Newspaper Page Text
ONE DOLLAR A YEAR. WEEKLY. A Journal of The Land and The Home in The New West. VOL. I. NO. 9. Prospects. That hop-picking machine, if it realizes, and will do the woik of twenty-five men, will go far toward solving the labor ques tion in the irrigated region. In the Yakima valley, probably as a type of other sections, cheap labor for the hop harvest is a real necessity. Yet the com ing of hundreds and thousands of poor folk from the sound cities is hardly a blessing to the country, and the short season of employment and the long dis tance to travel makes the opportunity but a moderate benefit to those employed. It is claimed that the new machine will save four cents a pound to the grower. We warrant it a welcome on the Yakima —if it will do the work. It seems likely, judging from the tone of the newspapers of the state, that no state fair will be held in Oregon in 1894. If so this is Washington's opportunity to capture a lift from the outside, and extra inducements should be offered for Oregon exhibitors to come over and give us a lift. In doing this these exhibitors too will re ceive substantial benefit. Especially would Oregon breeders of fine stock of all kinds be likely to expand their business. Open the door to Oregon, gentlemen of the Washington state fair commission, and offer liberal premiums on cattle, horses, mules, sheep, swine and poultry from the outside. In fact, competition should be open to the world. Our neigh bors can help out the exhibition and at the same time give our people a most salutary object lesson. # * * Now the Yakima must needs organize a dairymen's association. The commer cial club will of course lend its powerful aid. One creamery is now in operation. Another, at least a branch, is assured. A third is talked of, and there is room for a dozen or more between the Wenas and Kennewick. The Kittitas valley has six or eight separators at work; and the Yakima boasts a dozen times her terri tory. Let the Yakima dairymen organ ize and we predict for the industry an im mediate development that will astonish Ihe most sanguine. The Ranch suggests next week, Saturday, March 24, at 2 o'clock, for a first meeting of all interest ed in promoting the dairy industry. A meeting place is easy to find. Now get to work, gentlemen, while the blood is warm, and let the good work of organiza MARCH 17, 1894. tion go on briskly. What to talk about? First, net together. Then —markets, ship ping, grade and quality, breeds and feed ing, a cow census, starting more creame ries, etc. In short, talk over together for action, what you have been discussing by twos and threes without result for lo these many moons. Then the state fair, and Secretary Reed's and The Ranch's joint call for a state dairymen's conven tion here in September. Lots of work for you. Let's get together, then, at 2p. m. Saturday, March 24, at North Yakima. # * * The Yakima country, with its great and mighty and beneficent Sunnysido irriga tion canal covering a land as broad and far richer than many a principality; its Prosser Falls canal surrounding and feed ing a rapidly growing town and fertile belt of rich territory, a rich oasis in the erstwhile desert; its three Kennewick and Kiona canals only second to the great Sunnyside; its score or more of small canals and immense artesian wells irri gating hundreds of productive and pros perous farms; its supply of irrigation water and its vast areas of rich lands, acknowledged by government experts as the most extensive as to water and the most fertile as to soil of any district on the continent; its attractive towns and strong, central commercial city—with such a present condition, attracting hun dreds and thousands of eastern men to day, what a rush there must be when the Yakima Indian reservation is thrown open to settlement! That 150,000 acres of irrigable lands, properly divided into small farms, will of itself in time add to this valley's population and support in plentitude upwards of 150,000 people, while many thousands more would be needed in manufactures, trade and trans portation. It is well for the people who can use the lands, well for the Indians and well for the nation at large to hasten the day. # # # * * * If fruit growers of other sections could be made to realize the quick effects of or ganization in development of a region or a section, a score, perhaps a hundred of fruit growing and shipping associa tions would be speedily organized in the Northwestern states. For example, since January 1 the Yakima commercial club and the Yakima horticultural society have begun operations and have so far held only two business meetings, and are not yet fairly in operation. Yet the re* suits of this organization are already ap* C opyrlghted, 1894, by IS. H. Libby. parent. Last year individual effort tried • to establish a cannery, but failed; now : practically the same parties, acting as a-; committee for the horticultural society, 1 have many assurances of a quick success for their efforts. A shipping association is being organized within the society that is certain of great efficiency. The com mercial club, as will be seen in another column, is tackling a lot of important projects which, endorsed by a body of over 100 business men (ranchers and mer chants), are immeasurably more certain of consummation than if all or more than that number were wording for the same objects singly. Every rural com munity in the northwest should organize at once for the promotion of the indus tries peculiar to its locality. # ■>;- # The prospect of a rapid opening of the In dian reservations to settlement is brought nearer by the hard times in the east hav ing greatly increased the demand for gov ernment land for settlement. It is to be hoped that when the reservations in the "arid region" are opened that provision will be made for a division of the irriga ble lands on a different basis from that prescribed under the old desert land act, which enables a man to take 320 acres, his wife 320, and each of his adult chil dren 320. Where these lands were ex pected to be used for grazing or wheat, that allowance was all right; but under irrigation twenty to forty a«res is all that a man can manage. If eighty acres were the limit every settler would be made far richer than the old-time IGO-acre home steader on prairie lands. Suppose it cost half of his eighty to put water on it, he would have, with his irrigation, forty acres, a farm easily worth $2,000 to .$5,000 or more, according to his own treatment of the land. When so many thousands want the land, it is a gross injustice to parcel the land out in such giant loaves. Some day Uncle Sam will wake up and see that his deserts are truly "lands of promise," the richest in his gift. * • * Canneries for perishable small fruits and vegetables will be established at sev eral points in Washington for this sea son's operations, unless all signs fail. The Yakima county horticultural society is taking active steps in the matter of a cannery, big evaporator and a starch fac tory all in one combination. Flans and specifications are already in hand, which indicate that the canning establishment can be put in working order for about THE TRUTH IS ENOUGH .