress and ap proved July 7, 1S98. I thereupon directed the United Btates steamer Philadelphia to convey Rear-Admlral Miller to Hono lulu and entrusted to his hand this im portant legislative act to be delivered to the president of the republic of Hawaii, with whom the admiral and the United Btates minister were authorized to make appropriate arrangements for transfer ring the sovereignty of the islands to the United States. This was simply but Im pressively accomplished on August 12 last, by the delivery of a certified copy of the resolution to President Dole, who thereupon yielded up to the representa tive of the government of the United States the sovereignty and public prop erty of the Hawaiian islands. Pursuant to the terms of the Joint resolution and In exercise of authority thereby con ferred upon me, I directed that the civil, Judicial and military power heretofore exercised by the officers of the govern ment of the republic of Hawaii should continue to be exercised by those officers until congress should provide a govern ment for the incorporated territory, sub ject to my power to remove such officers and to till vacancies. Th present offi cers and troops of the republlo thereup on took the oath of allegiance to the United States, thus providing for the un interrupted continuance of all the admin istrative and municipal functions of the annexed territory until congress shall oth erwise enact. . Following the further provision of the joint resolution, I appointed the Honor ables Shelby M. Cullom, of Illinois; John T. Morgan, of Alabama; Robert R. Hitt, of Illinois; Sanford B. Dole, of Hawaii, and Walter F, Grler, of Hawaii, as com missioners to confer and recommend to congress such legislation concerning th Hawaiian island as they should deem necessary or proper. Recommendations of tha Commission. The commissioners having fulfilled the mission confided to them, their report will be laid before you at on early day. It Is believed that their recommenda tion will have the earnest consideration du to th magnitude of the responsibility resting noon you to give such shape le the relationship of those mid-Paclflc lands to our home union as will benefit bo:h in the highest degree, realizing the aspira tions of- the community that has cast its lot with us ard elected to share our po litical heritage, while, at the same time, Justifying the foresight of those who for three-quarters of a century have looked to the assimilation of Hawaii a a natural and Inevitable consummation In harmony with our needs and In fulfillment of our cherished traditions. The questions heretofore pending be tween Hawaii and Japan, growing out of the alleged mistreatment of Japanese treaty Immigrants, were, I am pleased to say, adjusted before the act of trans fer by the payment of a reasonable in demnity to the government of Japan. Under th provision of the Joint resolu tion, the existing custom relations of the Hawaiian islands with the United States and with other countries remain un changed until legislation shall otherwise provide. The consuls of Hawaii, here and tn foreign countries, continue to fulfill their commercial agencies, while th United Btates consulate at Honolulu is maintained for all proper services per taining to trade and the revenue. It would be desirable that all foreign con suls In the Hawaiian Islands should re ceive new exequatur from this govern ment, i New Mnrltlma Poller. The annexation of Hawaii and th changed relation of the United Btates to Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines re sulting from the war, compel the promnt adoption of a maritime policy by frequent steamship communication encouraged by the United states, under the American flag, with the newly acquired Islands. Spain furnished to Its colonies, at an annual cost of about 12,000.000, steamship line com municating with a portion of the world markets as well as with trade centers of the home government. The United States will not undertake to do less. It I our duty to furnish th people of Hawaii with facilities, under national control, for their export and import trade. It will be con ceded that the present situation calls for legislation which shall be prompt, dur able and liberal. ARMY RKOBGA Fs.tklATION. (Handing Fore of lOO.OOO Hen Needed Under Present Conditions, Under the act of congress approved April 26, 1898, authorizing the president In his discretion, upon a declaration of war by congress or a declaration by congress that war exists, I directed the Increase of the regular army to the maximum of 62,000, authorized In said act. There are now in tbe regular army 67. 862 officers and men. In said act it was provided: "That at the end of any war tn which the United States may become in volved, the army shall be reduced to a peace basis by transfer tn the same arm of the service or absorption, by pro motion or honorable discharge, under such regulations as the secretary may es tablish, of supernumerary command offi cers and the honorable discharge or trans fer of supernumerary enlisted men, and nothing contained in this act shall be construed as authorizing the permanent increase of the command of enlisted force of the regular army beyond that now pro vided by the law in force prior to the passage of this act except a to the in crease of 26 major provided for in section 1 hereof." The importance of legislation for the permanent increase of the army Is there fore manifest, and tbe recommendation of the secretary of war for that purpose ha my unqualified approval. There can be no question that at this time and prob ably 'for some time in the future 100,000 men will be none too many to meet the necessities of the situation. At all events, whether that number shall be required permanently or not, the power should be given to the president to enlist that fore if in bis discretion it should be neces sary, and the further discretion should be given him to recruit within the above limit from the inhabitants of the Islands with the government of which we are charged. Yolnnteera to Be Sent Home. It Is my purpose to muster out the en tire volunteer army as soon as congress shall provide for the Increase of the regu lar establishment. This will be only an act of Justice, and will be much appre ciated by the brave men who left their homes and employments to help the coun, try tn its emergency. . POSTAL SERVICED Extraordinary Growth nad Gratifying Increase la Efficiency, . The postal ervl of the country ad vance with extraordinary growth. Within 20 years both the revenues and expendi tures of the poatofflce department have multiplied three-fold. In the last 10 year they have nearly doubled. Our postal business grows much more rapidly than our population. It now Involves an expen diture of 8100,000,000 a year, numbers 73,000 postofflces and enroll 200,000 employes. This remarkable extension of a service, which is an accurate index of the public, conditions, presents gratifying evidence of the advancement of education, of the in crease of communication and business activity and of the Improvement of mail facilities, leading to their constantly aug menting use. The war with Spain laid new and excep tional labor on the poetoftlce department. The mustering of the military and naval force of the United State required spe. clal mail arrangement for every camp and every campaign. The communication between home and camp wa naturally eager and expectant. In some of . tile larger places of rendezvous as many as 60,000 letter a day required handling. This necessity wa met by the prompt detail of experienced men from the es tablished force and by directing all the Instrumentalities of the railway mall and postofnee service so tar as necessary to this new need. Congress passed an act empowering the postmaster-general to i tabllsh an office or branch at every mili tary camp or station, and under this au thority the postal machinery was speea lly put into effective operation. , Capital Centennial, - In the year 1900 will occur the centen nial anniversary of the founding of th city of Washington for the permanent capital of the government of the United States by authority ol an act o( con gress approved July 16, 1790. In May, 1800, the archive and general offices of the federal government were removed to this place. On the 17th of November. 1800, th national congress met here for the first time and assumed exclusive control of the federal district and city. This inter esting event assumes all the more signifi cance when we recall the circumstances attending the choosing of the site, the naming of the capital In honor of the father of his country, and the Interest taken by him in the adoption of plans for Its future development on a magnificent scale. These orglnal plana have been wrought out with a constant progress and a sig nal success, even beyond anything their framers bad foreseen. . Labor Law. The alien contract law la ahown by t.x- perience to need some amendment; a measure providing better protection for seamen Is proposed; the rightful applica tion of the eight-hour law for the benefit of labor and of the principle of arbitra tion are suggested for consideration, and t commend these subjects tQ the careful consideration of congresa. WILLIAM M'KINIBY. ExacuUv Mansion, Deceijibcr 6, Vti, EVERTS OF THE DAY Epitome of the Telegraphic News of the World. TEESE TICKS KEOM THE WIEES An Interesting Collection of Item Front the Two Hemisphere Presented In m Condenaed Form. The Methodist general conference will hold ita 1900 session in Chicago, Chile is on a specie basis and no more paper money will' be issned. It is announced at Washington that do more presidential pontnuieters will be named nntil congress meets. The battle-ships Oregon and Iowa have been ordered to proceed from Mon tevideo to Valparaiso, where farther orders will await them. Troubles has arisen in Africa bo- tween Germany and tho Congo Free State, relative to the respective bonn- , dary lines north of Lake Tunganika. General Thomas Begalado, the head of the revolutionary movement in Sal vador, has usurped tbe presidency and proclaimed himself chief executive of tbe republic. " Tbe attempt to effect a coalition be tween the states of Nicaragua. Hon duras and Salvador, to be conducted as tbe Dnited Btates of Central America, has failed completely. Arrangements are being made by the war department to disinter the remain 01 all the soldiers who lost their lives in the campaign before Santiago and biing them to this country. Great improvement in tbe health of the army has taken place within tbe last two months, as shown by the lust reports to the surgeon-genetal from the field end general hospitals. There is a band of American swin dlers in Hamburg, Germany, who are passing worthless American paper money, for which they not only procure valuable merchandise, bat even obtain money in exchange from their victims. It will probably be the end of Decem ber or the beginning of January before any farther news is received from the men who have chosen to spend the winter on the rich gold-bearing creeks of tbe Klondike. About 600 men will winter on tbe creeks in the Atlin river country. The navy department has made pub lic a report from Admiral Sampson, covering the operations of tbe United 8tates blockading neet off Santiago alter the destruction ot Cervera ' squadron. Tbe report snores General Shafter for making public important telegrams 'and refusing to recognize tbe admiral in the surrender. Piairie fires have caused great dam age in Oklahoma and Indian territory daring the past few days. A riot in a political clubfat Chicago resulted in the death of one and tha wonndingof several others. ' John Warnocb, a deputy sheriff, wag shot and killed at Birmingham, Ala., by an escaped negro convict, whom ha was trying to arreet. Tbe murderer escaped. An illicit whisky still as a side issue of a plant for the nnlawful manufacture and imitation of well-known btamls of wine bas been nneartbed near the heart of Chicago. The cession o! Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines was practically accom plished at Wednesday's session of the peace commission. These ate the three main articles. Two hunrded Uvea lost, 66 vessels totally wieoked and 49 others hopeless ly stranded, and tbe worst probably not known, is tbe latest news from tbe fear ful Atlantic storm. A freight train on the Norfolk A Western railroad went through a bridge near Riverside, Va. The fireman was killed, the engineer seriously scalded and a brakeman fatally injured. Aiticles incorporating the O. B. & N. Company have been tiled with the sec retary of state of Washington, and show that the extensions in Oregon, Washington and Idaho have long been in contemplation. At tbe Loyal Legion banquet given in Manila 69 gnests were present. Neatly every oommandery was repre sented. General Andeison piesided and Beat-Admiral Dewey was teceived by a guard of honor from the Oregon regiment. Cubans are starving to death In Santa Clara, and tbe lied Cross, has been ap pealed to to furnish prompt relief. Women and obildren are suffering. It succor does not soon reach them all will have died. The Cuban troops are also in a pitifut condition foi lack of sup plies. The Bed Cross will promptly respond to the appeal, but is handi capped by lack ot funds, Claude M. Johnson, director of tho bureau of engraving and printing, in bis annual report shows that during the year theie were 03,979,478 sheets of , stamps and 'government securities printed ami delivered at a cost of $1, 570,598. This sum,, however, in cludes (13,590 increase of stock, t30. 000 paid for machinery and $6, 4 1 a paid to outside employes. , Minor Mews Iteins. Tbe steamer Monarch cleared from New Oileans for Liverpool with tlio largest general cargo ever cari ied fvosn that port, embracing 30,6!S0 bnlta of cotton, 138,000 bushels of corn, 18,000 staves.' . - Sarah Bonncll, an Abilene, ( f"-irj.) young woman, bus received l'y of half a million dollars from K-w Vwfc friend interested in her nuisiti.ti ii.':;:.i tion. She will go to I'm-is soon to cn;iw plete her musical tsdueuiit'ii.