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THE PROFITABLE ORCHARD.
Suggestions by One who has been Nearly
a Halt Century a Hortlcuurlst.
BY J. M. HIXSON.
As a grower of fruits and baudler of
same for a period of forty years, I will
try to briefly give my ideas as to the dif
ferent varieties of fruits I think most
profitable in this state.
Owing to differences in location, soil,
sunshine and fog, the exposure or slope
of land, it is a very difficult matter lo ad
vise intelligently without full particu
lars, and in places I have seen orchards
where none but aNorih Uaro inian would
plant black-eyed peas.
Then the question it. as to whether the
grower desires to cater to a local, an
eastern or a foreign market for Ins pro
Alaska, Cliina, Japan, Hawaii, Cen
tral and South America, as well as east
ern markets are points we must look to,
nnd plant with a view to supplying, for,
by the time the orchards now being
planted are in bearing, these countries
will all be drawing more or le.» from us.
I am an earnest advocate of a "var
iety"' orchard, for I do not believe in
patting all my eggs in one basket whose
handle mii?'ut break and let all out at
once. Climate or other influence may
blast one crop, while another would
hardly be affected in this favored State
Commodities, like fashions in dress,
change in popularity, ar.d varieties that
.veins ago were most popular, are not
now wanted at all. The future may be
the same, but all we can now do is to
carefully select those fruits which from
their bearing, eating appearance and
keeping qualities are the best favored
and plant accordingly.
The majority of people now planting
seem to want all late-keeping fruit?, es
This does not meet my full approval,
as during the fall and early winter we
have as much call for good apples nearly
always as during the winter and spring,
and if all plant wiih a view to supplying
the late market, it will he an in
centive for other eection9 to supply
our earlier demands, just as at present
California eends us large quantiließ of
summer and early fall apples.
I herewith give ft list of varieties of
fruits which I would plant were I about
to set out an orchard.
Apples.—ln setting out an apple or
chard, say of 1000 trees I would plant 10
per cent ofjthe best grade of early fall
varieties, such ns 10 or 15 Red Astra
clians, 40 to 50 Gravensteins, M to 25
Waxena and the balance whatever I
thought did best id ihe section in which
I was planting.
Of late fall varieties 10 per cent, vis:
RANCHE AND RANCH.
50 Jeffries, 50 Mclntosh Red. 50
Wealtbys, 25 Yellow Bell Flowers, 25
Snow. The remaining 50 divide among
such varieties as Maiden's Blush, Fall
Pippin and Rambo.
Of early winter varieties 35 per cent:
2CO Spitzenburgs, 50 Jonathans, 25 Bald
wins, 25 R. I. Greenings, the other 50 di
viding among red apples of good size.
The remaining 30 per cent divide as
follows: 100 Yellow Newtown Pippins,
10J Rome Beauty, 50 Ben Davis, 25
American Pippin, 25 White Winter
Pears. —West of the Cascades I would
plant few, if any, for there are few local
ities that they do at all. In the eastern
part of Hie state the Barllett, Fall Butter,
Seckles, Winter Nellis and a few other
varieties can be grown for eastern ship
ment and shipment to the Sound trade.
When we have canneries, which will no
doubt be in the near future, one of the
most important varieties of fruit which
they will want is the Bartlett.
Cherries.—West of the mountains the
cherry promises to be one of the most
profitable fruits, as it is grown to great
perfection both as to size and quality,
andean, when grown in quantities, be
shipped east at v greater margin of
pront than any oilier fruit, for here it ma
tures at a time when California and other
sections are out of the market. I would
not recommend planting any of the early
varieties as the home consumption is
small and they are also in competition
with the later and better varieties corn
ing from California. The Bing, Royal
Anne, Lambert, Black Tartarian and
Black Republican are all good varieties
for shipping and when we have canner
ies they will want cherries, especially
In planting rnuke good-sized holes.
When I planted trees 40 years ago in
California I had my holes dug 2J feet
deen aud il feet in diameter and mixed
well rotted fertilizer with the dirt to fill
the hole with ; and I have since seen no
reason to change that plan unless it be
to make the hole bigger. Set a little
deeper than the tree stood in the nursery.
Then with plenty of muscular activity
and ordinary judgment the trees can be
brought into bearing
All appearances to date indicate a
large fruit crop in California.
The apple crop in the eastern states
judging from the showing of buds,
will be light this year.
THOriPSON & KAIN,
WHOLESALE FRUIT DEALERS,
Highest Cash Price Paid for all Kinds of Fruits.
ITOBTK TAKtMA VrASHIKaTOIT
WENATCHEE MAN'S EXPERIENCE.
How he Lost Money Last Year.—Wants
Commission Men to Look After his
Interests Better this Season.
The Advance, published at Wenalcliee
—a town which is destined to become
one of the principal fruit-exporting
points in the Northwest in a few years
—gives the following account of tbe
dealings of a grower with a Sound com
"Mr. Wm. Turner has been farming 12
acres of rented land about a mile from
towa. As the land was unimproved
when he took posession two or three
years ago, his crops have consisted large
ly of small fruits, tomatoes, melons and
sweet corn. Last season, when his corn
reached a marketable stage, he shipped a
sample crate to Seattle from which he re
ceived handsome returns', with a letter
from his commission man to send more
as soon as possible, for corn from Yakima
and Oregon would be in the market in
course of a week. Not having correct
knowledge of the causes which control
the Seattle mr.rket, nor of its capacity he
immediately began to rush his corn in,
wilh the result that in a few days the
commission man was fairly deluged
with a "cycione" of corn. Much of it
was a dead loss. Twenty crates would
tfave netted as much, if shipped in
proper amounts, as his whole 15J crates
"Mr. Turner feels that ihc commission
men did him as KOod and tair service as
could be done by anyone and that the
damage resuhinij to iheir busiueas was as
greataloss to them as the loss of ibe
corn was to him. With his tomatoes and
watermelons he experienced the same re
sults. At the time he was meeting with
these losses a market to the east could
undoubtedly have been found had a reli
able source of infoimation been attain
"Lack of knowledge of the market
conditions was the principal cauee of the
loss. Daily reports are deemed an abso
lute necessity to Ihe man who ships per
MODERN APPLE CELLAR.
Now that the commercial orchards of
the Northwest are beginning to come in
to general bearing, the question of pro
viding proper storehouses for the keep
ing of winter fruits is assuming great
Cornett & Watt, near North Yakimn,
last season built an apple cellar embody-