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netted me zero. Small or no returns are
usually the fault of the shipper.
Eastern buyers acknowledge the high qual
ity of our fruit, but say it is poorly packed.
My present success is in right grading and
packing. Four years ago my orchards were
unprofitable; now they bring $1,000 a car
load. I only ship first quality fruit, graded
in two or three sizes.
CTILIZB THE I'OOREK FRUIT.
I tried to use the third and fourth grades
in cider and vinegar, but failed at that.
Now I keep several hun Ired hog*, The
refuse fruit is mixed and boiled with refuse
potatoes, cabbages and other vegetables,
and fed to tin- pigs. In this way it brings
about as high a price as tl c better fruits
sent to market. Every fruit grower should
have ho^s, poultry and bees in plenty. The
chicks are profitable as iusect scavengers
and as fertilizers; the b es as pollenizers.
Spraying the trees poisons very few of the
It pays to dry or evaporate the high
grade, overripe fruits, and also the best of
the third and fourth grades. My method
is to illow other people to come on to my
farm and take what they want of these
grades and dry the fruit for oue-half of the
MAKKXNfi THE PACKAGES.
I mark every box seat out on each end
with my name, the grade and variety, as:
No. 1. Blalock. Newtown Pippin; or
No. 2. Blalock. Newtown Pippin.
Tims I am building up a reputation and
Belling by my trade mark, which a few
years ago had uo we'ght.
Ship in full car loads only, and so pack
that I'm boxes will fit perfectly. Commence
by laying down two strips. On
these place the boxes; then nail * trips on to
the boxes to keep them fast in piace, and to
maintain a anil inch air space all around
every box. At each end let the strips pro
ject an inch bf.yond the boxes and rest
against the end of the car, to prevent shift
ing. So arrange the tiers that the air spaces
will be continuous from end to end of car.
Keep each variety and each grade together;
and in mixed car loads each shipper's lot
grouped by itself, to facilitate handling at
the other end of the route.
In packing, special care must he taken to
Bhip only such fruits as will hear transporta
tion well. I'tars must be picked for long
distance marketing at least two weeks bs
fore they would ripen if left on the tree.
Some of my Clapp's Favorite pears arrived at
Chicago in prime condition but wcut down
in five days, being too nearly ripe when
picked. Washington pears compete with
California pears iv eastern markets, they
are of finer quality; but we must pick
andgrale and pack and ship with equal
care if we expect to win the prize of high
prices for good fruit.
A dozen of your eastern friends
may see The Ranch for two bits; 5
of them for 1O cents; 5O of them for
$1.00. Provide the names and the
cents and we will do the rest.
TOO MANY IRONS IN THE FIRE.
If there is one mistake more than an
other that the new set ! r is i Me to make,
it is the uiistake of tryiug to do too much.
To one accustomed to farming in the wheat
country of Dakota or the cornfields of
lowa, ten, t\v nty, or forty acres seem
small Irrigation is a new pro Mem to ea&t
ern farmers; therefore don't try to do too
much, and whatever you do, do that well,
I i the writ r's own experience his great
est trouble has come from planning too
mu.?h work outside his own farm, setking
to increase the income and provide ready
cash. Thu result in marly every case lias
been that work on the farm has been ue
glected, ami in the end the loaa from what
might have been realized lias been greater
than any piesent gain.
First do the work on your own place, 1 o
it forty acres or less. If you then hftYfl
spare time, seek to supplement your in
come. Do not leave any work undone at
home. Renting land of others, handling an
agency, doing carpenter work or anything
else will bi a lot ing proposition in the end.
The nearer you can come to doing yimV own
work the first year or two, the better.
Hired help must be paid, and you nre farm
ing under new conditions. If you rent
more land yon will certainly need to hire.
Do your own work aiul keep out of debt at
all hazards. If your capital is small, ten
acres is better than more. If you have
means and can atFord to hire help and pay
for a little experience, all right.
and First Class Homesteads
and Desert Claims Located.
Arddflfl A. BYEHB, KIONA, WASH,
Of the finest trees on the coast at bedrock prices.
Clean, thrifty, beautiful trees on whole roots. Strict
ly first-class and true to label; including big red apples,
plums, prunes, pears, cherries, apricots, peaches,
nectarines etc. Satisfaction guaranteed. Write for
special prices on carload lots. Catalogue free.
C. L. WHITNEY, PROP. Walla Walla, Wash., Telephone 33,
Mention The Hunch
Orders given to E. 1\ KUHL, Agent, will receive prompt aui careful att«ntto
Who know what they want They will find it
in my sto k of A 1, XXX fruit trees and plants
of nil the best varieties L'atalogce free. Quick
T. 3RL. HOPKINS
2nd and University BtS.. BBATLLI, WASH,
A. C. FRY & CO.,
Green ami Dried Fruits, Vegetable!, Batter,
Cheexc, Poultry, Game, Veal, Hoff*. Corres
pondence loltcited. Returns made promptly.
9iS Wtit street, Beattlo.
Pear and Cherry Trees
Arc my specialties, but nil other
Fruit and Ornamental Trees
ami Shrubs, Grape Vines nnd Small Fruits, Nut.x,
etc. nre included in my nursery stock
GET MY PRICES
before baying for sour spring i>l*uitintf- correi
pondenc touted. Catalogue free.
E. P. SMITH, Proprietor, Grestiam. Oregon.
J. D. MEDILL, Prop.
Ncrtli Yakima, Wash, Location N. X
part of City.
M. B C
<>filers to tree planters fcr the Spring of '1M a
full line of
HOME GROWN TREES,
especially adapted to tlie needs of oommercinl
planters. Place your orders at once, to insure
getting what you want. My varieties are true
to name ami free from insect pests. Call and
examine my stock, and be convinced of its sup